|Original Broadway Cast Recording Cover (1966)|
|Basis||Federico Fellini's screenplay for Nights of Cabiria|
1967 West End
1986 Broadway revival
2005 Broadway revival
2006 US tour
2006 São Paulo
2008 Mexico City
Sweet Charity is a musical with music by Cy Coleman, lyrics by Dorothy Fields and book by Neil Simon. It is based on Federico Fellini's screenplay for Nights of Cabiria. However, where Fellini's black-and-white Italian film concerns the romantic ups-and-downs of an ever-hopeful prostitute, in the musical the central character is a dancer-for-hire at a Times Square dance-hall.
The original Broadway production, directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse, opened on January 29, 1966 at the Palace Theatre and ran for 608 performances. It starred Gwen Verdon, John McMartin, Helen Gallagher, Thelma Oliver, James Luisi, Arnold Soboloff, and Sharon Ritchie. The production was nominated for 12 Tony Awards, winning for Fosse's choreography. The show had a London production at the Prince of Wales Theatre in 1967 starring Juliet Prowse.
The 1969 film version, Sweet Charity, also directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse, starred Shirley MacLaine and John McMartin, re-creating his original Broadway role. A revival opened on Broadway at the Minskoff Theatre on April 27, 1986 and closed on March 15, 1987, running for 369 performances and 15 previews. Again directed and choreographed by Fosse, Debbie Allen starred as Charity with Bebe Neuwirth as Nickie and Michael Rupert as Oscar. The production won four Tony Awards: Best Revival, Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Rupert), Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Neuwirth), and Best Costume Design (Patricia Zipprodt).
A second revival, starring television and film star Christina Applegate, opened on Broadway at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre on May 4, 2005, after a troubled three-city preview tour. Applegate broke her foot in Chicago, the second stop on the tour, and was replaced by her standby, Charlotte d'Amboise. Then, after the final leg of the tour in Boston, the producers announced that the production would not be continuing to Broadway due to lack of interest. However, two days later, the Broadway engagement was on after Applegate convinced the producers to continue. A week into previews, Applegate rejoined the cast, which also included Denis O'Hare and Ernie Sabella.  The show was nominated for three Tony awards including Best Revival of a Musical and Best Actress in a Musical for Applegate. (Reportedly, pop icon Britney Spears was asked to replace Applegate when her contract expired, but declined the offer.) The show ended its Broadway run on December 31, 2005, after playing 279 performances.
The show played a limited season at the Menier Chocolate Factory, London from 21 November 2009 to 7 March 2010. It starred Tamzin Outhwaite in the title role. It will transfer to the West End in April 2010. As announced in February 2010, this production will come to Toronto in March 2011. 
Sweet Charity follows the adventures of Charity Hope Valentine, a taxi dancer at a dance hall called the "Fandango Ballroom" in New York City. The musical opens in Central Park, where Charity, a girl with a shoulder bag and a heart tattooed on her left arm, meets her boyfriend Charlie. While Charlie silently preens himself, Charity speaks the pick-up lines she imagines him saying, and tells him how handsome he is ("You Should See Yourself"). Charlie then steals her handbag and pushes her into the lake (usually the orchestra pit) before running off. Passers-by discuss the apparent drowning but do nothing, until a young Spaniard finally rescues her. In the Hostess Room of the Fandango Ballroom, Charity tries to convince both herself and the other skeptical taxi dancer girls that Charlie tried to save her. Nickie, a fellow dancer, tells Charity that her problem is "you run your heart like a hotel — you've always got people checking in and checking out". The manager, Herman, arrives to tell them it is time for work. In the musical's most famous number, "Big Spender", the hostess girls proposition the audience in the front room of the Fandango Ballroom. Helene and Nickie try to comfort Charity about Charlie's absence ("Charity's Soliloquy")
On a New York street, after work, Charity gives to every beggar who approaches her until she realizes she has no money. Just then, film star Vittorio Vidal rushes out of the smart Pompeii Club, in pursuit of his beautiful mistress, Ursula. Ursula refuses to go back inside with Vittorio, who promptly takes the only-too-willing Charity instead. Inside the Pompeii Club, the dancers are dancing the latest craze, The Rich Man's Frug. To everyone's astonishment, Charity sits down with the famous Vittorio Vidal. She tries to steer him away from the subject of Ursula and, finally, he wants to dance. Not having eaten since breakfast, Charity faints. There is general agreement amongst the dancers that she needs to be "laid down", Vidal asks "where?", and Charity recovers enough to prompt Vidal with "your apartment!"
Lying down on Vittorio's bed, Charity suddenly isn't hungry any more. She admits she's a dance hall hostess, putting it down to "the fickle finger of fate" (a favorite expression of hers). Vittorio is struck by her humor and honesty. Totally starstruck, Charity asks for a signed photograph to prove to the girls she was really in his apartment. While Vittorio fetches props from his old movies for further evidence, Charity remarks on her good fortune ("If My Friends Could See Me Now"). Ursula arrives to apologise for her jealousy; Charity is swiftly bundled into a closet before Vittorio opens the door to Ursula. While Charity watches from the closet, Vidal and Ursula make love inside his four-poster bed. The following morning, Charity is escorted from the room by a mortified Vidal. In the Hostess Room, the girls are disappointed that Charity failed to get more out of Vittorio. Nickie says she's not going to stick this crummy job for the rest of her life, prompting the girls to speculate on alternative careers ("There's Gotta Be Something Better Than This"), but Herman brings them back down to earth. Charity decides to get some cultural enlightenment from the YMHA on 92nd Street, where she gets stuck in a broken elevator with shy tax accountant Oscar Lindquist. While trying to calm him down, Charity finds out he isn't married, and promptly declares "Oh Oscar... You're gonna be alright". After helping Oscar overcome his claustrophobia "I'm the Bravest Individual", the pair are plunged into new panic when the lights go out.
Opening in the broken elevator, Oscar and Charity are finally rescued when it starts working again. Oscar invites Charity to go to church with him, to which she hesitantly agrees. As they walk off to the church, under The Manhattan Bridge, the faint cries of the next person to be stuck in the lift are heard. The Rhythm of Life church turns out to be a thin veneer on hippie culture, prompting the number The Rhythm of Life. A police raid breaks up the meeting; on the subway home, Oscar proposes another date and tries to guess Charity's job deciding she works in a bank. Charity lies, saying she works for First National City, Williamsburg Branch. As they part, Oscar kisses her hand, and dubs her Sweet Charity (and the title song Sweet Charity is performed).
Two weeks later, Oscar and Charity are still seeing each other and she still hasn't told him what she actually does for a living. At Coney Island Amusement Park they become trapped again when the Parachute Jump ride breaks. This time, Oscar is the calm one while Charity is scared — scared that she is starting to depend on him. Once again, Charity loses her nerve about telling him what her real job is. As the crowd look on, the couple kiss. On a slow night at the Fandango, Charity is beaten to one of the few customers by the new girl, Rosie. Finally disgusted by the whole business, she quits. But in Times Square she wonders what the alternative is ("Where Am I Going?"). Sending a telegram to Oscar, she asks to meet him at Barney's Chile Hacienda. She admits that she's a dance hall hostess; he admits he already knows, having followed her one night and watched her dancing. He doesn't care and wants to marry her. Charity leaves on cloud nine "I'm A Brass Band" and packs a suitcase on which is printed 'Almost Married'.
After a farewell party at the Ballroom ("I Love to Cry at Weddings"), Charity and Oscar walk in the park, whereupon Oscar announces that he cannot go through with the wedding, saying he is unable to stop thinking about the "other men". Eventually, he pushes her into the lake and runs off. Emerging from the lake, Charity asks the audience, "Did you ever have one of those days?" Realising that unlike Charlie, Oscar has not stolen her bag, she shrugs and reprises her opening dance. The stage blacks out onto three neon signs, reading "And so she lived … hopefully … ever after".