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Supercapitalism was concept that developed in Italian Fascism.[1] In 1933, Benito Mussolini declared Italian Fascism's opposition to what he called "supercapitalism". Mussolini claimed that capitalism had degenerated. He also claimed that capitalism began with dynamic or heroic capitalism (1830-1870) followed by static capitalism (1870-1914) and then reaching its final form of decadent capitalism, known as supercapitalism, which began in 1914.[2]

Mussolini considered the Socialist system as an State Supercapitalism.[3] According to Mussolini there were four types of state intervention, the first one was the one of the liberal states this is the most used in supercapitalism, in most cases being a disorganized and sporadic intervention. The second one was the one used by communist in its State Supercapitalism. And the third one was the one used in America he considered it as a combination of the two first State Intervention systems.

Mussolini argued that Italian Fascism was in favor of dynamic and heroic capitalism for its contribution to industrialism and technical developments but claimed that it did not favor supercapitalism, which he claimed was incompatible with Italy's agricultural sector.[4] Mussolini criticized this stage of supercapitalism, saying:

At this stage, supercapitalism finds its inspiration and its justification in a utopia: the utopia of unlimited consumption. Supercapitalism's ideal is the standardization of the human race from the cradle to the grave. Supercapitalism wants all babies to be born exactly the same length so that the cradles can be standardized and all children persuaded to like the same toys. It wants all men to don the very same uniform, to read the same book, to have the same tastes in films, and to desire the same so-called labor-saving devices. This is not the result of caprice. It inheres in the logic of events, for only thus can supercapitalism make its plans.[5]

References

  1. ^ Mussolini, Benito. Four speeches on the corporate state: with an appendix including the labour charter, the text of laws on syndical and corporate organisations and explanatory notes. Laboremus, 1935. Pp. 16.
  2. ^ Falasca-Zamponi. Pp. 136.
  3. ^ Mussolini, Benito. Four speeches on the corporate state: with an appendix including the labour charter, the text of laws on syndicalist and corporate organizations and explanatory notes. Laboremus, 1935.
  4. ^ Falasca-Zamponi. 2000. Pp. 136.
  5. ^ Mussolini, Benito; Schnapp, Jeffery Thompson (ed.); Sears, Olivia E. (ed.); Stampino, Maria G. (ed.). "Address to the National Corporative Council (14 November 1933) and Senate Speech on the Bill Establishing the Corporations (abridged; 13 January 1934)". A Primer of Italian Fascism. University of Nebraska Press, 2000. Pp. 158.
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