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Styria
Steiermark
—  State of Austria  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Austria
Capital Graz
Government
 - Governor Franz Voves (SPÖ)
Area
 - Total 16,392 km2 (6,329 sq mi)
Population
 - Total 1,203,986
 - Density 73.4/km2 (190.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code AT-6
NUTS Region AT2
Votes in Bundesrat 9 (of 62)
Website www.verwaltung.steiermark.at

Styria (German: Steiermark pronounced [ˈʃtaɪ̯ɐmaʁk], Slovene: Štajerska, Prekmurian: Štájersko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria. In area, it is the second largest of the nine Austrian federal-states, covering 16,388 km². It borders Slovenia as well as the other Austrian states of Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Burgenland, and Carinthia. The population (as of 2006) was 1,203,986. The capital city is Graz.

Contents

Geography

The term "Upper Styria" (German: Obersteiermark) used by an Austrian refers to the northern and northwestern parts of the federal-state (districts Liezen, Murau, Judenburg, Knittelfeld, Leoben, Bruck an der Mur, and Mürzzuschlag). The term "West Styria" (Weststeiermark) is used for the districts to the west of Graz (Voitsberg, Deutschlandsberg, western part of the district Leibnitz), the districts east of Graz (Weiz, Hartberg, Feldbach, Fürstenfeld, and Radkersburg) are referred to as "East Styria" (Oststeiermark). The western and eastern parts of the district Graz-Umgebung may or may not be considered parts of West and East Styria, respectively. The southern parts of the Duchy of Styria, which have formed part of Slovenia since 1918, were (and sometimes colloquially still are) referred to as "Lower Styria" (Untersteiermark; Slovene: Štajerska).

History

Economy

Like everywhere in the developed world there has been a shift away from the manufacturing sector towards the service sector in Styria. This has had negative consequences for the industrial regions of upper Styria which have suffered a steady decline in population in recent years. In 2004 Styria had the strongest economic growth rate in Austria at 3.8% - mainly due to the Graz area which saw strong economic growth that year and has continued to grow in economic and population terms since then.

Administrative divisions

The state is divided into 16 districts (Bezirke), and a statutory city.

StyriaLänd Bezirke
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Statutory City

  1. Graz

Districts

  1. Bruck an der Mur
  2. Deutschlandsberg
  3. Feldbach
  4. Fürstenfeld
  5. Graz-Umgebung
  6. Hartberg
  7. Judenburg
  8. Knittelfeld
  9. Leibnitz
  10. Leoben
  11. Liezen with the subdistricts
    Gröbming and Bad Aussee
  12. Mürzzuschlag
  13. Murau
  14. Radkersburg
  15. Voitsberg
  16. Weiz

Politics

An enshrined crucifix amidst the cornfields near Mureck in rural Styria, testifying to enduring Catholic feeling

The state had been a stronghold of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) since 1945. The governor (Austrian political term: Landeshauptmann) was usually a member of this party.

2005 Elections

In the latest elections for state parliament the Social Democrats (SPÖ) under their regional chairman Franz Voves won the majority after the ÖVP had damaged its credibility through scandals and the secession of a high-ranking party member who took part in the 2005 election after setting up his own party. In this election, the Communist Party (KPÖ) also received many votes after it had gained much popularity through its role in local politics in Graz during the preceding few years. The two right wing populist parties, the FPÖ and the BZÖ both failed to win seats.

Notable persons

See also

External links


Coordinates: 47°15′N 15°10′E / 47.25°N 15.167°E / 47.25; 15.167


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