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Sudanese Air Force
Sudanese Air Force Roundel
Sudanese Air Force Roundel
Founded 1956
Country Sudan
Size around 3,000 men
around 240 Aircraft(total)
Part of Sudanese Armed Forces
Commanders
Air Force Commander Abbas Yusuf Ahmed Al-Badri

The Sudanese Air Force (Arabic: Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya‎) is the air force operated by the Republic of the Sudan. As such it is part of the Sudanese Armed Forces.

Contents

History

The Sudanese Air Force was founded immediately after Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. The British assisted in the Air Force's establishment, providing equipment and training. Four new Hunting Provost T Mk 53s were delivered for jet training in 1957. The following year, the Sudanese Air Force's transport wing acquired its first aircraft, a single Hunting President. In 1960 the Sudanese Air Force received an additional four re-furbished RAF Provosts and two more Hunting Presidents. Also in 1960, the transport wing's capability was increased by the addition of two Pembroke C Mk 54s.

The Air Force gained its first combat aircraft when 12 Jet Provosts with a close air support capability were delivered in 1962.[1] In the 1960s Soviet and Chinese started supplying the Sudanese Air Force with aircraft.

Inventory

The air force flies a mixture of transport planes, fighter jets and helicopters sourced from places including the European Union, Russia, and the United States. However, not all the aircraft are in a fully functioning condition and the availability of spare parts is limited. In 1991, the two main air bases were at the capital Khartoum and Wadi Sayyidna near Omdurman.[2]

Sudan has also made a successful deal to buy two different batches of 12 MiG-29 Russian fighter jets each.[3] There are 23 MiG-29s in active service as of late 2008.[4]

Sudan is currently planning to modernize its fleet and is planning to induct 10-20 JF-17 Thunder multirole jet fighters from China, for which it is negotiating with the Pakistani Air Force.

Safat Aviation Complex

Safat aviation complex is the aircraft maintenance and construction unit of Sudan's Military Industry cooperation. It has recently succeeded in producing its first locally-made aircraft, the Safat 01, and is working on completing its first helicopter, the Safat 02. Serial production of the Safat 01 aircraft was launched on the 5th of July 2009, where the first home-manufactured aircraft has been unveiled. The complex also produces unmanned planes for surveillance.[5][6]

The Sudanese Air Forces inventory currently consists of over 200 aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Chengdu F-7 Airguard  People's Republic of China Fighter F-7M 22 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Hongdu JL-8 or K-8  People's Republic of China/ Pakistan Trainer/light attack 12 Active
Nanchang A-5  People's Republic of China Ground attack A-5 15-20 Delivered to Sudan by China 2003, although allegedly financed by Iran. Sighted in the South Darfur region based at Nyala Airport.
Shaanxi Y-8  People's Republic of China Transport / multipurpose 2
Antonov An-24  Soviet Union /  Ukraine Transport An-24RV 5
Antonov An-26  Soviet Union Transport An-26 1 May be in use as an improvised bomber.
CASA C.212 Aviocar  Spain Transport CASA C.212-200 Aviocar 2
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo  Canada Transport DHC-5D 3
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter  Canada Surveillance DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 1
Ilyushin IL-62M  Soviet Union Transport Ilyushin IL-62M 1 VIP flights only
Fokker F.27 Friendship  Netherlands Transport F.27 Mk 100 1 VIP flights only
Dassault Falcon 20  France Transport Dassault Falcon 20F 1 VIP flights only
Dassault Falcon 50  France Transport Dassault Falcon 50 1 VIP flights only
Mikoyan MiG-29  Russia Fighter MiG-29 23[4] Active
Lockheed C-130 Hercules  United States Transport C-130H 9 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
IAR 330 Puma  Romania Transport/search and rescue ICA IAR-330L PUMA 24 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Shenyang F-5  People's Republic of China Fighter F-5/FT-5 19 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Agusta-Bell AB212 Twin Huey  United States Transport AB212 10 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
MBB Bo 105  Germany Transport/ attack/search and rescue Bo 105CB 20 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union Transport Mi-8T 6 (plus unknown number of Mil Mi-171 variants. 3 Confirmed) Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Mil Mi-24  Soviet Union Helicopter gunship Mi-24V/Mi-24P 24-30 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed. 8 Mil Mi-24 Helicopters rumoured to be in Dafur region operating from Nyala Airport.
Sukhoi Su-25  Soviet Union Ground attack Su-25 11 Delivered to Sudan by Belarus 2008
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23  Soviet Union Fighter MiG-23BN 3 Numbers in operational condition not confirmed.
Safat 01  Sudan Trainer at least 3, Sudan Aims to produce 50 of the Safat aircraft with in the coming 5 years.
F-5E Tiger II  United States Fighter Jet F-5E at least 15 Active. 10 F-5Es and two F-5F were bought in 1978, One of the F-5Fs was sold to Jordan. further two F-5s defected to Sudan from Ethiopia during the Ogaden crisis.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/ab/mazin/SudanAirForce.html
  2. ^ Library of Congress Sudan Country Study, 1991, accessed March 2009
  3. ^ http://www.sudan.net/news/posted/16168.html
  4. ^ a b "Directory: World Air Forces", Flight International, 11-17 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Sudan to begin aircraft production in July". Sudan Tribune. 2009-06-23. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article31601. Retrieved 2009-06-23.  
  6. ^ "Sudan's Bashir says new plane defies sanctions". Reuters AlertNet. 2009-07-05. http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/HEA566547.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-05.  
  7. ^ http://home.att.net/~jbaugher1/f5_34.html
  8. ^ http://sudanesefuture.com/?page_id=111
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