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Sundargarh
Sundargarh
Location of Sundargarh
in Orissa and India
Coordinates 22°07′N 84°02′E / 22.12°N 84.03°E / 22.12; 84.03
Country  India
State Orissa
District(s) Sundargarh
Population 38,402 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

233 m (764 ft)

Sundergarh, (Oriya: ସୁଂଦର ଗଡ)also known as Sundargarh, is a city in Orissa state of eastern India. It is the headquarters of Sundergarh District.

Contents

Geography

Sundargarh is located at 22°07′N 84°02′E / 22.12°N 84.03°E / 22.12; 84.03.[1] It has an average elevation of 243 metres (801 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Sundargarh had a population of 40,943. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sundargarh has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 69%. In Sundargarh, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Two Orissa princely States of Gangapur and Bonaigarh constitute the present district of Sundargarh, consequent upon merger of the princely States in 1948. It is understood that the part of the district comprised in ancient time, under the rulers of Kalinga and South Kosala.However, divergent views are available regarding the origin of the ruling family.Bonaigarh was known as Bonai Mandala and was rulled by Mayura dynasty as a feudetory of Bhoumakara dynasty of Utkala.The present royal family of Gangpur belongs to the Parmar dynasty and Bonaigarh belongs to Kadamba dynasty.These royal families were the feudetory of the Gajapati emperor of Orissa.These ex-states were under the suzerainty of Sambalpur which formed part of the dominion of the Maratha Rajas of Nagpur. They were ceded to the British Government in 1803 by the Maratha Chief Raghuji Bhonsla of Nagpur under the treaty of Deogaon(near Rourkela).But they were restored to him by special engagement in 1806. They were finally ceded in 1826. In 1905, these two Oriya speaking princly states were transferred from the control of the commissioner of Chhotanagur to that of Orissa Division and a separate Political Agent was appointed.

Accession of Gangapur and Bonai states to Orissa province of Republic of India:1st January 1948

Kisan tribe

Karmadance

Kisan Tribe are the major inhabitants on this district along with Oram, Gond etc. The are Farmers and Food gatherers by profession. They are famous for their Singing and Dancing along with their hospitality.They speak the kisan language along with Oriya, Hindi and English. Kutra is very well known Kisan Village. The Toppos are the main residents of this village. Kutra lies on the State Highway between Rourkela and Sundargarh.

Languages

The main language that is spoken in Sundargarh is locally known as Sundergadi Oriya which is similar to Sambalpuri dialect of Oriya language.Beside Oriya language,Hindi and many tribals language are also there. Santhali and Sadri are the native language of the tribals residing here.Santhali is written in Al Chiki script and has also been recognized as an official language by The Government Of India. Every year an All India test is held in Santhali language which is equivalent to the 10th class exam.However Oriya language is used for all official purpose as it is recognized as the official language of Orissa.

Politics

Current MLA from Sundargarh Assembly Constituency is Smt.Sushama Patel of BJP, who won the seat in bye-elections in 2006 due to death of seating MLA Sankarsan Naik who won the seat in 2004 General Election. Previous MLAs from this seat were Kishore Chandra Patel who won this seat representing INC in 1995 and in 1977, and also representing INC(I) in 1980, and Bharatendra Shekhar Deo who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and representing JNP in 1985.[3]

Sundargarh is part of Sundargarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

References

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