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Coordinates: 52°33′47″N 1°49′19″W / 52.563°N 1.822°W / 52.563; -1.822

Sutton Coldfield
Sutton Coldfield Town Hall.jpg
Sutton Coldfield Town Hall
Sutton Coldfield is located in West Midlands
Sutton Coldfield

 Sutton Coldfield shown within the West Midlands
Population 105,452 (2001 census)
OS grid reference SP1395
Metropolitan borough Birmingham
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUTTON COLDFIELD
Postcode district B72 - B76
Dialling code 0121
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Sutton Coldfield
List of places: UK • England • West Midlands

Sutton Coldfield (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town in the City of Birmingham, in the West Midlands of England. Sutton (as it is often abbreviated to) is located about 8 miles (13 km) from central Birmingham, in the northeast of the city, with a population of 105,452 recorded in the 2001 census. It forms part of the West Midlands conurbation.

Until the Local Government Act 1972 came into force in 1974, Sutton Coldfield was a municipal borough in its own right and part of Warwickshire, with the title of Royal Town. Many signs still record this fact.

Contents

History

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Pre-Roman era

The earliest known human developments in Sutton Coldfield are found in Sutton Park. Several earth mounds have been discovered in the park dating to pre-Roman times. Amongst these mounds are cooking sites, identifiable from the charred and cracked stones within them. The Sutton Park fire of 1921 uncovered more mounds and broken stones, leading to excavations by the Birmingham Archaeological Society in 1926 and then publishing their report on their findings in 1927. Flint arrowheads have also been discovered within Sutton Park by German prisoners-of-war during World War II, who were allegedly allowed to take them back to Germany. Another set of flint weapons were uncovered by a gardener in Thornhill Road. The first signs of a developing settlement are also located in Sutton Park, near Blackroot Pool. Noted first in 1904 by Midgley, they were described as earthworks "untouched by the plough".

Roman period

A preserved section of Icknield Street is located within the park showing the presence of Romans in the area. The preserved length runs for 1.5 miles (2.4 km) through the park. It is believed that Roman soldiers may have encamped on Rowton's Hill in Sutton Park, as the name denotes "the camp on the hill". There has been little archaeological work on the road though a short trench was dug in February 1936 and another in May 1936. Amongst the finds in the trenches and in other areas of the park were Roman coins from the reigns of Constantine I and Diocletian.

Post-Roman period

Upon the Roman departure to protect the Roman Empire on the mainland in the 5th century, the area of Sutton Coldfield, still undeveloped, passed into the Anglo Saxon kingdom of Mercia. It is during this period that it is believed Sutton Coldfield may have developed as a hamlet and also received its name. A hunting lodge was built at Maney Hill and became known as Southun or Sutton; "ton" meaning townstead to the south of Tamworth, the capital of Mercia. Middleton is situated between the two. "Coldfield" denotes an area of land on the side of hill, that is exposed to the weather. It may also denote a place where charcoal burning took place. As a result of the hunting lodge at Maney Hill, the area developed into a hamlet. In 1071, Sutton Coldfield, along with the rest of Mercia, passed into the possession of the Crown, resulting in Sutton Chase becoming a Royal Forest.

11th-14th centuries

At the time of the Normans Domesday Book, Sutton was rated at eight hides making it larger than all surrounding villages in terms of cultivated land. A manor was established in Sutton Coldfield at what became known as Manor Hill during the Middle Ages. The manor was given to Henry I's son, Earl Roger, in exchange for the manors of Hockham and Langham in Rutland. As Sutton Forest was no longer in the possession of the Crown, it was renamed Sutton Chase. After Earl Roger's death, in 1153, a survey of his possessions was carried out by Pope Alexander who notes Sutton as being of 3 hides. It is also noted that this was given to the Priory of Trentham.

The Sutton manor prospered, as did the developing village. In 1300, Guy, Earl of Warwick, was granted a charter to hold a market on each Tuesday and an annual fair on the eve of Holy Trinity, in Sutton Coldfield. The market town further prospered, though not at the rate the nearby market town of Birmingham did. It was decided that Sutton needed a chapel, and so the free chapel of Saint Blaise was constructed within the grounds of Sutton manor. The chapel survived up until Tudor times, when it was destroyed.

Another church was built on a hill, 400 feet (120 m) above sea level. The first incumbent was ordained in 1305. This was to become Holy Trinity Church, and it became the local parish church. During the 14th century, Sutton Coldfield had also acquired other buildings such as New Hall Manor, Peddimore Hall and Langley Hall, all of which were moated. New Hall has been expanded and altered, though part of the original structure remains, Peddimore Hall has been completely reconstructed with the current building dating to the 17th century, and Langley Hall has been completely demolished though parts of Langley Hall Farm and the moat remain. The oldest house in the Sutton district is The Grove, a cruck-framed building, though its history is unknown.

15th-16th centuries

In 1419, Sir Ralph Bracebridge obtained a lease for his lifetime on the Manor and Chase of Sutton Coldfield, from the Earl of Warwick. Sutton Coldfield became an important training location for English soldiers during the wars between England and France. Butts were constructed across the town for archery training, and marks can still be seen in the sandstone wall on 3 Coleshill Street where archers sharpened their arrows. It is believed that 3 Coleshill Street is of medieval origin despite having a Georgian façade. Bracebridge is remembered as having dammed Ebrook to form Bracebridge Pool in Sutton Park. He used this pool for fishing, and occasionally allowed the local residents to fish there too.

The Wars of the Roses put an end to the period of prosperity that Sutton Coldfield was undergoing. It fell into decay and poverty became widespread. The Earl of Warwick was killed in the war, and the manor of Sutton Coldfield was passed into the possession of the Crown. The markets and fairs in the town ceased, and the town depopulated. Having lost its importance, the Sutton manor was demolished, with the building materials being reused in the construction of a mansion at Bradgate in Leicestershire.

It was during this period that John Harman grew up, working at Moor Hall Farm. He studied at Magdalen College, Oxford. He formed a friendship with Thomas Wolsey and started a career in the church, beginning with his appointment as chaplain at the free chapel of St Blaize in Sutton. Harman continued to be promoted and developed a position working for the monarchy. In 1519, Harman was appointed Bishop of Exeter and changed his surname to Vesey, thus becoming John Vesey. Vesey used his position within the church, and the substantial wealth that came with his status, to help Sutton Coldfield out of the period of depression. He revived the markets, introduced paving of the roads, founded a grammar school and constructed 51 large stone cottages around Sutton Coldfield for the poor. One of his most well-known actions was to convince his friend King Henry VIII to give the hunting land in Sutton Coldfield to the residents. This was to become Sutton Park. Vesey died at Moor Hall in Sutton Coldfield in 1555. His actions helped regenerate Sutton Coldfield, and parts of his legacy remain. Some of the stone cottages still exist, the grammar school exists today as Bishop Vesey's Grammar School and his additions and improvements to Holy Trinity Church remain. He is remembered through various places being granted the name Vesey, including the Birmingham City Council ward Sutton Vesey and the memorial gardens adjacent to Holy Trinity Church, Vesey Gardens.

17th century

Sutton Coldfield continued to expand and grow wealthier following the death of Vesey. The town was barely affected by the English Civil War, though it is known that it was visited by both Parliamentary and Royalist soldiers. Following the civil war, Sutton's royal charter was renewed. In 1668, Sutton Coldfield sustained extensive damage when the dam holding back Wyndley Pool collapsed following a heavy storm. The water flooded into Sutton Coldfield destroying many homes. The flooding also caused Bracebridge Pool to break its banks on July 24, however, this did not cause as much damage.

Another man who rose to prominence in the area was William Wilson who married a local landowner. He was responsible for the design and construction of Four Oaks Hall and the Moat House, his home. The Four Oaks estate was built by Lord Ffolliot, an Irish peer. During this time, the Sacheverell family became proprietors to New Hall. After becoming unpopular in Birmingham, they had moved to a new residence at New Hall and preached at the local parish church.

18th century

At the turn of the 18th century, Sutton Coldfield was introduced to industry. The manufacture of blades, gun barrels, spades and spade handles as well as the grinding of knives, bayonets and axes, further helped the town prosper. Mills were set up along the pools in Sutton Park and on the banks of Ebrook. A cotton spinning machine was tested at Powells Pool Mill (demolished in 1936) by John Wyatt with the help of Lewis Paul. These mills were not the first in Sutton Coldfield, as there had been windmills at Maney Hill and Langley Hall, but these were the first mills constructed for industrial purposes in the town. It has been claimed that the first all-steel garden fork was produced in the town. Pools that had been drained during the 17th century for rich meadow land were recreated in the 18th century, as well as new pools such as Blackroot Pool and Longmoor Pool.

Sutton Coldfield's economy witnessed a boom in that the residents were now experiencing new luxuries, such as seafood. Products for sale in the town were 10% more expensive than in the neighbouring villages. In 1791, following the Priestley Riots in Birmingham, William Hutton, whose home had been attacked by protesters, travelled to Sutton Coldfield to stay for the summer. Rioting was supposedly due to spread to Sutton Coldfield. It was believed that John Horsfall's home at Penns, in the south of Sutton, was a target for the protesters and so cavalry arrived to protect it. No rioting took place. Despite this, Hutton was forced to move to Tamworth when local residents objected to his arrival, fearing his presence would encourage the rioters to come to the town.

19th century

The first census of Sutton Coldfield took place in 1801. It recorded that the town had a population of 2,847. The following census of 1811 recorded that this had risen to 2,959. This was partially down to the construction of barracks to the east to accommodate the Edinburgh and Sussex Militias, the 7th Dragoon Guards and a Brigade of Artillery. In 1813, the Sutton Coldfield Corporation announced they would open all springs in the town to the public in the belief they may have healing properties. The proposals were fulfilled in 1815 and all springs became popular. However, the claimed healing properties of the springs was not witnessed, except for at Rowtons Well which was quickly recommended by the Birmingham and Midland Eye Hospital.

In 1817, Sutton Coldfield was the focus of national attention when a young woman named Mary Ashford was found murdered on Penns Lane. The male she was with that evening was traced and charged with her murder. The trial became known as Ashford v. Thornton when the defendant, Abraham Thornton challenged William Ashford to a duel claiming trial by combat. Ashford refused and Thornton was released. Soon after, trial by combat was abolished by Parliament.

During the 1820s, schools were founded throughout the town by the Corporation. The Corporation also constructed almshouses on Mill Street and in Walmley. In 1836, George Bodington acquired an asylum and sanatorium at Driffold House (now the Empire cinema), Maney where he researched pulmonary disease. In 1849, the original royal charters were sent to London to be translated from Latin as a result of the skins on which they were written beginning to deteriorate. In 1859, William Morris Grundy, a wealthy local landowner, died leaving behind an estate worth £25,000. His home, at what is now the Royal Hotel on the High Street, looked over a hill and a sandstone barn constructed by Bishop Vesey. This belonged to Grundy until his death. The land was sold off in plots to developers who built homes along there. Some of the land was sold to the Midland Railway Company for £4,000 when it was discovered that it was to be part of their proposed new line. In 1862, Sutton Coldfield received a railway station; Sutton Coldfield railway station. The Sutton Park Line was then opened in the 1870s. The "Sutton Coldfield and Erdington News", Sutton Coldfield's first newspaper, began printing in 1869. Sutton Coldfield received a water supply in 1892 when tapped water was brought to the town from Shenstone. By then, the town already had a gas supply which was provided by the Sutton Coldfield Gas, Light and Coke Company.

Sutton Coldfield's growing population was reflected in the creation of several new parishes during the 19th century and the construction of new town halls. The census of 1881 revealed that the population had increased from 4,662 in 1861 to 7,737. It was claimed that the arrival of the railways in the town were responsible for the population increase.

20th century

In the 20th century, Sutton Coldfield continued to grow. The areas on the fringes of the district remained rural up until the end of World War I. As witnessed nationally, there was a house construction boom in areas such as Boldmere, Walmley and Four Oaks. Again, the population increased rapidly. During World War II, Sutton Park and areas of Walmley were used as prisoner-of-war camps, housing German and Italian prisoners. After the war, Sutton witnessed a major redevelopment. The Parade in the town centre was almost completely demolished for the construction of a large new shopping centre named Gracechurch. In addition, shopping centres in New Oscott, Wylde Green and Mere Green were constructed causing considerable objection as many local landmarks were lost to the developers.

In 1974, Sutton Coldfield became part of Birmingham, to the objection of local residents, when the metropolitan county of the West Midlands was formed. More recently, Sutton Coldfield has undergone changes. Areas of the town centre have been pedestrianised and the Gracechurch Centre, now The Mall, has been improved. Construction of a large development along Brassington Avenue is currently underway and construction of nearby apartment buildings is complete.

Governance

Sutton Coldfield constituency shown within Birmingham

In 1528, a charter of King Henry VIII gave the town the right to be known for ever as "The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield" and to be governed by a warden and society. The charter was secured by Bishop John Vesey. This unreformed corporation survived until 1885, when it was replaced by a municipal borough. Although the title "Royal Town" was still used, the municipality created in 1885 was not itself a Royal Borough. The town and borough were ceremonially part of Warwickshire until 1974, when it was amalgamated into the City of Birmingham and the metropolitan county of the West Midlands. The formal Mayoral chains of office are now on display in Birmingham Council House.

Sutton Coldfield forms the Sutton Coldfield parliamentary constituency, the largest Parliamentary Constituency in Birmingham whose Member of Parliament since 2001 has been Andrew Mitchell (Conservative). Within the City of Birmingham metropolitan borough, it comprises the wards of Sutton Four Oaks, Sutton Trinity, Sutton Vesey and Sutton New Hall. Sutton Trinity ward was created in June 2004, at which time the other three wards' boundaries were changed. From 5 April 2004, it has been a council constituency, with many local services managed by a district committee made up of all Sutton's councillors.

Geography

Areas of Sutton Coldfield include:


The town borders Erdington and Kingstanding in Birmingham, Streetly in Walsall, the district of North Warwickshire and Lichfield and Tamworth in Staffordshire. The area in general is regarded as one of the most prestigious locations in the West Midlands and Central England; a 2007 report by the website Mouseprice.com placed two Sutton Coldfield streets amongst the 20 most expensive in the United Kingdom.[1][2][3]

The northern stretch of the Birmingham city sandstone ridge culminates at Sutton Coldfield. Plants Brook rises in the area of Streetly and flows through Sutton Park and directly beneath the town centre before culminating at Plantsbrook Nature Reserve in Walmley Ash.

Retail

The main shopping centre is the Sutton Coldfield Mall, which was built in 1974 as 'The Gracechurch Shopping Centre'. It changed its name after being bought by the The Mall Company and was, by the end of 2008 rebranded 'The Mall, Sutton Coldfield'.[4] The Mall complex also includes a multi-story car park. As a result of investment, the appearance of the shopping centre was improved in 2006 which included the installation of a glass roof above one of the walkways and the removal of a public square to form a cafe and extra retail units. There are now plans to construct a food court above Bishop's Court in the shopping centre.[5] The shopping centre was formerly home to three bronze sculptures that depict, respectively, a boy and a girl on rollerskates, a boy with a dog, and a boy and a girl playing leapfrog, which have been moved to Rectory Park.[6]

A second shopping centre was named the Sainsbury Centre until Sainsbury's closed their store;[7] the name was later changed to "The Red Rose Centre". The centre has its own multi-storey car park with access from Victoria Road.

Walmley Court in Walmley.

New Hall Walk is a row of shops built behind The Parade in the late 1990s. The company that manages the site also manages several of the shops on the Parade built at the same time. It has its own large outdoor car park. Opposite the Red Rose Centre, behind New Hall Walk, is a single floor, indoor market facility known as the In Shops. The exterior of the building was improved in 2005.

There are several local shopping parades serving the suburbs of Sutton, including "The Lanes" Shopping Centre in Wylde Green, at Walmley, at New Oscott (local shops and a large "out of town" style development similar to New Hall Walk called Princess Park), and at Boldmere Road.

Sport

Sutton Coldfield is home to Sutton Coldfield Town F.C., which was founded in 1879 and also to Romulus F.C. who share their ground at Coles Lane. Golf is a major sport in the town, which is home to numerous golf clubs and courses. In the south of Sutton Coldfield is Walmley Golf Club and Pype Hayes Golf Course. There are also Aston Wood Golf Club, Moor Hall Golf Club, Sutton Coldfield Golf Club, Little Aston and Boldmere Golf Club. Nearby is The Belfry, a hotel with a renowned golf complex whose Brabazon course has hosted the Ryder Cup several times.

Sports facilities, including swimming pool and 400m athletics track, are located at Wyndley Leisure Centre (which is undergoing a major refurbishment), on the edge of Sutton Park. This was opened in 1971 by Ethel E. Dunnett. The nearby youth centre was opened in September 1968. Parts of Rectory Park is leased to Sutton Cricket Club and Sutton Town Football Club.

Places of interest

Listed residential properties at the top of Coleshill Street.

Parkland

The area is home to Sutton Park, one of the largest urban parks in Europe and the largest outside London. It has an area of 2,224.2 acres (9.001 km2) and is used as part of the course for the Great Midlands Fun Run, sponsored by the Sutton Coldfield Observer. The park is a national nature reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest. New Hall Valley, which separates Walmley and Maney, is the location of New Hall Valley Country Park which was opened formally on August 29, 2005. It has an area of 160 acres (0.65 km2) and within it is [New Hall Mill]http://www.newhallmill.org.uk which is one of only two working watermills in the West Midlands. The mill is privately owned but is open to the public several times a year. There are also several nature reserves including Plants Brook Nature Reserve, in Walmley, and Hill Hook Nature Reserve. On the border between Sutton Coldfield and Erdington is the extensive Pype Hayes Park and adjacent golf course, with the park falling within Tyburn ward but the golf course in Sutton New Hall.

Historic houses

Sutton Coldfield has been an affluent area in the past leading to the construction of manors and other large houses. Several have been renovated into hotels such as the New Hall Hotel, Moor Hall Hotel, Moxhull Hall Hotel, and Ramada Hotel and Resort Penns Hall. Peddimore Hall, a Scheduled Ancient Monument near Walmley, is a double moated hall used a private residence. Demolished manor houses include Langley Hall, the former residence of William Wilson and Four Oaks Hall, designed by William Wilson. William Wilson is also known to have designed Moat House and lived in it with his wife, Jane Pudsey. It is Grade II* listed.[8]

Conservation areas

Lichfield Road from Vesey Gardens looking west into the High Street conservation area.

There are two conservation areas in Sutton Coldfield. The High Street, King Edward's Square, Upper Clifton Road, Mill Street, and the northern end of Coleshill Street are protected by the High Street conservation area, which is part covered by an Article 4 Direction. At the centre of the conservation area is Holy Trinity Church, which is fronted by the Vesey Memorial Gardens, created in memory of Bishop John Vesey. The High Street conservation area was designated on November 28, 1973 and extended February 6, 1975, August 14, 1980 and again on July 16, 1992. It covers an area of 16.95 square kilometres (41.87 acres).[9] Beyond the railway bridge, which crosses the Sutton Park Line and separates the Lichfield Road and High Street, is the Anchorage Road conservation area which protects buildings such as Moat House by William Wilson. The conservation area was designated on October 15, 1992 and covers an area of 17.57 square kilometres (43.41 acres).[10]

Religious buildings

Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Hill north of Sutton town centre.

Holy Trinity Church is one of the oldest churches in the town, having been established around 1300. The church has been expanded over time, notably by John Vesey, Bishop of Exeter who built two aisles and added an organ.[11] His tomb is located within the church.[12] Outside of Sutton town centre, there are numerous other churches, many of which are listed buildings. In Four Oaks is the Church of All Saints which is a Grade B locally listed building. It was built in 1908 and designed by Charles Bateman, whose Arts and Crafts are seen in the building.[13] Another church in Four Oaks which is of a mixed Arts and Crafts-Gothic style is Four Oaks Methodist Church, built between 1907 and 1908 to a design by Crouch and Butler. It is Grade II listed.[14] The Methodist Hall attached to it is also Grade II listed.[15]

St Chad's Church near Walmley

In Mere Green is the Church of St Peter, also by Charles Bateman, which was built between 1906 and 1908. The building is Grade II listed.[16] Also designed by Charles Bateman is the Church of St Chad near Walmley. This was built between 1925 and 1927. The side chapel was built in 1977 to a design by Erie Marriner. It is Grade II listed.[17] St Johns Church, built in 1845 to a design by D. R. Hill, is located on the Walmley Road in Walmley. It is the parish church for Walmley and is of a Norman architectural style. It is Grade C locally listed.[18] In Maney, near Walmley, is St Peter's Church which began construction in 1905, although the tower, which was designed by Cossins, Peacock and Bewley, was constructed in 1935 and the building is Grade II listed.[19] Located on the border of Sutton town centre is Church Hall, a former Roman Catholic Chapel, built around 1834. The building is now used for offices and is Grade II listed.[20]

Public facilities

Sutton Coldfield Library, opened in 1974, is located in the town centre above the Red Rose Centre. It also contains the Sutton Coldfield Reference Library, which holds a large collection of newspapers and magazines with all Sutton Coldfield based publications such as Sutton Coldfield News and Sutton Coldfield Observer being held permanently.[21] The Town Hall, a relic of Sutton Coldfield's former status as a municipal borough, now serves as a theatre, conference, and function venue. Sutton Coldfield has 3 Community Centres and a number of smaller Community Halls all offering classes and events in a wide verity of subjects and interests - see Mere Green Community Centre, Falcon Lodge Community Centre and Brampton Hall Community Centre. Good Hope Hospital provides main hospital services to the town, including accident and emergency facilities. Another hospital in Sutton Coldfield is Sutton Cottage Hospital, which is operated by the Birmingham East and North Primary Care Trust.[22] It opened in 1908 and the buildings were designed by Herbert Tudor Buckland and Edward Haywood-Farmer.[23]

On Lichfield Road, Sutton Coldfield is served by a police station, magistrates court (both opened in 1960) and fire station (opened 1963). On the opposite side of the road is Sutton Coldfield College, which is the main college of further education for the area. Also located on the north-eastern outskirts of the area is Sutton Coldfield transmitting station, the first television transmitter to broadcast outside the London area.

Transport

The former Sutton Town railway station on Midland Drive. The station opened in 1879 and closed in 1924, and is now converted to offices. The adjacent railway line is still in use by freight services only.

Linked by regular and fast services from Sutton Coldfield railway station on the Cross-City Line to the centre of Birmingham, Sutton is mostly a commuter dormitory town for people who work in Birmingham. The 1955 Sutton Coldfield rail crash occurred here, when an express train entered the very tight curve through the station much faster than the speed limit of 30 mph (48 km/h). The Sutton Park Line also crosses the town roughly perpendicular to the cross-city line (crossing at a point out of easy sight near the former Midland Road station), but lost its passenger services and stations in the 1964 "Beeching Axe". It retained a loading bay at the adjacent Clifton Road Royal Mail sorting office for a time, but now remains as a freight only line.

The Roman road Icknield Street cuts through Sutton Park to the west of the town. The town is bypassed to the north by the M6 Toll, the first toll motorway in the UK, accessible from Sutton by junction T2 at Minworth (co-located with the M42 junction), T3 and T4 (interchanging with the A38 at the south and north ends of their 5-mile (8.0 km) parallel run), and T5 at Shenstone. It also has easy access to the M6 proper to the south, via junctions 5 (Castle Bromwich), J6 (Gravelly Hill, or "Spaghetti Junction") and J7 at Great Barr; and also the M42 in the east, via junction 9 near Minworth. The A38 itself used to run through the centre of the town (literally, using the since-pedestrianised line of the Parade), but now uses the dual carriageway bypass to the east. The former route of the A38 is now the A5127 Lichfield Road, branching from the southern end of the Aston Expressway on the Birmingham Middleway ring road, and continues to provide a major connective route running between and on slightly altered paths through the centres of Erdington, Sutton and Lichfield.

The Parade in the town centre is the main destination and terminus for numerous National Express West Midlands bus services in and through Sutton Coldfield. Such routes as 'Sutton Lines', 'CrossCity route66' and 'Showcase377' and 'Showcase451'; to name just a few arterial routes. The resultant congestion and perceived danger, from heavy (and almost exclusively) bus traffic on the repurposed and poorly sighted Lower Parade and Lower Queen Street coming into conflict with pedestrians (including children from several local schools) crossing between the Red Rose Centre and the other shopping areas, has led to calls for a dedicated bus centre to be built external to the town centre. This would be built as part of the controversial Brassington Avenue development, with an elevated walkway across the ring road providing access to the main shopping areas.

Education

Sutton Coldfield Grammar School for Girls is on Jockey Road (A453). Bishop Vesey's Grammar School, its male equivalent, is on Lichfield Road (A5127/A453) in the centre of the town adjacent to Birmingham Metropolitan College. The Arthur Terry School is on Kittoe Road in Four Oaks in the north of the town near Butlers Lane station. The John Willmott School is on Reddicap Heath Road in the east of the town. Opposite the school is Fairfax School. The Plantsbrook School is on Upper Holland Road near the centre of the town in Maney. The Bishop Walsh Catholic School is next to the Sutton Park Line and New Hall Valley Country Park; the school is 10 minutes from Wylde Green. All these schools are for ages 11–18.

There are also a number of primary schools located in the town. Whitehouse Common Primary School in the Whitehouse Common area, The Deanery Primary School, Holy Cross Infant and Junior Catholic Primary School, and Walmley Primary School serving the Walmley area. The Shrubbery School, established in 1930, is a private primary school located on the fringes of Walmley and Hollyfield primary located on hollyfield rd founded in 1907.

Highclare School, founded in 1932, is a primary and secondary school located on three sites in the Birmingham area. Two of the sites are located in Sutton Coldfield, with the other being located in nearby Erdington. The Sutton Coldfield facilities are on the Lichfield Road in the Four Oaks area and in the Wylde Green area to the south, which houses the nursery.

St Nicholas Catholic Primary School in Jockey Road is a voluntary aided catholic primary school. Established in 1967, there are currently about 210 students. The school is oversubscribed and has exceptional academic standards.[24][25]

Notable residents

A number of famous people were born or have lived in Sutton Coldfield including:

Adventure Soft Publishing operates from within the town; they have produced the successful Simon the Sorcerer series of games.

See also

Further reading

  • The Gentleman's Magazine (Vol. XXII), page 270, Sylvanus Urban, 1790
  • Sutton Coldfield, 1974-84: The Story of a Decade: a Look at Life and Events in the Royal Town, Douglas V. Jones, 1984, Westwood Press Publications (ISBN 0-948025-00-X)
  • Sutton Coldfield: a history & celebration, Alison Reed; Francis Frith Collection, 2005 (ISBN 1-84589-218-6)
  • Sutton Coldfield under the Earls of Warwick, Christine Smith, 2002, Acorn (ISBN 1-903263-71-9)

References

  1. ^ "Street Rankings 2007 National Report", Mouseprice.com, accessed 17 September 2007
  2. ^ Lucia Adams and Michael Moran, "The ten most expensive places to live in Britain... and ten budget alternatives", The Times, 30 March 2007, accessed 17 September 2007
  3. ^ Anne Ashworth, "Why modest pensioners may be lumped in with London super-rich", The Times, 14 March 2007, accessed 17 September 2007
  4. ^ "Re-branding The Mall". icSutton Coldfield. 2007-10-18. http://icsuttoncoldfield.icnetwork.co.uk/news/localnews/tm_headline=re-branding-the-mall%26method=full%26objectid=19989122%26siteid=52630-name_page.html. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  
  5. ^ "Food court idea for Gracechurch". icSutton Coldfield. 2007-10-11. http://icsuttoncoldfield.icnetwork.co.uk/news/localnews/tm_headline=food-court-idea-for-gracechurch%26method=full%26objectid=19953945%26siteid=52630-name_page.html. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  
  6. ^ "Statues claimed". icSutton Coldfield. 2007-10-18. http://icsuttoncoldfield.icnetwork.co.uk/news/localnews/tm_headline=statues-claimed%26method=full%26objectid=19989136%26siteid=52630-name_page.html. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  
  7. ^ Sainsbury's quits shopping centre, Birmingham Evening Mail, February 27, 2001
  8. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216596)
  9. ^ Birmingham City Council: High Street, Sutton Coldfield Conservation Area map
  10. ^ Birmingham City Council: Anchorage Road Conservation Area map
  11. ^ Holy Trinity Parish Church: History
  12. ^ Birmingham.gov.uk: Bishop Vesey's Monument
  13. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216546)
  14. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216604)
  15. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216605)
  16. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216608)
  17. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (473081)
  18. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216629)
  19. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (473088)
  20. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (216598)
  21. ^ Birmingham City Council: Newspapers and Magazines held in Sutton Coldfield Reference Library
  22. ^ NHS Birmingham East and North PCT: Hospitals
  23. ^ Pastscape: Sutton Coldfield Hospital
  24. ^ "St Nicholas Catholic Primary School", Ofsted, 4 April 2006
  25. ^ "School gets good report; Sutton Coldfield: Primary is judged 'outstanding'", Tony Collins, Birmingham Mail, 25 April 2006
  26. ^ "Parliamentary Election for the Crewe and Nantwich Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated". Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  • The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield: A Commemorative History, Douglas V. Jones, 1984, Westwood Press Publications (ISBN 0-9502636-7-2)
  • A Short History of the Town and Chase of Sutton Coldfield, W. Midgley, 1904, Midland Counties Herald

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SUTTON COLDFIELD, a municipal borough in the Tamworth parliamentary division of Warwickshire, England, 7 m. N.E. from Birmingham on branches of the London & North-Western and Midland railways. Pop. (1901), 14,264. The town, which lies high in a hilly situation, is the centre of a residential district for persons having their business offices in Birmingham, Walsall and other towns. The church of the Holy Trinity, Early English and Late Perpendicular, enlarged in 1879, contains a fine Norman font and the tomb of Bishop Vesey. On the picturesque park near the town, 2400 acres in extent, the inhabitants have the right of grazing horses and cattle at a small fee. This, with the Crystal Palace gardens, forms a recreation ground for the people of Birmingham. In the vicinity are New Hall, an interesting mansion of the 13th century, with a hall of the 16th, used as a boys' school; and Peddimore Hall, a moated mansion of the ancient family of Arden, of which there are slight remains. The town is governed by a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors. Area, 12,828 acres.

Sutton Coldfield (Svtone, Sutton in Colefeud, Sutton Colfild, King's Sutton) is mentioned in the Domesday Survey as a possession of the Conqueror and as having been held before that time by Edwin, earl of Mercia. Henry I. exchanged it with Roger de Newburgh, earl of Warwick, whose descendant, William de Beauchamp, in the reign of Edward I., claimed by prescription a court leet with assize of bread and ale and other liberties here, which were allowed him, as it was found that his ancestors had held the same. By the time of Henry VIII. the town had fallen "into much ruin," according to Leland, and would never have reached its present position but for the interest of John Vesey, bishop of Exeter, a native of the place, who procured for it a charter of incorporation in 1529 under the title of the "Warden and Society of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield." The charter also appointed a warden and twentytwo fellows to be the common hall, and granted the town and park to the corporation at a yearly rent of X58. Another charter, dated 1664, appointed two capital burgesses t o be justices of the peace with the warden. In 1855 Sutton was divided into six wards, with an alderman and three councillors for each. Markets granted in 1300, 1353 and 1529 have been discontinued. Fairs were granted in 1300, 1353 and 1529, to be held at the feasts of Trinity, Michaelmas and St Simon and St Jude, and are now held on Trinity Monday, the 14th of March, the 19th of September and the 8th of November. Vesey set up here a cloth trade which, however, soon became neglected.


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