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Tahlequah, Oklahoma
—  City  —
Tahlequah at sundown on September 14, 2008
Location of Tahlequah, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°54′46″N 94°58′17″W / 35.91278°N 94.97139°W / 35.91278; -94.97139Coordinates: 35°54′46″N 94°58′17″W / 35.91278°N 94.97139°W / 35.91278; -94.97139
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Cherokee
Government
 - Mayor Ken Purdy
Area
 - Total 12.0 sq mi (31.1 km2)
 - Land 12.0 sq mi (31.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 797 ft (243 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,458
 Density 1,202.8/sq mi (464.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 74464-74465
Area code(s) 918
FIPS code 40-72100[1]
GNIS feature ID 1098721[2]

Tahlequah (Cherokee: ᏓᎵᏆ,[3] pronunced "Tal a Kwa") is a city in Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States located at the foothills of the Ozark Mountains. The population was 14,458 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Cherokee County[4]. The main campus of Northeastern State University is located in the city. It is also the capital of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians and the Cherokee Nation. Tahlequah is also known for being featured in the book Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls.

Contents

Origin of the Name

The name, according to legend, derives from the Cherokee word "Ta'ligwu" meaning "just two," or "two is enough." The "two" refers to a meeting between elders that presumably took place shortly after the Trail of Tears. Three tribal elders had planned to meet to determine the location of the Cherokee Nation's permanent capital. Two elders arrived and waited for the third. As dusk approached, they decided that "two is enough."

A more likely origin for the name is that it is named for an ancient eastern Cherokee town of Great Tellico, the English spelling of Cherokee Talikwa, the meaning of which is lost, according to James Mooney, although some trace it to the word tel-i-quah which is interpreted as "plains".

Indian Capital

Tahlequah has the distinction of being the capital of both the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians.

There are several markers of Cherokee and Native American heritage found across town: street signs and business signs appear in the Cherokee language along with English, mostly in the syllabary alphabet created by Sequoyah, a Cherokee scholar of the 1820s.

The Cherokee Supreme Court Building, located in downtown Tahlequah and constructed in 1844, is the oldest public building in Oklahoma.[5]

Geography

Tahlequah is located at 35°54′46″N 94°58′17″W / 35.91278°N 94.97139°W / 35.91278; -94.97139 (35.912869, -94.971526)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles (31.1 km²), all land.

Demographics

Tahlequah is home to Northeastern State University.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 14,458 people, 5,703 households, and 3,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,202.8/sq mi (464.4/km²). There were 6,245 housing units at an average density of 519.5/sq mi (200.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.01% White, 2.53% African American, 26.86% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 6.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.26% of the population.

There were 5,703 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 25.2% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,238, and the median income for a family was $34,811. Males had a median income of $25,066 versus $21,327 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,371. About 18.5% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Cowen, Agnes Spade and Jane B. Noble. Comptemporary Cherokee Language Book. Tahlequah, OK: Heritage Printing, 1996: 77
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Martindale, Robert. "Cherokee Nation places three historical buildings in trust", Tulsa World, 28 June 2003
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  • Mooney, James. Myths of the Cherokee (1900, repr. 1995)

External links

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Simple English

Tahlequah, Oklahoma
—  City  —
Tahlequah at sundown on September 14, 2008
Coordinates: 35°54′46″N 94°58′17″W / 35.91278°N 94.97139°W / 35.91278; -94.97139
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Cherokee
Area
 - Total 12.0 sq mi (31.1 km2)
 - Land 12.0 sq mi (31.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 797 ft (243 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 16,419
 Density 1,368.3/sq mi (527.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 74464-74465
Area code(s) 918
FIPS code 40-72100[1]
GNIS feature ID 1098721[2]

Tahlequah (Pronounced "Tal a Kwa") is a city in Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States located at the foot hills of the Ozark Mountains. Tahlequah is also home to Northeastern State University.

References


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