Taganrog: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Taganrog (English)
Таганрог (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Taganport.jpg
The port of Taganrog from the air in 2006
Map of Russia - Rostov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Rostov Oblast on the map of Russia
Taganrog is located in Rostov Oblast
Location of Taganrog on the map of Rostov Oblast
Coordinates: 47°13′N 38°55′E / 47.217°N 38.917°E / 47.217; 38.917Coordinates: 47°13′N 38°55′E / 47.217°N 38.917°E / 47.217; 38.917
Coat of Arms of Taganrog (Rostov oblast) (1808).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Taganrog (Rostov oblast).png
Flag
Holiday September 12[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Rostov Oblast
In administrative jurisdiction of Rostov Oblast[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Mayor[1] Nikolay Fedyanin[2]
Representative body City Duma[3]
Statistics
Area 111 km2 (42.9 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2002 Census) 279,000 inhabitants[4]
Rank 66
- Density 2,514 /km2 (6,500/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded September 12, 1698[6]
Postal code(s) 347900[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 8634[citation needed]
Official website http://www.taganrogcity.com/

Taganrog (Russian: Таганрог, IPA [təɡʌnˈrok]) is a seaport city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the north shore of Taganrog Bay (Sea of Azov), a few miles west of the mouth of the River Don. Population: 279,000 (2005 est.);[citation needed] 281,947 (2002 Census);[7] 291,622 (1989 Census).[8].

Contents

History of Taganrog

The first Russian Navy base, Taganrog was officially founded by Peter I The Great on September 12, 1698. The Azov Flotilla became the starting point in creation of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.

By the end of the 18th century, Taganrog lost its importance as a military base with Crimea and Azov Sea being under command of the Russian Empire. In 1802, Alexander I of Russia granted the city the status of Taganrog Governorate, which existed until 1887. The governor was in direct contact with H.I.M. In 1825, the Alexander I Palace in Taganrog was used as the tsar's summer residence, where he died in November 1825.

By the end of 19th century-early 20th century the Belgian and German investors founded a boiler factory, an iron and steel factory, a leather factory, and an oil presses factory. In 1911, 15 foreign consulates were open in the city[9].

In May-August 1918, the city was occupied by the Kaiser Germany troops. In 1919 General Anton Denikin held his headquarters at Avgerino mansion in Taganrog. The Soviet power was established on Dec.25, 1919 with remaining Denikin's troops and the British Consulate were evacuated by the HMS Montrose.

In World War II, 1941–1943, Taganrog was occupied by Germans and suffered extensive damage. Two SS divisions entered the city in October 1941 with other military and back divisions to follow. The local government system was replaced by Bürgermeisteramt or "New Russian local government". Taganrog was liberated on August 30, 1943.

On January 29, 2010 Russian President Dmitri Medvedev visited the city of Taganrog within the framework of the commemorative events for the 150th anniversary of the great Russian writer Anton Chekhov[10][11][12][13].

Taganrog in literature and popular culture

The image of the city and its people is featured in numerous Anton Chekhov works, including Ionych, The House with an Attic, The Man in a Shell, Van'ka, Three Years, Mask, My Life and more. It is believed that Taganrog image may be used as Lukomorie (fairy tale land) in Alexander Pushkin's Ruslan and Lyudmila (1820). It also appeared in the novels of Ivan Vasilenko, Konstantin Paustovsky and in the poems of Nikolay Sherbina and Valentin Parnakh.

The conspiratorial legend of "Elder Fyodor Kuzmich" is cited in the book Roza Mira by Russian mystic Daniil Andreyev. According to this legend, the Russian tsar Alexander I did not die in Taganrog, but instead left his crown and the status of monarch to continue his life as a traveling hermit.

In 1984, the city was mentioned in the Mashina Vremeni song Razgovor v Poezde (Conversation on the Train).

In 2004 Irish poet of German heritage Sabine Wichert published a collection of poems titled Taganrog.

In 2006, the city was mentioned in the Aquarium's song The Meaning of All Existing Things (O Smisle Vsego Sushevo) from the album Bespechniy Russkiy Brodyaga(Carefree Russian Wanderer).

In 2006 in Aquarium's song Unknown Facts from Elvis Presley's Biography («Неизвестные факты из биографии Элвиса Пресли»):

Elvis Presley was a son of the Empress of Venus and a smuggler from Taganrog.

«Элвис Пресли был сыном императрицы с Венеры и контрабандиста из Таганрога»

One of the fictional personalities (Sergey Yurievich Belyakov, played by Sergey Svetlakov) on the TV sketch show Nasha Russia is from Taganrog.

In foreign literature, the city was mentioned in the titles of the following novels: Der Tote von Taganrog by Eberhard von Cranach-Sichart, Taganrog (dedicated to death or disappearance of Alexander I of Russia) by Reinhold Schneider.

Notable people

Numerous Russian and international aristocrats, politicians, artists, and scientists were born and/or have lived in Taganrog. Taganrog is the native city of Anton Chekhov, Faina Ranevskaya, Sophia Parnok, Alexandre Koyré and Dmitri Sinodi-Popov; names of Russian emperors Peter I of Russia and Alexander I of Russia; Cornelius Cruys, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Konstantin Paustovsky, Nestor Kukolnik, Achilles Alferaki, Ioannis Varvakis, Sergei Bondarchuk and many other famous people are brought in mind when Taganrog is named.

Economy

The city of Taganrog is the leading industrial center of the Rostov Oblast. Local industry is presented by aerospace, machine-building, automobile, military, iron and steel industry, engineering, metal traders and processors, timber, woodwork, pulp and paper, food, light, chemical and industry of construction materials, and one of the major ports of the Azov Sea.

The area around Taganrog has a large industrial potential, a diversified agricultural industry, production plants and a modern infrastructure. The location of Taganrog on the intersection of traffic routes and the seaport facilitate access to the emerging CIS markets.

Taganrog's main trading partners are: CIS countries, South Korea, Turkey, Italy, Greece and Egypt.

Higher education

Views of Taganrog

International relations

Twin towns/Sister cities

Taganrog is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welcome Message from the Office of the Mayor of Taganrog". Taganrog Municipality. December 2007. http://taganrogcity.com/mayor_welcome.html. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Mayor Nikolay Fedyanin reelected for a second five-year term". Taganrog Municipality. 16 December 2007. http://taganrogcity.com/pr_12162007.html. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 
  3. ^ Taganrog City Council (Duma)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  6. ^ History of Taganrog in 17-18th cent.
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  9. ^ [http://taganrogcity.com/history2.html Taganrog History in the 19th century
  10. ^ The President of Russian Federation Dmitri Medvedev participated in celebrating the 150th anniversary of the great Russian writer Anton Chekhov in the writer's home city of Taganrog
  11. ^ Russia marks Chekhov's 150th anniversary
  12. ^ Cehov sărbătorit acasă (in Romanian)
  13. ^ 梅德韋傑夫向契訶夫雕像敬獻花圈 (in Chinese)
  14. ^ "The Home City of Chekhov and the Home City of Confucius Sign a Partnership Agreement""". Taganrog Municipality. 4 June 2009. http://taganrogcity.com/pr_visit_jining_june09.html. Retrieved 6 August 2009. 
  15. ^ "Official visit to Belarus""". Taganrog Municipality. 29 June 2009. http://taganrogcity.com/visit_minsk_2009.html. Retrieved 6 August 2009. 
  16. ^ "Taganrog signs Sister City agreement with Khartsyzsk, Ukraine""". Taganrog Municipality. 18 September 2009. http://taganrogcity.com/pr_visit_khartsyzsk_19_09_2009.html. Retrieved 29 October 2009. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TAGANROG, a seaport of southern Russia, on the N. shore of the Sea of Azov, in the Don Cossacks territory, some 170 m.

S.E. of the town of Ekaterinosla y. It is built principally of wood, stands on a low cape, and has the aspect of an important commercial city. The imperial palace, where Alexander I. died in 1825, and the Greek monastery (under the patriarch of Jerusalem) are worthy of notice. Statues of Alexander I. (1830) and Peter the Great (1903) adorn the town. In the r3th century Pisan merchants founded there a colony, Portus Pisanus, which, however, soon disappeared during the migrations of the Mongols and Turks. An attempt to obtain possession of the promontory was made by Peter the Great, but it was not definitely annexed by the Russians until seventy years afterwards (1769). The commercial importance of the town dates from the second half of the r9th century; in 1870 its population had risen to 38,000, and after it was brought into railway connexion with Kharkov and Voronezh, and thus with the fertile provinces of south and south-east Russia, the increase was still more rapid, the number reaching 56,047 in 1885, and 58,928 in 1900 - Greeks, Jews, Armenians and West-Europeans being important elements. The town was bombarded and in part destroyed by an Anglo-French fleet in May 1855. Taganrog is an episcopal see of the Orthodox Greek Church, and has tanneries, tallow works and tobacco manufactures. The roadstead is very shallow, and exposed to winds which cause great variations in the height of the water; it is, moreover, rapidly silting up. At the quay the depth of water is only 8 to 9 feet, and large ships have to lie 5 to 13 miles from the town. Moreover, the port is closed by ice three to four months in the year. Notwithstanding the disadvantages of its open roadstead, the foreign trade has rapidly expanded, the annual value of the exports having increased from 62 millions sterling in 1899 to over ro millions sterling in 1904. The chief article of export being corn, the trade of the city is subject to great fluctuations. Linseed and other oil-bearing grains are also important articles of commerce, as well as wool and butter. The imports, which consist chiefly of machinery, fruits (dried and fresh), wie, oil and textiles, do not much exceed half a million sterling annually.


<< William Howard Taft

Tages >>








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message