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Subramaniya Siva

Portrait of Subramaniya Siva
Born 4 October 1884
Madras Presidency, British India
Died July 23, 1925 (aged 40)
Papanasam Falls, Madras Presidency, India
Cause of death Leprosy
Nationality Indian
Known for Madras Presidency, India
Religious beliefs Hinduism

Subramaniya Siva (4 October 1884 - 23 July 1925) was an Indian freedom fighter and prolific writer. He was arrested many times between 1908 and 1922 for his anti-imperialist activities. While serving his last prison term, he was afflicted by leprosy to which he succumbed in 1925.


Subramaniya Siva was born in vathlagundu in Madurai district of the then Madras province.Little is known about his early life, except for the fact that he was already a married man when he commenced his political activities. He plunged into the freedom movement in 1908 after which he was jailed many a time.

In 1908, while serving a prison term, he was afflicted by leprosy and was ordered to be shifted to Salem jail. Since leprosy was regarded as a contagious disease, the British authorities forbade him to travel by rail. As a result of this, Subramaniya Siva traversed the whole length of Madras province on foot though his whole body was covered with sores. Fearful of displeasing the British authorities, not many people provided help. However, this did not deter Siva. He continued to fight for independence and suffered numerous prison terms. He eventually succumbed to the disease on 23 July 1925. Subramanya Siva was a firebrand revolutionary independence fighter from Tamil Nadu. He closely worked with V.O. Chidambaram Pillai and Subramanya Bharathy and inspired many young men to join the freedom movement. Siva was the first political prisoner in the Madras Presidency. Siva had described his jail experience in a small book "Jail Life". He The Freedom Movement made him an orator and the jail life made him an author. He published "Gnana Bhanu", a collection of poems. He was an admirer of Swami Vivekananda and his religious master Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa. Siva disagreed many things with Gandhian Philosophy. He believed in violence for violent methods would arise when constitutional methods had failed. Subramanya Siva died on Jul 23, 1925.subramanya siva was born on sep 19,1884 in vathlagundu,madurai.he was the oldest son of rajam iyer.his son name was sabhapathi sharma .at the time of his death he was born . The generation of his son is residing in perambur.

To honour this great person, Dindugal district collector office is named after him : Thiagi Subramania Siva Malihai.

Thiagi is a tamil word. it means A PERSON WHO SACRIFICED HIMSELF. bhatlagundu Bus stand also is named after him.


  1. One Hundred Tamils of the 19/20th centuries


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