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Tajikistani somoni
Сомонӣ (Tajik)
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
ISO 4217 Code TJS
User(s)  Tajikistan
Inflation 11.9%
Source The World Factbook, 2006 est.
Subunit
1/100 diram
Plural somoni
diram diram
Coins 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5 somoni
Banknotes 1, 5, 20, 50 diram, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 somoni
Central bank National Bank of Tajikistan
Website www.nbt.tj

The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ, ISO 4217 code: TJS) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

Contents

History

The somoni was introduced on October 30, 2000;[1] it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.


Coins

The Current Series [1]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
5 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 5 diram 16.5 mm 1.35 mm 2 g brass-clad steel Plain Tajik 7-star crown, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, year of minting Value 2001
10 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 10 diram 17.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.4 g
20 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 20 diram 18.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.7 g
25 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 25 diram 19 mm 1.4 mm 2.76 g Brass
50 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 50 diram 21 mm 1.45 mm 3.6 g
1 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 1 somoni 24 mm 1.6 mm 5.2 g See remark 2 Reeded and plain sections Ismail Samani, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2001
3 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 3 somoni 25.5 mm 1.8 mm 6.3 g Lettered Coat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value
5 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 5 somoni 26.5 mm 1.85 mm 7 g Reeded and plain sections with a star Abuabdullo Rudaki, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, "Рӯдакӣ"3
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.
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Remarks

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"
  2. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901-present, 31st ed. states that the composition for 1, 3, and 5 som is cupronickel-zinc, while the Central Bank states cupronickel.
  3. "Рӯдакӣ" = "Rudaki"

Banknotes

The Current Series [2]
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
[3] [4] 1 diram 100 × 60 mm Brown Sadriddin Ayni Theatre and Opera House Pamir Mountains Two mountains over rectangle 1999 2000
[5] [6] 5 diram Blue Arbob Culture Palace Shrine of Mirzo Tursunzoda
[7] [8] 20 diram Green Meetings Hall of the National Bank of Tajikistan Mountain road
[9] [10] 50 diram Purple Ismail Samani Mountain valley
[11] [12] 1 somoni 141 × 65 mm Green Mirzo Tursunzoda National Bank of Tajikistan As portrait
[13] [14] 5 somoni 144 × 65 mm Blue Sadriddin Ayni Shrine of Abuabdullo Rudaki
[15] [16] 10 somoni 147 × 65 mm Red Mir Said Alii Hamadoni The tomb of Mir Said Alii Hamadoni
[17] [18] 20 somoni 150 × 65 mm Yellow-brown Abuali ibn Sino Hissar Castle
[19] [20] 50 somoni 153 × 65 mm Blue Bobojon Gafurov Chaikhana (teahouse) Sino
[21] [22] 100 somoni 156 × 65 mm Brown Ismail Samani Presidential Palace
For table standards, see the banknote specification table.
Current TJS exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB

Note: These rates could be substantially different from the rates the central bank publishes

Somoni is the second-highest-valued currency unit in Central Asia.

See also

References

Preceded by:
Tajikistani ruble
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 somoni = 1000 rubles
Currency of Tajikistan
2000
Succeeded by:
Current

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