The Full Wiki

Table of consonants: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The following tables show the symbols for some of the consonants found in human language, including all of the consonant letters of the International Phonetic Alphabet, some additional letters not found in the IPA, some which do not occur in normal human speech, and an arbitrary number of consonants derived via diacritics. The first table contains mostly consonants articulated in the front part of the mouth (lips, teeth, and tip or blade of the tongue), and the second table contains mostly consonants articulated in the back part of the mouth (body of tongue and throat). The places of articulation are listed on top, and the manners of articulation on the left side. Where consonants occur in pairs, the consonant on the left represents a voiceless articulation and the consonant on the right represents a voiced articulation, except for [ɦ], which is murmured, and [ʡ], which is undefined with respect to voice. Although the symbols ʕ, ʢ, ɦ and ʁ can represent fricatives or approximants, in this article the lowering diacritic ( ̞) will be used to avoid ambiguity. Some consonants have multiple possible symbols e.g. β̞ and ʋ̟, ɹ̪ and ð̞, ɰ̊ and . If this is the case, the most commonly used symbol will be shown.

Affricates are not included in the table, since they are written with combinations of letters found in the tables.

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Dental, alveolar, and postalveolar Domed postalveolar Retroflex Labialized palatal
(should be in lower table)
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ
Implosive ɓ̥ ɓ ɓ̪̊ ɓ̪ ɗ̪̊ ɗ̪ ɗ̥ ɗ ᶑ̥
Ejective p̪ʼ t̪ʼ ʈʼ
Nasal m ɱ̊ ɱ n̪̊ n ɳ̊ ɳ
Trill ʙ̥ ʙ ʙ̪̊ ʙ̪ r̪̊ r r̠̊ *
Tap or Flap ̟̥ ̟ ̥ ɾ̪̊ ɾ̪ ɾ̥ ɾ ɾ̱̊ ɾ̱ ɽ̊ ɽ
Lateral flap ɺ̪̊ ɺ̪ ɺ̥ ɺ ̥
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ
Lateral fricative ɬ̪ ɮ̪ ɬ ɮ * ̌*
Ejective fricative ɸʼ θʼ ʃʼ ʂʼ
Ejective lateral fricative ɬ̪ʼ ɬʼ ʼ* ̌ʼ*
Percussive ʬ ʭ requires separate column
Approximant β̞̊ β̞ ʋ̥ ʋ ð̞̊ ð̞ ɹ̥ ɹ ɻ̊ ɻ ɥ̊ ɥ
Lateral approximant l̪̥ l ɭ̊ ɭ
Click consonants (numerous consonants per symbol) ʘ ǀ ǃ ǃǃ*
Lateral click ǀǀǀ* ǁ
Palatalized postalveolar
(should be in upper table)
Palatal Labial-velar and labialized velar Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Plosive ȶ* ȡ* c ɟ k͡p ɡ͡b k g q ɢ ʡ ʔ
Implosive ʄ̊ ʄ ɠ̊͡ɓ̥ ɠ͡ɓ ɠ̊ ɠ ʛ̥ ʛ
Ejective ȶʼ* k͡pʼ
Nasal ȵ̊ ȵ* ɲ̊ ɲ ŋ̊͡m̊ ŋ͡m ŋ̊ ŋ ɴ̊ ɴ
Trill ʀ̥ ʀ я̊* я*
Tap or Flap ɢ̥̆ ɢ̆ ʡ̯̊ ʡ̯
Lateral flap ʎ̯̊ ʎ̯ ʟ̥̆ ʟ̆
Fricative ɕ ʑ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ ʜ ʢ h ɦ
Lateral fricative * ̌* * ̌*
Approximant j ʍ w ɰ̊ ɰ ʁ̊ ʁ ʕ̞̊ ʕ̞ ʢ̞̊ ʢ̞ h ɦ
Lateral approximant ȴ̥ ȴ* ʎ̥ ʎ ʟ̥ ʟ
Click consonant ǂ
Lateral click ǂǂ*

*Not IPA.

Other consonants:

See also

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message