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The foundation's logo

TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) is a U.S. private nonprofit foundation[1] best known for its conferences, now held in Europe and Asia as well as the U.S., devoted to what it calls "ideas worth spreading".[2] Its lectures or TED Talks, widely disseminated on the internet, are not subject to a time limit.

TED was founded in 1984; the first conference happened in 1990. TED's early emphasis, consistent with a Silicon Valley center of gravity, was largely technology and design. Its co-founder was Richard Saul Wurman, credited with having coined in 1976 the term information architect. As popularity of the talks has spread, so has the range of subject matter, to cover almost all aspects of science and culture. Those who have given TED talks include Bill Clinton, Al Gore, Gordon Brown, Richard Dawkins, Bill Gates, the founders of Google, the evangelist Billy Graham and various Nobel Prize winners.[3]

TED's curator is the British former computer journalist and magazine publisher Chris Anderson. It is owned by the Sapling Foundation.

From 2005 to 2009, three $100,000 TED Prize were awarded annually to help its winners realise a chosen "wish to change the world". Starting in 2010, however, only one winner has been selected to ensure that TED can maximize its efforts of achieving the winner's wish. Each winner unveils their wish at the main annual conference – within the specified 18 minutes.



Bill Clinton addresses TED, 2007
Curator Chris Anderson in 2007
TEDxParis, 2009: one of many events now organized under the TEDx program

The TED staff is headquartered in New York City and Vancouver. The conference had been held in Monterey, California, since its founding, but since 2009 has been held in Long Beach, California, due to an increased number of attendees.[4] The TED conference also has a companion conference, TEDGlobal, held in varying locations. Last year, TEDGlobal 2009, "The Substance of Things Not Seen," was held in Oxford, UK, July 21–24, 2009. The most recent event was TED 2010, "What the World Needs Now," in Long Beach, California, February 9–13, 2010.[5]

More than 500 TED talks are provided for free viewing online. As of April 2009, talks had been viewed over 100 million times by more than 15 million people.[6][7]

TED's mission statement begins:

We believe passionately in the power of ideas to change attitudes, lives and ultimately, the world. So we're building here a clearinghouse that offers free knowledge and inspiration from the world's most inspired thinkers, and also a community of curious souls to engage with ideas and each other.[8]

Attendees of TED are called "TEDsters". Valleywag uncovered and published a list of attendees in February 2008.[9]


TED was founded by Richard Saul Wurman and Harry Marks in 1984, and has been held annually since 1990. Wurman left after the 2002 conference; the event is now hosted by Chris Anderson and owned by his non-profit organization, The Sapling Foundation,[10] devoted to "leveraging the power of ideas to change the world". In 2006, attendance cost $4,400 and was by invitation only.[11] The membership model was shifted in January of 2007 to an annual membership fee of $6,000, which includes attendance of the conference, club mailings, networking tools and conference DVDs.

Since June 2006, TED Talks have been made available online on the TED website, YouTube, iTunes,[12] [13][14] and since late 2009, there has been a free iPhone app.[15] The TED website recently won the Webby Award for Best Use of Video or Moving Image at the 13th Annual Webby Awards.[16] TED Talks are transcribed and translated into a number of languages as part of the TED Open-Translation Project, which aims to "[reach] out to the 4.5 billion people on the planet who don't speak English," according to TED Curator Chris Anderson. At the time of the launch, over 300 translations were done by volunteer transcribers in over 40 languages.[5]



TED Speakers

TED Prize

The TED Prize was introduced in 2005. In previous years, three individuals were each given $100,000 and granted a "wish to change the world", which they unveil at TED. However, starting in 2010, only one prize is awarded since "at least half of [the wishes] still require our engagement," and, "adding too many more risks dilution of effort."[17]

2005 [18] 2006 [19] 2007 [20] 2008 [21] 2009 [22] 2010 [23]
Bono Larry Brilliant Bill Clinton Neil Turok Sylvia Earle Jamie Oliver
Edward Burtynsky Jehane Noujaim Edward O. Wilson Dave Eggers Jill Tarter
Robert Fischell Cameron Sinclair James Nachtwey Karen Armstrong José Antonio Abreu


TED Fellows

The TED Fellows fellowship program brings together young world-changers and trailblazers who have shown unusual accomplishment and exceptional courage.[24] The program targets individuals from the Asia/Pacific region, Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Middle East, though anyone from anywhere in the world, age 18 and over, can apply.


TEDx is a program that enables schools, businesses, libraries or just groups of friends to enjoy a TED-like experience with TEDx Events they themselves organize, design and host.[25]

See also


  1. ^ "About TED Who we are > Who owns TED". TED. Retrieved March 2010. 
  2. ^ "About TED". TED. Retrieved March 2010. 
  3. ^ TED: Speakers Retrieved on 6 February 2009
  4. ^ Kim, Victoria (January 16, 2008). "Long Beach to host influential TED conference". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b TED Conferences (September 13, 2009). "TED Open-Translation Project Brings Subtitles in 40+ Languages to". PR Newswire. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  6. ^ Walters, Helen (February 27, 2008). "Tapping Into TED". Business Week. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  7. ^ Heffernan, Virginia (January 25, 2009). "Confessions of a TED Addict". The New York Times Magazine: p. 13. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  8. ^ "About TED". TED: Ideas worth spreading. TED Conferences, LLC. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  9. ^ Thomas, Owen (February 28, 2008). "The complete list of TED attendees". Valleywag. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  10. ^ TED: The Sapling Foundation Retrieved on 7 February 2009
  11. ^ TED: Getting Invited (attendees) Retrieved on 7 February 2009
  12. ^ The New York Times: Giving Away Information, but Increasing Revenue 16 April 2007
  13. ^ Wired: Conference to Tackle Origins of Evil, Theories of Everything 26 February 2008
  14. ^
  15. ^ "TED Review". MacWorld. 2009-12-22. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  16. ^ "WebbyNominees". WebbyAwards. TheBarbarianGroupLogo. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "TED Prize 2005". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  19. ^ "TED Prize 2006". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  20. ^ "TED Prize 2007". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  21. ^ "TED Prize 2008". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  22. ^ "TED Prize 2009". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  23. ^ "TED Prize 2010". Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  24. ^
  25. ^

External links

Simple English

TED stands for "Technology, Entertainment, Design". It is a conference that meets every year. People give talks about many things, for example, science, art, and business. Bill Clinton, Al Gore, and Bill Gates have all talked at TED.


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