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Jāmi` al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: جامع الترمذي‎), popularly Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: سُـنَن الترمذي‎), is one of the Sunni Six major Hadith collections. It was collected by Abu 'Eesa Muhammad ibn 'Eesa al-Tirmidhi.

Contents

Title

Al-Kattani said: "The Jaami' of al-Tirmithi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and [it is also named] Al-Jaami' al-Kabeer. [1]

Praise

Al-Hafidh Abu Al-Fadl Al-Maqdisi said: "I heard Al-Imam Abu Isma'il Abdullah bin Muhammad Al-Ansari in Harrah - when Abu Isa Al-Tirmidhi and his book was mentioned before him - saying: "To me, his book is more useful than the books of Al-Bukhari and that of Muslim. This is because only an expert can arrive at the benefit of the books of Al-Bukhari and Muslim, whereas in the case of the book of Abu Isa, every one of the people can attain its benefit."[2]

Ibn Al-Athir said: "(It) is the best of books, having the most benefit, the best organization, with the least repetition. It contain what others do not; like mention of the different views, angles of argument, and clarifying the circumstances of the hadith as being sahih, da'if, or gharib, as well as disparaging and endorsing remarks (regarding narrators).

Authenticity

Sunnis regard this collection as fifth in strength of their Six major Hadith collections.[3]

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Types of hadith included relating to their authenticity

Of the four Sunan books, al-Tirmidhi's alone is divided into four categories. The first, those hadith definitively classified as authentic, he is in agreement with Bukhari and Muslim. The second category are those hadith which conform to the standard of the three scholars, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasa'i and Abu Dawood, at a level less than Bukhari and Muslim. Third, are the hadith collected due to a contradiction; in this case, he clarifies its flaw. And fourth, those hadith which some fiqh specialists have acted upon.[4]

Commentaries

  • Aridhat al-Ahwathi bi Sharh Sunan al-Tirmidhi written Ibn al-Arabi d. 543H (1148-49 CE)
  • Sharh Jaami' al-Tirmidhi of which only the last portion of remains - Sharh 'Ilal at-Tirmidhi - by Ibn Rajab
  • Commentary on al-Tirmidhi's Hadith Collection by al-Zayn al-Iraqi
  • Footnotes, including explanation and verification, of approximately the first third of the Sunan by Ahmad Muhammad Shakir
  • al-`Urf al Shadhi Sharh Sunan Al-Tirmidhi by Anwar Shah Kashmiri
  • Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi Bi Sharh Jami` Al-Tirmidhi by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Mubarkafuri, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Muhammad 'Uthman, 10 vols., Beirut
  • A contemporary hadith specialist, Al-Albani, evaluated the authenticity of each hadith and then divided the Sunan into Sahih Sunan al-Tirmidhi and Daif Sunan al-Tirmidhi.

References

  1. ^ Al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah, pg. 11.
  2. ^ Shurut al-A'immah al-Sittah, by al-Maqdisi, pg. 101.
  3. ^ Haddad, G. F. "Various Issues About Hadiths". http://www.abc.se/~m9783/n/vih_e.html. 
  4. ^ Shurut al-A'immah al-Sittah, by al-Maqdisi, pg. 92.

External Links


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