TPz Fuchs: Wikis

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TPz Fuchs
TPz 1 Fuchs NBC reconnaissance vehicle.jpg
TPz 1A3 Fuchs NBC reconnaissance vehicle
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin  West Germany
Service history
Used by Bundeswehr
Production history
Manufacturer Thyssen-Henschel
Produced 1979-present
Specifications
Weight 18.3 t
Length 7.33 m
Width 2.98 m
Height 2.37 m

Primary
armament
Up to three Rheinmetall MG3
Secondary
armament
MILAN anti-tank guided missile, smoke grenade launchers
Engine Mercedes-Benz Model OM 402A V-8 liquid-cooled diesel
320 hp
Payload capacity 6 t
Suspension 6x6
Operational
range
800 km
Speed 105 km/h
10 km/h (in water)

TPz (Transportpanzer) Fuchs (fox) is an armoured personnel carrier developed by Daimler-Benz and built by Thyssen-Henschel (now Rheinmetall Landsysteme) in 1979. It was the second wheeled armoured vehicle to be fielded in the Bundeswehr. It is used for various different tasks including troop-transport, engineer-transport, bomb disposal, NBC (Nuclear, Biological and Chemical) reconnaissance and electronic warfare. By mixing and matching the different models and retrofit kits, today more than 90 different combinations are possible, 32 of which have so far been produced. The TPz Fuchs is thus also referred to as a "retrofit platform".

The vehicles engine is a Mercedes-Benz Model OM 402A V-8 liquid-cooled diesel with an output of 320 hp. It has a max speed of 105 km/h and a range of 800 km. Fuchs is 7.33 m long, 2.98 m wide and 2.37 m high. It weighs 18.3 tons with the capability to carry an additional 6 tons in equipment. The 6x6 APC is characterized by high performance over all terrains and low noise. Its rear-mounted propellers and 360° turning range, enable the vehicle to take water obstacles in its stride at up to 10 km/h.

Contents

Armament

The TPZ Fuchs can be equipped with up to three Rheinmetall MG3 general purpose machine guns, one of which is mounted on a manually controlled turret. Fuchs' of the Armoured Reconnaissance Battalion, Panzergrenadiers (mechanized infantry), the Franco-German Brigade, the mountain infantry and the Jäger (rangers) of the German Army are also armed with MILAN anti-tank-guided missiles (in this configuration max. two MG3s can be mounted). Recently some Fuchs' deployed in Afghanistan were also equipped with a HK GMG or an M3M instead of a MG3.

Improvements over the years

The vehicle's ability to withstand high-performance, armour-piercing ammunition fired not only from small arms but also from lightweight carriage-mounted machineguns, as well as shrapnel (e.g. from artillery rounds), and to augment its protection against anti-personnel and antitank mines had to be improved.

Due to the weight and volume restrictions they had to use advanced armour materials to meet the protection specifications. Compared to equally effective steel or aluminium alloy armour, modern armour materials enable weight savings of 50% or more.

The modular armour protection system used in the TPz Fuchs encompasses six harmonized, complementary elements which in part operate in coordinated fashion:

  • add-on armour mounted to the exterior of the vehicle housing;
  • anti-mine protective plating in the wheel cases;
  • reinforced bullet-proof windows;
  • reinforced bullet-proof visors for shielding the window exteriors;
  • spall-lining of all interior surfaces of the vehicle compartment, and
  • a shielded gun mounting (except on the medical vehicles).

Below is a comparison between some modern APCs including the Fuchs :

Flag of Egypt.svg Fahd [1][2] Flag of Germany.svg Fuchs [3] Flag of France.svg VAB [3] Flag of Canada.svg LAV-25 [4] Flag of the United States.svg Stryker ICV [4] Flag of Russia.svg BTR-90 [4] [5]
Weight 10.9 t (12.0 short tons) 18.3 t (20.2 short tons) 13.8 t (15.2 short tons) 12.8 t (14.1 short tons) 16.47 t (18.16 short tons) 20.9 t (23.0 short tons)
Primary armament 30 mm (1.2 in) 2A42 automatic cannon Up to three 7.62 mm (0.300 in) Rheinmetall MG3 machine guns 7.62 mm (0.300 in) AA-52 machine gun 25 mm (0.98 in) M242 chain gun 0.50 in (13 mm) M2 Browning machine gun 30 mm (1.2 in) 2A42 automatic cannon
Secondary armament 7.62 mm (0.300 in) FN MAG machine gun - - 7.62 mm (0.300 in) M240 machine gun 7.62 mm (0.300 in) M240 machine gun 7.62 mm (0.300 in) PKT machine gun
Missile armament (Range) AT-5 Spandrel (700-4000 meters) MILAN (400-2000 meters) - - - AT-5 Spandrel (700-4000 meters)
Road range 700 km (430 mi) 800 km (500 mi) 1,000 km (620 mi) 660 km (410 mi) 500 km (310 mi) 800 km (500 mi)
Maximum velocity (on road) 100 km/h (62 mph) 96 km/h (60 mph) 110 km/h (68 mph) 100 km/h (62 mph) 100 km/h (62 mph) 100 km/h (62 mph)
Capacity (maximum) 3 crew + 10 passengers 2 crew + 10 passengers 2 crew + 10 passengers 3 crew + 6 passengers 2 crew + 9 passengers 3 crew + 9 passengers

Users

Most of the vehicles are in service with the German Army (1,003 - 144 upgraded) the rest are in the armed forces of Saudi Arabia (36), The Netherlands (23), United Kingdom (11), USA (123, as M93 Fox) and Venezuela (10). The Fuchs served in Gulf war and in peace-keeping operations with German KFOR troops in former Yugoslavia and with German ISAF in Afghanistan.

See also

External links

References

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