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The Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (in Spanish, Director Supremo de las Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata), was a title given to the executive officers of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, according to the form of government established in 1814 by the Asamblea del Año XIII. The supreme director would wield executive power for a term of two years.

The Assembly hoped, by its actions, to confront the royalists, who had been emboldened by internal dissension within the patriot camp. To prevent abuses of power, the Directorship would be combined with a State Council of nine members, and would be required to answer to a Congress empowered to carry out legislation.

List of Supreme Directors

Image Supreme Director Mandate
Posadas.jpg Gervasio Antonio de Posadas January, 1814 - January 9, 1815
Carlos María de Alvear January 11 - April 18, 1815
Jose Rondeau 2.jpg José Rondeau April 20 - 21, 1815
Alvarez thomas.jpg Ignacio Álvarez Thomas April 21, 1815 - April 16, 1816
Antonio Gonzalez Balcarce.jpg Antonio González Balcarce April 16 - July 9, 1816
Juan Martin de Pueyrredon.jpg Juan Martín de Pueyrredón July 9, 1816 - June 9, 1819
Jose Rondeau 2.jpg José Rondeau June 9, 1819 - February 11, 1820
File:Juan Pedro Aguirre.jpg Juan Aguirre y López February 11 - 16, 1820

After the resignation of José Rondeau in response to the Unitarian defeat at the Battle of Cepeda, the post of Supreme Director was briefly assumed by Juan Aguirre y López, who dissolved the Congress, leading the cabildo to take control of the city and province of Buenos Aires. The dissolution of the Congress initiated what is known as the "Anarchy of the 1820s" (Anarquía del año 20).

Control of the United Provinces subsequently shifted to the Governor of Buenos Aires.

See also


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