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Swiss Brazilian
Suíço Brasileiro
Total population
500,000
Regions with significant populations
Brazil:

Mainly Southeastern Brazil

Languages

Portuguese, German, French, Italian

Religion

Christianity (mostly Protestantism and Roman Catholic)

Related ethnic groups

Other White Brazilian (especially German Brazilians, Austrian Brazilians, French Brazilians and Italian Brazilians), Swiss people

Swiss Brazilian (Portuguese: Suíço Brasileiro) is a Brazilian person of full, partial, or predominantly Swiss ancestry, or a Swiss-born person residing in Brazil.

In 1818, King John VI of Portugal, then resident in Rio de Janeiro, authorized the entry into Brazil of Swiss immigrants from the state (canton) of Fribourg (Switzerland). The parish was given the name of "São João Batista de Nova Friburgo" (Saint John the Baptist of New Fribourg) and was founded in 1820.

Contents

History

The history of Swiss immigration to Brazil began with the foundation of the colony of Nova Friburgo[1] in 1819. Nova Friburgo was the first colonial company contracted by the Portuguese government. The immigrant colonists wrote letters for publication in Swiss newspapers of the period, and these documents reveal the migrants' perceptions, information and expectations.

In July 4, 1819 depart from Estavayer-le-Lac, Lake Neuchatel, 1088 Swiss, included 830 of the Canton of Fribourg, presents Jean-Claude Marchon, his wife Marie Prostasie Chavannaz Marchon, his brother Antoine Marchon and fiancee Marieanne Elizabeth Clerc, to Basle, the meeting point of the Swiss Transmigration for Brasil. And then 2006 Swiss, by the Rhein River, go to Holland and after a lot of peripetia they depart from St. Gravendeel, near Dordrecht, in the Daphne, for the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, in September 11.

Swiss immigrants in Rio de Janeiro's Mountains.

Their arrival in Rio de Janeiro was in November 4, spenting 55 days, a very good time for the epoch. And, finally, they arrive in Morro-Quiemado (Burnt Mount) in November 15, 1819 – about 12000 kilometers in 105 days, approximately 114 kilometers a day.

In Morro-Queimado, in the forested mountains, about 140 kilometers from Rio, now three big farms, acquired by the King João VI, of Brazil, Portugal and Algarves, for the stablishment of the Swiss Transmigration and the Foundation of a new city – Nova Friburgo (New Fribourg). And the Marchons became the Founders of Nova Friburgo and Marie Prostasie - the first Marchon to die in the New World, dies of complications post-partum the day following the birth of the first woman Marchon in Brasil, in September, 4, 1821, Marie Rosaline Marchon. About 20 years after, Marie Rosalyne married with Swiss Henri Monnerat, son of Swiss immigrants François Xavier Monnerat and Elizabeth Köhler Monnerat and leaves a prolific and important descent.

Notable Swiss Brazilians

See also

References

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