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.A superhero (sometimes rendered super-hero or super hero) is a type of stock character possessing "extraordinary or superhuman powers" and dedicated to protecting the public.^ IGN Wii: Help THQ Design Marvel Super Hero Squad's Box The publisher wants to know what character you want to grace the cover of the forthcoming superhero action title.
  • GameStats: Marvel Super Hero Squad Cheats, Reviews, News 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.gamestats.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using character-specific super powers and customized combo attacks, players will blast, punch, and bash in fast-moving combat with their nemesis.
  • GameStats: Marvel Super Hero Squad Cheats, Reviews, News 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.gamestats.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The character possessed many of the traits that have come to define the superhero: a secret identity , superhuman powers and a colorful costume including a symbol and cape.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Since the debut of the prototypical superhero Superman in 1938, stories of superheroes—ranging from brief episodic adventures to continuing years-long sagas—have dominated American comic books and crossed over into other media.^ Since the 1938 debut of Superman , the character who inspired the term superhero and did much to define it, the stories of superheroes — ranging from episodic adventures to decades-long sagas — have dominated American comic books and crossed over into several other forms of media.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Since the definitive superhero, Superman , debuted in 1938, the stories of superheroes - ranging from brief episodic adventures to continuing years-long sagas - have become an entire genre of fiction, one that has dominated American comic books and crossed over into other media.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ History of superheroes in comic books .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.The word itself dates to at least 1917.[1] A female superhero is sometimes called a superheroine (also rendered super-heroine or super heroine).^ The origins of superheroes can be found in several prior forms of fiction, dating to at least the superhuman exploits of the warrior-king Gilgamesh in the Babylonian epic poem " Epic of Gilgamesh ".
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ His name is also the source of the term "superhero," although early comic book heroes were sometimes also called " mystery men " or " masked heroes ".
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Despite the current popularity of superhero movies, however, Superhero Movie itself feels quite dated.
  • Superhero Movie (2008) 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC dvdmg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Super-heroes" is a trademark co-owned by DC Comics and Marvel Comics.^ Marvel and DC have maintained the trademark since.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Marvel Super Hero Squad can only be recommended for young gamers who enjoy their superheroes and would do better with a simple game.
  • Marvel Super Hero Squad (ds) reviews at Metacritic.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.metacritic.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the article, GeekPunk , makers of an independent comic-book series called Super Hero Happy Hour , received a letter from the counsel of DC and Marvel which says that they (DC and Marvel) own the trademark for the term "'super hero' and variations thereof."
  • Andrew Lynch | SUPERHEROACTION.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superheroaction.com [Source type: General]

[2] Superheroes are authentically American, spawning from The Great Depression era.
.By most definitions, characters do not need actual superhuman powers to be deemed superheroes,[3] although terms such as costumed crime fighters are sometimes used to refer to those such as Batman and Green Arrow without such powers who share other common superhero traits.^ By most definitions, characters need not have actual superhuman powers to be deemed superheroes, although sometimes terms such as costumed crimefighters [1] are used to refer to those without such powers who have many other common traits of superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Determined to use his newfound powers to fight crime, Rick creates a special costume and assumes the identity of The Dragonfly -- a fearless crime fighter dedicated to keeping the streets safe for law-abiding citizens.
  • Superhero Movie - Ask.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superhero costumes such as The Flash, Superman, Batman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl or Wonder Woman aren't just for Halloween!!
  • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

Normally, superheroes use their powers to police day-to-day crime while also combating threats against humanity by supervillains, who as their name implies are criminals of "unprecedented powers" in the same way that superheroes are crime fighters with "unprecedented powers." Generally, at least one of these supervillians will be the superhero's archenemy, though several popular and long-running series, such as Batman, Superman, and Spider-Man, each have a rogues gallery of archenemies. .Superheroes sometimes will combat irregular threats that also match their powers, such as aliens, magical entities, and so forth.^ By most definitions, characters need not have actual superhuman powers to be deemed superheroes, although sometimes terms such as costumed crimefighters [1] are used to refer to those without such powers who have many other common traits of superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The point is that sometimes superhero powers change in dramatic ways that you can only explain within the BEM theory.
  • Superhero science revealed! 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.enterthestory.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Common traits

.
  • Extraordinary powers and abilities, relevant skills and/or advanced equipment. Superhero powers vary widely; superhuman strength, the ability to fly, enhanced senses, and the projection of energy bolts are all common.^ Among his plethora of powers is the ability to fly.
    • Superhero Physics | Popular Science 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.popsci.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Although superhero powers vary widely, superhuman strength, the ability to fly and enhancements of the five senses are all common.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Here's the explanation for ALL the superhero powers.
    • Superhero science revealed! 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.enterthestory.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Some superheroes, such as Batman, Green Arrow, Hawkeye and the Question possess no superhuman powers but have mastered skills such as martial arts and forensic sciences to a highly remarkable degree.^ Some superheroes, such as Batman , The Question and Captain America , possess no superpowers but have mastered skills such as martial arts and forensic sciences .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Superhero costumes such as The Flash, Superman, Batman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl or Wonder Woman aren't just for Halloween!!
    • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Marksman : A hero who uses projectile weapons, typically guns , bows and arrows or throwing blades, e.g., Punisher , Rose Tattoo , Green Arrow , Hawkeye .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Others have special weapons or technology, such as Iron Man's powered armor suits and Green Lantern’s power ring.^ Kids Green Lantern Ring Get Green Lantern's famous power ring!
    • Superhero Accessories - Superhero Costume Boots, Gloves, and Masks 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Get an indestructible armor like Iron man.
    • How to be a Superhero 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Others have special equipment, such as Iron Man ’s powered armor suits and Green Lantern ’s power ring .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Many characters supplement their natural powers with a special weapon or device (e.g., Wonder Woman's lasso and bracelets, Spider-Man's webbing, Wolverine's adamantium claws, Daredevil's billy club, or Thor's hammer).
  • A strong moral code, including a willingness to risk one's own safety in the service of good without expectation of reward.^ This manifests as service to others without expectation of reward.” .

    ^ A strong moral code, including a willingness to risk one’s own safety in the service of good without expectation of reward.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ We have traditional red Spiderman Costumes, two styles of Black Suit Spider-man costume, Superman Costumes, a Wonder Woman Costume, a Batman Comic Book costume, Batman Begins costume, Funny Super Hero Costumes and Buzz Lightyear costumes.
    • Adult Superhero Costumes - Spiderman Costumes, Wonder Woman And Superman Superhero Costumes From Anytime Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anytimecostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Such a code often includes a refusal or strong reluctance to kill or wield lethal weapons.
  • A motivation, such as a sense of responsibility (e.g.^ Such a code often includes a refusal to kill .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ A motivation, such as a sense of responsibility (e.g.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Spider-Man), a formal calling (e.g., Wonder Woman), a personal vendetta against criminals (e.g.^ Channel that fabulous woman sent by the all female Amazons to the “man’s world.” Wonder Woman’s powers include super-strength, hand-to-hand combat ability, and flight.
    • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We have traditional red Spiderman Costumes, two styles of Black Suit Spider-man costume, Superman Costumes, a Wonder Woman Costume, a Batman Comic Book costume, Batman Begins costume, Funny Super Hero Costumes and Buzz Lightyear costumes.
    • Adult Superhero Costumes - Spiderman Costumes, Wonder Woman And Superman Superhero Costumes From Anytime Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anytimecostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Team up with your man dressed as Batman or See Full Description Sexy Wonder Woman Costume Superhero Costumes (Item #SA75) In Stock!
    • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

    .Batman), or a strong belief in justice and humanitarian service (e.g.^ Spider-Man ), a formal calling (e.g., Wonder Woman ), a personal vendetta against criminals (e.g., Punisher ), a strong belief in justice and humanitarian service (e.g.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Superman).
  • A secret identity that protects the superhero's friends and family from becoming targets of his or her enemies, such as Clark Kent (Superman), although many superheroes have a confidant (usually a friend or relative who has been sworn to secrecy).^ Boys Superman Costume Become Clark Kent's super ego.
    • Superhero Costumes - Authentic Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A secret identity that protects the superhero’s friends and family from becoming targets of his or her enemies (exceptions such as the Fantastic Four notwithstanding), although many superheroes have a confidant (usually a friend or relative who has been sworn to secrecy).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Some Superheroes (and their secret identities) .
    • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Most superheroes use a descriptive or metaphoric code name for their public deeds.^ Most superheroes use a descriptive or metaphoric code name for their public deeds.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ While most heroes do not regularly commit public offenses these laws could be used to increase the penalties for heroes that are branded vigilantes and hunted by the police.
    • Superhero Law - 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherolaw.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ While most superhero costumes merely hide the hero’s identity and present a recognizable image, parts of some costumes have functional uses.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Secret identities were almost universal in early superhero comics, but have been decreasingly popular in recent years, beginning with the publication of Fantastic Four and accelerating due to "modern" tastes.
  • A distinctive costume, often used to conceal the secret identity (see Common costume features).
  • An underlying motif or theme that affects the hero's name, costume, personal effects, and other aspects of his or her character (e.g., Batman resembles a large bat, operates at night, calls his specialized automobile, which also appears bat-like, the "Batmobile" and uses several devices given a "bat" prefix, Spider-Man can shoot webs from his hands, has a spider web pattern on his costume, and other spider-like abilities).
  • A supporting cast of recurring characters, including the hero's friends, co-workers and/or love interests, who may or may not know of the superhero's secret identity.^ Among the Superhero genre, Batman, Superman and Spider-Man have to be the most bootlegged of all the super hero characters.

    ^ In the list of superhero names, Spider-Man is misspelled as "Spiderman", which is a common mistake.
    • superhero name - Homestar Runner Wiki 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hrwiki.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The compassionate superhero, Spider-Man.
    • Kids Superhero Costumes - Childrens Superhero Halloween Costume - Buy Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buycostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Often the hero's personal relationships are complicated by this dual life, a common theme in Spider-Man and Batman stories in particular.
  • A number of enemies that he/she fights repeatedly.^ Often the hero's personal relationships are complicated by this dual life, a common theme in Spider-Man and Batman stories in particular.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ We have traditional red Spiderman Costumes, two styles of Black Suit Spider-man costume, Superman Costumes, a Wonder Woman Costume, a Batman Comic Book costume, Batman Begins costume, Funny Super Hero Costumes and Buzz Lightyear costumes.
    • Adult Superhero Costumes - Spiderman Costumes, Wonder Woman And Superman Superhero Costumes From Anytime Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anytimecostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Spider-Man ( Peter Parker ) - He takes pictures and fights crime.
    • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In some cases superheroes begin by fighting run of the mill criminals before super villains surface in their respective story lines.^ Gravity affects superheroes unevenly, in some cases allowing flight , levitation , and the ability to hang off a ledge far longer than should be possible.
    • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sure, much of the time, non-adapted superheroes are lame, as in the cases of Blankman and My Super Ex-Girlfriend .
    • 10 Best Superhero Movies Based on Original Material | SpoutBlog 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC blog.spout.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In some versions of the story, Batman gives the Batsignal to the city of Gotham, in which case there would be no issue of infringement for its creation as a derivative work.
    • Superhero Law - 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherolaw.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In many cases the hero is in part responsible for the appearance of these super villains (the Scorpion was created as the perfect enemy to defeat Spider-Man, and characters in Batman's comics often accuse him of creating the villains he fights).^ Comic-book companies were in the early stages of cultural expansion and many of these characters played to specific stereotypes ; Cage often employed lingo similar to that of blaxploitation films, Native Americans were often associated with wild animals and Asians were often portrayed as martial artists.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The former Beatle has teamed up with Spider-Man creator Stan Lee to produce a "reluctant superhero".
    • Ringo Starr turned into a superhero for animated film | UK news | The Guardian 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ From people to pets, HalloweenAdventure .com has the perfect Spider-Man costume for every member of your family.
    • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

    .Often superheroes have an archenemy who is more troubling than the others.^ A number of enemies that he/she fights repeatedly, including an archenemy who is more troubling than the others.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ CONFESSIONS OF A SUPERHERO is more than just a look at the lives of these four people who play Batman, Superman, the Hulk, and Wonder Woman: it also examines the desire for fame and stardom.
    • Confessions of a Superhero Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This product also has more testimonials than any other product in this industry.
    • Pjur Superhero - Mens Blog Talk - www.Mensblogtalk.com - Male Health Discussions 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.mensblogtalk.com [Source type: General]

    .Often a nemesis is a superhero's doppelganger or foil (e.g., Sabretooth embraces his savage instincts while Wolverine tries to control his.^ Often a nemesis is a superhero's opposite or foil (e.g., Sabretooth embraces his savage instincts while Wolverine tries to control his).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Supervillains - No superhero is a superhero without a cast of colorful, scheming and ultimately harmless men and women trying to doom them ineffectually AND one major Arch-nemesis.
    • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mutants more often have difficulty controlling their powers than other superheroes and are persecuted as a group.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Batman is grim, while the Joker is flamboyant).
  • Independent wealth (e.g., Batman or the X-Men's benefactor Professor X) or an occupation that allows for minimal supervision (e.g., Superman's civilian job as a reporter).
  • A headquarters or base of operations, usually kept hidden from the general public (e.g., Superman's Fortress of Solitude or Batman's Batcave).
  • A backstory that explains the circumstances by which the character acquired his or her abilities as well as his or her motivation for becoming a superhero.^ An "origin story" that explains the circumstances by which the character acquired his or her abilities as well as his or her motivation for becoming a superhero.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ A headquarters or base of operations, usually kept hidden from the general public (e.g., Superman's Fortress of Solitude , Batman's Batcave ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Superhero costumes such as The Flash, Superman, Batman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl or Wonder Woman aren't just for Halloween!!
    • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

    Many origin stories involve tragic elements and/or freak accidents that result in the development of the hero's abilities.
.Many superheroes work independently.^ Most superheroes usually work independently.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.However, there are also many superhero teams.^ However, there are also many superhero teams.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ However, if someone uses mysterious innate powers to set a puppy on fire, they are automatically a superhero, and there can be no debate on the matter.
  • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Some, such as the Fantastic Four and X-Men, have common origins and usually operate as a group.^ Some, such as the Fantastic Four and X-Men, have common origins and usually operate as a group.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A secret identity that protects the superhero’s friends and family from becoming targets of his or her enemies (exceptions such as the Fantastic Four notwithstanding), although many superheroes have a confidant (usually a friend or relative who has been sworn to secrecy).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Some, like Superman and the Fantastic Four, are adored and seen as important civic leaders.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Others, such as DC Comics’s Justice League and Marvel’s Avengers, are "all-star" groups consisting of heroes with separate origins who also operate individually, yet will team up to confront larger threats.^ Marvel Comics has also provided Justice League costumes for us.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

^ Others, such as DC Comics ’s Justice League and Marvel ’s Avengers , are "all-star" groups consisting of heroes of separate origins who also operate individually.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Co-created by psychologist William Moulton Marston and his wife Elizabeth , she debuted in All Star Comics #8 (Jan.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.The shared setting or "universes" of Marvel, DC and other publishers also allow for regular superhero team-ups.^ The shared setting or "universes" of Marvel, DC and other publishers also allow for regular superhero team-ups.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ With seemingly half of the Marvel Comics Universe residing in and around New York this legislation could pose a problem for any team of 3 or more superheroes or any heroes that band together for a particular mission or enemy.
  • Superhero Law - 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherolaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Creating a Weblink allows you to save other website links to your Recipe Box-and even dress up the page with an image and notes.
  • Joanne's Super Hero Sandwich - All Recipes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.Some superheroes, especially those introduced in the 1940s, work with a young sidekick (e.g., Batman and Robin, Captain America and Bucky).^ Some superheroes, especially those introduced in the 1940s, work with a young sidekick (e.g., Batman and Robin , Captain America and Bucky ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Citizens have no fear when Robin is here to battle the bad guys.Team up with Batman to keep the city of Gotham safe as this spectacular sidekick.
  • Superhero Kids Costumes at bizrate - Price Comparison and Consumer Reviews 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.This has become less common since more sophisticated writing and older audiences have lessened the need for characters who specifically appeal to child readers.^ This has become less common since more sophisticated writing and older audiences have made such obvious child endangerment seem implausible and lessened the need for characters who specifically appeal to child readers.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ If you write a novel without pictures about superheroes who are old, fat, gay, neurotic, or self-destructive -- well, where's the "mass" appeal?
  • Andrew Lynch | SUPERHEROACTION.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superheroaction.com [Source type: General]

^ Since the 1980s, mass-audience pictures have gravitated toward ever more exaggerated presentation of momentary effects.
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

.Sidekicks are seen as a separate classification of superheroes.^ Sidekicks are seen as a separate classification of superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Superheroes most often appear in comic books, and superhero stories are the dominant form of American comic books, to the point that the terms "superhero" and "comic book character" have been used synonymously in North America[citation needed].^ Superheroes most often appear in comic books , and superhero stories are the dominant form of American comic books , to the point that the terms "superhero" and "comic book character" have been used synonymously in North America .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ History of superheroes in comic books .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ For the first two decades of their existence in comic books, superheroes largely conformed to the model of lead characters in American popular fiction of the time, with the typical superhero a white, middle- to upper- class, heterosexual, professional, 20-to-30-year-old male.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.With the rise in relative popularity of non-superhero comics, as well as the popularity of Japanese comics (manga), this trend is slowly declining[citation needed].^ With the rise in relative popularity of non-superhero comics, as well as the popularity of Japanese comics ( manga ), this trend is slowly declining .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In the coming decades, non-superhero comics series would occasionally rise to popularity but superheroes and comic books would be forever intertwined in the eyes of the American public.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Superheroes have also been featured in radio serials, novel, TV series, movies, and other media.^ Superheroes have also been featured in radio serials , prose novels , TV series , movies , and other media.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Superhero films began as Saturday movie serials aimed at children during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ From comic-books to movies, from gaming to TV and even real-life superheroes circulating...
  • Superhero Central // Current 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most of the superheroes who appear in other media are adapted from comics, but there are exceptions.^ Most of the superheroes who appear in other media are adapted from comics, but there are exceptions.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Moreover, there’s still a stigma attached to reading superhero comics.
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Marvel Characters, Inc. and DC Comics share ownership of the United States trademark for the phrases "Super Hero" and "Super Heroes" and these two companies own a majority of the world’s most famous and influential superheroes.^ Superheroes outside the United States .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ TM & © 2003 Marvel Characters, Inc.
  • Adult Size Super Hero Costumes, SuperHero Costumes, Batman Begins Costume, Spiderman Costume, Hulk Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anniescostumes.com [Source type: General]

^ Marvel and DC have maintained the trademark since.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Of the "Significant Seven" chosen by The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History (1989), Marvel owns Spider-Man and Captain America and DC owns Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Captain Marvel and Plastic Man.^ Heroes” — David Bowie “Sunshine Superman” — Donovan (bonus mention: Green Lantern) “Superman” — R.E.M. “Spider-Man” (Theme Song) — The Ramones .
  • Top 20 Super Hero Songs | HYPEFUL 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hypeful.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marvel is suing the family of the late artist Jack Kirby in a bid to retain copyright to some of the company's best-loved comic book characters.
  • Superhero Central // Current 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marvel sues Spider-Man, Hulk artist heirs for rights .
  • Superhero Central // Current 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like many non-Marvel characters popular during the 1940s, the latter two were acquired by DC from defunct publishers.^ Although, like many non-Marvel characters popular during the 1940s, the latter two were acquired by DC from defunct publishers.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In this decade, Marvel and DC made drastic temporary changes to iconic characters.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[4] .However, there have been significant heroes owned by others, especially since the 1990s when Image Comics and other companies that allowed creators to maintain trademark and editorial control over their characters developed.^ Marvel and DC have maintained the trademark since.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ However, there have been significant heroes owned by others, especially since the 1990s when Image Comics and other companies that allowed creators to maintain trademark and editorial control over their characters developed.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ According to the article, GeekPunk , makers of an independent comic-book series called Super Hero Happy Hour , received a letter from the counsel of DC and Marvel which says that they (DC and Marvel) own the trademark for the term "'super hero' and variations thereof."
  • Andrew Lynch | SUPERHEROACTION.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superheroaction.com [Source type: General]

.Hellboy and Spawn are some of the most successful creator-owned heroes.^ Hellboy , Spawn and Invincible are some of the most successful creator-owned heroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ While most superhero costumes merely hide the hero’s identity and present a recognizable image, parts of some costumes have functional uses.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.
Reflective of his time, Charlton Comics' Captain Atom was an astronaut in his civilian identity.
^ Image:StrangeSuspenseStories75.jpg Reflective of his time, Charlton Comics ' Captain Atom was an astronaut in his civilian identity.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Strange Suspense Stories #75 (June 1965).^ Strange Suspense Stories #75 (June 1965).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

Cover art by Steve Ditko.
.Although superhero fiction is considered a form of fantasy/adventure, it crosses into many genres.^ Although superhero fiction is considered a form of fantasy / science fiction , it crosses into many genres.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Since the definitive superhero, Superman , debuted in 1938, the stories of superheroes - ranging from brief episodic adventures to continuing years-long sagas - have become an entire genre of fiction, one that has dominated American comic books and crossed over into other media.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Many historians consider the first appearance of Superman the point at which superhero literature began.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Many superhero franchises resemble crime fiction (Batman, Punisher), others horror fiction (Spawn, Spectre) and others more standard science fiction (Green Lantern, X-Men).^ Many superhero franchises resemble crime fiction (Batman, Daredevil ), others horror fiction (Spawn, Spectre ) and others more standard science fiction (Green Lantern, X-Men).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Superhero costumes such as The Flash, Superman, Batman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl or Wonder Woman aren't just for Halloween!!
  • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

^ For a long time, it would be unthinkable for an A-list director to do a horror or science-fiction movie, but that changed after Polanski, Kubrick, Ridley Scott, et al.
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

.Many of the earliest superheroes, such as The Sandman and The Clock, were rooted in the pulp fiction of their predecessors.^ Many of the earliest superheroes, such as The Sandman and The Clock , were rooted in the pulp fiction of their predecessors.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Many superhero franchises resemble crime fiction (Batman, Daredevil ), others horror fiction (Spawn, Spectre ) and others more standard science fiction (Green Lantern, X-Men).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Many superheroes have never had a secret identity , such as Luke Cage or the members of The Fantastic Four .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Within their own fictional universes, public perception of superheroes varies greatly.^ Within their own fictional universes, public perception of superheroes varies greatly.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Superheroaction.com is HQ for The Superhero's Closet , as well as for various posts about narrative superhero fiction (or the lack thereof).
  • Andrew Lynch | SUPERHEROACTION.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superheroaction.com [Source type: General]

.Some, like Superman and the Fantastic Four, are adored and seen as important civic leaders.^ Some, like Superman and the Fantastic Four, are adored and seen as important civic leaders.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Some, such as the Fantastic Four and X-Men, have common origins and usually operate as a group.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Others, like Batman and Spider-Man, meet with public skepticism or outright hostility.^ Others, like Batman and Spider-Man, meet with public skepticism or outright hostility.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ This should be considered an extra bonus to any of the other superpowers described above, like Batman or Elektra.
  • How to be a Superhero 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spider-Man film, with references to X-Men, Fantastic Four and Batman along the way.
  • Superhero - Blog Toplist 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few, such as the X-Men and the characters of Watchmen, defend a populace that misunderstands and despises them.^ A few, such as the X-Men and the characters of Watchmen defend a populace that misunderstands and despises them.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Subsequent minority heroes, such as the X-Men 's Storm (the first black superheroine) and The Teen Titans ' Cyborg avoided the patronizing nature of the earlier characters.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

Common costume features

.A superhero's costume helps make him or her recognizable to the general public.^ A superhero's costume helps make him or her recognizable to the general public.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Plus Size Beer Man Costume This humorous superhero costume will make you stand out this Halloween.
  • Super Hero Costumes - Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buysuperherocostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kid's Webbed Spiderman Costume This replica Spiderman costume will make you look just like the comic book superhero.
  • Superhero Costumes - Adult, Kids Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumeideas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Costumes are often colorful to enhance the character's visual appeal and frequently incorporate the superhero's name and theme.^ Costumes are often colorful to enhance the character's visual appeal and frequently incorporate the superhero's name and theme.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superhero is a fictional character who is noted for feats of courage and nobility and who usually has a colorful name and costume and abilities beyond those of normal human beings.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A character (often a close associate or family member) takes on another's name and mission after the original dies, retires or takes on a new identity.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.For example, Daredevil resembles a red devil, Captain America's costume echoes the American flag, Batman resembles a large bat, and Spider-Man's costume features a spider web pattern.^ Costume Craze has your Captain America Costumes!
  • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, Daredevil resembles a red devil , Captain America 's costume echoes the American flag and Spider-Man 's costume features a web pattern.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ This is an officially licensed SPIDER-MAN™ costume.
  • Adult Size Super Hero Costumes, SuperHero Costumes, Batman Begins Costume, Spiderman Costume, Hulk Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anniescostumes.com [Source type: General]

.The convention of superheroes wearing masks (frequently without visible pupils) and skintight unitards originated with Lee Falk's comic strip hero The Phantom.^ The convention of superheroes wearing masks and skintight unitards originated with Lee Falk 's comic strip crimefighter The Phantom .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Most original British heroes were confined to anthology comics magazines such as Lion , Valiant , Warrior , and 2000AD .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Superheroes often attribute their mask-wearing fetish to that moment when Granny was mown down in a drive-by or when little Johnny was kidnapped and posted back bit by bit.

.Several superheroes such as the Phantom, Superman, Batman and Robin wear breeches over this unitard.^ Superhero costumes such as The Flash, Superman, Batman, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl or Wonder Woman aren't just for Halloween!!
  • Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superherogear.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early 2000s, blockbusters such as 2000’s X-Men , 2002’s Spider-Man , and 2005's Batman Begins have led to dozens of superhero films.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Original superheroes with basis in older trends have also been made for television, such as Cartoon Network 's Ben 10 and Nickelodeon 's Danny Phantom .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.This is often satirized as the idea that superheroes wear their underpants on the outside.^ Wearing underpants on the outside - nuff said.
  • Superhero - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Superheroes often attribute their mask-wearing fetish to that moment when Granny was mown down in a drive-by or when little Johnny was kidnapped and posted back bit by bit.

[citation needed]
Many features of superhero costumes recur frequently, including the following:
  • Superheroes who maintain a secret identity often wear a mask, ranging from the domino masks of Green Lantern and Ms. Marvel to the full-face masks of Spider-Man and Black Panther. .Most common are masks covering the upper face, leaving the mouth and jaw exposed.^ Most common are masks covering the upper face, leaving the mouth and jaw exposed.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    This allows for both a believable disguise and recognizable facial expressions. .A notable exception is Superman, who wears nothing on his face while fighting crime, but uses large glasses in his civilian life as Clark Kent.^ Incorporating an advanced technology called "superdirectivity beamforming," the glasses use four onboard microphones to "focus" the wearer’s hearing in whatever direction he or she is facing.
    • How to Become a Superhero Through Science. – Neatorama 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Although it’s not the flashiest of superpowers, superhearing is extremely useful when fighting crime.
    • How to Become a Superhero Through Science. – Neatorama 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Boys Superman Costume Become Clark Kent's super ego.
    • Superhero Costumes - Authentic Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .As well, because Superman possesses super speed, he is able to move his face back and forth quickly enough when he is Superman to blur any distinguishable features.^ When they were originally conceived, only Superman was born with special powers such as super human strength, the speed of a locomotive and being able to leap skyscrapers.
    • Superhero - Blog Toplist 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Some characters wear helmets, such as Doctor Fate or Magneto.
  • A symbol, such as a stylized letter or visual icon, usually on the chest.^ A symbol, such as a stylized letter or visual icon, usually on the chest.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Examples include the uppercase "S" of Superman, the bat emblem of Batman, and the spider emblem of Spider-Man.^ Perhaps the most recognizable are uppercase "S" of Superman and the bat emblem of Batman .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ (Normally 43.95) Kids Spider-Man Glow in the Dark Costume - Authentic Kids SpiderMan Costumes - Super Hero Costumes - This Spider-Man Glow in the Dark Costume includes Spider-Man costume bodysuit and fabric hood with glow in the dark feature.

    ^ Spider-Man film, with references to X-Men, Fantastic Four and Batman along the way.
    • Superhero - Blog Toplist 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Often, they also wear a common symbol referring to their group or league, such as the "4" on the Fantastic Four's suits, or the "X" on the X-Men's costumes.
  • Form-fitting clothing, often referred to as tights or Spandex, although the exact material is usually unidentified.^ Form-fitting clothing, often referred to as tights or spandex , although the exact material is usually not identified.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Some, such as the Fantastic Four and X-Men, have common origins and usually operate as a group.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Wolverine Superhero Deluxe Costume Great on its own or with a group of X-Men superheroes.
    • Superhero Costumes - Authentic Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Such material displays a character’s athletic build and heroic sex appeal and allows a simple design for illustrators to reproduce.
  • While a vast majority of superheroes do not wear capes, the garment is still closely associated with them, likely because two of the most widely-recognized superheroes, Batman and Superman, wear capes.^ Such material displays a character’s athletic build and heroic sex appeal and allows a simple design for illustrators to reproduce.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ While a vast majority of superheroes do not wear capes , the garment is still closely associated with them, likely due to the fact that two of the most widely-recognized, Batman and Superman, wear capes.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Perhaps the most recognizable are uppercase "S" of Superman and the bat emblem of Batman .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .In fact, police officers in Batman’s home of Gotham City have used the word "cape" as a shorthand for all superheroes and costumed crimefighters.^ In fact, police officers in Batman’s home of Gotham City have used the word "cape" as a shorthand for all superheroes and costumed crimefighters.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Sexy Batgirl Costume Gotham City will take notice of this sexy superhero!
    • Superhero Costumes - Adult, Sexy, Child Superhero Halloween Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Superhero Costumes - Adult, Kids Super Hero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostume.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Plus Batman Muscle Chest Costume Be sure to check out our superhero accessories for a complete look!
    • Superhero Costumes - Authentic Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostumes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The comic-book miniseries Watchmen and the animated movie The Incredibles humorously commented on the potentially lethal impracticality of capes.^ The comic book series Watchmen and the animated movie The Incredibles humorously commented on the sometimes-lethal impracticality of capes.In Marvel Comics The term "cape killer" has been used to describe anti-superhuman conventional forces.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Movies, toys, cartoons, comic books .
    • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The comics superheroes mythos itself received a nostalgic treatment in the acclaimed 2004 Disney / Pixar release The Incredibles , which utilized computer animation .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    In Marvel Comics, the term "cape-killer" has been used to describe Superhuman Restraint Unit, even though few notable Marvel heroes wear capes.
.
Captain America's costume displays many features common to superheroes.
^ Adult Captain America Costume Become this patriotic superhero!
  • Superhero Costumes - Adult, Kids Super Hero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweencostume.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Common costume features .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Image:Secretwarcap.jpg Captain America's costume display many features common to superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Art by Gabriele Dell'Otto
  • While most superhero costumes merely hide the hero’s identity and present a recognizable image, parts of the costume (or the costume itself) have functional uses.^ While most superhero costumes merely hide the hero’s identity and present a recognizable image, parts of some costumes have functional uses.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Art by Gabriele Dell'Otto Many features of superhero costumes recur frequently, including the following: .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ And to keep up with the demand for increasingly impressive, over-the-top, Halloween costumes, we have stocked some of the most sought-after superhero costumes in the world.
    • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

    .Batman's utility belt and Spawn’s "necroplasmic armor" have both been of great assistance to the heroes.^ Batman's utility belt and Spawn ’s " necroplasmic armor" have both been of great assistance to the heroes.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ You could easily simplify this type of cake as well, as long as you can pull off the great utility belt icing on the top.
    • Superhero Parties and Superhero Party Ideas — Birthday Party Ideas: Spiderman, Harry Potter, Batman, Pokemon, Superman and more! 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superhero-parties.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is a great Batman birthday cake because it takes one of the superhero’s classic items – his utility belt- and puts it front and center in this delicious-looking cake.
    • Superhero Parties and Superhero Party Ideas — Birthday Party Ideas: Spiderman, Harry Potter, Batman, Pokemon, Superman and more! 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC superhero-parties.com [Source type: General]

    .Iron Man's armor, in particular, protects him and provides technological advantages.
  • When thematically appropriate, some superheroes dress like people from various professions or subcultures.^ Get an indestructible armor like Iron man.
    • How to be a Superhero 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Shot through the head by Iron Man’s new superhero wife, the Black Widow.

    ^ Child Supergirl Costume This kids supergirl costume will have your little one dressed like the famous superhero.
    • Super Hero Costumes - Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buysuperherocostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Zatanna, who possesses wizard-like powers, dresses like a stage magician, and Ghost Rider, who rides a superpowered motorcycle, dresses in the leather garb of a biker.
  • Several heroes of the 1990s, including Cable and many Image Comics characters, rejected the traditional superhero outfit for costumes that appeared more practical and militaristic.^ Zatanna , who possesses wizard -like powers, dresses like a magician , and Ghost Rider , who rides a superpowered motorcycle , dresses in the leather garb of a biker .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Several heroes of the 1990s, including Cable and many Image Comics characters, rejected the traditional superhero outfit for costumes that appeared more practical and militaristic.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The name isn’t the only similarity - the lyrics could easily apply to the comic characters and…well, how many more reasons do you really need to include a song by The Kinks?
    • Top 20 Super Hero Songs | HYPEFUL 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hypeful.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Shoulder pads, kevlar-like vests, metal-plated armor, knee and elbow pads, heavy-duty belts, and ammunition pouches were common features.^ Shoulder pads, kevlar -like vests, metal-plated armor, knee and elbow pads, heavy-duty belts, and ammunition pouches were common features.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Deluxe Goblin Costume Includes: Jumpsuit w/ attached weapons sheath on back, shoulder pads and belt.
    • Adult Size Super Hero Costumes, SuperHero Costumes, Batman Begins Costume, Spiderman Costume, Hulk Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.anniescostumes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Costume comes with Tunic with attached hood, chest belt, shoulder pads, pants, and belt.
    • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

    .Other characters, such as The Punisher or The Question, opt for a "civilian" costume (mostly a trench coat).^ Some, such as Wolverine and Daredevil , are often repentant about their actions, while others, such as The Punisher and Rorschach , are unapologetic.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ By most definitions, characters need not have actual superhuman powers to be deemed superheroes, although sometimes terms such as costumed crimefighters [1] are used to refer to those without such powers who have many other common traits of superheroes.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    A few ones, such as the Runaways, do not wear any distinctive outfits at all.

Secret headquarters

.Many superheroes (and supervillains) have headquarters or a base of operations.^ A headquarters or base of operations, usually kept hidden from the general public (e.g., Superman's Fortress of Solitude , Batman's Batcave ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.These locations are often equipped with state-of-the-art, highly-advanced or alien technologies, and they are usually disguised and/or in secret locations to avoid being detected by enemies, or by the general public.^ A headquarters or base of operations, usually kept hidden from the general public (e.g., Superman's Fortress of Solitude , Batman's Batcave ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ They are generally childlike (not childish), they love to play, are content being an expert or a beginner, and love to share their gifts with others—although they have no attachment to the same.

.Some bases, such as the Baxter Building, are known of by the public (even though their precise location may remain secret).^ Comment 07/04/08 Steve Biodrowski ESplatter Even though the movie made me laugh hard during some scenes, it's wildly uneven!
  • Superhero Movie! Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many heroes and villains who do not have a permanent headquarters are said to have a mobile base of operations.^ Toddler Batgirl Costume Who said Batman was the hero of Gotham City?
  • Super Hero Costumes - Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buysuperherocostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To the heroes and villains who have a secret base, the base can serve a variety of functions.^ A supporting cast of recurring characters, including the hero's friends, co-workers and/or love interests, who may or may not know of the superhero's secret identity.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

  • a safehouse, where the heroes can conceal themselves from their enemies.
  • a laboratory, for experiments and scientific study.
  • a research library, covering a variety of topics from science, to history, to criminal profiling.
  • an armory, for weapons design, construction and storage.
  • a garage/hangar/dock.
  • a communications center.
  • a weapons platform, for defense of the facility (these are more common to supervillains).
  • a trophy room, where mementos of significant battles and adventures are displayed.
  • a common area, for social activity (typically for larger teams, such as the Justice League or the Avengers).

Types of superheroes

.In superhero role-playing games, such as Hero Games' Champions, Green Ronin Publishing's Mutants and Masterminds, Cryptic Studios' MMORPG City of Heroes and Champions Online, superheroes are formally organized into categories or archetypes based on their skills and abilities.^ In superhero role-playing games , such as Hero Games ' Champions , Green Ronin Publishing 's Mutants and Masterminds or Cryptic Studios ' online Massively Multiplayer game City Of Heroes , superheroes are informally organized into categories or archetypes based on their skills and abilities.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Cryptic Studios has released a Champions Online State of the Game for July 15.
  • Posts tagged Superhero at Massively 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.massively.com [Source type: General]

^ Mentalist : A hero who possesses psionic abilities, such as telekinesis, telepathy, and extra sensory perception.
  • Superhero (video game concept) - giantbomb.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

Since comic book and role-playing fandom often overlap, these labels have carried over into discussions of superheroes outside the context of games:[citation needed]
.
Plastic Man's shapeshifting abilities have often been used for humorous effect.
^ Image:Plastic Man 17.jpg The shapeshifting abilities of Plastic Man have often been used for humorous effect.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Shapeshifter : A hero who can manipulate his/her own body to suit his/her needs, such as stretching ( Mister Fantastic , Plastic Man ) or disguise ( Changeling , Mystique ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Plastic Man #17 (May 1949).^ Plastic Man #17 (May 1949).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Image:Plastic Man 17.jpg The shapeshifting abilities of Plastic Man have often been used for humorous effect.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Cover art by Jack Cole.
  • Armored Hero: A gadgeteer whose powers are derived from a suit of powered armor with no super powers that means they are not a "super"hero; e.g., Iron Man and Steel.
  • Blaster: A hero whose main power is a distance attack, usually an "energy blast"; e.g., Cyclops, Starfire, and Static.
  • Brick/Tank: A character with a superhuman degree of strength and endurance and, for males, usually an oversized muscular body; e.g., The Hulk, The Thing, Colossus, Master Chief, and Citizen Steel.^ Cover art by Jack Cole .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Brick/Tank : A character with a superhuman degree of strength and endurance and usually an oversized, muscular body, e.g., Robotman , Hercules , The Thing , The Hulk , Colossus , and Savage Dragon .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Armored Hero : A gadgeteer whose powers are derived from a suit of powered armor , e.g.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Almost every superhero team has one member of this variety, a point X-Factor's Guido Carosella noted when he took the codename "Strong Guy" at a reporter's suggestion that this was his role in the team.
  • Elementalist: A hero who controls some natural element or part of the natural world; e.g., Storm (weather), Magneto (magnetism), Swamp Thing (vegetation), the Human Torch (fire), Iceman (ice), Aang (air, water, earth, and fire).
  • Gadgeteer: A hero who invents special equipment that often imitates superpowers but have no super powers themselves, meaning they are not a "super"hero; e.g., Nite Owl, Batman, and Iron Man.
  • Ghost: A hero with 'ghost' type powers: either invisibility (such as Invisible Woman); or intangibility (such as Kitty Pryde); or both (such as Martian Manhunter, Deadman and Danny Phantom).
  • Healer: A hero who is able to quickly recover from serious injury; e.g., Lobo, Wolverine, the Hulk, and Deadpool.^ I'd have great power but avoid the great responsibility by not being a superhero (meaning no special name).
    • Your Superhero Powers | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For example, the Human Torch believes that his power is to burn, which needs air.
    • Superhero science revealed! 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.enterthestory.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Elementalist : A hero who controls some natural element or part of the natural world, e.g., Storm (weather), Polaris (magnetism), the Human Torch (fire).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .This may also be a hero whose primary ability is to heal others; e.g., Elixir.
  • Mage: A hero who is trained in the use of magic; e.g., Doctor Fate, Doctor Strange, Zatanna.
  • Marksman: A hero who uses projectile weapons, typically guns, bows and arrows or throwing blades; e.g., Green Arrow, Hawkeye and The Punisher.
  • Martial Artist: A hero whose physical abilities are mostly human rather than superhuman but whose hand-to-hand combat skills are phenomenal.^ Martial Artist : A hero whose physical abilities are mostly human rather than superhuman but whose hand-to-hand combat skills are phenomenal.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Mage : A hero who is trained in the use of magic e.g., Doctor Strange , Zatanna , most Magical Girls.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Marksman : A hero who uses projectile weapons, typically guns , bows and arrows or throwing blades, e.g., Punisher , Rose Tattoo , Green Arrow , Hawkeye .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Some of these characters are actually superhuman (Iron Fist, and Daredevil), while others are human beings who are extremely skilled and athletic (Batman and related characters, Elektra, and Shang Chi).
  • Mecha/Robot Pilot: A hero who controls a giant robot, a subtype common in Japanese superhero and science fiction media; e.g., Megas XLR, Big Guy.
  • Mentalist: A hero who possesses psionic abilities, such as telekinesis, telepathy and extra-sensory perception; e.g., Professor X, Jean Grey, and Raven.
  • Paragon: A hero who possesses the basic powers of super-strength, flight and invulnerability.^ While past superheroes resembled mythological heroes in their origins and abilities, these heroes were inspired by contemporary science fiction .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Some of these characters are actually superhuman ( Daredevil , Iron Fist ), while others are human beings who are extremely skilled and athletic ( Batman and related characters , Elektra and Shang Chi ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Dominus : A hero who controls a giant robot , a subtype common in Japanese superhero and science fiction media, e.g.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .They are considered to be one of the most powerful of the superhero types: consisting of such heroes as the extraterrestrials Superman, Martian Manhunter; the magically-fuelled Captain Marvel; the relatively unknown Invincible; or even mythological gods such as Thor.
  • Possessed: A hero who harbors an entity inside of him/herself; e.g., Etrigan the Demon, Ghost Rider, Spectre, Naruto.
  • Rider: A hero who rides either a powerful vehicle, like Ghost Rider or the Silver Surfer; or rides a unique creature, like Shining Knight.
  • Shapeshifter: A hero who can manipulate his/her own body to suit his/her needs, such as stretching (Plastic Man, Mister Fantastic, Elongated Man), or disguise (Changeling/Morph, Mystique).^ Shapeshifter : A hero who can manipulate his/her own body to suit his/her needs, such as stretching ( Mister Fantastic , Plastic Man ) or disguise ( Changeling , Mystique ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Very powerful characters, such as Superman , Captain Marvel , Dr. Manhattan and the Silver Surfer can be listed in many categories.
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Superman , the Silver Surfer , Martian Manhunter , and Captain Marvel (the Marvel Comics character) are extraterrestrials who have, either permanently or provisionally, taken it upon themselves to protect the planet Earth .
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    .Other such shapeshifters can transform into animals (Beast Boy), alien creatures (Ben 10) or inorganic materials (Metamorpho).
  • Size Changer: A hero who can alter his/her size; e.g., the Atom (shrinking only), Colossal Boy, Giganta, Apache Chief (growth only), Hank Pym (both).
  • Slasher: A hero whose main power is some form of hand-to-hand cutting weapon—either devices, such as knives or swords, (Elektra, Blade, Katana) or natural, such as claws (Wolverine).
  • Speedster: A hero possessing superhuman speed and reflexes; e.g., The Flash, and Quicksilver.
  • Mastermind/Super Genius: A hero possessing superhuman/superior intelligence or intellect; e.g., Professor X, Batman, Forge, Brainiac 5, Mister Fantastic.
  • Teleporter: A hero who is able to teleport from point A to point B to point C, etc; e.g., some teleport due to their own body chemistry, Nightcrawler, others teleport via telekinetic energy Mysterio II, others for unknown reasons (Jumper).
  • Time Manipulater: A hero possessing either a natural, magical or scientific control of time.^ Shapeshifter : A hero who can manipulate his/her own body to suit his/her needs, such as stretching ( Mister Fantastic , Plastic Man ) or disguise ( Changeling , Mystique ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Other such shapeshifters can transform into animals as a means of combat ( Beast Boy ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Slasher : A hero whose main power is some form of hand-to-hand cutting weapon, either devices, such as knives or swords ( Zorro ), or natural, such as claws ( Wolverine ).
    • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

    This could be either time travel like Waverider or Doctor Who, time stop like Tempo or both like Hiro Nakamura who can also teleport.
.These categories often overlap.^ These categories often overlap.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.For instance, Batman is both a skilled martial artist and gadgeteer, and Hellboy has the strength and durability of a brick and some mystic abilities or powers, similar to a mage.^ For instance, Batman is both a skilled martial artist and gadgeteer and Hellboy has the strength and durability of a brick and the mystic arts abilities of a mage.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Channel that fabulous woman sent by the all female Amazons to the “man’s world.” Wonder Woman’s powers include super-strength, hand-to-hand combat ability, and flight.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

^ Although superhero powers vary widely, superhuman strength, the ability to fly and enhancements of the five senses are all common.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

Wolverine fits into both the slasher and healing categories. Very powerful characters—such as Superman, Thor, Wonder Woman, Captain Marvel, Dr. Manhattan, and the Silver Surfer—can be listed in many categories. .Flying, super-strong, invulnerable heroes such as Superman, Captain Marvel and Thor are sometimes in a category all their own, known as "Paragons" or "Originals" (as they were some of the earliest heroes in comics).^ Others have sometimes used "super-hero," with a hyphen, as a spelling covering all such heroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ They both examine some of the more fragile and human aspects of the Man of Steel: the fact that he can’t be everywhere to protect everyone at all times (”Waitin’”), and the moral struggle of using one’s skills to serve others rather than for your own gain (”Superman’s Song”).
  • Top 20 Super Hero Songs | HYPEFUL 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hypeful.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Another possibility is that Superman is a "Paragon" and a "Blaster" (heat vision and super-breath), Captain Marvel is a "Paragon" and a "Mage" (the Power of Shazam), Thor is "Paragon" and a "Elemental" (weather manipulation) and Hancock is a "Paragon" and a "Healer" (immortality), or perhaps even the Martian Manhunter (Paragon, Ghost, Blaster, Shapeshifter, Size Changer, Mentalist, Mastermind and Healer).^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Size changer : A shapeshifter who can alter his/her size, e.g., the Atom (shrinking only), Colossal Boy (growth only), Hank Pym (both).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Championed by Dr. Strange, Captain Marvel, Marvel Man, Captain Britain and Thor.

.So, in esscence, the Fantastic Four consists of a Shapeshifter/Mastermind (Mister Fantastic), a Ghost/Mentalist (Invisible Woman, an Elementalist (the Human Torch), and a Brick (the Thing).^ Shapeshifter : A hero who can manipulate his/her own body to suit his/her needs, such as stretching ( Mister Fantastic , Plastic Man ) or disguise ( Changeling , Mystique ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The Fantastic Four 's Thing was raised Jewish as well.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Elementalist : A hero who controls some natural element or part of the natural world, e.g., Storm (weather), Polaris (magnetism), the Human Torch (fire).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

Trademark status

.Most dictionary definitions[5] and common usages of the term are generic and not limited to the characters of any particular company or companies.^ Most dictionary definitions [4] and common usages of the term are generic and not limited to the characters of any particular company or companies.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Superheroes most often appear in comic books , and superhero stories are the dominant form of American comic books , to the point that the terms "superhero" and "comic book character" have been used synonymously in North America .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Generally characters' religious backgrounds are common to their regional origins, e.g.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Nevertheless, variations on the term "Super Hero" are jointly claimed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics as trademarks.^ Marvel and DC have maintained the trademark since.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Apparently there are no gay heroes whatsoever two-thousand years in the future according to the world of DC comics.

^ This 2008 successes have vindicated Marvel’s long-term strategy to invest directly in movies and have spurred Warners to slate more comic-book titles .
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

.Registrations of "Super Hero" marks have been maintained by DC and Marvel since the 1960s.^ Marvel and DC have maintained the trademark since.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ ZERO. Number of gay heroes in the Justice League and Justice Society of America, DC’s premiere super-hero groups, since their inceptions.

^ First transgendered character in comics, created in 1939, and has been trying to destroy DC’s heroes and take over the world ever since.

[6] (U.S. Trademark Serial Nos. 72243225 and 73222079, among others).
.Joint trademarks shared by competitors are rare in the United States.^ DC Comics share ownership of the United States trademark for the phrases "Super Hero" and "Super Heroes" and these two companies own a majority of the world’s most famous and influential superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[7] They are supported by a non-precedential 2003 Trademark Trial and Appeal Board decision upholding the "Swiss Army" knife trademark. .Like the "Super Hero" marks, the "Swiss Army" mark was jointly registered by competitors.^ Also, the Super Hero Rap genre sadly hasn’t caught fire like, oh say, Wizard Rock .
  • Top 20 Super Hero Songs | HYPEFUL 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hypeful.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March 2006, DC and Marvel attempted to register "super-hero" as well.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ However, the terms "Super Hero," and "Super Heroes," have been jointly trademarked by DC Comics and Marvel Comics (U.S. Trademark Serial Nos.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

It was upheld on the basis that the registrants jointly "represent a single source" of the knives, due to their long-standing cooperation for quality control.[8]
.Critics in the legal community dispute whether the "Super Hero" marks meet the legal standard for trademark protection in the United States-distinctive designation of a single source of a product or service.^ DC Comics share ownership of the United States trademark for the phrases "Super Hero" and "Super Heroes" and these two companies own a majority of the world’s most famous and influential superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ However, the terms "Super Hero," and "Super Heroes," have been jointly trademarked by DC Comics and Marvel Comics (U.S. Trademark Serial Nos.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Controversy exists over each element of that standard: whether "Super Hero" is distinctive rather than generic, whether "Super Hero" designates a source of products or services, and whether DC and Marvel jointly represent a single source.^ But rather than share their scientific marvels with the world, they save them for themselves.

^ Martial Artist : A hero whose physical abilities are mostly human rather than superhuman but whose hand-to-hand combat skills are phenomenal.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Filed under: Super-hero , Interviews , New titles , Quests , DC Universe Online .
  • Posts tagged Superhero at Massively 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.massively.com [Source type: General]

[9] Some critics further characterize the marks as a misuse of trademark law to chill competition.[10]
.America's Best Comics, originally an imprint of Wildstorm, used the term science hero, coined by Alan Moore.^ America's Best Comics , originally an imprint of Wildstorm , used the term science hero , coined by Alan Moore .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Most original British heroes were confined to anthology comics magazines such as Lion , Valiant , Warrior , and 2000AD .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ While past superheroes resembled mythological heroes in their origins and abilities, these heroes were inspired by contemporary science fiction .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

History

Growth in diversity

.For the first two decades of their existence in comic books, superheroes largely conformed to the model of lead characters in American popular fiction of the time, with the typical superhero a white, middle- to upper- class, tall, heterosexual, professional, 20-to-30-year-old male.^ For the first two decades of their existence in comic books, superheroes largely conformed to the model of lead characters in American popular fiction of the time, with the typical superhero a white, middle- to upper- class, heterosexual, professional, 20-to-30-year-old male.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ History of superheroes in comic books .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superhero is a fictional character who is noted for feats of courage and nobility and who usually has a colorful name and costume and abilities beyond those of normal human beings.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.A majority of superheroes still fit this description as of 2010, but beginning in the 1960s many characters have broken the mold.^ A majority of superheroes still fit this description as of 2007, but beginning in the 1960s many characters have broken the mold.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ While the typical superhero is described above, a vast array of superhero characters have been created and many break the usual pattern: .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ While a vast majority of superheroes do not wear capes , the garment is still closely associated with them, likely due to the fact that two of the most widely-recognized, Batman and Superman, wear capes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

Female superheroes

.The first known female superhero is writer-artist Fletcher Hanks's minor character Fantomah,[11] an ageless, ancient Egyptian woman in the modern day who could transform into a skull-faced creature with superpowers to fight evil; she debuted in Fiction House's Jungle Comics #2 (Feb.^ Art by Terry Dodson The first known female superhero is writer-artist Fletcher Hanks 's minor character Fantomah , [7] an ageless, ancient Egyptian woman in the modern day who could transform into a skull-faced creature with superpowers to fight evil; she debuted in Fiction House 's Jungle Comics #2 (Feb.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ For the first two decades of their existence in comic books, superheroes largely conformed to the model of lead characters in American popular fiction of the time, with the typical superhero a white, middle- to upper- class, heterosexual, professional, 20-to-30-year-old male.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

1940), credited to the pseudonymous "Barclay Flagg".
.Another seminal superheroine is Invisible Scarlet O'Neil, a non-costumed character who fought crime and wartime saboteurs using the superpower of invisibility; she debuted in the eponymous syndicated newspaper comic strip by Russell Stamm on June 3, 1940. A superpowered female antihero, the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.^ Another seminal superheroine is Invisible Scarlet O'Neil , a non-costumed character who fought crime and wartime saboteurs using the superpower of invisibility; she debuted in the eponymous syndicated newspaper comic strip by Russell Stamm on June 3, 1940.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Art by Terry Dodson The first known female superhero is writer-artist Fletcher Hanks 's minor character Fantomah , [7] an ageless, ancient Egyptian woman in the modern day who could transform into a skull-faced creature with superpowers to fight evil; she debuted in Fiction House 's Jungle Comics #2 (Feb.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.1940), from Timely Comics, the 1940s predecessor of Marvel Comics.^ Timely Comics , the 1940s predecessor of Marvel Comics .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Image:Whiz2.JPG Whiz Comics #2 (February 1940), the first appearance of Captain Marvel .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Though non-superpowered, like the Phantom and Batman, the earliest female costumed crimefighters are The Woman in Red,[12] introduced in Standard Comics' Thrilling Comics #2 (March 1940); Lady Luck, debuting in the Sunday-newspaper comic-book insert The Spirit Section June 2, 1940; the comedic character Red Tornado, debuting in All-American Comics #20 (Nov 1940); Miss Fury,[13] debuting in the eponymous comic strip by female cartoonist Tarpé Mills on April 6, 1941; the Phantom Lady, introduced in Quality Comics Police Comics #1 (Aug.^ See also: List of comic book superpowers Character examples .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Though non-superpowered, like the Phantom and Batman, the earliest female costumed crimefighters are The Woman in Red , [8] introduced in Standard Comics ' Thrilling Comics #2 (March 1940); Lady Luck , debuting in the Sunday- newspaper comic-book insert The Spirit Section June 2, 1940; Miss Fury , [9] debuting in the eponymous comic strip by female cartoonist Tarpé Mills on April 6, 1941; the Phantom Lady , introduced in Quality Comics Police Comics #1 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Co-created by psychologist William Moulton Marston and his wife Elizabeth , she debuted in All Star Comics #8 (Jan.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.1941); and the Black Cat,[14] introduced in Harvey Comics' Pocket Comics #1 (also Aug.^ Black Cat , [10] introduced in Harvey Comics ' Pocket Comics #1 (also Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1966, Marvel Comics introduced the Black Panther , an African king who became the first non- caricatured black superhero.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

1941). .The superpowered Nelvana of the Northern Lights debuted in Canadian publisher Hillborough Studio's Triumph-Adventure Comics #1 (Aug.^ The superpowered Nelvana of the Northern Lights debuted in Canadian publisher Hillborough Studio's Triumph-Adventure Comics #1 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

1941), and the superhumanly strong Miss Victory was introduced in Holyoke (comics) the same month. The character was later adopted by A.C. Comics.
.The first widely recognizable female superhero is Wonder Woman, from All-American Publications, one of two companies that would merge to form DC Comics.^ The first widely recognizable female superhero is Wonder Woman , from All-American Publications , one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Wonder Woman Deluxe Become one of the most famous female superheroes in this costume.
  • Super Hero Costumes - Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buysuperherocostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the first two decades of their existence in comic books, superheroes largely conformed to the model of lead characters in American popular fiction of the time, with the typical superhero a white, middle- to upper- class, heterosexual, professional, 20-to-30-year-old male.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.She was created by psychologist William Moulton Marston with help and inspiration from his wife Elizabeth and their mutual lover Olive Byrne.^ Co-created by psychologist William Moulton Marston and his wife Elizabeth , she debuted in All Star Comics #8 (Jan.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[15][16]. .Wonder Woman debuted in All Star Comics #8 (Jan.^ Co-created by psychologist William Moulton Marston and his wife Elizabeth , she debuted in All Star Comics #8 (Jan.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ DC Comics , which published under the names National and All-American at the time, received an overwhelming response to Superman and, in the years that followed, introduced Batman , Wonder Woman , Green Lantern , The Flash , Hawkman , Aquaman and Green Arrow .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The first widely recognizable female superhero is Wonder Woman , from All-American Publications , one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

1942).
.Starting in the late 1950s, DC introduced Hawkgirl, Supergirl, Batwoman and later Batgirl, all female versions of prominent male superheroes.^ The male exhibited some symptoms early on but the female has had a calming effect and luckily they've been desensitized to all noises and storms.
  • Superhero cape fights dogs' storm fears - Does It Work? - msnbc.com 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC doesitwork.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

.Batgirl would eventually shed her "bat" persona and become Oracle, the premiere information broker of the DC superhero community and leader of the superheroine team Birds of Prey In addition, the company introduced Zatanna and a second Black Canary and had several female supporting characters that were successful professionals, such as the Atom's love-interest, attorney Jean Loring.^ Batgirl would eventually shed her "bat" persona and become Oracle , the premiere information broker of the DC superhero community and leader of the superheroine team Birds of Prey In addition, the company introduced Zatanna and a second Black Canary and had several female supporting characters that were successful professionals, such as the Atom 's love-interest, attorney Jean Loring .
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^ The Phantom and the Black Panther both adopted personas and missions that have lasted several generations.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Because the superhero is such an outlandish and recognizable character type, several comedic heroes have been introduced, including The Tick , The Flaming Carrot , The Great Lakes Avengers , Herbie Popnecker , The Powerpuff Girls and The Simpsons ’ Radioactive Man .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.As with DC's superhero team the Justice League of America, with included Wonder Woman, the Marvel Comics teams of the early 1960s usually included at least one female, such as the Fantastic Four's Invisible Girl, the X-Men's Marvel Girl and the Avengers' Wasp and later Scarlet Witch.^ Marvel Comics has also provided Justice League costumes for us.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

^ Wonder girls can sport our Wonder Woman Children’s Superhero Costume.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

^ As with DC's superhero team the Justice League of America , with included Wonder Woman, the Marvel Comics teams of the early 1960s usually included at least one female, such as the Fantastic Four 's Invisible Girl , the X-Men 's Marvel Girl and the Avengers ' Wasp and later Scarlet Witch .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In the wake of second-wave feminism, the Invisible Girl became the more confident and assertive Invisible Woman, and Marvel Girl became the hugely powerful destructive force called Phoenix.^ In the wake of second-wave feminism , the Invisible Girl became the more confident and assertive Invisible Woman, and Marvel Girl became the hugely powerful destructive force called Phoenix.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In subsequent decades, Elektra, Catwoman, Witchblade, and Spider-Girl became stars of popular series.^ In subsequent decades, Elektra , Catwoman , Witchblade , and Spider-Girl became stars of popular series.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In the coming decades, non-superhero comics series would occasionally rise to popularity but superheroes and comic books would be forever intertwined in the eyes of the American public.
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^ Juvenile novels featuring Batman , Spider-Man , the X-Men , and the Justice League have also been published, often marketed in association with popular TV series.
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.The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.^ The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ However, there are also many superhero teams.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile, Japan's anime industry successfully contributed to the genre with their own style of superhero series, most notably Science Ninja Team Gatchaman .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[17]
.In American comics, superheroines often sport improbably large breasts and an illogical lack of muscle-mass, and their costumes sexualise their wearers almost as a matter of course.^ Superheroes most often appear in comic books , and superhero stories are the dominant form of American comic books , to the point that the terms "superhero" and "comic book character" have been used synonymously in North America .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Batman Muscle Costume The official DC comic versions of the defender of Gotham City.
  • Super Hero Costumes - Superhero Halloween Costume 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.buysuperherocostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Power Girl's includes a small window between her breasts; Emma Frost's costume traditionally resembles erotic lingerie; and Starfire's started as a full-body covering and has, over four decades, been reduced to a thong, pelvic covering, mask, and stiletto heels.^ Costume includes a character mask that transforms you into an ogre, a deluxe jumpsuit with attached tunic and vest, belt and hand covers.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

^ (Normally 44.95) Tween Deluxe Emma Frost Costume - X-men Costumes - This Deluxe Emma Frost Tween Costume from the X-men movie includes the dress, leggings, glovettes and the detachable cape.
  • Superhero Costume for Children - Superhero Costumes 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.costumecraze.com [Source type: General]

^ (Normally 96.95) Sassy Sexy Prestige Captain America Costume - Marvel's Captain America Costumes - This Sexy Captain America Sassy Prestige Edition Costume includes the superhero dress, boot covers, gloves and the character eye mask.

.This visual treatment of women in American comics has led to accusations of systemic sexism and objectification.^ The idealized physiques of female superheroes have led to accusations of sexism .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[18][19]

Superheroes of color

.In the late 1960s, superheroes of other racial groups began to appear.^ In the late 1960s, superheroes of other racial groups began to appear.
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^ British superheroes began appearing in the Golden Age shortly after the first American heroes became popular in the UK .
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^ Most of the superheroes who appear in other media are adapted from comics, but there are exceptions.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 1966, Marvel Comics introduced the Black Panther, an African king who became the first non-caricatured black superhero[20].^ In 1966, Marvel Comics introduced the Black Panther , an African king who became the first non- caricatured black superhero.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Black Cat , [10] introduced in Harvey Comics ' Pocket Comics #1 (also Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.The first African-American superhero, the Falcon, followed in 1969, and three years later, Luke Cage, a self-styled "hero-for-hire", became the first black superhero to star in his own series.^ The first African-American superhero, the Falcon , followed in 1969, and three years later, Luke Cage , a self-styled "hero-for-hire", became the first black superhero to star in his own series.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ British superheroes began appearing in the Golden Age shortly after the first American heroes became popular in the UK .
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^ Along with The Green Hornet and The Shadow , the series helped popularize superheroes during their earliest years.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 1971, Red Wolf became the first Native American in the superheroic tradition to headline a series.^ In 1971, Red Wolf became the first Native American in the superheroic tradition to headline a series.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ British superheroes began appearing in the Golden Age shortly after the first American heroes became popular in the UK .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In the coming decades, non-superhero comics series would occasionally rise to popularity but superheroes and comic books would be forever intertwined in the eyes of the American public.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[21] .In 1974, Shang Chi, a martial artist, became the first prominent Asian hero to star in an American comic book.^ In 1974, Shang Chi , a martial artist , became the first prominent Asian hero to star in an American comic book.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Comic-book companies were in the early stages of cultural expansion and many of these characters played to specific stereotypes ; Cage often employed lingo similar to that of blaxploitation films, Native Americans were often associated with wild animals and Asians were often portrayed as martial artists.
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^ British superheroes began appearing in the Golden Age shortly after the first American heroes became popular in the UK .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.(Asian-American FBI agent Jimmy Woo had starred in a short-lived 1950s series named after a "yellow peril" antagonist, Yellow Claw.^ Asian-American FBI agent Jimmy Woo had starred in a short-lived 1950s series named after " yellow peril " antagonist , Yellow Claw .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1974, Shang Chi , a martial artist , became the first prominent Asian hero to star in an American comic book.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

)
.Comic-book companies were in the early stages of cultural expansion and many of these characters played to specific stereotypes; Cage often employed lingo similar to that of blaxploitation films, Native Americans were often associated with wild animals and Asians were often portrayed as martial artists.^ Comic-book companies were in the early stages of cultural expansion and many of these characters played to specific stereotypes ; Cage often employed lingo similar to that of blaxploitation films, Native Americans were often associated with wild animals and Asians were often portrayed as martial artists.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The name isn’t the only similarity - the lyrics could easily apply to the comic characters and…well, how many more reasons do you really need to include a song by The Kinks?
  • Top 20 Super Hero Songs | HYPEFUL 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.hypeful.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even kitsch novels have long had a slightly higher cultural standing than comic books.
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

.Subsequent minority heroes, such as the X-Men's Storm (the first black superheroine) and the Teen Titans' Cyborg avoided such conventions.^ Subsequent minority heroes, such as the X-Men 's Storm (the first black superheroine) and The Teen Titans ' Cyborg avoided the patronizing nature of the earlier characters.
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^ Teen Titan costumes include Robin costumes, Cyborg costumes, Beast Boy costumes, Starfire costumes and Raven costumes.

.Storm and Cyborg were both part of superhero teams, which became increasingly diverse in subsequent years.^ Art by Neal Adams Storm and Cyborg were both part of superhero teams, which became increasingly diverse in subsequent years.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Diversity in both ethnicity and national origin would be an important part of subsequent X-Men-related groups, as well as series that attempted to mimic the X-Men’s success.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Subsequent minority heroes, such as the X-Men 's Storm (the first black superheroine) and The Teen Titans ' Cyborg avoided the patronizing nature of the earlier characters.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

The X-Men, in the particular, were revived in 1975 with a line-up of characters culled from several nations, including the Kenyan Storm, German Nightcrawler, Russian Colossus and Canadian Wolverine. .Diversity in both ethnicity and national origin would be an important part of subsequent superhero groups.^ Diversity in both ethnicity and national origin would be an important part of subsequent X-Men-related groups, as well as series that attempted to mimic the X-Men’s success.
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^ A few superheroes, however, proudly show themselves as members of minority faiths in their nations of origin.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Art by Neal Adams Storm and Cyborg were both part of superhero teams, which became increasingly diverse in subsequent years.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 1989, Marvel's Captain Marvel was the first female black superhero from a major publisher to get her own title in a special one-shot issue.^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
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^ Early, Harvey Kurtzman -edited issues of Mad Magazine featured several parodies of superheroes and count as some of the first satiric treatments of this subject matter.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 1991, Marvel's Epic Comics released Captain Confederacy, the first female black superhero to have her own series.^ A superpowered female antihero , the Black Widow — a costumed emissary of Satan who killed evildoers in order to send them to Hell — debuted in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile, Japan's anime industry successfully contributed to the genre with their own style of superhero series, most notably Science Ninja Team Gatchaman .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The era's most popular superhero, however, was Fawcett Comics ' Captain Marvel , whose exploits regularly outsold those of Superman during the 1940s.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 1993, Milestone Comics, an African-American-owned imprint of DC, introduced a line of series that included characters of many ethnic minorities, including several black headliners.^ In 1993, Milestone Comics , an African-American -owned imprint of DC, introduced a line of series that included characters of many ethnic minorities, including several black headliners.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The X-Men, in the particular, were revived in 1975 with a line-up of characters culled from several different nations, including the Kenyan Storm, German Nightcrawler , Russian Colossus and Canadian Wolverine .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.The imprint lasted four years, during which it introduced Static, a character adapted into the WB Network animated series Static Shock.^ The imprint lasted four years, during which it introduced Static , a character adapted into the WB Network animated series Static Shock .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Along with The Green Hornet and The Shadow , the series helped popularize superheroes during their earliest years.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1993, Milestone Comics , an African-American -owned imprint of DC, introduced a line of series that included characters of many ethnic minorities, including several black headliners.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In addition to the creation of new minority heroes, publishers have filled the roles of once-Caucasian heroes with minorities.^ In addition to the creation of new minority heroes, publishers have filled the roles of once-Caucasian heroes with minorities.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

The African-American John Stewart debuted in 1971 as an alternate for Earth's Green Lantern Hal Jordan. .In the 1980s, Stewart joined the Green Lantern Corps as a regular member.^ The creators of the 2000s-era Justice League animated series selected Stewart as the show’s Green Lantern, boosting his profile.
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^ Image:GL087.jpg Green Lantern / Green Arrow #87, the first appearance of John Stewart.
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^ Green Lantern is a standard title for the thousands of members of the intergalactic Green Lantern Corps and several individuals have been the Green Lantern of Earth.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.The creators of the 2000s-era Justice League animated series selected Stewart as the show's Green Lantern.^ The creators of the 2000s-era Justice League animated series selected Stewart as the show’s Green Lantern, boosting his profile.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ (Normally 58.95) Deluxe Adult Female Green Lantern Costume - Sexy Halloween Costumes - Justice League Costumes - This Deluxe Adult Female Green Lantern Costume includes the dress, gloves and the boot tops.

^ In the 1970s, DC Comics paired Green Arrow with Green Lantern in a ground-breaking, socially conscious series.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Other such successor-heroes of color include DC's Spectre (African-American), Atom (Asian), and Blue Beetle (Latino).^ This sexy super hero costume includes a red cape and a gold red blue and white dress with a red sequin star.
  • Superhero Costumes | Superman Costumes | Wonderwoman Costumes | Superhero Accessories 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.halloweenadventure.com [Source type: General]

.Marvel Comics, in 2003 retroactive continuity, revealed that the "Supersoldier serum" that empowered Captain America was subsequently tested on an African American.^ Alternatively, Marvel Comics revealed in an acclaimed 2003 limited series that the " Supersoldier serum" that empowered Captain America was first tested on an African American .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ See also: LGBT comic book characters In 1992, Marvel revealed that Northstar , a member of Alpha Flight , was homosexual , after years of implication.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Marvelman , known as Miracleman in North America , is probably the most well known original British superhero (although he was based heavily on Captain Marvel ).
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[22]

LGBT characters

.In 1992, Marvel revealed that Northstar, a member of the Canadian mutant superhero team Alpha Flight, was homosexual, after years of implication.^ See also: LGBT comic book characters In 1992, Marvel revealed that Northstar , a member of Alpha Flight , was homosexual , after years of implication.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Captain America was outfitted by and worked for the United States Army during World War II and Alpha Flight is a superhero team formed and usually managed by an arm of the Canadian Department of National Defence .
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^ The shared setting or "universes" of Marvel, DC and other publishers also allow for regular superhero team-ups.
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[23] .This ended a long-standing editorial mandate that there would be no LGBT characters in Marvel comics.^ This ended a long-standing editorial mandate that there would be no gay characters in Marvel comics.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Even kitsch novels have long had a slightly higher cultural standing than comic books.
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

^ This 2008 successes have vindicated Marvel’s long-term strategy to invest directly in movies and have spurred Warners to slate more comic-book titles .
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

[24] .Although some secondary characters in DC Comics' mature-audience miniseries Watchmen were gay, Northstar was the first openly gay superhero.^ Although some secondary characters in DC Comics ' mature-audience miniseries Watchmen were gay, Northstar was the first openly gay superhero.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Early, Harvey Kurtzman -edited issues of Mad Magazine featured several parodies of superheroes and count as some of the first satiric treatments of this subject matter.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Time Warner’s acquisition of DC Comics was crucial to the cross-platform marketing of the first Batman .
  • Observations on film art : Superheroes for sale 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC www.davidbordwell.net [Source type: General]

.Other gay and bisexual superheroes have since emerged, such as Pied Piper, Gen¹³'s Rainmaker, and the gay couple Apollo and Midnighter of Wildstorm Comics' superhero team the Authority.^ Other gay superheroes have since emerged, such as Gen¹³ 's Rainmaker , and The Authority 's gay couple Apollo and Midnighter .
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^ Almost since the inception of the superhero in comic books, the concept has come under fire from critics.
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^ Most of the superheroes who appear in other media are adapted from comics, but there are exceptions.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In the mid-2000s, some characters were revealed gay in two Marvel titles: Wiccan and Hulkling of the superhero group Young Avengers; and the X-Men's Colossus in the alternate universe Ultimate Marvel imprint.^ In the mid-2000s, some characters were revealed gay in two Marvel titles: The Ultimate Marvel incarnation of the X-Men ’s Colossus and Wiccan and Hulkling of the superhero group Young Avengers .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ The series Uncanny X-Men and its related superhero-team titles included many females in vital roles.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ This is the first instance in which superheroes were classified into two distinct groups, the "classic" superhero and the more brazen anti-hero .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.Xavin, from the Runaways is a a shape-changing alien filling the part of a transgendered lesbian.^ Some closely modeled their U.S. counterparts, while others indulged in weirder attributes, such as the shape-changing alien Wampus .
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

.In 2006, DC revealed in its Manhunter title that longtime character Obsidian was gay, and a new incarnation of Batwoman was introduced as a "lipstick lesbian" to some media attention.^ In 2006, a new incarnation of Batwoman was introduced as a " lipstick lesbian " to some media attention.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Starting in the late 1950s, DC introduced Hawkgirl , Supergirl , Batwoman and later Batgirl , all female versions of prominent male superheroes.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

^ Although some secondary characters in DC Comics ' mature-audience miniseries Watchmen were gay, Northstar was the first openly gay superhero.
  • Superhero - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 13 January 2010 10:50 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: General]

[25][26]

References

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster Online: "Superhero"
  2. ^ "United States Patent and Trademark Office latest status info for trademark serial #78356610
  3. ^ Per Niccum, John. "'V for Vendetta' is S for Subversive", Lawrence Journal-World, March 17, 2006; Gesh, Lois H., and Robert Weinberg, The Science of Superheroes (John Wiley & Sons, 2002; ISBN 978-0-471-02460-6), Chapter 3: "The Dark Knight: Batman: A NonSuper Superhero"; Adherents.com, "The Religious Affiliation of Comic Book Characters: Rev. Dr. Christopher Syn, the Scarecrow of Romney Marsh (one of the world's first masked crime-fighters)" (undated, no byline); Lovece, Frank, The Dark Knight (movie review) Film Journal International, July 16, 2008 ("Batman himself is an anomaly as one of the few superheroes without superpowers…"), and other sources. While the Dictionary.com definition of "superhero" is "A figure, especially in a comic strip or cartoon, endowed with superhuman powers and usually portrayed as fighting evil or crime," the more longstanding Merriam-Webster dictionary gives the definition as "a fictional hero having extraordinary or superhuman powers; also : an exceptionally skillful or successful person".
  4. ^ Benton, Mike. The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History (Taylor Publishing: Dallas, Texas, 1989), pp. 178–181, reprinted at website Religious Affiliation of Comics Book Characters: "The Significant Seven: History's Most Influential Super-heroes" [sic]
  5. ^ Dictionary.com: Superhero
  6. ^ Ulaby, Neda. All Things Considered, "Comics Creators Search for 'Super Hero' Alternative". March 27, 2006
  7. ^ Schwimmer, Martin. The Trademark Blog, "Do DC and Marvel Own Exclusive Rights in 'SUPER HERO'?" 2004.
  8. ^ Trademark Trial and Appeal Board. Arrow Trading Co., Inc. v. Victorinox A.G. and Wenger S.A.. 2003
  9. ^ Coleman, Ron. Likelihood of Confusion, "SUPER HERO® my foot". 2006.
  10. ^ Doctorow, Cory. Boing Boing, "Marvel Comics: stealing our language". 2006.
  11. ^ Don Markstein's Toonopedia: Fantomah
  12. ^ Don Markstein's Tonnopedia: The Woman in Red and Grand Comics Database: Thrilling Comics #2
  13. ^ Don Markstein's Toonopedia: Miss Fury
  14. ^ Markstein's Toonopedia: Black Cat and Grand Comics Database: Pocket Comics #1
  15. ^ Bostonia (Fall 2001): "Who Was Wonder Woman? Long-ago LAW alumna Elizabeth Marston was the muse who gave us a superheroine", by Marguerite Lamb
  16. ^ The New York Times (February 18, 1992): "Our Towns: She's Behind the Match For That Man of Steel", by Andrew H. Malcolm
  17. ^ Comic Zone (May 1, 1996): "An Interview with Chris Claremont"
  18. ^ Gadfly (no date): "No Girls Allowed", by Casey Franklin
  19. ^ Sequart.com (March 15, 2001): "The State of American Comics Address", by Julian Darius
  20. ^ Brown, Jeffrey A. (2001). Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics and their Fans. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-281-0. 
  21. ^ Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Red Wolf
  22. ^ Truth: Red, White & Black #1-7 (Jan.-July 2003) at Grand Comics Database.
  23. ^ Gay League - North Star
  24. ^ The Comics Journal: Online Features
  25. ^ BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Batwoman hero returns as lesbian
  26. ^ TIME.com: Caped Crusaders -- Jun. 12, 2006 -- Page 1

See also


Simple English

A superhero is a fictional character who has powers which are unusual for normal people.

Modern superheroes usually have superhuman powers, for example have better senses, are stronger and faster than normal humans. Usually a superhero is courageous and noble. They usually have a colorful name and costume.

Some well known superheroes include Superman, Batman, Spider-Man and Wonder Woman.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Superhero, which are similar to those in the above article.








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