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Pig
A domestic sow and her piglet.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass: Eutheria
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Subfamily: Suinae
Genus: Sus
Linnaeus, 1758
Species
Pigs are a genus of even-toed ungulates within the family Suidae. .The name hog most commonly refers to the domestic pig (Sus domestica) in everyday parlance, but technically encompasses several distinct species, including the wild boar.^ All swine commonly used in research and testing are Sus scrofa domestics, whether they are farm or miniature breeds.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Swine is a collective noun generally used to describe pigs as a group rather than an individual, however it may often be implied in a pejorative manner to any living being expressing pig-like behaviour.^ The characteristics that have led to the use of swine over other species for these models are related to the anatomic and physiologic characteristics described above.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ However, the brain development of swine a nd the similar topical, histologic and vascular anatomy make them useful as general mammalian models.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ However, blood vessels and the atria in swine tend to be more friable than other species, especially in neonates.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.With around 2 billion on the planet, domestic pigs are also by far the most numerous pig species.^ The kidneys of the pig are more like humans in anatomy and function than most other species of animals.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[1][2] Pigs are omnivores, and despite their reputation for gluttony, they are generally social and very intelligent animals.

Contents

Description and behavior

.A pig has a snout for a nose, small eyes, and a small tail, which may be curly, kinked, or straight.^ Influenza viruses may also be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets on another person or an object and then touches their own mouth, nose, or eyes (or someone else’s mouth, nose, or eyes) before washing their hands.
  • Influenza A H1N1 - Medpedia 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC wiki.medpedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Walter or Whoever May Help, I have been researching pig farming and I am interested in beginning to raise pigs on a very very small scale.
  • Sugar Mountain Farm: Boar Meat 10 February 2010 12:26 UTC sugarmtnfarm.com [Source type: General]

It has a thick body, short legs, and coarse hair. There are four toes on each foot, with the two large middle toes used for walking.[3]
Breeding occurs throughout the year in the tropics, but births peak around rainy seasons. .A female pig can become pregnant at around 8-18 months of age.^ (And, they had not been around any female pigs.
  • Sugar Mountain Farm: Boar Meat 10 February 2010 12:26 UTC sugarmtnfarm.com [Source type: General]

^ An additional 400 milligrams is recommended for children between 11 and 18 years of age and for pregnant or lactating women.
  • 85.07.08: The Calcium Cycle 10 February 2010 12:52 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pigs raised for meat in North America are usually slaughtered at about 6 months of age, when they are still juveniles.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

She will then go into estrus every 21 days if not bred. .Male pigs become sexually active at 8-10 months of age.^ Frädrich (1974) reported that European wild boar (males) usually cannot mate until they are 4 to 5 years old due to competition with other males, even though they reach sexual maturity at 8 to 10 months.
  • Great Smoky Mountains NP: Status of the European Wild Boar Project (Proposed Research) 3 February 2010 19:11 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Pigs raised for meat in North America are usually slaughtered at about 6 months of age, when they are still juveniles.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The juvenile males may then join a small "bachelor" group with other young adults before becoming more solitary as they age.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

[4] .A litter of piglets typically contains between 6 and 12 piglets.^ Domestic farm breeds have larger litters, usually of 8-12 pigs, than miniature pigs which typically have litters of 4-6.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[5] After the young are weaned, two or more families may come together until the next mating season.
Pigs do not have functional sweat glands,[6] so pigs cool themselves using water or mud during hot weather. They also use mud as a form of sunscreen to protect their skin from sunburn. Mud also provides protection against flies and parasites.[5]
Domesticated pigs are commonly raised as livestock by farmers for meat (called pork), as well as for leather. Their bristly hairs are also used for brushes. .Some breeds of pig, such as the Asian pot-bellied pig, are kept as pets.^ The Vietnamese pot-bellied pig: Anesthetic friend or foe?
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Veterinary Care of Pot-Bellied Pet Pigs , Orange, CA: All Publishing Co.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Diet and foraging

.Pigs are omnivores, which means that they consume both plants and animals.^ Although pigs subsist primarily on plant matter, [60] , [61] , [62] they are omnivores and supplement their diets with earthworms, insects, amphibians, reptiles, and rodents, and can consume carrion and may engage in scavenger behavior as well.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If animals eat contaminated plants or animals, most of the lead that they eat will pass through their bodies.
  • Public Health Statement for Lead - Encyclopedia of Earth 14 January 2010 19:52 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carnivores or omnivores can get their calcium from animals or, in the latter case, also from plants.
  • 85.07.08: The Calcium Cycle 10 February 2010 12:52 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pigs will scavenge and have been known to eat any kind of food, including dead insects, worms, tree bark, rotting carcasses, garbage, and even other pigs.^ Eating a wide variety of foods, including five servings of fruits and vegetables daily and plenty of whole grains, helps to ensure an adequate intake of magnesium.
  • Bodybuilding.com - Magnesium Information and Product Listing! Magnesium FAQ! 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.bodybuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have known since I was a young boy that any time the food we eat is not allowed to digest fully either because of an upset stomach or diarrhea...
  • Potassium | LIVESTRONG.COM 13 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ As an example, ascorbic acid is never isolated in nature, but occurs in food molecularly bonded to other food elements including bioflavonoids, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids and known as vitamin C. .
  • Calcium 10 February 2010 12:52 UTC goldrust.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the wild, they are foraging animals, primarily eating leaves, grasses, roots, fruits and flowers. Occasionally while in captivity, pigs may eat their own young if they become severely stressed.
.A typical pig has a large head with a long snout which is strengthened by a special prenasal bone and by a disk of cartilage in the tip.^ The brain is relatively large with structures typical of those of other species.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[4] .The snout is used to dig into the soil to find food and is a very sensitive sense organ.^ Like a cat's whiskers, a pig's snout provides the animal with heightened senses to navigate and interact with the environment, and is especially designed for rooting in the ground in search of food.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Magnesium citrate can be very laxative, but some people find this useful if they have chronic constipation.

^ In addition to being useful as a fine and powerful tool for manipulating objects, the extensive innervation in the snout provides pigs with an extremely well-developed sense of smell.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

Pigs have a full set of 44 teeth. The canine teeth, called tusks, grow continuously and are sharpened by the lowers and uppers rubbing against each other.[4]
Pigs that are allowed to forage may be watched by swineherds. Because of their foraging abilities and excellent sense of smell, they are used to find truffles in many European countries.

Species

The Pygmy Hog is now in the monotypic genus Porcula again.[16]

Domestic pigs

Swedish pigfarmer with piglet. Early 20th century
Pigs have been domesticated since ancient times in the Old World. .Archeological evidence suggests that pigs were being managed in the wild in a way similar to the way they are managed by some modern New Guineans from wild boar as early as 13,000–12,700 BP in the Near East in the Tigris Basin.^ Nitrous oxide constricts epicardial coronary arteries in pigs: evidence suggesting inhibitory effects on the endothelium.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[17] .Remains of pigs have been dated to earlier than 11,400 BP in Cyprus that must have been introduced from the mainland which suggests domestication in the adjacent mainland by then.^ Domestic farm breeds have larger litters, usually of 8-12 pigs, than miniature pigs which typically have litters of 4-6.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[18] A separate domestication also occurred in China.[19].
Pigs were brought to southeastern North America from Europe by Hernando de Soto and other early Spanish explorers. Pigs are particularly valued in China and on certain oceanic islands, where their self-sufficiency allows them to be turned loose, although the practice is not without its drawbacks (see Environmental impact).
The domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) is usually given the scientific name Sus scrofa, although some authors call it S. domesticus, reserving S. scrofa for the wild boar. It was domesticated approximately 5,000 to 7,000 years ago. Their coats are coarse and bristly. They are born brownish colored and tend to turn more grayish colored with age. The upper canines form sharp distinctive tusks that curve outward and upward. Compared to other artiodactyles, their head is relatively long, pointed, and free of warts. .Their head and body length ranges from 900-1,800 mm and can weigh 50-350 kg.^ Domestic breeds typically reach 100 kg by 4 months of age and miniature breeds typically range from 25-50 kg at the same age.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Pigs are intelligent and can be trained to perform numerous simple tasks and tricks. .Recently, they have enjoyed a measure of popularity as house pets, particularly the dwarf breeds.^ We had a conversation with a trucking company recently and they spoke of measures that they have put in place to reduce fuel consumption.

^ Into the Wild Rex Rabbit: Guide to the Standard Rex and the Mini Rex The Rex Rabbit is quite a common and popular rabbit breed for pet keepers.

^ They are slow to develop and for this reason shark population numbers have been decreasing rapidly due to the recent popularity of shark fin soup.
  • FISH, a quick course on Ichthyology 27 January 2010 23:53 UTC www.marinebiology.org [Source type: Original source]

Cultural references to pigs

Pigs are frequently referenced in culture and are a popular topic for idioms and famous quotes.

Pigs in religion

Painting of Saint Anthony with pig in background by Piero di Cosimo c. 1480
  • In Nordic Mythology, Gullinbursti ("Gold-Bristle" or "Gold-Mane") was Freyr's golden boar, created by the dwarves Brokk and Sindri as part of a challenge. His shining fur is said to fill the sky, trees, and sea with light.
  • In ancient Egypt pigs were associated with Set, the rival to the sun god Horus. When Set fell into disfavor with the Egyptians, swineherds were forbidden to enter temples. According to Herodotus, swineherds were a kind of separate sect or caste, which only married among themselves. .Egyptians regarded pigs as unworthy sacrifices to their gods other than the Moon and Dionysus, to whom pigs were offered on the day of the full Moon.^ The kidneys of the pig are more like humans in anatomy and function than most other species of animals.
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    .Herodotus states that, though he knew the reason why Egyptians abominated swine at their other feasts but they sacrificed them at this one; however, it was to him "not a seemly one for me to tell".[20]
  • In Hinduism the god Vishnu took the form of a boar varaha in order to save the Earth from a demon who had dragged it to the bottom of the sea.
  • In ancient Greece, a sow was an appropriate sacrifice to Demeter and had been her favorite animal since she had been the Great Goddess of archaic times.^ Swine can not replace all other large animal models in biomedical research, however, they are at least as similar to humans for many types of studies which use species such as ruminants and dogs.
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ They also develop pressure overload hypertrophy following banding of the great vessels of the heart like other species (Swindle, 1998) .
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ However, blood vessels and the atria in swine tend to be more friable than other species, especially in neonates.
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    .Initiates at the Eleusinian Mysteries began by sacrificing a pig.
  • The pig is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.^ NETVET Swine Links http://netvet.wustl.edu/pigs.htm    Veterinary and animal related.
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    Believers in Chinese astrology associate each animal with certain personality traits (see: Pig (zodiac)).
  • In keeping with Leviticus 11:7, the dietary laws of Judaism (Kashrut, adj. .Kosher) forbid, among other kinds of meat, the eating of pork in any form, considering the pig to be an unclean animal (see taboo food and drink).^ The kidneys of the pig are more like humans in anatomy and function than most other species of animals.
    • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    From the strict reading to the relevant Torah passage, pork is as forbidden as the flesh of any other unclean animal, no more and no less; in practice, however, abhorrence of pork is far stronger and emotional in traditional Jewish culture than that of other forbidden foods.
  • The eating of pork is also prohibited in Islam (see Haraam), among Seventh-day Adventists and some other Christian denominations.
  • In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and other older Christian groups, pigs are associated with Saint Anthony the Great, the patron saint of swineherds.
  • In Haitian Vodou, Ezili Dantor, the lwa of motherhood, is associated with the black Creole Pig of Haiti, her favorite animal sacrifice.

Environmental impacts

.Domestic pigs that have escaped from farms or were allowed to forage in the wild, and in some cases wild boars which were introduced as prey for hunting, have given rise to large populations of feral pigs in North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, and other areas where pigs are not native.^ Domestic farm breeds have larger litters, usually of 8-12 pigs, than miniature pigs which typically have litters of 4-6.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ In: Manipulating Pig Production VII , proceedings of the seventh Biennial Conference of the Australasian Pig Science Association (APSA), Adelaide, South Australia, pp.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Accidental or deliberate releases of pigs into countries or environments where they are an alien species have caused extensive environmental change. Their omnivorous diet, aggressive behaviour, and their feeding method of rooting in the ground all combine to severely alter ecosystems unused to pigs. .Pigs will even eat small animals and destroy nests of ground nesting birds.^ Like a cat's whiskers, a pig's snout provides the animal with heightened senses to navigate and interact with the environment, and is especially designed for rooting in the ground in search of food.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The wild hogs prey on ground-nesting birds and small mammals and compete for food with native animals.
  • N.J. clears feral-pig hunt in southern Gloucester County - NJ.com 16 September 2009 22:53 UTC www.nj.com [Source type: General]

^ Highly social animals, pigs live in small, matriarchal groups, known as sounders, usually comprised of 2-6 sows and their young.
  • Pigs: The Underestimated Animal | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: Academic]

[4] The Invasive Species Specialist Group lists feral pigs on the list of the world's 100 worst invasive species and says:[21]
Feral pigs (razorbacks) in Florida
.Feral pigs like other introduced mammals are major drivers of extinction and ecosystem change.^ There is likely to be a genetic component and other dietary, behavioral and hormonal factors also play a major part.
  • Calcium 10 February 2010 12:52 UTC jctonic.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The kidneys of the pig are more like humans in anatomy and function than most other species of animals.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.They have been introduced into many parts of the world, and will damage crops and home gardens as well as potentially spreading disease.^ Although virtually eliminated in North America and Western Europe because milk is fortified with vitamin D, it still occurs in many parts of the world.

^ Speaking in 4 languages, Pope Benedict XVI stepped into his place in history, on Sunday, for all the world to greet him and wish him well.
  • Sugar Bush Squirrel - International Superstar - Supermodel & Military Hero 13 January 2010 17:21 UTC www.sugarbushsquirrel.com [Source type: General]

^ These recommendations are prudent measures which can limit the spread of many communicable diseases, including influenza.
  • Swine Flu Updates - Travel Guard. More than travel insurance 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC travelguard.com [Source type: News]

.They uproot large areas of land, eliminating native vegetation and spreading weeds.^ They have high radon emanation due to large surface area, and high permeability due to cracking when dry.

.This results in habitat alteration, a change in plant succession and composition and a decrease in native fauna dependent on the original habitat.^ The process includes restoring the land to its approximate original appearance by restoring topsoil and planting native grasses and ground covers.

^ Other investigators have been unable to confirm these initial results of chromium supplementation on changes in body composition.
  • Magnesium, zinc, and chromium nutriture and physical activity -- Lukaski 72 (2): 585S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Plants actually have the ability to decrease the toxicity of compounds by changing their biochemical forms [13].
  • Calcium 10 February 2010 12:52 UTC goldrust.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Health issues

.Pigs harbour a range of parasites and diseases that can be transmitted to humans.^ Serum and intestinal isotype antibody responses and correlates of protective immunity to human rotavirus in a gnotobiotic pig model of disease.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

These include trichinosis, Taenia solium, cysticercosis, and brucellosis. Pigs are also known to host large concentrations of parasitic ascarid worms in their digestive tract.[22] The presence of these diseases and parasites is one of the reasons why pork meat should always be well cooked or cured before eating. Some religious groups that consider pork unclean refer to these issues as support for their views.[23]
Pigs are susceptible to bronchitis and pneumonia. .They have small lungs in relation to body size; for this reason, bronchitis or pneumonia can kill a pig quickly.^ Lung mechanics with relation to pulmonary haemodynamics, gas exchange and extravascular lung water in mechanically ventilated endotoxaemic pigs.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[24] .There is concern that pigs may allow animal viruses such as influenza or Ebola Reston to infect humans more easily.^ The spontaneously hypercholesterolemic pig as an animal model of human hypercholesterolemia.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Conduction system rates decrease as the animal matures, but in general are more rapid than for humans of equivalent maturity (Gardner & Johnson, 1988) ; (Stanton & Mersmann, 1986) .
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The kidneys of the pig are more like humans in anatomy and function than most other species of animals.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Some strains of influenza are endemic in pigs (see Swine influenza), and pigs also can acquire human influenza.^ Bronchoalveolar interferon-alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, and inflammation during acute influenza in pigs: a possible model for humans?
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Pigs can be aggressive and pig-induced injuries are relatively common in areas where pigs are reared or where they form part of the wild or feral fauna.^ The time course of cardioprotection induced by GR79236, a selective adenosine A1-receptor agonist, in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury in the pig.
  • "Information resources on swine in biomedical research " 2 February 2010 16:45 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ Production, Supply and Distribution Online Query, United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service
  2. ^ Swine Summary Selected Countries, United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, (total number is Production (Pig Crop) plus Total Beginning Stocks
  3. ^ Feral Pig / Hog / Pig / Wild Boar Hunting
  4. ^ a b c d ADW: Sus scrofa: Information
  5. ^ a b Pigs (2006)
  6. ^ Managing Heat Stress In Outdoor Pigs
  7. ^ Huet, 1888
  8. ^ Müller, 1838
  9. ^ Heude, 1892
  10. ^ Heude, 1888
  11. ^ Müller & Schlegel, 1843
  12. ^ Groves, 1997
  13. ^ Nehring, 1886
  14. ^ a b Linnaeus, 1758
  15. ^ Müller, 1840
  16. ^ Funk, Stephan M., Sunil Kumar Verma, Greger Larson, Kasturi Prasad, Lalji Singh, Goutam Narayan and John E. Fa (2007). The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 45, Pages 427-436
  17. ^ Rosenberg M, Nesbitt R, Redding RW, Peasnall BL (1998). Hallan Cemi, pig husbandry, and post-Pleistocene adaptations along the Taurus-Zagros Arc (Turkey). Paleorient, 24(1):25–41.
  18. ^ Vigne JD, Zazzo A, Saliège JF, Poplin F, Guilaine J, Simmons A. (2009). Pre-Neolithic wild boar management and introduction to Cyprus more than 11,400 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 106:16135–16138. PMID 19706455 doi:10.1073/pnas.0905015106
  19. ^ Giuffra E, Kijas JM, Amarger V, Carlborg O, Jeon JT, Andersson L. (200). The origin of the domestic pig: independent domestication and subsequent introgression. Genetics. 154(4):1785-91. PMID 10747069
  20. ^ Sacrifice Goats, female or male.
  21. ^ Ecology of Sus scrofa, Global Invasive Species Database, The Invasive Species Specialist Group
  22. ^ Pig Health
  23. ^ Marie Parsons. "Pigs in Ancient Egypt"
  24. ^ Pros and Cons of Potbellied Pigs
  25. ^ McClung, Robert M., "The New Book of Knowledge: Pigs"

External links


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Bible wiki

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From BibleWiki

(Heb. hazir), regarded as the most unclean and the most abhorred of all animals (Lev 11:7; Isa 65:4; 66:3, 17; Lk 15:15, 16). A herd of swine were drowned in the Sea of Galilee (Lk 8:32, 33). Spoken of figuratively in Mt 7:6 (see Prov 11:22). It is frequently mentioned as a wild animal, and is evidently the wild boar (Arab. khanzir), which is common among the marshes of the Jordan valley (Ps 8013).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Pig, which are similar to those in the above article.








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