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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the body of water, for the Freeport see Subic Bay Freeport Zone, for other uses see Subic Bay (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 14°45′N 120°13′E / 14.75°N 120.217°E / 14.75; 120.217

A 1902 nautical chart of Subic Bay

Subic Bay is a bay forming part of Luzon Sea on the west coast of the island of Luzon in Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay. Its shores were formerly the site of a major United States Navy facility named U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay, it is now the location of an industrial and commercial area known as the Subic Bay Freeport Zone under the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (see also, Port of Subic).

Shipwrecks of Subic Bay

The majority of the wrecks in Subic Bay are a result of either the Spanish–American War in 1898 or of World War II, where a number of Japanese vessels were sunk by American aircraft.

El Capitan was a freighter of nearly 3,000 tons just under 130 meters long. She sank in Subic Bay where she rests on a sloping bottom.

Hell ship Oryoku Maru: On 15 December 1944, she had 1,619 American and British prisoners of war on board when she was sunk, under heavy bombardment by American fighters while on her way from Subic Bay to Japan. She was less than half a kilometer off the Alava Pier when attacked. About 300 prisoners died during the short voyage from Manila and during the attack.

Seian Maru: During an air raid on Subic Bay, the 3,712 ton freighter Seian Maru was bombed and sunk. This was only four days after the sinking of the Oryoku Maru on 19 December 1944.

LST (Landing Ship, Tank) This is one of the large LSTs that litter the floor of Subic Bay. She was scuttled in 1946 in the middle of Subic Bay between the southern tip of the runway and Grande Island.

The old USS New York (ACR-2), which had been renamed the USS Rochester (CA-2) in 1917. At the onset of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, this ship was acting as a floating workshop and storehouse. Already decommissioned, the armored hull of the old cruiser was too valuable to allowed to be captured, and so she was scuttled in December 1941 by American forces.

San Quentin: During the Spanish–American war in 1898, the Spanish scuttled their San Quentin in the hope of blocking the passage between Grande Island and Chiquita Islands near the mouth of Subic Bay.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Subic article)

From Wikitravel

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Subic is a sea side area on the western side of Luzon island in the Zambales province within the region of Subic Bay. Subic bay is a former US naval base that is today converted in a beach town in the broader proximity of Manila. The main industry is the freeport & the airport which is utilized by logistic companies.

  • Subic Bay International Airport (SBIA) - The gateway to Subic Bay Freeport-, a modern, international airport with 10,000 sqm passenger terminal. It's capable of handling 700 passengers at any given time and works according to international standards. The airport is the Asia Pacific hub of Federal Express. There are random flights to the Subic Bay International Airport(SFS) by South East Asian Airlines [1].
  • Subic Bay Freeport (SBF) - Located Southwest of Luzon Island. It is 110 kilometers North of Manila, facing the South China Sea and is surrounded by Olongapo City and the towns of Subic and Morong. It is Northwest of the Bataan Peninsula and Southwest of the Zambales Province. It has long been recognized for its strategic location, being at the center of the fastest growing markets in Asia. It is at the hub of the region, and all major cities in Asia are within easy reach either by sea or by air. (3 to 4 days by sea, 2 to 3 hours by air). Aside from its strategic location, SBF has a deepwater seaport that is capable of handling the largest ships ever built, manifested when it once supported the mighty US 7th Fleet.
  • Subic Bay Seaport - A major alternative port for importers and exporters in the Northern and Central Luzon areas of the country to decongest the Manila International Container Terminal. It has a total of 15 operational piers and wharves capable of servicing all kinds of sea vessels. Subic’s seaport and container handling facilities were recently enhanced with the operation of the Subic Bay International Container Terminal Services at the Sattler pier. The Freeport also has two operational port terminals: the fertilizer bulk terminal at the Boton Wharf and the grain bulk terminal at the Leyte Wharf.
  • Subic Bay Ocean Adventure [2] - See dolphins and tropical fish.
  • Le Man's Go Kart - Beside Bicentennial Park, Rizal Highway, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales Tel No: (6347) 252-2272, Open from 10:00 A.M. to 7:00 P.M.



The tourism office for the area calls Subic Bay the “Pearl of the Orient” and much like a pearl, it value is hidden unless you know where to look. While scuba diving is becoming increasingly popular in the Philippines and more international divers are arriving, the growth of diving in Subic Bay while growing is doing so at a slower rate. The area offers a wide variety of wrecks to dive as well as reefs. Unlike Coron where you ride for hours to get to a wreck site, the majority of Subic sites are within 20 minutes of the dive centers. In addition, unlike most other places in the Philippines, the dive boats used are conventional boats not local banca. Just how many wrecks are there in Subic Bay and around its entrance? That is a very difficult question. Unlike Coron or Truk, whose wrecks occurred over a relatively short period, Subic’s WWII wrecks covered almost the entire war period. No less than 25 Japanese ships were reported sunk during the war years. Some of these may have been removed in the late fifties as salvage operations were done to open up the bay for shipping Additional ships were sunk after the war either as targets or victims of mother nature. It is widely believed that an additional ten large ships may lie within the Bay. The area is not limited to WWII wrecks, at the entrance to the bay alongside Grande Island, is the remains of the Spanish American war wreck San Quintin. Outside the bay in deep water lie the remains of a Spanish Galleon as well as a 16th century Chinese Junk (beyond diving range).

The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 did an enormous amount of damage to Luzon and the Zambales/Subic Bay area was very hard hit. A meter of ash covered the area including homes and business. Within days, a typhoon entered the area turning the ash into mud. Many homes and business collapse under the weight. One resident stated that the river looked just like the cement coming out of a cement mixer. A large percentage of the coral was killed lying under the ash. When the Navy occupied the naval base at Subic, many of the wrecks were closed to diving. Divers however had the advantage of diving in water that was crystal clear with 40 or more meters of visibility on the wrecks that were open. The bay was the home of different varieties of sharks, dolphins, and turtles. While a few turtles still nest on the beaches the visibility, sharks and dolphins are no longer here. The visibility is returning slowly and the coral is recovering. Hopefully the turtles, sharks and dolphins will return in abundance also. More turtles and rays have been seen this year than last and the number of sharks just outside the bay also seems to be on the rise

The last few years have seen a dramatic growth in the number of dive operators in the Bay area. In 1998 there was only one full time operator at Subic today there are seven. Some dive centers also have integrated accommodations:

  • Johan’s on Baloy Long Beach, Barrio Barretto, Olongapo has very nice simple rooms to service it dive clients and their friends. Located on the beach you are just steps away from the beach to your rooms
  • 2N2 dive center in Olongapo. This center with its hotel caters mostly to Korean Divers
  • On SBMA, Masterdive has Vascos, a restaurant and small hotel combination. The owner of Masterdive has an extensive background in wrecks in the Philippines
  • Blue Rock resort has changed its name to Blue Rock Resort and Dive center
  • Diver Down International is located at Subic International Hotel
  • Scuba Shack is located on the waterfront next to the new marina
  • Scuba Shack is the oldest dive center in Subic Bay
  • Ocean Adventure also has a dive center. Grande Island has just opened a dive center

Area Wrecks

  • USS NEW YORK - A 120m-long hull. 27m of water between Alava Pier and the northern end of Cubi Point runway.
  • EL CAPITAN - A 3,000-ton freighter, about 130m long that crashed down the mouth of Ilanin Bay.5m below the surface.
  • SAN QUENTIN - The oldest known wreck in Subic, a wooden gunboat scuttled by the Spanish in 1898.
  • LST - Situated between Grande Island and the southern tip of the runway. 32m deep.
  • ORYOKU MARU - Located 400m off Alava pier. 20m (60ft) deep.
  • PATROL BOAT - In Triboa Bay at a depth of 20-25m (60-75ft).
  • LCU LANDING VESSEL - Triboa Bay. 5-20m (25-60ft).

Area Dive Shops

  • Subic Bay Aqua Sports - Bldg. 249 Waterfront Road, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Phone (6347) 252-7343 / 3005 Fax No: (6347) 252-6084
  • Blue Rock Dive Center - Baloy Long Beach.

Dive Vacations

  • Seahorse Tours & Souvenirs- Times Square Cinema Complex, CBD, SBFZ (6347) 252-5617 provides dive and vacation packages using the areas leading hotels and dive operators.
  • Kamayan beach - beach beside Ocean Adventure. Entrance fee: P275

Zoobic Safari

Zoobic Safari is one attraction you will find at Subic Bay Freeport's Forest Adventure Park. Embracing a 25 hectare land - local and foreign guests can expect an astonishing sight of diverse exotic animals roaming and frolicking in their natural habitat. It features a wide range of habitats present in the forest due to the terrain, presence of streams and fringing grasslands. These represent the major habitats for varied exotic animals featured in Zoobic Safari Forest Adventure Park.

Zoobic Safari has the following attractions to look forward namely:

The Zoobic Park - a Petting Zoo area in a walk through tropical jungle like were you can have a live interaction with deers, ostrich, albino carabao, bear, monkey, eagle, miniature horse, ducks and a lot more.

Savannah - A sanctuary of the wild that features a wide range of ostriches, potbellies, wild boars and guinea fowls.

Serpentarium - A real view of snakes, lizards, iguanas, turtles and a lot more cold blooded animals.

Honey Bee Farm - See how honey is produced by hard working bees.

Rodent World - An amazing collection of rodent animals. Be amaze in Mice Surprise trick in the area and watch guinea pigs being groomed in a Rodent Salon.

Egg-Ziting Story - An area showcasing the cycle of the eggs.

Animal Bone Museum - A collection of various real animal bones.

Close Encounter - An exciting close encounter (2 ft away) with Siberian and Bengala tigers and be a witness to their huge appetite.

Tiger Safari - A once in a lifetine adventure experience riding in a safari jeep were you will enter in a close fence structure and be fascinated to see the live tigers roaming around as they thrilled you with their vibrating appetite.

Zoobic Safari also has an educational show featuring live animals, jungle survival with Aetas and the newest Mini Moe Show were you can have fun as you see unique mini animals perform live!

Added attractions to the Croco Loco section is the guided tour which gives visitors a trek through an Aeta Village (Aetas are native Filipinos), a Hip-hop Bayawak (Bayawak is Filipino for Gecko) area and a view of the Garden of Adam which features an Aeta Adam.

One of the highlights of Croco Loco area is a brief stunt show of a man dressed as a chicken walking over the crocodiles in a small walkway above them.

The crocodiles section of the Safari is set to complement the other animal attractions in the25-hectare wildlife sanctuary which includes tigers, a serpentarium, ostriches and other exotic animals that can be viewed along with entertaining and informative animal shows presented by animal experts.

For more information, visit their website at []


Shopping Malls

Subic has several malls

Royal Subic: The biggest department store in Subic. They carry imported and local housewares, cooking items, and snacks. Royal Subic also carries branded clothes. Most of are surplus so they're actually cheaper. Has an extensive selection of cigarettes and perfumes.

Freeport Exchange: They are mostly the same as Royal Subic. However, they also carry some electronics (All are set for 220 volts). Freeport also carries Subic's largest supply of candy (but it's a close competition with Royal Subic)!

Pure Gold: Also a big department store beside Royal Subic.

Value City: Value City has a lot of things that other stores don't. They have a lot of quick snacks, and an extensive supply of cat food.

National Bookstore: Books, magazines, and a cafe. They are also very popular for getting school supplies.

American Hardware: A hardware stores that carries lots of useful things. All their products are imported from the United States. They have lots of items that are very rare in the Philippines. American Hardware also runs the only car wash in Subic Bay.

Bretto's: This is actually in Olongapo, not in Subic, but it's very useful. It is a meat shop. They sell lots of good meats, such as steaks, chicken saugage, and ground beef. Many FedEx people go there, as it is one of the few places that has imported US meat.

Uncle Ed's: Uncle Ed's is a small convenience store in Binictican (where most FedEx people live). They have a lots of basic things and are useful if you suddenly run out of cold soft drinks, milk, or some other must-have item. Recently, they have gotten a lot of good sweets and candies, such as M&Ms, Dr. Pepper, Tootsie Rolls, and lots of other treats like that.

Island Souvenirs: Buy your Subic souvenir shirts in Seahorse Tours and Souvenirs. They very funky island shirts for as low as US $8.

Seahorse Tours & Souvenirs: you will find them located directly next to the cinema with ample of free parking in the front or the side parking lot.The majority of our items have been selected from livelihood programs and sole artist. Livelihood programs are projects originally sponsored by local government or non profit organizations with the intent of helping those in need to develop skills and a means to earn, to supplement their current income or in many cases to provide a means of support. We have found that many of the items produced as the results of these programs are of very high quality and we are proud of showcases these items.


There are several great locations for food from many cultures:

  • Blue Rock resort. Good for western food. Great prices, quantity and quality.
  • Hard Rock downtown also had good food (although more snack type food) and great entertainment.
  • Arizona International Hotel , 47 National Highway, Barrio Barretto, Olongapo City, Philippines, Tel 047 224 4557 or 4559, [3]. Arizona International Hotel Subic offers a full range of facilities. It is minutes away from Subic's food and entertainment spots, recreational activities, shopping centers and hospitals. Online reservation at best rates with instant confirmation starts at PHP 1,562.50+.
  • Bayfront Hotel, Blk. 19 Lot 1 Moonbay, Marina Waterfront Road, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales, Philippines Tel: 63-47 252-3148-49/1948 Fax Number: 63-47 252-2591, Email [4]. Bayfront Hotel in Subic is a Mediterranean-inspired hotel with a charming, intimate villa set-up. Clean, comfortable accommodations, exquisite facilities and five-star service make it the hotel of choice in the Freeport zone. Online reservation at best rates with instant confirmation starts at USD $51.
  • Courtyard Inn Hotel, Waterfront Road, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales, Philippines Tel +63-47-252-2366 to 67, [5]. Courtyard Inn is the newest business and leisure inn in Subic. This Subic beach resort sits right across Gerry's Grill and Net.comworx Jetsports, two of the top attractions in the Subic Bay Metropolitan Area. Online reservation at best rates with instant confirmation starts near US$63.
  • Kokomo’s Beach Resort, [6] See breathtaking sunset views over the Zambales mountains and discover an exciting escape that is out of the ordinary. Address: Baloy Long Beach, Barrio Barretto, Olongapo City, Zambales, Philippines. Tel. No: +63 (47) 223.7902.
  • Subic International Hotel, Labitan and Sta. Rita Roads, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales, Philippines Tel +047-252-22-22 Fax +047-894-55-79, [7].. Subic International Hotel Corporation is one of the largest hotels in Subic, situated in the Subic Freeport Zone -the Philippines' most promising investment area. This hotel used to be the US Naval Base's barracks. Rates start at around PHP2000/night.
  • Subic Park Hotel, Moonbay Marina, Waterfront Road, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales, Philippines Tel +047-252-2092 +047-252-2093 +047-250-2039, [8].. The Subic Park Hotel sits with its toes almost in the water at MoonBay Marina facing the pristine Bay. 30 comfortable rooms offer views of the Bay and the forested mountains surrounding it. Online reservation at best rates with instant confirmation starts near US$33.</see>

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