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War in Darfur
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International response
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History of Darfur

The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army or (Arabic: حركة تحرير السودانḥarakat taḥrīr as-Sūdan) (abbreviated as either SLM or SLA) is a Sudanese rebel group. It was founded as the Darfur Liberation Front[1] by members of three indigenous ethnic groups in Darfur, the Fur, the Zaghawa and the Masalit.[2] among whom were Abdul Wahid al Nur of the Fur and Minni Minnawi of the Zaghawa.[2]



By 2006 the SLM had divided into two groups, one led by al Nur and the other, far larger, led by Minnawi. Minnawi signed the Darfur Peace Accords;[3] however, al Nur did not, as his concerns about restitution for victims had not been addressed.[4]


  1. ^ Flint, Julie and De Waal, Alexander (2008) Darfur: A New History of a Long War Zed Books, London, p. 90, ISBN 978-1-84277-949-1
  2. ^ a b BBC Staff (24 February 2009) "Who are Sudan's Darfur rebels?" BBC News
  3. ^ "Darfur Peace Agreement Fact Sheet" Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State, May 2006, from Internet Archives
  4. ^ Staff (December 2006) "No Dialogue, No Commitment: The Perils of Deadline Diplomacy for Darfur" Sudan Issue Brief Number 4, p. 3, Human Security Baseline Assessment, Small Arms Survey, Geneva, Switzerland, from Internet Archives

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