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The Swedish Police Service (in Swedish: Polisen) is a collection of Government agencies concerned with police matters in Sweden.

The Swedish Police Service consists of 26 122 (December 2008) employees of which 39 per cent are women. The staff consists of 19 122 police officers of which 25 per cent are women and 7 000 civilian staff of which 70 per cent are women (December 2008)

The Swedish Police Service consists of the Swedish National Police Board and 21 county police authorities.

One of the government's primary goals is to have 20 000 police officers in 2010.

The Swedish National Police Board

The Swedish National Police Board
Rikspolisstyrelsen
Abbreviation SNPB
Polisen vapen bra.svg
Coat of arms of the Swedish National Police Board
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Sweden
General nature
Operational structure
Agency executive Bengt Svenson, National Police Commissioner
Child agencies
Departments
Website
www.polisen.se http://www.polisen.se

The Swedish National Police Board (Rikspolisstyrelsen) is the central administrative and supervisory authority of the police service. It is also the supervisory authority of the National Laboratory of Forensic Science. The SNPB is headed by the National Police Commissioner who is appointed by the government. The current National Police Commissioner is Bengt Svenson. Among other things, the SNPB is responsible for the development of new working methods and technological and administrative support. It is also - through the National Police Academy - responsible for the training of police officers. It is also the principal agency for the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science.

The National Police Board also consists of two national departments:

The National Criminal Investigations Department, Rikskriminalpolisen (RKP)

Responsibilities:

The Swedish Security Service, Säkerhetspolisen (SÄPO)

Responsibilities:

  • VIP Protection
  • Counter terrorism
  • National security

County Police Authorities

In each of the 21 Counties of Sweden there is a County Police Authority, which is headed by a County Police Commissioner. There is also a County Police Board, consisting of local politicians and the commissioner. The Commissioners and the members of the board are all appointed by the Government of Sweden. The County Police Authorities report to the National Police Board which in turn report to the Ministry of Justice.

Crisis management

The police have special units that are used in more difficult system disturbances or serious security threats, such as Piketen and the National Task Force. For larger issues, there is also opportunity to receive reinforcement from Beredskapspolisen.

Equipment

Swedish police helicopter (Eurocopter EC135 P2).
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Aircraft

The Swedish police operates a number of helicopters as support units. Tasked mainly with observation and search duties while being stationed in a number of locations in Sweden (Stockholm, Gothenburg, Östersund and Boden). The type used at present is the Eurocopter EC-135.

Ground Vehicles

1974 Plymouth Valiant Swedish police car in the period black and white paint.
Swedish police 1974 VW Beetle in period black and white
Swedish police car (Volvo V70).

For most of the 20th century, Swedish police vehicles were painted black and white. In 2005, Swedish police cars changed to a blue and fluorescent yellow livery as seen in the picture above (Battenburg markings), from a white and blue one. Most Swedish police cars are either Volvos or Saabs, with the same livery all over Sweden.

Personal Equipment

Almost all policemen wear a waistbelt which carries his service pistol (the official sidearm for the Swedish police is the SIG Sauer P226, 228 & 239), extra magazine, expansible baton, handcuffs, Sepura radio, Nokia mobile phone, pepper spray, keys and gloves. Addition to the one has a DUFFEL BAG which has additional equipment including masks 90 and vest. Many police officers also carry a RAKEL (RadioKommunikation för Effektiv Ledning) device, which looks something like a cell phone. All police officers must have identification on them.

Radio Communication

The police are using today two radio systems, the analogue S70 and S80. S70 is used all over the country but the S80 is used as a complement to the S70 in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. Both systems are becoming obsolete and should have Emergency Management Agency, SEMA, started construction of a new digital radio system called RAKEL. Police made the first tests with RAKEL in April 2006. Current radio systems are going to listen to polisradio. For sensitive information, however, the police choose to instead use cell phones that were practically impossible to intercept. Cellphone admit, however, only calls between the communication center and an individual police officer, while the radio allows a large number of police units to communicate with each other simultaneously.

External links


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