Tōhoku Shinkansen: Wikis

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Tōhoku Shinkansen

Tōhoku Shinkansen bilevel E4 series train
Overview
Type Shinkansen
Locale Japan
Termini Tokyo
Hachinohe
Stations 21
Operation
Opened 23 June 1982
Owner JR East
Depot(s) Tokyo, Sendai, Morioka
Technical
Line length 593.1 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm
Electrification 25 kV AC, overhead catenary
Operating speed 275 km/h
Route map

Tohoku-Shinkansen.png

The Tōhoku Shinkansen (東北新幹線 ?) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen rail line, connecting Tokyo with Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture for a total length of 593 km, Japan's longest Shinkansen line. It runs through the more sparsely populated Tōhoku region of Japan's main island Honshū. It has two spur lines, Yamagata Shinkansen and Akita Shinkansen, not shown on the map. The line is operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Contents

Timeline

  • November 28, 1971: Construction starts on line.
  • June 23, 1982: Ōmiya-Morioka section opens.
  • March 14, 1985: Ueno-Ōmiya section opens.
  • June 20, 1991: Tokyo-Ueno section opens.
  • October 1998: 1 billionth passenger carried on Tōhoku, Jōetsu and Nagano Shinkansen lines.
  • December 1, 2002: Morioka-Hachinohe section opens.

An extension from Hachinohe to Shin-Aomori is under construction and is scheduled to open in December 2010.[1] From Aomori, construction is underway to continue the line under the name Hokkaidō Shinkansen, passing through the world's longest railway tunnel, the Seikan Tunnel to Shin-Hakodate on Hokkaidō, and eventually all the way to Sapporo.

The mountainous terrain that the line passes through has necessitated heavy reliance on tunnels. The Iwate-Ichinohe Tunnel on the Morioka-Hachinohe stretch, completed in 2000, was briefly the longest land rail tunnel at 25.8 km, but in 2005 it was superseded by the Hakkōda Tunnel on the extension to Aomori, at 26.5 km. The Lötschberg Base Tunnel in Switzerland has now superseded both.

Services

There are currently three services in operation:

  • Hayate, Tokyo - Hachinohe limited-stop, starting December 2002
  • Yamabiko, Tokyo - Sendai limited-stop, and all-stations to Morioka, starting June 1982
  • Nasuno, Tokyo-Kōriyama all-stations, starting 1995

One service has been discontinued:

  • Aoba, Tokyo - Sendai all-stations, June 1982 - October 1997 (consolidated with Nasuno)

Through trains on the Akita Shinkansen and Yamagata Shinkansen lines also run on Tōhoku Shinkansen tracks from Morioka and Fukushima respectively.

The maximum line speed is currently 240 km/h between Ōmiya and Utsunomiya, 275 km/h between Utsunomiya and Morioka, and 260 km/h between Morioka and Hachinohe. From early 2011, the maximum line speed is scheduled to be raised to 275 km/h between Ōmiya and Utsunomiya, and to 300 km/h between Utsunomiya and Morioka. The line speed will be further increased to 320 km/h between Utsunomiya and Morioka from early 2013.[1]

Rolling stock

As of June 2009, the following types are used on Tōhoku Shinkansen services.

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Types no longer used

Non-revenue-earning types

List of stations

Station Japanese Distance (km)
(from Tokyo)
Transfers Location
Tokyo Station 東京 0.0 Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line, Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Chūō Main Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Yokosuka Line, Sōbu Line, Keiyo Line Chiyoda Tokyo
Ueno Station 上野 3.6 Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line, Keisei Main Line, Jōban Line, Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Tōhoku Main Line, Takasaki Line Taito
Ōmiya Station 大宮 31.3 Jōetsu Shinkansen, Tobu Noda Line, New Shuttle, Nagano Shinkansen, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Saikyo Line, Kawagoe Line, Tōhoku Main Line, Takasaki Line Ōmiya-ku, Saitama Saitama
Prefecture
Oyama Station 小山 80.6 Tōhoku Main Line, Ryomo Line, Mito Line Oyama Tochigi
Prefecture
Utsunomiya Station 宇都宮 109.0 Tōhoku Main Line, Nikkō Line Utsunomiya
Nasu-Shiobara Station 那須塩原 152.4 Tōhoku Main Line Nasushiobara
Shin-Shirakawa Station 新白河 178.4 Tōhoku Main Line Nishigō Fukushima
Prefecture
Kōriyama Station 郡山 213.9 Tōhoku Main Line, East Ban'etsu Line, West Ban'etsu Line, Suigun Line Koriyama
Fukushima Station 福島 255.1 Yamagata Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line, Ōu Main Line, Fukushima Kotsu Iizaka Line, Abukuma Express Line Fukushima
Shiroishi-Zaō Station 白石蔵王 286.2 Shiroishi Miyagi
Prefecture
Sendai Station 仙台 325.4 Tōhoku Main Line, Senzan Line, Senseki Line, Jōban Line, Sendai Subway Nanboku Line Aoba-ku, Sendai
Furukawa Station 古川 363.8 Rikuu East Line Ōsaki
Kurikoma-Kōgen Station くりこま高原 385.7 Shiwahime
Ichinoseki Station 一ノ関 406.3 Tōhoku Main Line, Ofunato Line Ichinoseki Iwate
Prefecture
Mizusawa-Esashi Station 水沢江刺 431.3 Mizusawa
Kitakami Station 北上 448.6 Tōhoku Main Line, Kitakami Line Kitakami
Shin-Hanamaki Station 新花巻 463.1 Kamaishi Line Hanamaki
Morioka Station 盛岡 496.5 Akita Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line, Tazawako Line, Yamada Line, Iwate Ginga Railway Line (IGR), Hanawa Line (JR, via IGR) Morioka
Iwate-Numakunai Station いわて沼宮内 527.6 Iwate Ginga Railway Line Iwate
Ninohe Station 二戸 562.2 Iwate Ginga Railway Line Ninohe
Hachinohe Station 八戸 593.1 Tōhoku Main Line, Hachinohe Line, Aoimori Railway Line Hachinohe Aomori
Prefecture

Planned extension

Station Japanese Distance (km)
(from Tokyo)
Transfers Location
Hachinohe Station 八戸 593.1 Hachinohe Line, Aoimori Railway Line Hachinohe Aomori
Prefecture
Shichinohe-Towada Station 七戸十和田 628.2 Shichinohe
Shin-Aomori Station 新青森 674.9 Ōu Main Line, Hokkaido Shinkansen (2015?) Aomori

See also

References

  • JR Timetable, December 2008
  1. ^ a b JR East press release: "東北新幹線八戸~新青森間の開業時期について" (10 November 2008). Retrieved on 11 November 2008. (Japanese)

External links


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