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Subsidiary Communications Authority (SCA) in the United States, and Subsidiary Communications Multiplex Operation (SCMO) in Canada, is a subcarrier on a broadcasting station, allowing the radio station to broadcast additional services as part of its signal.

"Subsidiary Communications Authority" is the United States Federal Communications Commission's official designation for this type of service. SCA was deregulated in 1983; since then, both AM and FM licensed broadcast stations have been allowed to use subcarriers in the United States in general without requiring separate authority; authorization is only required for some uses which are still otherwise regulated, such as common carrier or Land Mobile Radio Service transmissions.[1]

The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) calls this service "Subsidiary Communications Multiplex Operation" (SCMO). SCMO for internal uses by the radio station, such as internal monitoring and cue control, are allowed under the normal broadcasting certificate. Non-broadcasting uses are allowed when the type of use is authorized under other radio and telecommunications acts, and may require a fee.[2]

In Australia, the service is called "Ancillary Communications Service" (ACS) and the Radio Data System is specifically addressed by government guidelines.[3]

Subcarrier channels falling under the description of SCA are usually on FM at 67 kHz and 92 kHz from the main carrier, and 67 kHz is the most common. Major uses of SCA include:

  • For talking book/radio reading service for the blind:[1] usually carried on NPR-affiliated public radio stations in the United States. In Canada, this is usually provided by VoicePrint over television second audio programs instead.[4]
  • As a transmitter/studio link, sending telemetry data from a broadcast FM station's transmitter to the studio for monitoring the condition of the transmitter
  • For commercial paging service: sent via FM subcarrier to the subscriber with a compatible pager
  • For data broadcasting: Microsoft's DirectBand service (used by MSN Direct) relies on SCA FM subcarriers; Data Broadcasting Corporation's Signal service used SCA for sending real-time stock quotes.
  • For closed-circuit or specialized radio programming aimed at certain markets or professions, such as the Physician's Radio Network, agricultural commodity & futures information (via voice or data), or ethnic foreign-language radio programming.
  • For the transmission of Muzak's background music service to its subscribers (i.e., supermarkets, restaurants, etc.), which was also relayed by leased phone lines: these transmission methods have been phased out with Muzak now transmitting its programming via satellite.

Contents

Receiving the SCA Signal

Most programming transmitted by SCA/SCMO is usually pay/subscription-based, making unauthorized reception of such programming illegal, but programming which is not commercial in nature, such as reading services, can be received legally.

Companies in the past such as Norver, ComPol, and McMartin, and current companies such as Dayton Industrial, and Metrosonix, as well as electronic kit companies such as Ramsey Electronics and North Country Radio make radios and adapters for receiving SCA/SCMO channels.

If you own a shortwave radio that tunes below 100 kHz, and will demodulate FM, it can be used to listen to SCA broadcasts. Just tune your FM radio to the station, tune your shortwave radio to either 67 kHz or 92 kHz (in FM mode), then feed the baseband audio into the receiver's RF (antenna)input to de-code the signal.

See also

References

External links

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