Sugar Bowl: Wikis

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Sugar Bowl
Allstate Sugar Bowl
Sugar Bowl logo.svg
Allstate Sugar Bowl logo
Stadium Louisiana Superdome
Location New Orleans, Louisiana
Previous Stadiums Tulane Stadium (1934-1974)
Georgia Dome (2006)[1]
Previous Locations Atlanta, Georgia (2006)[1]
Operated January 1, 1935 - Present
Conference Tie-ins SEC
Payout US$17,000,000 (As of 2006)
Sponsors
USF&G Financial Services (1987-1995)
Nokia (1995-2006)
Allstate Insurance (2007-present)
2010 Matchup
Cincinnati vs. Florida (Florida 51, Cincinnati 24)
2011 Matchup
SEC/BCS vs. BCS (January 2011)

The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Sugar Bowl has been played annually since January 1, 1935, and celebrated its 75th anniversary on January 2, 2009. The Sugar Bowl, along with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916).[2] The Sugar Bowl is also a member of the Bowl Championship Series. Presently, its official title is the Allstate Sugar Bowl after its current sponsor.

The Sugar Bowl hosted the BCS National Championship Game in 2000 and 2004. However, since the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game has been a stand-alone event one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Sugar Bowl). Under the current BCS format, the Sugar Bowl itself will not host the BCS National Championship Game, but the Superdome will be one of the four rotating stadiums used to host the BCS National Championship Game.

The Sugar Bowl hosts the Southeastern Conference (SEC) champion unless (under the current BCS alignment) the team is selected to play in the national championship game; in that case the Sugar Bowl can select a team at-large from any conference as the host team. The SEC champion has participated in every standalone BCS National Championship Game since 2006; the Sugar Bowl has used its replacement selection on an SEC at-large team. As such, an SEC team has played in the Sugar Bowl every year since the 2000–01 game.

The payout for the 2006 game was $14–17 million per participating team.

Sugar Bowl in Tulane Stadium in the 1940s

Contents

History

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding a football game.[3]

2004 Sugar Bowl, Louisiana State vs. Oklahoma; January 4, 2004

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami"). The football game and associated festivities of the Palm Festival were soon named the "Orange Bowl."[4]

In New Orleans, Louisiana, the idea of a New Year's Day football game was first presented in 1927 by Colonel James M. Thomson, publisher of the New Orleans Item, and Sports Editor Fred Digby. Every year thereafter, Digby repeated called for action, and even came up with the name "Sugar Bowl" for his proposed football game.[5]

By 1935, enough support had been garnered for the first Sugar Bowl. The game was played in Tulane Stadium, which had been built in 1926 on Tulane University's campus (before 1871, Tulane's campus was Paul Foucher's Plantation, where Foucher's father-in-law, Etienne de Bore, had first granulated sugar from cane syrup). Warren V. Miller, the first president of the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association, guided the Sugar Bowl through its difficult formative years of 1934 and 1935.

Much controversy preceded the 1956 Sugar Bowl, where Bobby Grier's Pitt Panthers would meet the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. There was controversy over whether Grier should be allowed to play, and whether Georgia Tech should even play at all due to Georgia governor Marvin Griffin's opposition to integration.[6][7][8]

Superdome for the 2005 Sugar Bowl

Tulane Stadium hosted the game from 1935 through 1975. It has been played in the Louisiana Superdome since 1976. The Sugar Bowl's corporate title sponsor was USF&G Financial Services from 1987 to 1995 and Nokia cellular telephones of Finland from 1995 to 2006. In March 2006 Allstate Insurance was announced as the new title sponsor. ABC Sports televised the game from 1969 through 2006. Since 2007 Fox Sports has televised the game as a part of their contract with the BCS. ESPN will start airing the game with the 2010–11 season, after outbidding Fox for the broadcasting rights.[9]

The 2006 Sugar Bowl game was played at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia because of the extensive damage the Louisiana Superdome suffered as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The Sugar Bowl has since returned to the refurbished Superdome.

Prior to the BCS, the game traditionally hosted the Southeastern Conference (SEC) champion against a top-tier at-large opponent. Under the current BCS format, the Sugar Bowl continues to host the SEC champion against a top-tier at-large opponent, unless the SEC champion goes to the BCS National Championship Game.[10]

The Sugar Bowl maintains an archive of past programs, images, newsreels, and other materials. The archive, originally housed in the Superdome, survived Hurricane Katrina, but a more secure home was needed. During the summer of 2007, the Sugar Bowl donated its materials to The Historic New Orleans Collection, designating it the permanent home of its archive.

Previous results

Italics denote a tie game.
+ - Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship game
^ - Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship game
* - Denotes BCS National Championship Game
† - Played in the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia because of Hurricane Katrina

Annual Date Played Winning Team Losing Team
1st January 1, 1935 Tulane 20 Temple 14
2nd January 1, 1936 TCU 3 LSU 2
3rd January 1, 1937 Santa Clara 21 LSU 14
4th January 1, 1938 Santa Clara 6 LSU 0
5th January 2, 1939 TCU 15 Carnegie Tech 7
6th January 1, 1940 Texas A&M 14 Tulane 13
7th January 1, 1941 Boston College 19 Tennessee 13
8th January 1, 1942 Fordham 2 Missouri 0
9th January 1, 1943 Tennessee 14 Tulsa 7
10th January 1, 1944 Georgia Tech 20 Tulsa 18
11th January 1, 1945 Duke 29 Alabama 26
12th January 1, 1946 Oklahoma State 33 Saint Mary's (CA) 13
13th January 1, 1947 Georgia 20 North Carolina 10
14th January 1, 1948 Texas 27 Alabama 7
15th January 1, 1949 Oklahoma 14 North Carolina 6
16th January 2, 1950 Oklahoma 35 LSU 0
17th January 1, 1951 Kentucky 13 Oklahoma 7
18th January 1, 1952 Maryland 28 Tennessee 13
19th January 1, 1953 Georgia Tech 24 Mississippi 7
20th January 1, 1954 Georgia Tech 42 West Virginia 19
21st January 1, 1955 Navy 21 Mississippi 0
22nd January 2, 1956 Georgia Tech 7 Pittsburgh 0
23rd January 1, 1957 Baylor 13 Tennessee 7
24th January 1, 1958 Mississippi 39 Texas 7
25th January 1, 1959 LSU 7 Clemson 0
26th January 1, 1960 Mississippi 21 LSU 0
27th January 2, 1961 Mississippi 14 Rice 6
28th January 1, 1962 Alabama 10 Arkansas 3
29th January 1, 1963 Mississippi 17 Arkansas 13
30th January 1, 1964 Alabama 12 Mississippi 7
31st January 1, 1965 LSU 13 Syracuse 10
32nd January 1, 1966 Missouri 20 Florida 18
33rd January 2, 1967 Alabama 34 Nebraska 7
34th January 1, 1968 LSU 20 Wyoming 13
35th January 1, 1969 Arkansas 16 Georgia 2
36th January 1, 1970 Mississippi 27 Arkansas 22
37th January 1, 1971 Tennessee 34 Air Force 13
38th January 1, 1972 Oklahoma 40 Auburn 22
39th December 31, 1972 Oklahoma 14 Penn State 0
40th December 31, 1973 Notre Dame 24 Alabama 23
41st December 31, 1974 Nebraska 13 Florida 10
42nd December 31, 1975 Alabama 13 Penn State 6
43rd January 1, 1977 Pittsburgh 27 Georgia 3
44th January 2, 1978 Alabama 35 Ohio State 6
45th January 1, 1979 Alabama 14 Penn State 7
46th January 1, 1980 Alabama 24 Arkansas 9
47th January 1, 1981 Georgia 17 Notre Dame 10
48th January 1, 1982 Pittsburgh 24 Georgia 20
49th January 1, 1983 Penn State 27 Georgia 23
50th January 2, 1984 Auburn 9 Michigan 7
51st January 1, 1985 Nebraska 28 LSU 10
52nd January 1, 1986 Tennessee 35 Miami 7
53rd January 1, 1987 Nebraska 30 LSU 15
54th January 1, 1988 Syracuse 16 Auburn 16
55th January 2, 1989 Florida State 13 Auburn 7
56th January 1, 1990 Miami 33 Alabama 25
57th January 1, 1991 Tennessee 23 Virginia 22
58th January 1, 1992 Notre Dame 39 Florida 28
59th+ January 1, 1993 Alabama 34 Miami 13
60th January 1, 1994 Florida 41 West Virginia 7
61st January 2, 1995 Florida State 23 Florida 17
62nd December 31, 1995 Virginia Tech 28 Texas 10
63rd^ January 2, 1997 Florida 52 Florida State 20
64th January 1, 1998 Florida State 31 Ohio State 14
65th January 1, 1999 Ohio State 24 Texas A&M 14
66th* January 4, 2000 Florida State 46 Virginia Tech 29
67th January 2, 2001 Miami 37 Florida 20
68th January 1, 2002 LSU 47 Illinois 34
69th January 1, 2003 Georgia 26 Florida State 13
70th* January 4, 2004 LSU 21 Oklahoma 14
71st January 3, 2005 Auburn 16 Virginia Tech 13
72nd January 2, 2006 West Virginia 38 Georgia 35
73rd January 3, 2007 LSU 41 Notre Dame 14
74th January 1, 2008 Georgia 41 Hawaiʻi 10
75th January 2, 2009 Utah 31 Alabama 17
76th January 1, 2010 Florida 51 Cincinnati 24

Most Valuable Players (Miller-Digby Award)

Year played MVP Team Position
1948 Bobby Layne Texas QB
1949 Jack Mitchell Oklahoma QB
1950 Leon Heath Oklahoma FB
1951 Walt Yowarsky Kentucky T
1952 Ed Modzelewski Maryland FB
1953 Leon Hardemann Georgia Tech HB
1954 Pepper Rodgers Georgia Tech QB
1955 Joe Gattuso Navy FB
1956 Franklin Brooks Georgia Tech G
1957 Del Shofner Baylor HB
1958 Raymond Brown Mississippi QB
1959 Billy Cannon LSU HB
1960 Bobby Franklin Mississippi QB
1961 Jake Gibbs Mississippi QB
1962 Mike Fracchia Alabama FB
1963 Glynn Griffin Mississippi QB
1964 Tim Davis Alabama K
1965 Doug Moreau LSU FL
1966 Steve Spurrier Florida QB
1967 Ken Stabler Alabama QB
1968 Glenn Smith LSU HB
1969 Chuck Dicus Arkansas FL
1970 Archie Manning Mississippi QB
1971 Bobby Scott Tennessee QB
1972 Jack Mildren Oklahoma QB
1973 Tinker Owens Oklahoma FL
1974 Tom Clements Notre Dame QB
1975 Tony Davis Nebraska FB
1976 Richard Todd Alabama QB
1977 Matt Cavanaugh Pittsburgh QB
1978 Jeff Rutledge Alabama QB
1979 Barry Krauss Alabama LB
1980 Major Ogilvie Alabama RB
1981 Herschel Walker Georgia RB
1982 Dan Marino Pittsburgh QB
1983 Todd Blackledge Penn State QB
1984 Bo Jackson Auburn RB
1985 Craig Sundberg Nebraska QB
1986 Daryl Dickey Tennessee QB
1987 Steve Taylor Nebraska QB
1988 Don McPherson Syracuse QB
1989 Sammie Smith Florida State RB
1990 Craig Erickson Miami (Fla.) QB
1991 Andy Kelly Tennessee QB
1992 Jerome Bettis Notre Dame FB
1993 Derrick Lassic Alabama RB
1994 Errict Rhett Florida RB
1995 Warrick Dunn Florida State RB
1996 Bryan Still Virginia Tech WR
1997 Danny Wuerffel Florida QB
1998 E. G. Green Florida State WR
1999 David Boston Ohio State WR
2000 Peter Warrick Florida State WR
2001 Ken Dorsey Miami (Fla.) QB
2002 Rohan Davey LSU QB
2003 Musa Smith Georgia TB
2004 Justin Vincent LSU RB
2005 Jason Campbell Auburn QB
2006 Steve Slaton West Virginia RB
2007 JaMarcus Russell LSU QB
2008 Marcus Howard Georgia DE
2009 Brian Johnson Utah QB
2010 Tim Tebow Florida QB

Broadcasting

As of the 2006–07 season, the BCS will air primarily on Fox while only the Rose Bowl will continue to be shown on ABC. Fox will continue to air 4 BCS Bowl Games (Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl and the BCS National Championship Game) through the 2009-2010 season. Starting with the 2010-2011 season, ESPN will start airing the games, out bidding Fox for the rights to the games.[9]

From 1999-2006, the game aired on ABC as part of its BCS package, where it had also been televised from 1969 through 1998. The Sugar Bowl was the only Bowl Alliance game to stick with ABC following the 1995, 1996 and 1997 seasons; the Fiesta and Orange Bowls were televised by CBS. Prior to that, NBC aired the game for several years.

The game is also broadcast nationally on ESPN Radio.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Temporarily relocated because of damage from Hurricane Katrina
  2. ^ "Sugar Bowl". NokiaSugarBowl.com. http://www.nokiasugarbowl.com/. Retrieved 6 January 2009.  
  3. ^ "Tournament of Roses History". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. http://www.tournamentofroses.com/history/index.asp. Retrieved 5 December 2006.  
  4. ^ "History of the Orange Bowl". FedEx Orange Bowl. http://www.orangebowl.org/OB.php?sec=history. Retrieved 5 December 2006.  
  5. ^ "Sugar Bowl History". Allstate Sugar Bowl. http://66.175.13.176/football.php?content=history&section=football#. Retrieved 5 December 2006.  
  6. ^ Mulé, Marty - A Time For Change: Bobby Grier And The 1956 Sugar Bowl. Black Athlete Sports Network, December 28, 2005
  7. ^ *Zeise, Paul - Bobby Grier broke bowl's color line. The Panthers' Bobby Grier was the first African-American to play in Sugar Bowl Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 07, 2005
  8. ^ Thamel, Pete - Grier Integrated a Game and Earned the World's Respect. New York Times, Published: January 1, 2006.
  9. ^ a b Fox pulls out of bidding for next round of BCS games
  10. ^ = 27 November "Selection Procedures". BCS. http://www.bcsfootball.org/bcsfb/eligibility = 27 November. Retrieved 2006.  

External links

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Simple English

The Sugar Bowl is a American college football bowl game at the Louisiana Superdome.

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