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Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation
Верховный Совет РСФСР
Верховный Совет Российской Федерации
Type
Type Unicameral (up to 1991)
Bicameral
Timeline
Country  Russia
(up to 25.12.1991 it was named Russian SFSR)
Established 1938
Preceded by VTsIK
Succeeded by State Duma of the Russian Federation
Federation Council of Russia
Disbanded 1993
Leadership and Structure
Members 252 (1990—1993)
Election
voting system Direct single-candidate elections of parliamentary seats (1938—1990)
Appointed by Congress of People's Deputies of Russia (19901993)
Last election 16 May—22 June 1990
First session of the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia
Meeting place
The White House.jpg
White House

Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR (Russian: Верховный Совет РСФСР, Verkhovniy Sovet RSFSR), later Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation (Russian: Верховный Совет Российской Федерации, Verkhovniy Sovet Rossiyskoi Federatsii) was highest organ of state power of the Russian SFSR in 19381990; in 19901993 it was permanent parliament, elected by Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation.

The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR was established as smillar structure as the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1938, instead of All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) as the highest organ of power of Russia.

Supreme Soviet and the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR in the 1940s were located in the former mansion of counts Ostermanov (str Delegatskaya, 3), now known by Muscovites as «Museum to delegate». In 1981 Supreme Soviet was moved to a specially constructed building on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment, The House of Soviets.

Contents

1938-1990

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR for election of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

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Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR

Prior to the 1990, de jure leader of the Russian Federation, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, exercised only nominal powers. In contrast to other Soviet republics of the Soviet Union, Russian SFSR did not have its own Communist Party and was not their first secretaries (which in other republics have relatively independent of power) until 1990

Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR

  • Alexei Badaev (19 July 1938 - 4 March 1944)
  • Ivan Vlasov (April 9, 1943 - 4 March 1944) (Acting Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet)
  • Nikolay Shvernik (March 4, 1944 - 25 June 1946)
  • Ivan Vlasov (25 June 1946 - 7 July 1950)
  • Mikhail Tarasov (7 July 1950 - 16 April 1959)
  • Nikolai Ignatov (16 April - 26 November 1959)
  • Nikolai Organov (26 November 1959 - 20 December 1962)
  • Nikolai Ignatov (20 December 1962 - 14 November 1966)
  • 14 November - 23 December 1966 the position is vacant (Duties of Vice-Chairman: Ahaz, Timothy A. and Sysoyev, Petr)
  • Mikhail Yasnov (23 December 1966 - 26 March 1985)
  • Vladimir Orlov (26 March 1985 - 3 October 1988)
  • Vitaly Vorotnikov (October 3, 1988 - 29 May 1990)

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR in 1938—1990

  • Andrei Zhdanov (15 July 1938 - 20 June 1947)
  • Mikhail Tarasov (20 June 1947 - 14 March 1951)
  • Leonid Solov'ev (14 March 1951 - 23 March 1955)
  • Ivan Goroshkin (March 23, 1955 - 15 April 1959)
  • Vasily Prokhorov (April 15, 1959 - 4 April 1963)
  • Vasily Krestianninov (April 4, 1963 - 11 April 1967)
  • Mikhail Millionshchikov (April 11, 1967 - 27 May 1973)
  • Vladimir Kotelnikov (30 July 1973 - 25 March 1980)
  • Nikholai Gribachev (25 March 1980 - 16 May 1990)

1990—1993

Following the adoption of amendments to the Constitution of the Russian SFSR in October 1989, office of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was removed, and the leadership of the Supreme Soviet in May 1990 passed directly to the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.

In 19901993 Supreme Soviet consisted of 252 deputies in the two equal chambers - the Soviet of the Republic (Chairman: Ramzan Abdulatipov) and the Soviet of Nationalities (Chairman: Benjamin Sokoloff). However, the bicameral Supreme Soviet was nominal, because the major decisions taken at both meetings. Supreme Soviet of Russia ceased to exist after the events of September - October 1993.

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR/Federation in 1990-1993

External links

See also

References


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