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Swedish general election, 1921: Wikis

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Social Democratic leader Hjalmar Branting

The Swedish general election held in 1921 (Swedish: Riksdagsmannavalet till andra kammaren), was the General election to the second chamber of the Swedish Riksdag, and the first fully democratically elected Parliament of Sweden. The Social Democratic Party with leader Hjalmar Branting formed its second government.

In 1921, a universal and equal suffrage was introduced for men and women alike, and the Riksdag finally achieved a system of democratic representation for all citizens who were at least 23 years old on election day. Nevertheless, it was still possible, even after 1921, to exclude certain groups from the right to vote. An example was individuals who had been declared incapable of managing their own affairs by a court of law. This limitation of the franchise disappeared only in 1989 when the Riksdag abolished incapacitation.

Alongside the universal franchise reform, a parliamentary system of government developed and gained acceptance, implying that the government requires the Riksdag's confidence and support for all major decisions. As of 1921, all major treaties with foreign states had to be approved by the Riksdag, and the two chambers of the Riksdag now elected their own Speakers along with two deputy speakers each.

Party Leader Votes Seats
Number ± % Number ±
  Social Democrats Hjalmar Branting 630,855 39.4 +0.1 93 +18
  General Electoral League Arvid Lindman ? 25.8 -2.1 62 ?
  Liberal Nils Edén ? 19.1 -2.7 41 -6
  Farmers' League Johan Andersson ? 11.1 -3.1 21 ?
  Social Democratic Left Ivar Vennerström 56,241 2.2 +2.2 6 +6
  Communist Zeth Höglund 80,355 2.4 -0.8 7 ?
No. of valid votes ? 100.0   230  
Invalid votes ?  
Total 1,747,553
(54.2%)

Before the elections in 1921, the Social Democrat Left Party accepted Lenin's April Theses, and accordingly split in two parties: the Communist Party and the Social Democratic Left Party - a party which was formed by some 6,000 socialists who had been excluded by the communists as non-revolutionary elements.

References

  • (Swedish) Nordisk familjebok, (Owl edition), 2nd ed., Stockholm : Nordisk familjeboks förlags aktiebolag, 1904-1926.

See also

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