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For other meanings, see Szczecin (disambiguation) and Stettin (disambiguation).
Szczecin
Oder River in Szczecin

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Floating Garden
Motto: "Szczecin jest otwarty"
("Stettin is open")
Szczecin is located in Poland
Szczecin
Coordinates: 53°25′N 14°35′E / 53.417°N 14.583°E / 53.417; 14.583
Country  Poland
Voivodeship West Pomeranian
County city county
Established 8th century
Town rights 1243
Government
 - Mayor Piotr Krzystek
Area
 - City 301 km2 (116.2 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - City 406,427
 Density 1,350.3/km2 (3,497.1/sq mi)
 Metro 777,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code PL-70-017
to 71-871
Area code(s) +48 91
Car plates ZS
Website http://www.szczecin.pl

Szczecin [ˈʂt​͡ʂɛt​͡ɕin] ( listen) (German: Stettin English: Stettin [ʃtɛˈtiːn] (Ltspkr.png listen); Kashubian: Sztetëno [ʂtɛˈtənɔ]; Latin: Stetinum, Sedinum) - is the capital city of West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. It is the country's seventh-largest city and the largest seaport in Poland on the Baltic Sea. As of the 2005 census the city had a total population of 420,638. In June 2009 its population was 406,427.

Stettin is located on the Oder River, south of the Lagoon of Szczecin and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of Oder and on several large islands between western and eastern branch of the river. Stettin borders with town of Police, seat of the Police County, situated at an estuary of the Oder River.

The city evolved from an early medieval Pomeranian stronghold, which in 1243 was merged with two adjacent German settlements, creating the present-day Old Town. At the site of the former stronghold, a castle was built as a residence of the Griffin dukes, who ruled the Duchy of Pomerania until 1637. In addition to the castle, the Brick Gothic churches were built in the medieval era. These landmarks still dominate the skyline and can be assessed via the European Route of Brick Gothic. Four important treaties were concluded in the town, the Treaty of Stettin (1570) ending the Northern Seven Years' War, the Treaty of Stettin (1630) settling the conditions of Swedish occupation of the Duchy of Pomerania during the Thirty Years' War, the Treaty of Stettin (1653) settling the border between Brandenburg-Prussian and Swedish Pomerania after the war, and Frederick I of Prussia and George I of Great Britain concluded an alliance in the Treaty of Stettin (1715) during the Great Northern War.

Stettin remained with Sweden until the Treaty of Stockholm (1720), when it was integrated into the Brandenburg-Prussian part of Pomerania. From 1815 to 1945, the city was the capital of both the reorganized Prussian Province of Pomerania and of its central government region. Stettin became the largest and most industrial city of the province, and the surrounding towns and villages were subsequently amalgamated. After the Second World War, the city was annexed by Poland, and its inhabitants fled or were forcibly expelled. Subsequently, the devastated town was rebuilt by Polish settlers. Szczecin became the capital of the Szczecin Voivodeship, which in 1999 was merged into the West Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Contents

Name and its etymology

City Hall
Tram in Szczecin

The name of Szczecin, its neighbourhood locations and oldest districts is considered to be of Slavic origins, however the exact word upon which it is based on is subject of ongoing research[1]

Spelling variants in medieval sources include:

Other medieval names are:

These names, literally "brush burgh", most possibly are derived from the translation of the city's Slavic name.[4]

Maria Malec in Etymological dictionary of geographical names of Poland has counted 11 distinct theories regarding the origin of the name, that may be derived from

Historian Marian Gumowski (1881–1974) argued, based on his studies of early city stamps and seals, that the earliest name of the town was, in modern Polish spelling, Szczycin.[6][7]

In Latin language, the city is referred to as Stetinum.

In 1310, Wartislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania founded the city of Neustettin ("New Stettin", now Szczecinek). For distinction, the town was called Alten Stettin, Alten-Stettin or Altenstettin[8] ("Old Stettin", Polish: Stary Szczecin).

History

Middle Ages

Alten Stettin, 1575
The Old Town Hall, now the city's history museum
The Old Town was rebuilt in the late 1990s, consisting of new buildings, some of which were reconstructions of buildings destroyed in WWII

The history of Szczecin began in the 8th century, when West Slavs settled Pomerania and erected a stronghold on the site of the modern castle.[9] Since the 9th century, the stronghold was fortified and expanded toward the Oder bank.[9] Mieszko I of Poland and Piast rulers took control of parts of Pomerania between the 960s and 1005, but not of the lower Oder region.[10][11] Subsequent Polish rulers, the Holy Roman Empire and the Liutician federation aimed at control of the territory.[1]

After the decline of neighboring regional center Wolin in the 12th century, the settlement became one of the more important and powerful seaports of the Baltic Sea south coasts.

In a campaign in the winter of 11211122,[12] Bolesław III Wrymouth, the Duke of Poland, gained control of the region and the stronghold.[1][13][14][15][16][17]

The inhabitants were converted to Christianity[1] by two missions of bishop Otto of Bamberg in 1124 and 1128.[18] At this time, the first Christian church of St. Peter and Paul was erected. Polish minted coins were commonly used in trade in this period.[1]

Polish superiority ended with Boleslaw's death in 1138.[19] During the Wendish Crusade in 1147, a contingent led by the German margrave Albert the Bear, an enemy of Slavic presence in the region,[1] papal legat Anselm of Havelberg and bishop Konrad of Meißen sieged the town.[20][21][22][23] There, a Polish contingent supplied by Mieszko III the Old[24][25] joined the crusaders.[20][21] However the citizens had placed crosses around the fortifications,[26] indicating they already had been Christianized.[1][27] Ratibor I, Duke of Pomerania, negotiated the disbandement of the crusading forces.[20][21][28]

After the Battle of Verchen in 1164, Stettin duke Bogislaw I became a vassal of the Saxony's Henry the Lion.[29] In 1173, Stettin castellan Wartislaw II could not resist a Danish attack and became vassal of Denmark.[29] In 1181, duke Bogislaw I of Stettin became a vassal of the Holy Roman Empire.[30] In 1185, the dukes were again vassals of Denmark.[30] The burgh was manned with a Danish force and reconstructed in 1190.[31] The empire restored her superiority in the Battle of Bornhöved in 1227.[30]

In the second half of the 12th century, a group of German tradesmen ("multus populus Teutonicorum"[32] from various parts of the Holy Roman Empire) settled in the city around St. Jacob's Church, which was donated in 1180[32] by Beringer, a trader from Bamberg, and consecrated in 1187.[32][33] Hohenkrug (now in Szczecin-Struga) was the first village in the Duchy of Pomerania clearly recorded as German (villa teutonicorum) in 1173.[34] German settlement (Ostsiedlung) accelerated in Pomerania during the 13th century.[35] Duke Barnim of Pomerania granted a local government charter to this community in 1237, separating the German settlement from the Slavic community settled around the St. Nicholas Church in the neighborhood of Kessin (Polish: Chyzin). In the charter, the Slavs were put under German jurisdiction.[36]

When Barnim granted Stettin Magdeburg Law in 1243, the old Slavic settlement with its burgh was included within the city limits, which is exceptional for Pomeranian towns usually not comprising former Slavic settlements or burghs, though sometimes founded in close proximity.[37] The former Slavic settlement was dissolved when, after the town was placed under German town law, the duke had to promise to level the burgh in 1249.[38] Most Slavic inhabitants were resettled to two new suburbia (German: Wieken) north and south of the town.[39] Last records of Slavs in Stettin are from the 14th century, when a Slavic bath (1350) and bakery are recorded, and within the walls, Slavs lived in a street named Schulzenstrasse.[40] By the end of the century, the remaining Slavs had been assimilated.[41]

In 1249, Barnim granted town law also the town of Damm (also Altdamm) on the eastern bank of the Oder,[42][43] which only on 15 October 1939 was merged to neighboring Stettin and is now the Szczecin-Dąbie neighborhood.[44] This town had been built on the site of a former Pomeranian burg, "Vadam" or "Dambe", which Boleslaw had destroyed during his 1121 campaign.[43]

Stettin joined the Hanseatic League in 1278. The anti-Slavic policies of German merchants and craftsmen intensified in this period, resulting in bans on people of Slavic descent joining craft guilds, or even bans against public usage of native Slavic language.[1] In Szczecin, richer Slavic citizens were forcefully stripped of their possessions which were awarded to Germans.[1]

While not as heavily affected by medieval witchhunts as other regions of the empire, there are reports of the burning of three women and one man convicted of witchcraft in 1538.[45]

Modern Age

The town's fortifications as seen in 1642
Harbour as seen in 1900
Sedina Monument (1899-1913)

In 1570, during the reign of Pomeranian duke Johann Friedrich, a congress was held at Stettin ending the Northern Seven Years' War. During the war, Stettin had tended to side with Denmark, while Stralsund tended toward Sweden - as a whole, the Duchy of Pomerania however tried to maintain neutrality.[46] Nevertheless, a Landtag that had met in Stettin in 1563 introduced a sixfold rise of real estate taxes to finance the raising of a mercenary army for the duchy's defense.[46] Johann Friedrich also succeeded in elevating Stettin to one of only three places allowed to coin money in the Upper Saxon Circle of the Holy Roman Empire, the other two places were Leipzig and Berlin.[47]

The early deaths of several Pomeranian dukes in the beginning 17th century gave rise to superstitions, resulting in the witch trial and conviction of 72-year old noble Sidonia von Borcke in 1620.[48][49] She was decapitated and her body burned in Stettin, outside the mill gate. Bogislaw XIV, who resided in Stettin since 1620, became the sole, and last Griffin duke when Philipp Julius died in 1625. Before the Thirty Years' War reached Pomerania, Stettin as all of the duchy declined economically due to the sinking importance of the Hanseatic League and a conflict between Stettin and Frankfurt (Oder).[49]

Since the Treaty of Stettin of 1630, the town along with most of Pomerania was allied to and occupied by the Swedish Empire, who managed to keep the western parts of Pomerania after the death of Bogislaw XIV in 1637 and the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, despite the protests of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg, who had a legal claim to inherit all of Pomerania. The exact partition of Pomerania between Sweden and Brandenburg was settled in Stettin in 1653. In 1720, after the Great Northern War, the Swedes were forced to cede the city to King Frederick William I of Prussia. Stettin developed into a major Prussian city and became part of the Prussian-led German Empire in 1871.

The Polish population numbered 3,000 people,[1] including a few wealthy industrialists and merchants, before World War I. Among them was Kazimierz Pruszak, director of industrial works Gollnow, and a Polish patriot who predicted eventual return of Szczecin to Poland.[1]

In 1935 the German Wehrmacht made Stettin the headquarters for Wehrkreis II, which controlled the military units in all of Mecklenburg and Pomerania. It was also the Area Headquarters for units stationed at Stettin I and II; Swinemünde; Greifswald; and Stralsund.

In 1939 Stettin had about 400,000 inhabitants, the surrounding villages were included into "Groß-Stettin". It was Germany's third-biggest seaport (after Hamburg and Bremen) and was of great importance for the supply and trade of Berlin. Cars of the Stoewer automobile company were produced in Stettin from 1899 - 1945.

In the interwar period the Polish presence fell from 3,000 people to 2,000 people.[1] Nevertheless the Polish minority remained active despite repressions.[1][50] A number of Poles were members of Union of Poles in Germany, a Polish scouts team was established.[1] Additionally a Polish school was created where Polish language was taught. Repressions, intensified especially after Adolf Hitler came to power led to closing of the school.[1] Members of Polish community who took part in cultural and political activities were persecuted and even murdered. In 1938 the head of Szczecin’s Union of Poles unit Stanisław Borkowski was imprisoned in Oranienburg.[1] In 1939 all Polish organisations in Szczecin were disbanded by German authorities and during the war teachers from Polish school, Golisz and Omieczyński murdered.[1]

During the 1939 invasion of Poland, which started World War II in Europe, Stettin was the base for the German 2nd Motorized Infantry Division, which cut across the Polish Corridor.

As the war started the number of non-Germans in the city increased as slave workers were brought in. The first transports came in 1939 from Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Łódż. They were mainly used in synthetic silk factory near Szczecin.[1] Next wave of slave workers was brought in 1940 in addition to PoWs who were used to work in agricultural industry.[1] According to German police reports from 1940 the Polish population in the city reached 15,000 people, while 25,000 foreigners were registered in general.[1]

In February 1940, the Jews of Stettin were deported to the Lublin reservation. International press reports emerged writing how the Nazis forced Jews regardless of age, condition and gender to sign away all property-including wedding rings-and loaded on trains escorted by SA and SS. Due to publicity of the event, German institutions ordered such actions in the future to be made in a way not arousing public notice.[51]

During the war 135 work camps for slave workers were established in the city. Most of the slave workers were Poles, besides them Czechs, Italians, Frenchmen and Belgians as well Dutch were served in the camps.[1]

Allied air raids in 1944 and heavy fighting between the German and Soviet armies destroyed 65% of Stettin's buildings and almost all of the city centre, seaport and industries. In April 1945 the authorities of the city issued an order of evacuation and most of the city’s German population fled.

post-World War II

The town center in 1945.
Monument to Polish Endeavor (Pomnik Czynu Polaków, Szczecin), dedicated to three Generations of Poles in Zachodniopomorskie: the pre-war Poles in Szczecin, the Poles who rebuilt the city after World War II and the modern generation
Oder River and Wały Chrobrego

The Soviet Red Army captured the city on 26 April 1945. Many of the city's inhabitants fled before its capture, and Stettin was virtually deserted when it fell, with only 6,000 Germans in the city when Polish authorities took control.[1] In the following month the Polish administration was forced to leave again twice. Finally the permanent handover occurred on 5 July 1945.[52] In the meantime part of the German population had returned, believing it might become part of the Soviet occupation zone of Germany[53] and the Soviet authorities had already appointed the German Communists Erich Spiegel and Erich Wiesner as mayors.[54] Stettin is located mostly west of the Oder river, which was considered to become Poland's new border. Because of the returnees, the German population of the town swelled to 84,000 again.[53] The mortality rate was at 20%, primarily due to starvation.[55] However, Stettin and the mouth of the Oder River (German: Stettiner Zipfel), also became Polish as already stated in Treaty signed on 26 VII 1944 between Soviet Union and PKWN and confirmed during Potsdam Conference.[1] On 4 October 1945, the decisive land border of Poland was laid out west of the 1945 line,[1][56] but excluded the Police (Pölitz) area, the Oder river itself and the Szczecin port, which remained under Soviet administration.[56] The Oder river was handed over to Polish administration in September 1946, and the port was subsequently handed over between February 1946 and May 1954.[56]

The Polish authorities were led by Piotr Zaremba.[55] He wrote: "The Poles rule in Germany, and the Germans duck".[55] Many remaining Germans were forced to work in Soviet military camps that were outside of Polish jurisdiction. In Stettin-Scheune, a transit camp for German expellees was set up, infamous for looting and rapes.[57]

In 1945 the Polish community in Stettin consisted of forced labourers from the General government. Contemporary to the expulsion of the German population, Stettin was resettled with Poles. Additional Poles were moved to the city from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union. This settlement process was coordinated by the city of Poznań, and Stettin's name was restored to the Polish name Szczecin. The town was then used in 1946 as the northern end for what Winston Churchill called the iron curtain. In 1947, after Operation Vistula, a significant number of Ukrainians came to Szczecin, having been forced by the Communist government to leave eastern Poland.

The new citizens of Szczecin rebuilt and extended the city's industry and industrial areas, as well as its cultural heritage, although efforts were hampered by the authorities of Communist Poland. Szczecin became a major Polish industrial centre and an important seaport (particularly for Silesian coal) for both Poland, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany. The city witnessed anti-communist revolts in 1970 and 1980 and participated in the growth of the Solidarity movement during the 1980s. Since 1999 Szczecin has been the capital of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Historical population

  • 12th century: 5,000 inhabitants
  • 1709: 6,000 inhabitants[58]
  • 1711: 4,000 inhabitants (Black Death)[58]
  • 1720: 6,000 inhabitants
  • 1740: 12,300 inhabitants
  • 1816: 21,500 inhabitants
  • 1816: 26,000 inhabitants[59]
  • 1843: 37,100 inhabitants
  • 1861: 58,500 inhabitants
  • 1872: 76,000 inhabitants
  • 1875: 80,972 inhabitants[60]
  • 1890: 116,228 inhabitants[60][61]
  • 1900: 210,680 inhabitants (including amalgated suburbs)[61]
  • 1910: 236,113 inhabitants[60][61]
  • 1939: 382,000 inhabitants
  • 1945: 260,000 inhabitants (majority of the German population fled the advancing Red Army or was later expelled)
  • 1950: 180,000 inhabitants (drop due to continuing expulsions of Germans; arrival of Polish and Jewish settlers, partially from the Polish territories annexed by the Soviet Union [62] as well as some Polish citizens of the Ukrainian descent;[63] see also "Recovered Territories", Repatriation of Poles (1944–1946), Operation Wisla)
  • 1960: 269,400 inhabitants
  • 1970: 338,000 inhabitants
  • 1975: 369,700 inhabitants
  • 1980: 388,300 inhabitants
  • 1990: 412.600 inhabitants
  • 1995: 418.156 inhabitants
  • 2000: 415,748 inhabitants
  • 2002: 415,117 inhabitants
  • 2003: 414,032 inhabitants
  • 2004: 411,900 inhabitants
  • 2005: 411,119 inhabitants
  • 2007: 407,811 inhabitants

Architecture and urban planning

Lotników Square
Jasne Błonia Square

Szczecin's architectural style is mainly influenced by those of the last half of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th century: Academic art and Art Nouveau. In many areas built after 1945, especially in the city centre, which had been destroyed due to Allied bombing, social realism is prevalent.

Urban planning of Szczecin is unusual. The first thing observed by a newcomer is abundance of green areas: parks and avenues – wide streets with trees planted in the island separating opposite traffic (where often tram tracks are laid); and roundabouts. Thus, Szczecin's city plan resembles that of Paris. This is because Szczecin was rebuilt in the 1880s according to a design by Georges-Eugène Haussmann, who had redesigned Paris under Napoléon III.

This course of designing streets in Szczecin is still used, as many recently built (or modified) city areas include roundabouts and avenues.

Within Szczecin's boundaries is part of the protected area called Szczecin Landscape Park in the forest of Puszcza Bukowa.

Municipal administration

The city is administratively divided into boroughs (Polish: dzielnica), which are further divided into smaller neighbourhoods. The governing bodies of the latter serve the role of auxiliary local government bodies called Neighborhood Councils (Polish: Rady Osiedla). Elections for Neighborhood Councils are held up to six months after each City Council elections. Attendance is rather low (on 20 May 2007 it ranged from 1.03% to 27.75% and was 3.78% on average). Councillors are responsible mostly for small infrastructure like trees, park benches, playgrounds, etc. Other functions are mostly advisory. Official list of districts

Dzielnica Śródmieście (City Centre) Centrum, Drzetowo-Grabowo, Łękno, Międzyodrze-Wyspa Pucka, Niebuszewo-Bolinko, Nowe Miasto, Stare Miasto, Śródmieście Północ, Śródmieście-Zachód, Turzyn.

Dzielnica Północ (North) Bukowo, Golęcino-Gocław, Niebuszewo, Skolwin, Stołczyn, Warszewo, Żelechowa.

Szczecin's boroughs

Dzielnica Zachód (West) Głębokie-Pilchowo, Gumieńce, Krzekowo-Bezrzecze, os.Arkońskie-Niemierzyn, Osów, Pogodno, Pomorzany, Świerczewo, os.Zawadzkiego-Klonowica.

Dzielnica Prawobrzeże (Right-Bank) Bukowe-Klęskowo, Dąbie, Majowe-Kijewo, Płonia-Śmierdnica-Jezierzyce, Podjuchy, os.Słoneczne, Wielgowo-Sławociesze, Załom, Zdroje, Żydowce-Klucz.

Other historical neighborhoods

Babin, Barnucin, Basen Górniczy, Błędów, Boleszyce, Bystrzyk, Cieszyce, Cieśnik, Dolina, Drzetowo, Dunikowo, Glinki, Grabowo, Jezierzyce, Kaliny, Kępa Barnicka, Kijewko, Kluczewko, Kłobucko, Kniewo, Kraśnica, Krzekoszów, Lotnisko, Łasztownia, Niemierzyn, Odolany, Oleszna, Podbórz, Port, os.Przyjaźni, Rogatka, Rudnik, Sienna, Skoki, Słowieńsko, Sosnówko, Starków, Stoki, Struga, Śmierdnica, os.Świerczewskie, Trzebusz, Urok, Widok, Zdunowo.

Members of European Parliament (MEPs) from Szczecin

Economy

PAZIM building
Szczecin Shipyard
The Tall Ships' Races 2007 & Days of the Sea

Szczecin has three shipyards (Stocznia Remontowa Gryfia, Stocznia Pomerania, Stocznia Szczecińska), of which one is the biggest in Poland (Stocznia Szczecińska, which five years ago went bankrupt and was reinstated). It has a fishing industry and a steel mill. It is served by Szczecin-Goleniów "Solidarność" Airport and by the Port of Szczecin, third biggest port of Poland. It is also home to several major companies. Among them is the major food producer Drobimex, Polish Steamship Company, producer of construction materials Komfort, Bosman brewery and Cefarm drug factory. It also houses several of the new business firms in the IT sector.

Transportation

There is a popular public transit system operating throughout Szczecin, including a bus network and electric trams, that is run by ZDiTM.

The A6 motorway (recently upgraded) serves as the southern bypass of the city, and connects to the German A11 autobahn (portions of which are currently undergoing upgrade), from where one can reach Berlin in about 90 minutes (about 150 km). Road connections with the rest of Poland are of lower quality (no motorways), though the Express Road S3 that is currently under construction will begin to improve the situation after its stretch from Szczecin to Gorzów Wielkopolski is opened around 2010. Construction of Express Roads S6 and S10 which are to run east from Szczecin has also started, though these roads will not be fully completed until about 2015.

Szczecin has good railway connections with the rest of Poland, but it is connected by only two single track, non-electrified lines with Germany to the west (high quality double-track lines were degraded after 1945). Because of this, the rail connection between Berlin and Szczecin is much slower and less convenient than one would expect between two European cities of that size and proximity.

Szczecin is served by Szczecin-Goleniów "Solidarność" Airport which is 45 km northeast of the city.

Culture

Major cultural events in Szczecin are:

  • Days of the Sea (Polish Dni Morza) held every June.
  • Street Artists' Festival (Polish Festiwal Artystów Ulicy) held every July.
  • Days of The Ukrainian Culture (Polish Dni Kultury Ukraińskiej) held every May.
  • Air show on Dabie airport held every May.

Museums

  • National Museum in Szczecin (Polish Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie) collects arts, old jewelry, military equipment. It has three branches:
    • Museum of the City of Szczecin (Polish Muzeum Miasta Szczecina).
    • Maritime Museum (Polish Muzeum Morskie).
    • Gallery of Contemporary Arts (Polish Galeria Sztuki Współczesnej).
  • Museum of the Szczecin Archidiocese (Polish Muzeum Archidiecezjalne w Szczecinie) collects sacral arts and historical documents.
    • EUREKA - the miracles of science. EUREKA

Arts and entertainment

The Pleciuga Puppetry Theatre (newly built)
  • Bismarck tower Szczecin
  • Kana Theatre (Polish Teatr Kana)
  • Modern Theatre (Polish Teatr Współczesny)
  • Opera in the Castle (Polish Opera na Zamku)
  • Polish Theatre (Polish Teatr Polski)
  • (ruins of) The Quistorp's Tower (Polish Wieża Quistorpa, German Quistorpturm)
  • The Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Szczecin (Polish Zamek Książąt Pomorskich w Szczecinie)
  • The Castle Cinema (Polish Kino Zamek)
  • The Cellar by the Vault Cabaret (Polish Kabaret Piwnica przy Krypcie)
  • The Crypt Theatre (Polish Teatr Krypta)
  • The Pleciuga Puppetry Theatre (Polish Teatr Lalek Pleciuga)

Education and science

The Rector Building of University of Szczecin
  • University of Szczecin (Polish Uniwersytet Szczeciński) with 35.000 students, rector Waldemar Tarczyński
  • West Pomeranian University of Technology (Polish: Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny)
  • Pomeranian Medical University (Polish Pomorska Akademia Medyczna)
  • Branch of Academy of Music in Poznań (Polish Akademia Muzyczna w Poznaniu)
  • Maritime University of Szczecin (Polish Akademia Morska w Szczecinie)
  • The West Pomeranian Business School (Polish Zachodniopomorska Szkoła Biznesu)
  • Higher School of Public Administration in Szczecin (Polish Wyższa Szkoła Administracji Publicznej w Szczecinie)
  • High Theological Seminary in Szczecin (Polish Arcybiskupie Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne w Szczecinie)
  • Higher School of Applied Arts (Polish Wyższa Szkoła Sztuki Użytkowej)
  • Academy of European Integration (Polish Wyższa Szkoła Integracji Europejskiej)
  • Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomiczno-Turystyczna
  • Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczna TWP
  • Wyższa Szkoła Języków Obcych
  • Wyższa Szkoła Techniczno-Ekonomiczna
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa- Collegium Balticum
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa "OECONOMICUS" PTE
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania

Scientific and regional organizations

  • Western Pomeranian Institute (Polish Instytut Zachodnio-Pomorski)
  • Szczecin Scientific Society (Polish Szczecińskie Towarzystwo Naukowe)

Sports

The Match of Pogoń Szczecin

There are many popular professional sports team in Szczecin area. The most popular sport today is probably football (thanks to Pogoń Szczecin just promoted to play in the 1st league in season 2004/2005). Amateur sports are played by thousands of Szczecin citizens and also in schools of all levels (elementary, secondary, university).

Professional teams

  • Pogoń Szczecin - football team (2nd league in season 2008/2009)
  • STK Wilki Morskie Szczecin - basketball team
  • Arkonia Szczecin - football team (5th league in season 2008/2009)
  • Pogoń II Szczecin - 2nd Pogoń football team (regional 6th league in season 2008/2009)
  • KS Stal Szczecin - 15 youth and junior teams, 1 senior, being in 4th regional league in season 2008/2009
  • Pogoń '04 Szczecin - futsal team (1st league of Polish futsal in season 2008/2009)
  • KS Piast Szczecin - women's volleyball team, (Seria A in season 2003/2004 and 2004/2005)
  • Pogoń Handball Szczecin - handball men and women teams playing in 2nd Polish Handball League
  • Wicher Warszewo - futsal team playing in Środowiskowa Liga Futsalu (Futsal League) - 2 regional Futsal League: 2nd place in 2006/2007 season - promotion in the first regional Futsal League
  • Husaria Szczecin - American football team playing in Polish American Football League

Amateur leagues

  • Halowa Amatorska Liga Pilkarska - Hall Amateur Football League [5]
  • Halowa Liga Pilki Noznej- Hall Football League
  • Szczecinska Liga Amatorskiej Koszykowki - Szczecin Amateur Basketball League [6]
  • Szczecinska Amatorska Liga Pilki Siatkowej - Szczecin Amateur Volleyball League [7] - women league, 1st, 2nd and 3rd men league
  • Elita Professional Sport - Elita Hall Football League [8] - 1st and 2nd league, futsal cup
  • Kaskada Szczecin Rugby Club - club rugby [9] - 7 and 15 league, rugby cup

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

The twin towns and sister cities of Szczecin are:

Famous residents

Before 1945

Manfred Stolpe, Prime minister of Brandenburg, born May 16, 1936

After 1945

Panorama

Szczecin harbour and Oder River panorama
Szczecin harbour and Oder River panorama

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Encyclopedia of Szczecin. Vol. I, A-O. Szczecin: University of Szczecin, 1999, ISBN 83-87341-45-2 (pl)
  • Encyclopedia of Szczecin. Vol. II, P-Ż. Szczecin: University of Szczecin, 2000, ISBN 83-7241-089-5 (pl)
  • Jan M. Piskorski, Bogdan Wachowiak, Edward Włodarczyk, A short history of Szczecin, Poznań 2002, ISBN 83-7063-332-3 (pl)
  • W. H. Meyer, Stettin in alter und neuer Zeit, Stettin, 1887 (de)

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Tadeusz Białecki, "Historia Szczecina" Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, 1992 Wrocław. Pages 9,20-55, 92-95, 258-260, 300-306
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Gerard Labuda, Władysław Filipowiak, Helena Chłopocka, Maciej Czarnecki, Tadeusz Białecki, Zygmunt Silski, Dzieje Szczecina 1-4, Państwowe Wydawn. Nauk., 1994, p.14, ISBN 8301043423
  3. ^ Merians anmüthige Städte-Chronik, das ist historische und wahrhaffte Beschreibung und zugleich Künstliche Abcontrafeyung zwantzig vornehmbster und bekantester in unserm geliebten Vatterland gelegenen Stätte, 1642
  4. ^ a b c Stanisław Rospond, Slawische Namenkunde Ausg. 1, Nr. 3, C. Winter, 1989, p.162
  5. ^ Słownik etymologiczny nazw geograficznych Polski Profesor Maria Malec PWN 2003
  6. ^ Zdzisław Kaczmarczyk, Problematyka polsko-niemiecka i polskich Ziem Zachodnich w badaniach Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu (1919-1969), Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 1971, pg 134
  7. ^ Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk Wydział Filologiczno-Filozoficzny, Slavia occidentalis, 1974, pg. 13
  8. ^ Examples for this usage are: Kirchen Visitatio zu Alten-Stettin, Bescheid und Ordnung, 1535; Resolution des Ausschusses der Stände, Altenstettin 1595; Daniel Cramer, Pommerische Kirchen Chronica, Alten-Stettin 1603; Friedeborn, Histor. Beschreibung der Stadt Alten-Stettin in Pommern., 1613; Aulicae vitae Institutiones, Alten Stettin 1693; Christoph Tetzloff, Die stetige Zuflucht eines Gottesmenschen zum Herrn, Alten-Stettin, 1719; M. Stephani, Von der Pest und andern Kranckheiten, Alten-Stettin 1734
  9. ^ a b Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.52, ISBN 839061848
  10. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, pp.31,32, ISBN 839061848
  11. ^ Paul W. Knoll, Frank Schaer, annotaded Gesta Principum Polonorum: The Deeds of the Princes of the Poles by Gallus, Central European University Press, 2003, p.32, ISBN 9639241407: "It is assumed that Mieszko I some time before 967 defeated the Wolinians, [...] but could not conquer the estituary of the Oder River; no campaign of Boleslaw I to that region is known."
  12. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.36, ISBN 839061848
  13. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, pp.31,36,43 ISBN 839061848: p.31 (yrs 967-after 1000 AD):"[...] gelang es den polnischen Herrschern sicherlich nicht, Wollin und die Odermündung zu unterwerfen." p.36: "Von 1119 bis 1122 eroberte er schließlich das pommersche Odergebiet mit Stettin, [...]" p.43: "[...] während Rügen 1168 erobert und in den dänischen Staat einverleibt wurde."
  14. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, pp.100-101, ISBN 3886802728
  15. ^ Norbert Buske, Pommern, Helms Schwerin 1997, pp.11ff, ISBN 3-931185-07-9
  16. ^ Kyra Inachim, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, pp.15ff, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2: pp.14-15:"Die westslawischen Stämme der Obroditen, Lutizen und Pomoranen konnten sich lange der Eroberung widersetzen. Die militärisch überlegenen Mächte im Norden und Osten, im Süden und im Westen übten jedoch einen permanenten Druck auf den südlichen Ostseeraum aus. Dieser ging bis 1135 hauptsächlich von Polen aus. Der polnische Herzog Boleslaw III Krzywousty (Schiefmund) unterwarf in mehreren Feldzügen bis 1121 pomoranisches Stammland mit den Hauptburgen Cammin und Stettin und drang weiter gen Westen vor." p.17: Das Interesse Waldemars richtete sich insbesondere auf das Siedlungsgebiet der Ranen, die nördlich des Ryck und auf Rügen siedelten und die sich bislang gegen Eroberer und Christianisierungsversuche gewehrt hatten. [...] und nahmen 1168 an König Waldemar I. Kriegszug gegen die Ranen teil. Arkona wurde erobert und zerstört. Die unterlegenen Ranen versprachen, das Christentum anzunehmen, die Oberhoheit des Dänenkönigs anzuerkennen und Tribut zu leisten."
  17. ^ Malcolm Barber, "The two cities: medieval Europe, 1050-1320", Routledge, 2004, pg. 330 [1]
  18. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, pp.36ff, ISBN 839061848
  19. ^ Kyra Inachim, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, p.17, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2: "Mit dem Tod Kaiser Lothars 1137 endete der sächsische Druck auf Wartislaw I., und mit dem Ableben Boleslaw III. auch die polnische Oberhoheit."
  20. ^ a b c Bernhard Schimmelpfennig, Könige und Fürsten, Kaiser und Papst nach dem Wormser Konkordat, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 1996, p.16, ISBN 3486550349
  21. ^ a b c Horst Fuhrmann, Deutsche Geschichte im hohen Mittelalter: Von der Mitte des 11. Bis zum Ende des 12. Jahrhunderts, 4th edition, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003, p.147, ISBN 352533589
  22. ^ Peter N. Stearns, William Leonard Langer, The Encyclopedia of world history, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001, pg 206, [2]
  23. ^ Davies, Norman (1996). Europe: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-06-097468-0, p. 362
  24. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.43, ISBN 839061848: Greater Polish continguents of Mieszko the Elder
  25. ^ Heitz, Gerhard; Rischer, Henning (1995) (in German). Geschichte in Daten. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Münster-Berlin: Koehler&Amelang. p. 163. ISBN 3733801954. 
  26. ^ Jean Richard, Jean Birrell, "The Crusades, c. 1071-c. 1291", Cambridge University Press, 1999, pg. 158, [3]
  27. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, "The Crusades: A History", Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005, pg. 130, [4]
  28. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.30, ISBN 3886802728
  29. ^ a b Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.34, ISBN 3886802728
  30. ^ a b c Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.35, ISBN 3886802728
  31. ^ Université de Caen. Centre de recherches archéologiques médiévales, Château-Gaillard: études de castellologie médiévale, XVIII : actes du colloque international tenu à Gilleleje, Danemark, 24-30 août 1996, CRAHM, 1998, p.218, ISBN 290268505
  32. ^ a b c Heitz, Gerhard; Rischer, Henning (1995) (in German). Geschichte in Daten. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Münster-Berlin: Koehler&Amelang. p. 168. ISBN 3733801954. 
  33. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.43, ISBN 3886802728
  34. ^ Jan Maria Piskorski, Slawen und Deutsche in Pommern im Mittelalter, in Klaus Herbers, Nikolas Jaspert, Grenzräume und Grenzüberschreitungen im Vergleich: der Osten und der Westen des mittelalterlichen Lateineuropa, Akademie Verlag, 2007, p.85, ISBN 3050041552
  35. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.43ff, ISBN 3886802728
  36. ^ Jan Maria Piskorski, Slawen und Deutsche in Pommern im Mittelalter, in Klaus Herbers, Nikolas Jaspert, Grenzräume und Grenzüberschreitungen im Vergleich: der Osten und der Westen des mittelalterlichen Lateineuropa, Akademie Verlag, 2007, p.86, ISBN 3050041552
  37. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.75, ISBN 3886802728
  38. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.83, ISBN 3886802728
  39. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.84, ISBN 3886802728
  40. ^ Jan Maria Piskorski, Slawen und Deutsche in Pommern im Mittelalter, in Klaus Herbers, Nikolas Jaspert, Grenzräume und Grenzüberschreitungen im Vergleich: der Osten und der Westen des mittelalterlichen Lateineuropa, Akademie Verlag, 2007, p.87, ISBN 3050041552
  41. ^ Jan Maria Piskorski, Slawen und Deutsche in Pommern im Mittelalter, in Klaus Herbers, Nikolas Jaspert, Grenzräume und Grenzüberschreitungen im Vergleich: der Osten und der Westen des mittelalterlichen Lateineuropa, Akademie Verlag, 2007, p.88, ISBN 3050041552
  42. ^ Roderich Schmidt, Pommern und Mecklenburg, Böhlau, 1981, p.61, ISBN 3412069760
  43. ^ a b Peter Johanek, Franz-Joseph Post, Städtebuch Hinterpommern 2-3, Kohlhammer, 2003, p.277, ISBN 3170181521
  44. ^ Johannes Hinz, Pommernlexikon, Kraft, 1994, p.25, ISBN 3808311649
  45. ^ Hubertus Fischer, Klosterfrauen, Klosterhexen: Theodor Fontanes Sidonie von Borcke im kulturellen Kontext : Klosterseminar des Fontane-Kreises Hannover der Theodor-Fontane-Gesellschaft e.V. mit dem Konvent des Klosters St. Marienberg vom 14. bis 15. November 2003 in Helmstedt, Rübenberger Verlag Tania Weiss, 2005, p.22, ISBN 3936788073
  46. ^ a b Kyra Inachim, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, p.62, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2
  47. ^ Joachim Krüger, Zwischen dem Reich und Schweden: die landesherrliche Münzprägung im Herzogtum Pommern und in Schwedisch-Pommern in der frühen Neuzeit (ca. 1580 bis 1715), LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, 2006, pp.53-55, ISBN 3825897680
  48. ^ Marion George, Andrea Rudolph, Hexen: historische Faktizität und fiktive Bildlichkeit, J.H.Röll Verlag, 2004, p.136, ISBN 3897542250
  49. ^ a b Kyra Inachim, Die Geschichte Pommerns, Hinstorff Rostock, 2008, p.65, ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2
  50. ^ Polonia szczecińska 1890-1939 Anna Poniatowska Bogusław Drewniak, Poznań 1961
  51. ^ The Origins of the Final Solution Christopher R. Browning, Jürgen Matthäus page 64 University of Nebraska Press, 2007
  52. ^ Szczecin.pl
  53. ^ a b Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.376, ISBN 839061848
  54. ^ Grete Grewolls: Wer war wer in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern? Ein Personenlexikon. Edition Temmen, Bremen 1995, ISBN 3-86108-282-9, p. 467.
  55. ^ a b c Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.377, ISBN 839061848
  56. ^ a b c Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, pp.380-381, ISBN 839061848
  57. ^ Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeit, 1999, p.383, ISBN 839061848
  58. ^ a b Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.532, ISBN 3886802728
  59. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.416, ISBN 3886802728
  60. ^ a b c Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.534, ISBN 3886802728
  61. ^ a b c "New International Encyclopedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_International_Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  62. ^ Selwyn Ilan Troen, Benjamin Pinkus, Merkaz le-moreshet Ben-Guryon, Organizing Rescue: National Jewish Solidarity in the Modern Period, pp.283-284, 1992, ISBN 0714634131
  63. ^ Cezar Bîrzea, Council of Europe. Council for Cultural Co-operation. Human rights and minorities in the new European democracies: educational and cultural aspects, 1996, pp.118,119, ISBN 9287129754
  64. ^ esbjergkommune.dk accessed Feb-2008
  65. ^ "Guide to Hull Humberside and general Hull information". www.city-visitor.com. http://www.city-visitor.com/hull/information.html. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  66. ^ "Malmö stads vänortssamarbete" (in Swedish). © 2004-2009 Malmö stad, 205 80 Malmö, Organisationsnummer: 212000-1124. http://www.malmo.se/faktaommalmopolitik/internationelltsamarbete/vanortssamarbetet.4.33aee30d103b8f15916800032874.html. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  67. ^ "St. Louis Sister Cities". St. Louis Center for International Relations. http://www.slcir.org/sistercities.asp. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 

External links

Coordinates: 53°25′N 14°35′E / 53.417°N 14.583°E / 53.417; 14.583


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Szczecin[1], also known as Stettin, its German name, and alternate English name (known in Latin as Stetinum); is maritime port city in Western Pomerania and the capital of West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. The city has population of 420,638 (2005 census).

St. James Cathedral
St. James Cathedral

Understand

The history of Szczecin starts in the 7th century when Germanic tribes migrated from the island of Bornholm(hist. Burgundarholm, "Burgundians Island"), and other regions of Scandinavia. In the late 8th century Slavic tribes forced the Germanic peoples westward. In approximately 1080 its area was incorporated into Poland, but within eight years, the town was controlled by the Dukedom of Pomerania, and five years later, Denmark. Its name was first recorded in 1133 as "Stetin". It continued to be exchanged among European powers, including Germany, Prussia, Sweden, and, for a brief period, due to Napoleon's conquests, the Empire of France. Beginning in the 18th century, the city constituted as a part of Germany and served as the "port of Berlin". After the Soviet forces invaded Nazi Germany in 1945, Poland annexed all lands up to the Oder river, expelling the native German population and ultimately extending that border to include Stettin. Poland thus gained control of the city.

In more recent history, the city was (together with Tricity) one of the birthplaces of Solidarity movement.

An unusual feature of Szczecin is its urban planning - many roundabouts and wide avenues. Stettin was rebuilt in 1880's using designs by Georges-Eugene Haussmann, who also did the urban planning for Paris. His design style is still being used for newly-built (or modified) city areas.

The maritime industry is still strong with a busy port and repair shipyard, as well as being a center of service industries in Poland. Situated near the border between Germany and Poland, Szczecin is sometimes considered one of most liberal Polish cities.

Monument for victims in the 1970 protests
Monument for victims in the 1970 protests

Get in

By plane

Szczecin-Goleniów airport (SZZ) [2] is located almost 50 km from the city centre, near Goleniów. You can reach the airport by car (the journey may take up to 1 hour, depending on traffic), by taxi (about 120 PLN), or by minibus - LOT operates a minibus to and from the airport for all LOT's flights (free of charge for passengers), leaving from LOT's office (al. Wyzwolenia 17) about 90 minutes before departure, and Interglobus has minibuses for all international flights.

  • Ryanair operates daily flights between Szczecin and London (Stansted), and 2 flights per week to and from Dublin.
  • LOT has several flights daily between Szczecin and Warszawa. Note that cancellations do happen, so take that into account when planning onward travel.
  • Jet Air operates flights from Szczecin to Poznań (direct flight) and to Kraków and Gdańsk (indirect flights).
  • Norwegian operates two flights per week between Szczecin and both Trondheim and Oslo.

If you arrive from abroad, avoid flying via Warszawa. A much better option is to use one of Berlin's airports. This may save you a lot of time, and gives you more flexibility as Berlin is served by many international carriers. From there, you can reach Szczecin by minibus (numerous Szczecin-based companies, including Atlas and Interglobus, operate regular services to Tegel and Schoenefeld airports at attractive prices), by car or by train in 2-3 hours.

By train

Polish State Railways (PKP) [3] has connections to and from all major Polish cities. There are several trains daily to and from Warszawa - travel time on express or Intercity trains is less than 6 hours, but minor delays are not uncommon. To Poznań, travel time is about 2.5 hours (PLN 35), with frequent trains running throughout the day. There are also frequent trains to Świnoujście (2 hours).

German Railways [4] has train connections from Berlin, Amsterdam and many cities in neighbouring Mecklenburg-Western_Pomerania.

The cheapest way to get to Berlin is by joining a group of up to 5 people riding on one Berlin-Brandenburg Ticket, which is valid from 9 am to 3 am the following day for travel on all local and regional German trains and on local public transport systems in all cities and towns, including Berlin and Szczecin. The ticket costs 26 euros, so one person can travel for ca. 5 euros. The groups often form spontaneously before departure or on the train itself.

Brandenburg-Berlin, Meklenburg-Vorpommern, Schönes Wochenende and Brandenburg-Berlin Nacht tickets are valid for routes to and from the city of Szczecin and for the entire public transport system.

By car

You can reach Szczecin by car from major Polish cities, including Warszawa, Poznan, Gdansk, Wroclaw, and also from Berlin. Thanks to its location close to the border and direct link with the German motorway system, Szczecin has the best road connection with Western Europe of all Polish cities.

The main route to Szczecin from Berlin is the E28 (German: A11, Polish: A6). The journey takes about 2 hours, depending on traffic. Note that the German A11 motorway is undergoing continuous improvements, resulting in some disturbances in certain sections.

Travelling by car to and from other parts of Poland can be troublesome - the traffic is pretty heavy, the distances are large and there is a general shortage of motorways. It also takes quite some time - for example, the trip to Gdańsk (350 km) usually takes 4-5 hours, and to Warszawa (520 km along national road no. 10) you need at least 6-7 hours, even if you don't follow the speed limits too strictly.

You can also reach Szczecin from Sweden (Ystad) and Denmark (Copenhagen) using the ferry connections to and from Świnoujście. From there, the journey takes about 1.5 hours, although this road gets completely jammed on summer weekends. To avoid traffic jams in high season, follow the yellow "tourist route" ("Trasa turystyczna") signs. These will take you along B-roads, bypassing the most crowded section of national road no.3.

By bus

Many international and domestic connections (see Poland::By bus).

Along the river at night.
Along the river at night.

Szczecin is situated on the banks of the Oder (Polish: Odra) and Regalica (branch of the Oder) rivers and Lake Dąbie, near the Szczecin Lagoon. There is a number of marinas, most of them situated in the northern districts and on the shores of Lake Dabie.

In April 2008, hydrofoil service was re-established between Szczecin and Świnoujście. Bosman-Express [5] hydrofoil runs twice a day from the Wały Chrobrego embankment, reaching Świnoujście in about 75 minutes. Tickets are a bit overpriced at PLN 50/70 (economy/VIP class - but don't expect any luxury), and there are discounts for children and groups. There is a snack-bar on board, beer is served. There is also a small viewing deck. Along the way you can see some quite interesting industrial sights in the northern part of Szczecin.

Despite being a restored Soviet-made Meteor, now equipped with new engines, the hydrofoil is the quickest way to get to Świnoujście - it moors at the left (western) bank of the Świna, so the passengers avoid the need to use the ferry.

Get around

Szczecin is split in two parts (Lewobrzeże and Prawobrzeże) named after their location on banks of Oder (Lewobrzeże = left bank) and Regalica (Prawobrzeże = right bank) rivers. The port is situated in between. City centre and most of attractions are situated in Lewobrzeże.

facades in new old town
facades in new old town

Public transport

Szczecin has extensive public transport network covered by trams and buses. See the maps [6] (dziennej = by day, nocnej = by night, tramwajowej = trams) and schedules [7]. You can also install the timetables on your mobile phone: MPK Mobile [8], Microbus [9].

Tickets

Tickets are randomly checked by plain clothed inspectors; fines are severe and can be a major hassle, so it's better for you to buy them. They are available at all newspaper stands and you can buy them from the driver after 18:00. If you happen to have an account in Polish bank you can also use your mobile phone [10]. Rush hours are 7:00-8:00 and 16:00-17:00, night hours are between 23:30 and 4:30. Tickets for express and nightly buses are twice expensive. You can change between lines freely as long you stay within time limit (the exception is changing from "normal" bus or tram to express bus). Prices:

  • 20 minutes: 2.20 zł
  • 60 minutes: 3.40 zł
  • 120 minutes: 4.40 zł
  • 24 hours: 11 zł
  • 5 days: 30 zł
  • Family weekend ticket: 12 zł - valid on weekends for one or two adults with at least one child up to 16 years old.

There are also tickets valid for 10 days, a month and a quarter.

Remember to stamp your ticket immidiately after you board the tram/bus!

Brandenburg-Berlin, Meklenburg-Vorpommern, Schönes Wochenende and Brandenburg-Berlin Nacht tickets issued by Deutsche Bahn are valid for public transport operated by ZDiTM (trams and buses) in Szczecin. Monthly/quarterly tickets issued by ZDiTM are valid for DB trains within the city (Szczecin Główny-Szczecin Gumieńce) [11].

Lines

  • 0 - tourist tram line
  • 1-12 - trams
  • 50, 100 - tourist bus lines
  • 51-111 - buses
  • A, B, C, D, E, F, G - express buses
  • 521-534 - night buses
  • 7xx - free buses (to and from shopping malls)

Tourist lines

  • Tourist lines [12] (vintage trams and buses) operate in July and August on Saturdays and Sundays. The fare costs 3 zł (paid to the driver). Line numbers: 0 (tram), 50 and 100 (buses).

Railway

If for any reason you want to go to or from the city centre (station name: Szczecin Główny) to districts of Dąbie, Gumieńce, Podjuchy, Zdroje, Zdunowo or Załom (or nearby suburbian towns of Goleniów, Gryfino or Stargard), the fastest way might be the train. Check times with PKP [13]; you have to buy separate ticket (5 zł, one way, no matter how many stops), the exception are trains operated by DB (see above).

By foot

City center can be covered by foot (depending on your fitness, etc). Look for the red line on the pavements - so called "red walk" which connects nearly all the attractions within the centre.

museum at new old town
museum at new old town

By car

Streets in Szczecin are (compared to other Polish cities) easy to navigate and not congested.

However: parking within the centre during business hours (8:00 - 17:00, from Monday to Friday - after 17:00 and on weekends it is free) is paid; the pay depends on the zone and parking time. You can buy tickets from vending machines. Most of malls have free parking, and no one will check if you visited the mall or just used free parking opportunity.

DUI is serious criminal offense (up to 3 years in prison) and the police have no mercy for drunk drivers - many of "zero tolerance for drunk drivers" programs ongoing in Poland have started in Szczecin.

By bicycle

There is network of bicycle paths connecting the city center with the suburbs. You can take your bike on public transport outside rush hours, but you will need separate ticket for it. If you want to see Szczecin from the bicycle but don't have one you can rent it:

  • Bicyklownia [14], ul. Wielkopolska 15, tel. +48784152358. (near City Park)
  • Centrum Wynajmu i Turystyki [15], ul. Kolumba 1/6m, tel. +48914340006 (near Szczecin Główny railway station]

If you happen to be present in Szczecin on any last friday of the month, feel free to join the Critical Mass - the start point is Plac Lotników square, 6:00 pm.

  • Hail taxi cab from the street or stand only in emergency or if very tired/drunk! It is much cheaper to call for one - ask locals for numbers or see taxi advertisements, they are nearly everywhere. When you call, ask the operator when the taxi will arrive and then look for car plastered with number of company you called.
  • There is taxi "mafia" operating from stands near railway station, popular clubs, hotels etc. - avoid these rip-offs, they are VERY expensive!
  • Taxi fare within the centre shouldn't cost you more than about 12-15 zł. Fare from left side of the river (Lewobrzeże) to the right side (Prawobrzeże) or the other way is about 40-50 zł. Fares during the night are slightly more expensive.
  • All officially registered taxis have meters, the driver should turn them on just after you enter.
  • Payment: have cash ready, only the minority of taxi drivers have necessary equipment for payments with debit or credit cards. Ask if in doubt.

Some of taxi companies operating in the city:

  • Auto Taxi: +48 91 4535555
  • City Taxi: +48 91 4335335
  • Express Taxi: +48 91 4261038
  • Euro Taxi: +48 91 4343434
  • Gold Taxi: +48 91 8122222
  • Granada Taxi: +48 91 4554554
  • Szczecin Taxi: +48 91 4835835
  • Pomeranian Dukes Castle [16] (Zamek Ksiazat Pomorskich), which houses museum, restaurants and cafes. It also houses tourist information office, you can get some free maps, pamphlets etc. here.
Castle
Castle
  • Old Town - despite being jokingly refered to by locals as "Brand New Old Town" (it was started to be rebuilt in late 1990s, the reconstruction is still ongoing), there are some nice houses rebuilt to original plans. Many shops, restaurants and cafes. There is museum situated in Old Town Hall.
Outside the Maritime Museum
Outside the Maritime Museum
Brama Portowa
Brama Portowa
  • Kamienica Loitzów (Loitzs Tenement) - interesting tenement just next to Old Town. Go from Old Town in direction of Castle, and you'll see it after about 20-30 meters on the left side. It is painted flashy orange, you can't miss it.
  • Waly Chrobrego (German name: Hakenterrasse) - promenade with great views on Oder river and port. Many cafes are situated here. See the museum (Muzeum Morskie), situated just in the center of Waly which houses some artifacts from history of the city and also has big collections of African and maritime artifacts.
  • Katedra sw. Jakuba (St. Jacob's Cathedral) - big Gothic cathedral.
  • Park Kasprowicza - city park, place for all kinds of physical activities by locals, spreading through nearly all of the city. Just behind the City Council.
  • Park Żeromskiego - another city park, situated in the very center of the city between Waly Chrobrego and Pazim/Galaxy.
  • Cmentarz Centralny [17] - third biggest cemetery in Europe.
  • S-1 blast & fallout shelter [18] - biggest in Poland (entry 15 zł). Two tours to choose: WWII or Cold War.
  • Pionier Cinema [19] - oldest cinema in the world still in operation (est. 1909) [2].
  • Railway suspension bridge on Regalica - something for railway fans, the only one of a kind in operation in Poland. Podjuchy district, ul. Szklana Huta.
  • Emerald Lake and Puszcza Bukowa - lake, artificial cave and forest area situated in Zdroje district. Many great views on the city and nice area for one day hiking/bike riding.
  • Pałac pod Globusem (Palace under the Globe / Palace of Grumbkov) - the building where two rulers of Russia (Catherine II and Maria Fiodorovna) were born. Pl. Orła Białego.
  • See the panorama of Szczecin - from the cafe on top of Pazim building, just by Galaxy shopping center (admission free), from St.Jacob's Cathedral tower (paid admission) or from one of the towers of Pomeranian Dukes Castle.
  • Take a trip through Szczecin's waterways and port - many boats go from the river bank near Waly Chrobrego.
  • Small Theatre Forms Festival "Kontrapunkt" [20] 22-26 April
  • Dni Morza / Days of the Sea [21] 9-13 June
  • Szczecin Rock Festival 19-20 June
  • Spoiwa Kultury - Street Theatre Festival [22] 2-4 July
  • Boogie Brain Festival [23] 17-18 July
  • University of Szczecin [24]
  • Technical University of Szczecin [25]
  • Pomeranian Medical University [26]
  • Agriculture University of Szczecin [27]
  • West Pomeranian Business School [28]

Work

English teachers are in high demand.

Buy

Szczecin has many shopping malls:

  • Auchan - situated in Ustowo. Don't go there if you don't have a car, the place is totally pedestrian unfriendly.
  • Carrefour - situated near Media Markt (mall with electronics) in Pomorzany district. Open 8:00-21:00.
  • CH Ster - situated near Castorama (big shop for DIY builders) in Gumience district, nearest mall from the German border. Open 8:00-21:00.
  • CH Turzyn - another mall in the Center. Open 8:00-21:00.
  • Galaxy shopping mall - the biggest one, many outlets of major brands. Situated in the Center. Open 8:00-21:00.
  • Tesco - another one, just across the street of the Carrefour mentioned above. Open 24/7.

And for something completely different:

  • Turzyn. Big, open air market situated near CH Turzyn in the Center. Fresh vegetables straight from the farmers coming from nearby towns, cheap (and often bootleg) clothes and shoes and tons of more- or less weird items (everything from antiques to toys) for sale. Don't forget to haggle! Open from the early morning, it's best (and most crowded) if you come early.
Turzyn market
Turzyn market
  • Irena Crystal factory store, ul.Pucka 1, [29].  edit
  • Turysta Milk Bar, Obrońców Stalingradu 6a (open 7:30-18:30)
  • Zacisze Bar, Asnyka 19 (Niebuszewo district)
  • Amar, Śląska 9 (open monday-friday 11:00-19:00, saturday & sunday 12:00-17:00) - vegan & vegetarian. If you are on limited budget, order their "danie dnia" (dish of a day) and/or "zupa dnia" (soup of a day) which are always very affordable.
  • Brama Jazz Cafe, Plac Hołdu Pruskiego 1 - Mexican & fusion
  • Camarillo, Mściwoja 8 - fusion
  • Fuga, Bohaterów Warszawy 3
  • Golden Dragon, Jana Kazimierza 21 - Chinese
  • Havana, Wawrzyniaka 13/1 - Cuban
  • Mandaryn, ul. Bolesława Śmiałego 27 - Chinese
  • Bombay, Partyzantów 1 - Indian
  • Chief, Rayskiego 16 - all kinds of sea food
  • Ładoga, Jana z Kolna - Russian
  • Sake, Piastów 1 - Japanese
  • Sushi Mado, Pocztowa 20 (entry from Bohaterów Warszawy) - Japanese
  • Columbus - On Waly Chrobrego by Marine Academy
  • Chrobry, Waly Chrobrego 1B (by Provincial Government building), ''+48'' 914880163 (), [30]. Good polish food. Chobry is located under a dome supported by pillars. There is a bar and a two-story restaurant below ground and also serving upstairs between the columns with a view over the Oder. PLN 40 for a main course.  edit
  • Colorado - on Waly Chrobrego by Polski Theatre
  • Karczma Polska - Lotnikow Square
  • Szpilka - ul.Małopolska 45 - Delicious fusion

Drink

The majority of pubs and bars can be found in the old town (Stary Rynek) or around ul. Boguslawa in the middle town area. Expect to pay between 4zl and 6zl for a large beer and around 6zl for a 50ml shot of vodka.

  • Alter Ego, Pl. Batorego 4 (under the red town house, near bus and rail stations), [31]. 19:00-until the last client. Live music and/or DJs. Open Wed.-Sat.  edit
  • City Hall, ul. 3 maja (near the railway station), [32]. 21:00-last client. Funk, hip-hop, house, etc.  edit
  • Free Blues Club, Powstańców Wielkopolskich 20 (Pomorzany District, trams 4, 11, 12), +48914853161, [33]. 19:30-until the last client. Something for blues (and rock) fans - live music, jam sessions, etc.  edit
  • Hormon, ul. Piłsudskiego (middle town area), +48914341303, [34]. 19:00-until the last client. Very popular among the students; rock/alternative party every day, live music from time to time.  edit
  • Mezzoforte, ul. Bogusława (pedestrian area), [35]. Italian food restaurant during the day, DJ parties on weekends.  edit
  • Rocker Club, Partyzantów 2 (The very city centre), [36]. 19:00-last client. Live rock music, karaoke, you name it.  edit
  • Royal Jazz Club, Mariacka 26 (near the Pomeranian Dukes Castle), [37]. 12:00-until the last client. jazz, all that jazz. Often live.  edit
  • Tiger Club, Felczaka 9 (under the City Council Building, near the city park), [38]. Restaurant during the day, disco on weekends, live jazz every monday.  edit
  • Bosman beer is made by local brewery. There are variants with red (czerwony) and green (zielony) label, both of them are lager. You can buy it at most of general stores and some pubs.
  • Taverna pub has its own microbrewery making lager and porter type beers.
  • Starka is a special kind of seasoned vodka made by Polmos Szczecin distillery. There are variants which are 10, 18, 25 and 50 years old. You can buy them at Polmos store (situated corner of Jagiellońska and Bohaterów Warszawy streets); as you can guess, Starka is rather expensive (especially the 50 year old one) and available only in limited amounts. You can also see the factory, which is quite interesting, tasting Starka is included with the tour (email them for booking and information).
  • CUMA youth hostel, ul. Monte Cassino 19a, 091 4224761, [39].
  • Hotel Albert, Piesza 11, tel. 091 4623137, [40].
  • Campanile Hotel Szczecin, ul. Wyszyńskiego 30, tel. 091 4817700, [41].
  • Hotel Park, ul. Plantowa 1, tel. 091 4340050, [42].
  • Atrium Hotel, al. Wojska Polskiego 75, tel. 091 4243532, [43].
  • Alter Ego, pl. Batorego 4
  • Brama Jazz Cafe, ul. Hołdu Pruskiego 1
  • City Council building, pl. Armii Krajowej 1
  • CH Galaxy, ul. Wyzwolenia 18
  • whole ul. Bogusława
  • every KFC outlet
  • every McDonalds
  • Książnica Pomorska (public library), ul. Podgórna 15/16
  • Lotnisko Goleniów (Szczecin-Goleniów Airport)
  • Park Kasprowicza (city park), Jasne Błonia (whole area between City Council building and "Three Eagles" monument)
  • Piwnica przy Kanie, pl. św. Piotra i Pawła 4/5
  • Politechnika Szczecińska - Wydział Mechaniczny (Technical University of Szczecin), al. Piastów 17
  • Pub Colorado, Wały Chrobrego 1a
  • Uniwersytet Szczeciński - Wydzial Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarządzania (University of Szczecin), ul. Mickiewicza
  • Wyższa Szkola Administracji Publicznej (Higher School of Public Administration), ul. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 4
  • Zachodniopomorska Szkola Biznesu - Budynek A (West Pomeranian Business School), ul. Żołnierska 53

Stay safe

Szczecin used to be infamous in Poland for its organised crime, but these days are long gone - nearly all the gangsters are dead or in prison. Nowadays it is a very safe city. However, you should stay away from some of its "bad" suburbs, like Gocław and Skolwin, especially after dark. As always, use your common sense.

  • Cyprus, ul. Śląska 7, 091/4330766
  • Czech Republic, ul. Monte Cassino 27, 091/4237980
  • Denmark, ul. Piłsudskiego 1a, 091/4330930
  • Estonia, ul. Kurza Stopka 5/cd, 091/8123827
  • France, ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 4, 091/4761546
  • Germany, ul. Chodkiewicza 2a, 091/4850657
  • Kazakhstan, ul. Grodzka 14/14, 091/3264011
  • Mexico, ul. Energetyków 3/4, 091/4624371
  • Norway, ul. Niepodległości 17, 091/8121430
  • Slovakia, ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 4, 091/4890661
  • Sweden, ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 4, 091/4862673
  • United Kingdom, ul. Starego Wiarusa 32, 091/4870302

Get out

On the mainland:

  • The town of Police and its Jasienica district - monuments from the Middle Ages, small marina in the Old Town on the Łarpia (Oder) River and WWII ruins of Hydrierwerke synthetic gasoline factory. Szczecin shares its public transport with Police and borders the town - you can go to Police by taking public bus.
  • sea resort and medieval town of Kamień Pomorski
  • sea resort and medieval town of Kołobrzeg
  • Gothic church ruins in Trzęsacz
  • medieval town of Stargard Szczeciński with a cathedral over a hundred metres high
  • birds reservation in Swidwie
  • Park Krajobrazowy Dolnej Odry, picturesque marsh area full of wildlife
  • quiet medieval town of Nowe Warpno
  • resort of Trzebież with big marina

On the Wolin island:

  • Woliński National Park
  • Game reserve of wisents
  • 93-metres high Gosan cliff
  • Kawcza Góra Mountain
  • sea resort and port Świnoujście
  • sea resort Dziwnów
  • sea resort Międzyzdroje
  • ancient town of Wolin (town)
  • medieval town of Lubin
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Szczecin

Plural
-

Szczecin

  1. A city in Poland, the capital of West Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Translations


Polish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Szczecin m.

  1. city in Poland

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Szczecin
Genitive Szczecina
Dative Szczecinowi
Accusative Szczecin
Instrumental Szczecinem
Locative Szczecinie
Vocative Szczecinie

Derived terms

  • szczecinianin m. (coll. szczeciniak), szczecinianka f.
  • adjective: szczeciński







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