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Common Marigolds
Tagetes patula (French Marigold)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Tageteae
Genus: Tagetes
L.
Species

About 59, including:
Tagetes erecta
Tagetes filifolia
Tagetes lacera
Tagetes lucida
Tagetes minuta
Tagetes patula
Tagetes tenuifolia
as well as numerous hybrids

Tagetes (pronounced /təˈdʒiːtiːz/)[1] is a genus of 51 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae or Compositae). They are native to the area stretching from the southwestern United States into Mexico and south throughout South America. The different species vary in size from 0.05-2.2 m tall. They have pinnate green leaves, and white, golden, orange, yellow, to an almost red floral heads typically (0.1-) to 4-6 cm diameter, generally with both ray florets and disc florets.

Contents

Naming

Tagetes (possibly from the name of an Etruscan god[2]) are known almost universally in North America as marigold, or variously as Mexican marigolds (or cempasúchil), African marigolds (usually referring to cultivars and hybrids of T. erecta, although this species is not native to Africa), or French marigolds (usually referring to hybrids and cultivars of T. patula, many of which were developed in France although the species is not native to that country). At least one species is a naturalized weed in Africa, Hawaii, and Australia.

"Marigold" is derived from "Mary's Gold", and the plant is associated with the Virgin Mary in Christian stories. Tagetes is not to be confused with the genus Calendula, which goes by "marigold" in some areas. See "marigold" for this and other species commonly called marigold.

Uses

Depending on the species, marigold foliage has a musky, pungent scent, though some varieties have been bred to be scentless. It is said to deter some common insect pests (although it is recorded as a food plant for some Lepidoptera larvae including Dot Moth), as well as nematodes. Tagetes are hence often used in companion planting for tomato, eggplant, pepper, tobacco and potato. T. minuta (Khakibush or Huacatay), originally from South America, has been used as a source of essential oil for the perfume industry known as tagette, and as a flavourant in the food and tobacco industries in South Africa, where the species is also a useful pioneer plant in the reclamation of disturbed land. Some of the perennial species are deer-, rabbit-, rodent- and javalina-resistant. The petals of Tagetes are rich in the orange-yellow carotenoid lutein and as such extracts of T. erecta are used as a food colour (INS-Number E161b).

Cultural Significance

The species Tagetes lucida, known as "Pericón" is used to prepare a sweetish, anise flavored medicinal tea in Mexico.

The marigold is very significant in Nepalese culture where marigold garlands are used almost in every household especially during the Tihar festival.

The marigold was regarded as the flower of the dead in pre-Hispanic Mexico, parallel to the lily in Europe, and is still widely used in the Day of the Dead celebrations. The marigold is also widely cultivated in India and Thailand, particularly the species T. erecta, T. patula, and T. tenuifolia. Vast quantities of marigolds are used in garlands and decoration for weddings, festivals, and religious events. Marigold cultivation is extensively seen in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Karnataka, UP etc. It can grow well in almost any sort of well drained soil but is best grown in partly sandy soil with good drainage. Although only hybrid varieties are used for cultivation, a good number of pure plantations are available. It is highly temperature resistant. Most varieties are seasonal and dry out after some good flowering phases.[3]

Tagetes minuta or Mexican Marigold, a tall upright marigold plant with small flowers, is used as a culinary herb in Peru, Ecuador, and parts of Chile and Bolivia, where it is called by the Incan term huacatay. Huacatay paste is used to make the popular potato dish called ocopa. Having both "green" and "yellow/orange" notes, the taste and odor of fresh Tagetes minuta is like a mixture of sweet basil, tarragon, mint and citrus.

Gallery

References

picture: Tagetes (Marigold) Flower Close-up

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. ^ http://www.plants.am/wiki/Tagetes
  3. ^ Gupta, Y.C.; Y. D. Sharma and N.S. Pathania (2002-09-09). "Let the flower of gods bless you". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India (web site). http://www.tribuneindia.com/2002/20020909/agro.htm#3. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Tagetes tenuifolia

Etymology

From an Etruscan deity called Tages, named by botanist Carl von Linnaeus (1707-1778).[1][2]

Proper noun

Tagetes

  1. (botany) A taxonomic genus, within family Asteraceae, flowering plants often called marigolds.

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Erhardt, Walter & Götz, Erich & Bödeker, Nils & Seybold, Siegmund, Zander. Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen. Dictionary of plant names. Dictionnaire des noms de plantes, Ulmer, 2000.
  2. ^ Hyam, Roger & Pankhurst, Richard, Plants and their Names. A Concise Dictionary, Oxford University Press, US, 1995.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Tageteae
Genus: Tagetes
Species: T. apetala - T. argentina - T. biflora - T. campanulata - T. dianthiflora - T. elliptica - T. erecta - T. erythrocephala - T. filifolia - T. foetidissima - T. gracilis - T. hartwegii - T. heterocarpha - T. laxa - T. lemmonii - T. lucida - T. mendocina - T. micrantha - T. minuta - T. mulleri - T. multiflora - T. nelsonii - T. parryi - T. patula - T. pectinata - T. perezii - T. pringlei - T. remotiflora - T. riojana - T. rupestris - T. stenophylla - T. subulata - T. tenuifolia - T. terniflora - T. verticillata - T. zyaquirensis

Name

Tagetes L.

Vernacular names

Français: Tagète
Magyar: Bársonyvirágfélék
Nederlands: Afrikaantje
Русский: Бархатцы
Suomi: Samettikukat
Türkçe: Kadife çiçeği







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