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Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures: Wikis

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The synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of Prehistory outside the Americas, Antarctica, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles.

Table

The Principal prehistoric cultures of the Old World
Prehistoric Europe
History of Africa & African archaeology
Near Eastern archaeology
& History of Asia
Period & Climate Western Europe Central Europe
and Eastern Europe
North Africa,
West Africa and Sahara
Central Africa,
South and East Africa
Middle East South Asia, and
Central Asia
East Asia and South-East Asia
From the year 1000



Medieval Iron Age of the
Chad Basin
1000



Opening of the Middle Ages

End of Antiquity
Iron Age


Iron Age in Niger, Roman Empire
Iron Age in Kenya, Uganda
Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe



Roman Empire
1



Iron Age Iron Age Nigeria, Great Lakes First cultivators
of the equatorial forest and settled agriculture in Southern Africa
Empire of Alexander
Persian Empire
Phoenicians
Mauryan Empire (India)
Steppe Scythians
Chinese Iron Age
Chinese
Zhou period
3000 Before Present (BP)




Bronze Age

Bronze Age
Myceneans
Copper Age in Niger


development of agriculture
in East Africa and Central Africa


Hittites
Assyrians
development of
Indian Iron Age pastoralism in India
Bactrian towns
Chinese Bronze Age
Chinese
Shang period
4000 BP




Bell beaker
Chalcolithic
corded ceramic


domestication of the horse
Neolithic of Tichit

Tenerean

Akkad Empire
Sumerian Kingdom
Indus Valley civilisation

writing
Chinese Neolithic
of Longshan
5000 BP





enclosed villages

first megaliths


Chalcolithic
of Central Europe
Beginning of the Hunter-gatherer art
of South Africa
Bronze Age
6000 BP







Lower Neolithic

Danubian Neolithic

Mediterranean
and Egyptian
Neolithic
Beginning of Neolithic in East Africa
Chalcolithic
(copper metallurgy)


Neolithic
of Iran
Neolithic
of Yang-Shao
rice-growing (?)
7000 BP




Cardial and Linear Pottery
(agriculture, stock-rearing, Pottery)

Tardenoisian
cultures
Starčevo and Vinča culture

agriculture, stock-rearing (pigs, bovine, sheep)
Neolithic of the Sahara/Sahel

irrigated agriculture ceramic Cyprus




irrigation
cultivation of millet
pig rearing
8000 BP







Sauveterrian cultures
(gathering of legumes)
Neolithic in Greece
and the Eastern Mediterranean
Sesklo and Choirokoitia



ceramic
Neolithic with ceramic
raising
sheep & goats
end of pre-ceramic B aceramic Cyprus
pre-ceramic of Iran
Afghanistan and
Baluchistan
Neolithic of northern China

9000 BP







Backed point
culture
Wiltonian Pre-ceramic B
Pre-ceramic A
Neolithic in Turkey
(wheat, barley)
hunter gatherers
of Jōmon (ancient Japan)
10,000 BP





Azilian

and Asiloid cultures
Capsian Goats domestication Zagros in Iran

First towns Near East at Aşıklı Höyük and Jericho
Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia
11,000 BP







late Gravettian
late Gravettian plains
complex (Mezine
Kostienki)

Magosian


Natufian


Khandivili

12,000 BP Holocene began
glacial ended (12,000 BP)

glacial at its coldest (20,000 BP)
Magdalenian
Solutrean
Epigravettian


Epigravettian

Ibero-maurusian

Sebilian
Lupemban culture



Kebarian
Athlitian

pre-Jōmon ceramic (Japan) Paleo-Siberian hunters move to North America (one possible timing)
20,000 BP






Gravettian

Aurignacian (art)


Pavlovian

Aurignacian (art)


Aurignacian (art)
Sơn Vi culture (northern Vietnam)
30,000 BP






Châtelperronian


Szeletian



Aterian


Stillbay






Angara culture


Sen-Doki
40,000 BP




Emirian


50,000 BP



Mousterian
(earliest graves)



Mousterian




Mousterian



Fauresmithian


Mousterian

Mousterian




Soanian



Ngandong
culture
80,000 BP



latest glacial began (95,000 BP)



Micoquien



Micoquien
Mousteroid





Ordos
culture

100,000 BP


glacial ended (130,000 BP)



Upper Acheulean




Upper Acheulean



Sangoan






Acheulean

Soanian


Fen Culture
200,000 BP
glacial began (350,000 BP)




Tayacian





Acheulean





Acheulean






Acheulean

300,000 BP





middle Acheulean



Clactonian

middle Acheulean







Pre-Soanian
500,000 BP




Lower Acheulean




worked pebbles
Lower Acheulean




worked pebbles




Lower Acheulean
Padjitanian




1,000,000 BP




worked pebbles




worked pebbles






worked pebbles


lower Acheulean


Oldowan


worked pebbles


2,000,000 BP


See also

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