Suffolk County, New York: Wikis

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Suffolk County, New York
Seal of Suffolk County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Suffolk County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Riverhead
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,373 sq mi (6,146 km²)
912 sq mi (2,362 km²)
1,461 sq mi (3,784 km²), 61.56%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,419,369
1,598/sq mi (617/km²)
Founded 1683
Website www.co.suffolk.ny.us

Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York on the eastern portion of Long Island. As of the 2000 census, the population was 1,419,369. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. The county seat is Riverhead, though many county offices are in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where most of the population lives. There are also offices in Smithtown, for the legislature, Yaphank, and Farmingville.

Suffolk and Nassau counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which geographically make up the island's western end.

In 2005, Forbes Magazine named Suffolk County, along with Nassau County, New York, as the safest region in the United States, with the lowest crime rate.

According to Forbes Magazine, Suffolk County is among the top 25 richest counties in America.[1].

Suffolk County is the easternmost county in New York State and the New York Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Suffolk County was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created in 1683. Its boundaries were substantially the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, which was originally Queens County but since 1899 has been Nassau County.

According to the Suffolk County website, the county is the leading agricultural county in the state of New York, saying that: "The weather is temperate, clean water is abundant, and the soil is so good that Suffolk is the leading agricultural county in New York State. That Suffolk is still number one in farming, even with the development that has taken place, is a tribute to thoughtful planning, along with the excellent soil, favorable weather conditions, and the work of dedicated farmers in this region." [2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,373 square miles (6,146 km²), of which, 912 square miles (2,363 km²) of it is land and 1,461 square miles (3,784 km²) of it (61.56%) is water, making it the 2nd largest county by area in the state of New York. [3]

The highest elevation in the county, and on Long Island as a whole, is Jayne's Hill in West Hills, at 401 feet (122 m) above sea level.Suffolk County occupies the easternmost portion of Long Island, in the southeastern portion of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound. The eastern end contains large bays. Suffolk County is divided into 10 towns: Babylon, Brookhaven, East Hampton, Huntington, Islip, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Smithtown, Southampton, and Southold. Also part of the county, but not considered parts of the above towns, are the Poospatuck and Shinnecock Indian reservations. Poospatuck is enclaved within Brookhaven in the Mastic CDP, and Shinnecock is enclaved within Southampton, adjacent to Southampton village, Tuckahoe, and Shinnecock Hills.

Major facilities include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island. Several airports serve commuters and business travelers, most notably Long Island MacArthur Airport in Islip, Republic Airport in East Farmingdale and Francis S. Gabreski Airport in Westhampton Beach.

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Adjacent counties

National protected areas

View of western Fire Island from the top of Fire Island Lighthouse

Law and government


Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
2008 47.4% 309,815 51.8% 340,379
2004 48.5% 309,949 49.5% 315,909
2000 42.0% 240,992 53.4% 306,306
1996 36.1% 182,510 51.8% 261,828
1992 40.4% 220,811 38.9% 229,467
1988 60.5% 311,242 38.7% 199,215
1984 66.0% 335,485 33.7% 171,295
1980 57.0% 256,294 33.3% 149,945
1976 54.1% 248,908 45.3% 208,263
1972 70.3% 316,452 29.4% 132,441
1968 58.2% 218,027 32.7% 122,590
1964 44.4% 144,350 55.5% 180,598
1960 59.3% 166,644 40.6% 114,033

Suffolk County had long been a Republican bastion in New York. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio, who opposed Hillary Clinton in the 2000 Senate race, was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore an 11-percent victory in the county in 2000. 2004 Democratic candidate John Kerry won by a much smaller margin of one percent, in 2008 Democratic candidate Barack Obama won by a slightly larger 5 percent margin, 52%-47%.

Suffolk County is represented by three congressional districts, the first, most of the second, and part of the third. The former two seats are held by Democrats. Tim Bishop, a Democrat, represents the once heavily Republican first district, which includes almost half of the county, from Smithtown to Montauk, including The Hamptons and Riverhead. The second district, which includes Huntington, Brentwood and Bay Shore, is represented by Steve Israel. A Democrat, Israel won the seat vacated by Rick Lazio in 2000 when he made his unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. The third district, which is mainly in Nassau County, but includes some middle-class coastal areas of southwestern Suffolk County, is represented by Peter King, a Republican.

As a whole both Suffolk and Nassau counties are considered swing counties, though usually in presidential elections it doesn't matter since New York State is almost reliably blue.

Suffolk County Executives

H. Lee Dennison County Executive Building in Hauppauge
Suffolk County Executives
Name Party Term
H. Lee Dennison Democrat 1961–1973
John V.N. Klein Republican 1973–1979
Peter F. Cohalan Republican 1979–1986
Michael A. LoGrande* Republican 1986–1987
Patrick G. Halpin Democrat 1987–1991
Robert J. Gaffney Republican 1992–2003
Steve Levy Democrat 2004–Present

* Appointed to compete Cohalan's term

Central Islip Courts

Suffolk County Legislature

The county is divided into 18 legislative districts, each represented by a legislator. As of 2010, there are 8 Democrats, 7 Republicans, 2 members of the Independence Party of New York, and one legislator from the Working Families Party:

  1. Edward P. Romaine (R)
  2. Jay Schneiderman (I)
  3. Kate M. Browning (WF)
  4. Thomas Muratore (R)
  5. Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D)
  6. Daniel P. Losquadro (R)
  7. Jack Eddington (I)
  8. William J. Lindsay (D)
  9. Ricardo Montano (D)
  10. Tom Cilmi (R)
  11. Thomas F. Barraga (R)
  12. John M. Kennedy, Jr. (R)
  13. Lynne Nowick (R)
  14. Wayne R. Horsley (D)
  15. DuWayne Gregory (D)
  16. Steven H. Stern (D)
  17. Louis D'Amaro (D)
  18. Jon Cooper (D)

Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. William Lindsay is the current Presiding Officer of the legislature while Jon Cooper is the majority leader.

In November 2007, the Democratic Party once again retained control over the Suffolk County Legislature picking up one seat in the process.

In November 2009, the Republican Party regained the seat lost in 2007 but still remain in the minority for the 2010-2011 session.

Law enforcement

NY - Suffolk County Sheriff's Office.png

Police services in the five western towns (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown and Brookhaven) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton, and Southampton), maintain their own police forces. Also, there are a number of villages, such as Amityville, Lloyd Harbor, Northport and Westhampton Beach, that maintain their own police forces. In an unusual move, the Village of Greenport in 1994 voted to abolish its police department and turn responsibility for law and order over to the Southold Town Police Department. After the Long Island State Parkway Police was disbanded in 1980, all state parkways in Suffolk County became the responsibility of Troop L of the New York State Police, headquartered at Republic Airport. State parks, such as Robert Moses State Park, are the responsibility of the New York State Park Police, based at Belmont Lake State Park. In 1996, the Long Island Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police, which has jurisdiction over all rail lines in the county.

Suffolk Police boat on Fire Island

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office is a separate agency. The sheriff, an elected official who serves a four-year term, operates the two Suffolk County correctional facilities (in Yaphank and Riverhead), provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants. Since the disbandment of the Suffolk County Police Highway Patrol Unit last year, Suffolk County Deputy Sheriffs have assumed responsibility for patrolling and investigating all crimes committed on both the Long Island Expressway (State route 495) and Sunrise Highway (State Route 27). The Sheriff's Office is also responsible for securing all county-owned property, such as county government office buildings, as well as the campuses of the Suffolk County Community College. They also provide back-up and assistance to the Suffolk County Park Police. As of 2008, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employs 275 Deputy Sheriffs, 850 Correction Officers and about 200 civilian staff.

Suffolk County has a long maritime history with several outer barrier beaches and hundreds of square miles of waterways. The Suffolk Police Marine Bureau patrols the 500 square miles of navigable waterways within the police district, from the Connecticut and Rhode Island state line which bisects the Long Island Sound - [1], to the New York state line three miles south of Fire Island in the Atlantic Ocean.

This includes Fire Island and even parts of Jones Island barrier beaches and the islands of the Great South Bay. Marine units also respond to water and ice rescues on the inland lakes, ponds and streams of the District.

Courts

Suffolk County is the 10th judicial district the New York State Unified Court System. The Supreme Court has unlimited, original jurisdiction of all cases, but usually hears cases that are outside the subject-matter jurisdiction of other courts, such as smaller civil cases and criminal cases heard in the County Court, domestic relations and juvenile matters in the Family Court, and probate matters in the Surrogate's Court. The system also includes a District Court for about half of the county, a Domestic Violence Court, town courts, and village courts.[4][5]

The main courthouse for the Supreme Court is in Riverhead, which has been the court's home since 1729. The original courthouse was replaced in 1855, and that courthouse was expanded in 1881.[6] The courthouse was damaged by fire and rebuilt in 1929. In 1994, a new court building was added to the complex.

Several courts, including the Supreme Court, share space the Cohalan Court Complex in Central Islip.[7]

Most traffic tickets are handled by the Traffic Violations Bureau, which is part of the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles, not the court system.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 16,400
1800 19,735 20.3%
1810 21,113 7.0%
1820 23,936 13.4%
1830 26,780 11.9%
1840 32,469 21.2%
1850 36,922 13.7%
1860 43,275 17.2%
1870 46,924 8.4%
1880 52,888 12.7%
1890 62,491 18.2%
1900 77,582 24.1%
1910 96,138 23.9%
1920 110,246 14.7%
1930 161,055 46.1%
1940 197,355 22.5%
1950 276,129 39.9%
1960 666,784 141.5%
1970 1,124,950 68.7%
1980 1,284,231 14.2%
1990 1,321,864 2.9%
2000 1,419,369 7.4%
Est. 2008 1,512,224 6.5%

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,419,369 people, 469,299 households, and 360,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,556 people per square mile (601/km²). There were 522,323 housing units at an average density of 573 per square mile (221/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.60% White (78.8% White Non-Hispanic), 6.94% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.53% of the population. Some main European ancestries in Suffolk County as of 2000: 28.33% Italian, 22.02% Irish, 16.95% German and 5.98% English.

By 2006 the racial or ethnic makeup of the county was 83.6% White (75.4% White Non-Hispanic). African Americans were 7.4% of the population. Asians stood at 3.4% of the population. 5.4% were of other or mixed race. Latinos were 13.0% of the population.[9]

There were 469,299 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $84,767[10], and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,577. About 3.90% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Suffolk County ranks at number 21 on the list of the most populous counties in the United States. [11]

Suffolk County has the largest number of Italian American residents of any county in the United States.[citation needed]

Colleges and universities

Dowling College Courtyard

Suffolk County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including:

Public
Private

Newspapers

Indian reservations

Two Indian reservations are located within the borders of Suffolk County:

Towns, villages, and hamlets

The Montauk Lighthouse is a landmark of Suffolk County, NY

In New York State, a town is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city or on an Indian reservation live in a town. A village is an incorporated area which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet is a populated area within a town that is not part of a village. The term "hamlet" is not defined under New York law (unlike cities, towns and villages), but is often used in the state's statutes to refer to well-known populated sections of towns that are not incorporated as villages. For more information, see the article Political subdivisions of New York State.

In 2006 Forbes Magazine ranked six Suffolk County zip codes as among the top 110 most expensive in the United States. Sagaponack, New York was ranked the most expensive zip code in the nation with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,787,500. Water Mill, New York was ranked the sixth most expensive zip code in the nation, with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,150,000.[13]

Sorted by name

Amagansett, Amityville, Aquebogue, Asharoken
Argyle Lake: A main attraction in the town of Babylon.
Babylon (town), Babylon (village), Baiting Hollow, Bay Shore, Bayport, Baywood, Belle Terre, Bellport, Blue Point, Bohemia, Brentwood, Bridgehampton, Brightwaters, Brookhaven (town), Brookhaven (hamlet)
Calverton, Center Moriches, Centereach, Centerport, Central Islip, Cherry Grove (a.k.a. Fire Island), Cold Spring Harbor, Commack, Copiague, Copiague Harbor, Coram, Cutchogue
Deer Park, Dering Harbor, Dix Hills
East Farmingdale, East Hampton (town), East Hampton (village), East Islip, East Marion, East Moriches, East Northport, East Patchogue, East Quogue, East Setauket, East Shoreham, Eastport, Eatons Neck, Elwood
Farmingville, Fire Island (a.k.a. Cherry Grove), Fire Island Pines, Fishers Island, Flanders, Fort Salonga
Gilgo-Oak Beach-Captree, Gordon Heights, Great River, Greenlawn, Greenport, Greenport West
Halesite, Hampton Bays, Hauppauge, Head of the Harbor, Holbrook, Holtsville, Huntington (town), Huntington (hamlet), Huntington Bay, Huntington Station
Islandia, Islip (town), Islip (hamlet), Islip Terrace
Jamesport
Kings Park
Lake Grove, Lake Ronkonkoma, Laurel,

Lindenhurst, Lloyd Harbor

Manorville, Mastic, Mastic Beach, Mattituck, Medford, Melville, Middle Island, Miller Place, Montauk, Moriches, Mount Sinai
Napeague, Nesconset, New Suffolk, Nissequogue, North Amityville, North Babylon, North Bay Shore, North Bellport, North Great River, North Haven, North Lindenhurst, North Patchogue, North Sea, Northampton, Northport, Northville, Northwest Harbor, Noyack (Noyac)
Oakdale, Ocean Beach, Old Field, Orient
Patchogue, Peconic, Poquott,

Port Jefferson, Port Jefferson Station

Quioque (Quiogue), Quogue
Remsenburg, Ridge,

Riverhead (town), Riverhead (hamlet), Riverside, Rocky Point, Ronkonkoma

Sag Harbor, Sagaponack, Saltaire, Sayville, Selden, Setauket, Shelter Island, Shelter Island Heights, Shinnecock Hills, Shirley, Shoreham, Smithtown (town), Smithtown (hamlet), Southampton (town), Southampton (village), Southampton (hamlet), Southold (town),

Southold (hamlet), Sound Beach, South Huntington, Speonk, Springs, St. James, Stony Brook

Riverhead,NY
Terryville, Tuckahoe
Village of the Branch
Wading River, Wainscott, Water Mill (Watermill), West Babylon, West Bay Shore, West Gilgo Beach, West Hampton Dunes (Westhampton Dunes), West Hills, West Islip, West Sayville, Westhampton, Westhampton Beach, Wheatley Heights, Wyandanch, North Wyandanch
Watermill
Yaphank



Gardiners Island Suffolk NY

Gardiners Island is an island off eastern Suffolk County in the U.S. state of New York.

The Island is 6 miles long, and 3 miles wide and has 27 miles of coastline.

The same family has owned the Island for nearly 400 years, one the largest privately owned islands in America or the world.

It is, however, the only American real estate still intact as part of an original royal grant from the English Crown.


Robins Island is an Island in the Peconic Bay between the North and South folks of eastern Suffolk County.

It is within the jurisdiction of Town of Southold in Suffolk County, New York.

The Island is 435-acres and presently undeveloped.

The island is privately owned and not accessible to the public. See Map - [2]

Suffolk Seashore

Fire Island Lighthouse was an important landmark for many trans-atlantic ships coming into New York Harbor in the early 20th Century. For many European immigrants, the Fire Island Light was their first sight of land upon arrival in America.

The Fire Island Inlet span of the Robert Moses Causeway connects to Robert Moses State Park on the western tip of Fire Island.

The Great South Bay Bridge, the first causeway bridge, had only one northbound and one southbound lane, was opened to traffic in April 1954. The two-mile long span across Great South Bay to Captree Island features a 600-foot-long main span, with a 60-foot clearance for boats.

After crossing the State Boat Channel over Its 665-foot-long bascule bridge, the causeway meets the Ocean Parkway at a cloverleaf interchange. This interchange provides access to Captree State Park, Gilgo State Park and Jones Beach State Park.

The Fire Island Bridge continues the two-lane road, one lane in each direction, across Fire Island Inlet to its terminus at Robert Moses State Park and The Fire Island Lighthouse. Robert Moses Causeway opened in 1964.

Suffolk County has the most lighthouses of any other United States county, with fifteen of its original twenty-six lighthouses still standing. Of these fifteen, eight are located in Southold township alone, giving it more lighthouses than any other township in the United States.

Secessionist Movement

The proposed Peconic Country flag

At various times, there have been proposals for a division of Suffolk County into two counties. The Western portion would be called Suffolk County, while the Eastern portion of the current Suffolk County would comprise a new county to be called Peconic County. Peconic County would consist of the five easternmost towns of Suffolk County: East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton and Southold, plus the Shinnecock Indian Reservation.

The proposed Peconic County flag showed the two forks at the east end of Long Island separated by Peconic Bay. The star on the north represents Southold. The stars on the South Fork represent Southampton and East Hampton. Riverhead is at the fork mouth and Shelter Island is between the forks.

The secessionist movement has not been active since 1998.

See also

List of townships in Suffolk County

LI-Suffolk.jpg

References

  1. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/real-estate/article/108999/americas-richest-counties
  2. ^ http://www.co.suffolk.ny.us/ "About Suffolk County"
  3. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CONTEXT=gct&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=&-format=US-25 U.S. Census data with area & population density
  4. ^ "10th Judicial District: Suffolk County".
  5. ^ "Structure & Jurisdiction of the Courts".
  6. ^ "The Suffolk County Supreme Court".
  7. ^ "Directions to the Suffolk County Courts".
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Suffolk County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  10. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/real-estate/article/108999/americas-richest-counties
  11. ^ 100 Largest Counties in the United States by 2006 Population Estimate
  12. ^ Main campus is in Queens, branch campus in Suffolk County St. John's University: Oakdale Campus
  13. ^ Forbes Lists

External links

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Coordinates: 40°56′N 72°41′W / 40.94°N 72.68°W / 40.94; -72.68


Genealogy

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Suffolk County, New York
Seal of Suffolk County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Suffolk County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1683
Seat Riverhead
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 61.56%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1419369
Website: www.co.suffolk.ny.us

Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 1,419,369. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. The county seat is Riverhead, though many county offices are in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where most of the population lives. There are also offices in Smithtown, for the legislature, Yaphank, and Farmingville.

Suffolk and Nassau counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.

Suffolk County is the easternmost county in New York State and the New York Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Suffolk County was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created in 1683. Its boundaries were substantially the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, which was originally Queens County but since 1899 has been Nassau County. However, as eastern Suffolk County has become more suburbanized there have been efforts to split the east end of the county off into a new county, called Peconic County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,146 km² (2,373 sq mi). 2,363 km² (912 sq mi) of it is land and 3,784 km² (1,461 sq mi) of it (61.56%) is water.

Suffolk County occupies the easternmost portion of Long Island, in the southeastern portion of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound. The eastern end contains large bays. Suffolk County is divided into 10 towns: Babylon, Brookhaven, East Hampton, Huntington, Islip, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Smithtown, Southampton, and Southold.

Major facilities include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island. Several airports serve commuters and business travelers, most notably Long Island MacArthur Airport in Islip, Republic Airport in East Farmingdale and Francis S. Gabreski Airport in Westhampton Beach.

Adjacent County

Law and government


Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2004 48.5% 309,949 49.5% 315,909
2000 42.0% 240,992 53.4% 306,306
1996 36.1% 182,510 51.8% 261,828
1992 40.4% 220,811 38.9% 229,467
1988 60.5% 311,242 38.7% 199,215
1984 66.0% 335,485 33.7% 171,295
1980 57.0% 256,294 33.3% 149,945
1976 54.1% 248,908 45.3% 208,263
1972 70.3% 316,452 29.4% 132,441
1968 58.2% 218,027 32.7% 122,590
1964 44.4% 144,350 55.5% 180,598
1960 59.3% 166,644 40.6% 114,033

Suffolk County has long been a Republican bastion in New York. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio, who opposed Hillary Clinton in the 2000 Senate Race was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore a large victory here in 2000 and John Kerry a smaller margin of victory in 2004.

Suffolk County is represented by three congressional districts, the first, second and part of the third. The former two seats are held by Democrats. Tim Bishop, a Democrat, represents the once heavily Republican first district, which includes almost half of the county, from Smithtown to Montauk, including The Hamptons and Riverhead. The second district, which includes Huntington, Brentwood and Bay Shore, is represented by Steve Israel. A Democrat, Israel won the seat vacated by Rick Lazio in 2000 when he made his unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate. The third district, which is mainly in Nassau County, but includes some middle-class coastal areas of southwestern Suffolk County, is represented by Peter King, a Republican.

Democratic voters in Suffolk, as well as neighboring Nassau County have helped to turn New York into a solidly Democratic state.

Suffolk County Executives

Suffolk County Executives
Name Party Term
H. Lee Dennison Democrat 19611973
John V.N. Klein Republican 19731979
Peter F. Cohalan Republican 19791986
Michael A. LoGrande* Republican 19861987
Patrick G. Halpin Democrat 19871991
Robert J. Gaffney Republican 19912003
Steve Levy Democrat 2003–Present

* Appointed to compete Cohalan's term

Suffolk County Legislature

The county is divided into 18 legislative districts, each represented by a legislator. As of 2006, there are 10 Democrats and 8 Republicans:

  1. Edward P. Romaine (R)
  2. Jay Schneiderman (R)
  3. Kate M. Browning (WF)
  4. Joseph T. Caracappa (R)
  5. Vivian Viloria-Fisher (D)
  6. Daniel P. Losquadro (R)
  7. Jack Eddington (D)
  8. William Lindsay (D)
  9. Ricardo Montano (D)
  10. Cameron Alden (R)
  11. Thomas F. Barraga (R)
  12. John M. Kennedy, Jr. (R)
  13. Lynne Nowick (R)
  14. Wayne R. Horsley (D)
  15. Elie Mystal (D)
  16. Steven H. Stern (D)
  17. Louis D'Amaro (D)
  18. Jon Cooper (D)

Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. William Lindsay is the current Presiding Officer of the legislature.

In November 2007, the Democratic Party once again retained control over the Suffolk County Legislature picking up one seat in the process. Beginning in January, 2008, Democrats will hold a 11-7 advantage.

Law Enforcement

Police services in the five western towns (Babylon, Huntington, Islip, Smithtown and Brookhaven) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead, Southold, Shelter Island, East Hampton, and Southampton), maintain their own police forces. Also, there are a number of villages, such as Amityville, Lloyd Harbor and Westhampton Beach, that maintain their own police forces.

In an unusual move, the Village of Greenport in 1994 voted to abolish its police department and turn responsibility for law and order over to the Southold Town Police Department.

After the Long Island State Parkway Police was disbanded in 1980, all state parkways in Suffolk County became the responsibility of Troop L of the New York State Police, headquartered at Republic Airport. State parks, such as Robert Moses State Park, are the responsibility of the New York State Park Police, based at Belmont Lake State Park. In 1996, the Long Island Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police, which has jurisdiction over all rail lines in the county.

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office is a separate agency. With over three hundred years of tradition, the Sheriff's Office has been an integral part of Suffolk County's history. The Sheriff's Office is headed by the Sheriff, an elected position that serves a four year term. The Sheriff the highest law enforcement official in the county. The Sheriff's Office operates the two Suffolk County correctional facilities (in Yaphank and Riverhead), provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants, etc. There is also a full-service patrol unit that assists the East End town and village police forces. In addition, the Sheriff's Office also has a K-9 Unit, a Marine Unit, a Traffic Enforcement Unit (including a Motorcycle Section) that covers all roadways in Suffolk County, a Mountain Bike Unit, an ATV Unit, a SWAT-type unit called the Sheriff's Emergency Response Team (SERT) and a tactical weapons team (TRACS) unit. Suffolk County Deputy Sheriff Investigators participate in various task forces, undercover assignments, and also carry out many types of criminal and civil investigations. Suffolk County Deputy Sheriffs are also responsible for patrolling and investigating all crimes committed on county-owned property such as county government office buildings and the 3 campuses of the Suffolk County Community College, as well as providing assistance to the Suffolk County Park Police (which is currently in the process of being merged into the Sheriff's Office). By 2010, the Sheriff will also be responsible for all law enforcement services for Suffolk County parks and recreation facilities.

As of 2006, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employs about 250 Deputy Sheriffs, 1,000 Correction Officers and about 200 civilian staff.

Suffolk County has a special system of courts, somewhat similar to Nassau County, and very different from the rest of the state. Like Nassau, there is a District Court. For much of the county, most traffic tickets are handled by the Traffic Violations Bureau of Suffolk County. TVB is an arm of the Department of Motor Vehicles, and is not really part of the state court system. There are TVBs in New York City, Rochester and Buffalo as well. Suffolk County also has village courts and a few town courts.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,419,369 people, 469,299 households, and 360,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 601/km² (1,556/sq mi). There were 522,323 housing units at an average density of 221/km² (573/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 84.60% White, 6.94% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.53% of the population. Some main European ancestries in Suffolk county as of 2000: 28.33% Italian, 22.02% Irish, 16.95% German and 5.98% English.

By 2005 the non-Hispanic white population of Suffolk County was at 75.9%. African Americans were 7.8% of the population. Asians stood at 3.2% of the population. Latinos were 12.6% of the population.[1]

There were 469,299 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $65,288, and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,577. About 3.90% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Suffolk County ranks at number twenty-one on the list of the most populous counties in the United States. [2]

Suffolk County has a very high number of Italian-Americans.

Colleges and universities

Suffolk County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including:

Indian reservations

Two Indian reservations are located within the borders of Suffolk County:

Towns, villages, and hamlets

The Montauk Lighthouse is a landmark of Suffolk County, NY

In New York State, a town is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city or on an Indian reservation live in a town. A village is an incorporated area which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet is a populated area within a town that is not part of a village. The term "hamlet" is not defined under New York law (unlike cities, towns and villages), but is often used in the state's statutes to refer to well-known populated sections of towns that are not incorporated as villages. For more information, see the article Political subdivisions of New York State.

In 2006 Forbes Magazine ranked six Suffolk County zip codes as among the top 110 most expensive in the United States. Sagaponack was ranked the most expensive zip code in the nation with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,787,500. Water Mill was ranked the sixth most expensive zip code in the nation, with a median home sale price in 2005 of $2,150,000.[3]

Sorted by Town

Sorted by name

See also

References

  1. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36103.html
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/CO-EST2006-07.html
  3. ^ Forbes Lists [1]

External links

Coordinates: 40°56′N 72°41′W / 40.94, -72.68


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Suffolk County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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County names Suffolk County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Suffolk County  +

This article uses material from the "Suffolk County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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