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Talca
—  Commune  —
The downtown as seen from Cerro La Virgen.

Seal
Location of Talca commune in Maule region
Talca is located in Chile
Talca
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 35°26′0″S 71°40′0″W / 35.433333°S 71.666667°W / -35.433333; -71.666667
Region Maule Region
Province Talca Province
Foundation February 17, 1742
Government
 - Mayor Juan Castro
Area
 - Commune 232 km2 (89.6 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 - Commune 201,797
 Metro 193,755
Time zone Chile Time (CLT)[1] (UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST) Chile Summer Time (CLST)[2] (UTC-3)
Website www.talca.cl

Talca (2002 Census pop. 193,755) is a city and commune in Chile, and is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region (7th Region of Chile).

The city was founded as San Agustín de Talca in 1742 by José Antonio Manso de Velasco.[3] It was partially destroyed by earthquakes in 1742 and 1928, being rebuilt both times. It sits near the epicenter of the 2010, magnitude 8.8 earthquake and suffered severe shaking[4] causing the collapse of much of the historic town centre[5]. The city played a role in Chile's independence; it was the home of Mgr. José Ignacio Cienfuegos, and was the site Bernardo O'Higgins' proclamation of Chilean independence in 1818.[3]

The city is an important economic center, with agricultural (wheat) and manufacturing activities, as well as wine production. It is also the location of the Universidad de Talca and the Catholic University of Maule, among others. The Catholic Church of Talca has held a prominent role in the history of Chile.

The inhabitants of Talca have a saying, Talca, Paris & London, born from a hat shop which had placed a ribbon stating that it had branches in Paris and London. The shop was owned by a French immigrant named Jean-Pierre Lagarde.

Contents

Geography and climate

Talca is located 250 km south of Santiago,[3] south of the confluence of the rivers Lircay and Claro, in the Central Valley. The city is bisected by the Pan-American Highway.

Climate

Talca has a Mediterranean climate with dry summers and wet winters. Average annual rainfall is 749 mm and the annual temperature average is 13 °C.

Climate data for Talca
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
28
(82)
25
(77)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
10
(50)
12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
22
(72)
29
(84)
19
(66)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
14
(57)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
2
(36)
3
(37)
6
(43)
8
(46)
12
(54)
14
(57)
8
(46)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
17
(0.67)
64
(2.52)
105
(4.13)
130
(5.12)
182
(7.17)
128
(5.04)
70
(2.76)
34
(1.34)
12
(0.47)
3
(0.12)
749
(29.49)
Source: Weatherbase[6] 19 February 2008

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Talca is in the Central region of Chile. It is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region.

Get in

Talca is accessible by the main highway of Chile, the Ruta 5, a modern and well maintained toll road with a 120kph speed limit which is part of the Panamerican Highway system. Getting in to the city from the highway involves many unmarked turns that leave you feeling that the city is not interested in visitors. Talca personifies the Chilean characteristics of being isolated, insular and very local. Most travellers from Santiago to the South pass right through and have no experience of Talca, a busy medium sized city with cars, taxis, busses bicycles and horse drawn carts in the streets. Regional paved roads lead eastward from Talca to the Pacific ocean. To the west, the San Clemente road is paved to within 80km of the Argentine border at the rugged Paso Pehuenche which is open for about 2 months of the year, otherwise closed and impassible because of snow. Bus service to and from Talca is frequent and goes in all four directions. There is train service north and south with a special and rustic train that makes the trip to the coast.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TALCA, a province of Chile, bounded N. by Curico, E. by Argentina, S. by Linares and Maule, and W. by the Pacific. Area 3840 sq. m. Pop. (1895) 128,961. In the E. the Andean slopes cover a considerable part of its territory, and in the W. another large area is covered by the coast range. Between these is the central valley of Chile in which the population and industries of the province are chiefly concentrated. The mountainous parts are well wooded. The intermediate plain, which is rolling and slopes gently to the S., is fertile and devoted to wheat and stock. The capital of the province is Talca (pop. 18 95, 33, 2 3 2; 1902 estimated 42,766), on the Rio Claro, a tributary of the Maule, 156 m. by rail S. of Santiago. It is one of the most important provincial towns and commercial centres of central Chile. There are woollen factories, especially for the universally worn "poncho." Talca has railway connexion with Santiago on the N., with Concepcion on the S., and with Constitucion at the mouth of the Maule.


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