Sun Life Stadium: Wikis

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Sun Life Stadium
Dolphinstadiumint.JPG
Former names Joe Robbie Stadium (1987-1996)
Pro Player Park (1996)
Pro Player Stadium (1996-2005)
Dolphins Stadium (2005-2006)
Dolphin Stadium (2006-2009; 2010)[1]
Land Shark Stadium (2009-2010)
Location 2267 NW 199th Street
Miami Gardens, Florida 33056
Coordinates 25°57′29″N 80°14′20″W / 25.95806°N 80.23889°W / 25.95806; -80.23889Coordinates: 25°57′29″N 80°14′20″W / 25.95806°N 80.23889°W / 25.95806; -80.23889
Broke ground December 1, 1985
Opened August 16, 1987
Owner Stephen M. Ross (95%) and H. Wayne Huizenga (5%)[2]
Surface Grass
Construction cost $115 million
Architect Populous
Structural engineer Bliss and Nyitray, Inc.
Capacity 47,662 (1993 Baseball)*
42,531 (2001 Baseball)*
36,531 (2003 Baseball)*
36,331 (2006 Baseball)*
38,560 (2008 Baseball)*
74,916 (Soccer)
76,500 (Football)
*Expandable to approximately 68,000 for baseball
Field dimensions Left Field – 330 ft / 100.6 m
Left-Center – 361 ft / 110 m
Center Field – 404 ft / 123.1 m
Right-Center – 361 ft / 110 m
Right Field – 345 ft / 105.1 m
Backstop – 58 ft / 17.7 m
Tenants
Miami Dolphins (NFL) (1987–present)
University of Miami Hurricanes (NCAA) (2008–present)
Florida Marlins (MLB) (1993–2010[3])
Florida Atlantic Owls (NCAA) (2001–2002)
FedEx Orange Bowl (1996–1998), (2000–present)
Blockbuster/Carquest/MicronPC/Champs Sports Bowl (1990–2000)
Former logo: Dolphin Stadium

Sun Life Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium, Dolphins Stadium, Dolphin Stadium, and Land Shark Stadium) is an American football, baseball, soccer, and lacrosse stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb of Miami. The stadium serves as host to the Miami Dolphins, the Florida Marlins, the Miami Hurricanes, and the annual Orange Bowl college football game.

Since its construction, the stadium has hosted five Super Bowls (XXIII, XXIX, XXXIII, XLI and XLIV), two World Series (1997 and 2003), and three BCS National Championship Games (2001, 2005, 2009). The stadium served as host for the second round of the 2009 World Baseball Classic, and hosted the 2010 Pro Bowl.[4]

On January 18, 2010, The Miami Dolphins signed a five-year deal with Sun Life Financial to rename Dolphin Stadium to Sun Life Stadium. The deal is worth $7.5 million per year for five years (a total of $37.5 million).[5]

Contents

History

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Conception and construction

Formerly known as Joe Robbie Stadium was the first of its kind in the NFL to be constructed entirely with private funds. Joe Robbie led the financing campaign to build Joe Robbie Stadium (JRS) for the Miami Dolphins of the NFL. JRS revolutionized the economics of professional sports when it opened in 1987. Inclusion of a Club Level, along with Executive Suites, helped to finance the construction of the stadium. Season ticket holders committed to long term agreements and in return received first-class amenities in a state-of-the-art facility.

County officials check out the interior of the stadium, 1987

The stadium was designed at Joe Robbie's request to have a wider than normal playing field in order to accommodate soccer and to serve as the home of a potential Major League Baseball franchise in South Florida. Because of this design decision, the first row of seats is 90 feet (27 m) from the sideline in a football configuration, considerably more distant than the first row of seats in most football stadiums (the closest seats at the new Soldier Field, for instance, are 55 feet (17 m) from the sideline at the 50–yard line). While the decision to employ a wider playing field resulted in a Major League Baseball (MLB) expansion franchise for Miami (see below), it resulted in a less intimate venue for football when compared to other contemporary football facilities.

The Dolphins

The first regular season NFL game played there was a 42–0 Dolphins victory over the Kansas City Chiefs on October 11, 1987. The game was in the middle of the 1987 NFL strike, and was played with replacement players. The stadium first hosted Monday Night Football there on December 7 of that year, in a 37–28 Dolphins victory over the New York Jets. In addition to the Super Bowl, several other playoff games have been played in Dolphin Stadium, including the 1992 AFC Championship Game, which the Dolphins lost to the Buffalo Bills, 29-10. Overall, the Dolphins are 5-3 in playoff games held here.

The Marlins move in

A Florida Marlins baseball game at Sun Life Stadium

In 1990, H. Wayne Huizenga, then Chairman of the Board and CEO of Blockbuster Video and Huizenga Holdings Inc., agreed to purchase 50 percent of Joe Robbie Stadium and became the point man in the drive to bring Major League Baseball to South Florida. That effort was rewarded in July 1991, when South Florida was awarded an MLB expansion franchise. The new team was named the Florida Marlins and placed in the National League. On January 24, 1994, Huizenga acquired the remaining fifty percent of the stadium to give him 100% ownership. Since 1991, several million dollars have been spent to upgrade and renovate the stadium.

The first Marlins game played at Joe Robbie Stadium was on April 5, 1993, a 6–3 victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Renovations and configurations

After Huizenga bought part of the stadium, it was extensively renovated to accommodate a baseball team, as part of his successful bid to bring the Florida Marlins to South Florida. Purists initially feared the result would be similar to Exhibition Stadium in Toronto; when the Toronto Blue Jays played there from 1976 to 1989, they were burdened with seats that were so far from the field (as far as 820 feet in some locations) that they weren't even sold during the regular season. However, as mentioned above, Robbie had foreseen Miami would be a likely location for an expansion major league baseball team, and the stadium was designed to make any necessary renovations for baseball as seamless as possible.

The stadium's baseball capacity was initially reduced to 47,600, with most of the upper level covered with a tarp. Huizenga wanted to create a more intimate atmosphere for baseball, and even without this to consider, most of the seats in the upper level would have been too far from the field. The stadium's baseball capacity has been further reduced over the years, and it now seats 36,500. However, the Marlins usually open the entire upper level for the postseason. In the 1997 World Series, the Marlins had some of the highest postseason attendance figures in MLB history, only exceeded by Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers before Dodger Stadium was opened, in the 1959 World Series.

Although it was designed from the ground up to accommodate baseball, Sun Life Stadium is not a true multipurpose stadium. Rather, it is a football stadium that can convert into a baseball stadium. Most of the seats are pointed toward center field – where the 50–yard line would be in the football configuration. As such, the sight lines are not as good for baseball. This was particularly evident during the Marlins' two World Series appearances in 1997 and 2003. Some portions of left and center field are not part of the football playing field, and fans sitting in the left field upper-deck seats were unable to see these areas except on the replay boards.

Partly as a result of the sight-line problems at Sun Life Stadium, the Marlins are booked for a new stadium at the site of the Miami Orange Bowl in 2012.[3] Since the 2011 target date was not possible, the Marlins are now looking for a one-year lease before moving into their new stadium in 2012. The Marlins front office has already started negotiating deals with the Dolphins and Hurricanes to make a 1-year deal to stay in Dolphin Stadium.

Aside from baseball renovations, Sun Life Stadium has undergone some permanent renovations. In April 2006, the stadium unveiled the two largest hi-definition video boards in professional sports and a new fascia LED ribbon-board, the largest in the world, but these have since been surpassed in size. In addition, the upgrades include vastly widened 40,000 square-foot concourses on the stadium’s north and south sides. Bars, lounges and other amenities have also been added. The renovation has three phases, the first has been completed but the second and third phases of renovation will take place after the Marlins move out of the stadium. These remaining phases include the addition of a roof to shield fans from the rain, as well as remodeling the sidelines of the lower bowl to narrow the field and bring seats closer, ending its convertibility to baseball.[6] Thus, while it is the tenth-oldest stadium in the NFL, it is currently up-to-date for years to come.

Notable events

Football

NFL

The stadium has played host to five Super Bowls (1989, 1995, 1999, 2007, 2010). There has been a kickoff return for a touchdown in each Super Bowl played at the stadium other than the most recent in 2010. The stadium also hosted the 2010 Pro Bowl.

NCAA

Sun Life Stadium hosts the Miami Hurricanes (2008-present). The stadium was the home field for the Florida Atlantic Owls (2001-02).

Sun Life Stadium has been the site of the Orange Bowl game since 1996, except for the January 1999 contest between Florida and Syracuse, which had to be moved due to a conflict with a Dolphins playoff game.

The stadium also plays host biennially to the yearly Shula Bowl, a game played between Florida Atlantic University and Florida International University, when the game is hosted by FAU (FIU hosts the game at their own stadium, FIU Stadium, every other year).

Baseball

Two National League Division Series have been played at Dolphin Stadium.

Two National League Championship Series have been played at Dolphin Stadium.

Two World Series have been played at Dolphin Stadium.

The stadium was the venue where Ken Griffey, Jr. hit his 600th career home run off Mark Hendrickson of the Florida Marlins on June 9, 2008.

Concerts

The stadium has been the site of many concerts, featuring such entertainers as Madonna, U2, Van Halen, Ozzy Osbourne, Flo Rida, The Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, Elton John, Billy Joel, Chicago, Genesis, Gloria Estefan, Prince, The Police, Guns N' Roses, The Who, Hall & Oates, Rod Stewart, Paul McCartney, and The Three Tenors.

Other events

Other events held at Sun Life Stadium have included international soccer games, monster truck shows, Hoop-It-Up Basketball, RV and boat shows, the UniverSoul Circus, Australian rules football exhibition matches, and numerous trade shows.

In 2006, Sun Life Stadium hosted the High School State Football Championships, sanctioned by the FHSAA Florida High School Athletic Association. Movies have also been shot in Dolphin Stadium, most notably Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, which stars Jim Carrey and even features Dolphins great Dan Marino as himself; Marley and Me starring Owen Wilson and Jennifer Aniston At a scene Marley ran onto the field ; and the Oliver Stone-directed Any Given Sunday.

Also Sun Life Stadium along with the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, GA were among the finalists to host the world wrestling entertainmentsWWE's WrestleMania XXVII in 2011. On February, 1st, 2010 it was announced that Atlanta, GA would host WrestleMania XXVII.

Gallery

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Ross said the agreement to change the name from Dolphin Stadium is for this season only and expires before the stadium plays host to the Super Bowl in February." "Dolphins' home renamed Land Shark Stadium in deal with singer Buffett". Associated Press. 2009-05-10. http://www.nfl.com/news/story?id=09000d5d810340fb&template=without-video-with-comments&confirm=true. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  2. ^ Ross' percentage is approximate. Small stakes are also known to be owned by the following sports and entertainment celebrities:
  3. ^ a b The Marlins' lease with Dolphin Stadium expires after the 2010 baseball season. For the 2011 season, before their projected move to their new ballpark, they are still looking for a place to play, but are "optimistic" they can get an extension of the lease with Dolphin Stadium. Frisaro Joe (2008-11-25). "New Marlins stadium to open in 2012". MLB.com. http://florida.marlins.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20081125&content_id=3691803&vkey=news_fla&fext=.jsp&c_id=fla. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  4. ^ "2010 Pro Bowl moving to Miami, will be played before Super Bowl". http://www.nfl.com/news/story?id=09000d5d80dbeb16&template=with-video-with-comments&confirm=true. Retrieved 2008-12-30. 
  5. ^ http://southflorida.bizjournals.com/southflorida/stories/2010/01/18/daily5.html
  6. ^ http://www.sun-sentinel.com/sports/miami-dolphins/fl-super-bowl-stadium-0108-20100107,0,1924520.story

External links


Simple English

Sun Life Stadium
[[File:|250px|Arial view of Sun Life Stadium.]]
Arial view of Sun Life Stadium.
Former names Dolphin Stadium (1987, 2006 – 2008)
Joe Robbie Stadium (1980 - 1986,1987 – 1996)
Pro Player Park (1996)
Pro Player Stadium (1996 – 2005)
Dolphins Stadium (2005 – 2006)
Land Shark Stadium (2009 - 2010)
Location 2269 Dan Marino Boulevard
Miami Gardens (Opa Locka), Florida 33169
Broke ground December 1, 1985
Opened August 16, 1987
Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%)
Surface Grass
Construction cost $115 million
Architect HOK Sport
Capacity 47,662 (1993 Baseball)*
42,531 (2001 Baseball)*
36,531 (2003 Baseball)*
36,331 (2006 Baseball)*
38,560 (2008 Baseball)*
74,916 (Soccer)
76,500 (Football)
*Expandable to approximately 68,000 for baseball
Field dimensions Left Field – 330 ft/100.6 m
Left-Center – 361 ft/110 m
Center Field – 404 ft/123.1 m
Right-Center – 361 ft/110 m
Right Field – 345 ft/105.1 m
Backstop – 58 ft/17.7 m
Tenants
Miami Dolphins (NFL) (1987 – present)
Florida Marlins (MLB) (1993 –2011)
Florida Atlantic Owls (NCAA) (2001 – 2002)
FedEx Orange Bowl (1996 – 1998), (2000 – present)
Blockbuster/Carquest/MicronPC/Champs Sports Bowl (1990 – 2000)
University of Miami Hurricanes (NCAA) (2008 – present)

Sun Life Stadium is a stadium where football, soccer, and other sports are played. The stadium can be found in Miami Gardens, Florida, which is between Miami and Fort Lauderdale. It replaced the Orange Bowl, Miami's other football stadium. It used to be called Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], Land Shark Stadium and Dolphin Stadium. The Miami Dolphins, the Florida Marlins, and the Miami Hurricanes all play in the stadium.[2]

Since it was built, five Super Bowls (XXIII, XXIX, XXXIII, XLI, XLIV, two World Series ('97 and '03), and three BCS National Championship Games ('01, '05), 2009 BCS National Championship Game have been played in the stadium.[needs proof]

Contents

The building of the stadium

The stadium was the very first stadium that was built using money from private people. Joe Robbie was the person who gave a good part of the money needed to build the stadium.

Robbie made the stadium with a wider field so that soccer and baseball could be played in the stadium. The seats that are closest to the field are 90 feet from the sidelines on the football field. Baseball was played in the stadium as planned, making use of the wider fields.

After the stadium was completed, it was renamed after the person who designed the field, Joe Robbie. The first regular season NFL game that was played in the stadium was a win against the Kansas City Chiefs.

Other events

The Miami Dolphins started playing in the stadium in 1987 and the Florida Marlins since 1993. The Orange Bowl game has been held in Dolphin Stadium since 1996. Since Dolphin Stadium was completed, Madonna, U2, Van Halen, Ozzy Osbourne, The Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, Elton John, Billy Joel, Chicago, Genesis, Gloria Estefan, The Police , Guns N' Roses, The Who, Hall & Oates, Rod Stewart, Paul McCartney, and The Three Tenors have all had concerts in Dolphin Stadium.

Other pages

Notes

Other websites

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Coordinates: 25°57′28.51″N 80°14′19.83″W / 25.9579194°N 80.2388417°W / 25.9579194; -80.2388417


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