The Full Wiki

Submarine-launched ballistic missile: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Trident II D5 nuclear missile. It is capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads up to 8,000 km. They are carried by 14 US Navy Ohio class submarines and 4 Royal Navy Vanguard class submarines

Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead that can be launched from submarines. Modern variants usually deliver multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) each of which carries a warhead and allows a single launched missile to strike several targets.

Contents

History

French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM

The first successful tests of a submarine-based launch platform were by German submarines in World War II using a submarine towed launch platform. These and other early SLBM systems required vessels to be surfaced when they fired missiles, but after World War II, launch systems were quickly adapted to allow underwater launching, with the United States making the first underwater launch of a Polaris.

Ballistic missile submarines have been of great strategic importance for the USA and Russia and other nuclear powers since the start of the Cold War, as they can hide from reconnaissance satellites and fire their nuclear weapons with virtual impunity. This makes them immune to a first strike directed against nuclear forces, allowing each side to maintain the capability to launch a devastating retaliatory strike, even if all land-based missiles have been destroyed. This relieves each side of the necessity to adopt a launch on warning posture, with its grave attendant risk of accidental nuclear war. Additionally, the deployment of highly accurate missiles on ultra-quiet submarines allows an attacker to sneak up close to the enemy coast and launch a missile on a depressed trajectory - a very close range attack which will hit its target in a matter of minutes, thus opening the possibility of a decapitation strike.

Types of SLBMs

Montage of the launch of a Trident C4 SLBM and the paths of its reentry vehicles.

Specific types of SLBMs (current, past and under development) include:

Types of ballistic-missile submarines

Specific types ballistic-missile submarine, which may be nuclear-powered (SSBNs), include:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  2. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  3. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  4. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  5. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  6. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  7. ^ Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 1, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2008/02/27/stories/2008022757940100.htm
  10. ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/news/india-gets-submarinebased-nuclear-missile/44268-3.html
  11. ^ DRDO working on 5,500 Km Agni
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ http://www.in.com/news/readnews-current-affairs-india-joins-elite-club-with-nuclear-submarine-launch-10138511-93408-hp.html

References

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message