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Tamanrasset
منراست
—  Commune and town  —
Livestock market of Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset is located in Algeria
Tamanrasset
Coordinates: 22°47′6″N 5°31′22″E / 22.785°N 5.52278°E / 22.785; 5.52278
Country  Algeria
Province Tamanrasset Province
District Tamanrasset District
Area
 - Total 37,713 km2 (14,561.1 sq mi)
Elevation 1,320 m (4,331 ft)
Population (1998)
 - Total 76,000
 - Density 2/km2 (5.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
PMA seats (as of 2007) 11
ONS code 1101
Postal code 11000

Tamanrasset (Arabic: تمنراست , also known as Tamenghest, Tuareg: Tamanrasset in Tifinagh.svg) is an oasis city and capital of Tamanrasset Province in southern Algeria, in the Ahaggar Mountains. It is the chief city of the Algerian Tuareg. It is located at 22°47′6″N 5°31′22″E / 22.785°N 5.52278°E / 22.785; 5.52278 at an altitude of 1320 meters (4333 feet) [1] and has a population of 76,000 (estimate 2006).

Tamanrasset was originally established as a military outpost to guard the trans-Saharan trade routes. Surrounded by the barren Sahara Desert, some of the world’s highest known temperatures have been recorded here. Tamanrasset is located at an oasis where, despite the difficult climate, citrus fruits, apricots, dates, almonds, cereals, corn, and figs are grown. The Tuareg people are the town’s main inhabitants. Their red houses and the area’s magnificent, rugged scenery make Tamanrasset a popular tourist attraction during the cooler months. Visitors are also drawn to the Museum of the Hoggar, which offers many exhibits depicting Tuareg life and culture.

When Algeria was under French rule, the city was called Fort Laperrine.

The city is served by Tamanrasset Airport and the Trans-Sahara Highway.

Climate

Tamanrasset Airport


Weather data for Tamanrasset
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.5
(82)
29.9
(86)
29.8
(86)
35.0
(95)
39.1
(102)
44.7
(112)
47.4
(117)
47.4
(117)
42.5
(109)
34.8
(95)
28.6
(83)
27.2
(81)
47.4
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(66)
20.6
(69)
22.9
(73)
26.7
(80)
31.5
(89)
34.2
(94)
35.9
(97)
34.0
(93)
30.4
(87)
25.1
(77)
21.5
(71)
18.3
(65)
Average low °C (°F) 6.4
(44)
7.5
(46)
8.6
(47)
12.8
(55)
15.2
(59)
17.9
(64)
18.3
(65)
17.2
(63)
15.0
(59)
13.4
(56)
9.5
(49)
7.4
(45)
Record low °C (°F) -5.3
(22)
-4.4
(24)
-2.9
(27)
0.4
(33)
4.7
(40)
6.9
(44)
7.2
(45)
7.0
(45)
5.7
(42)
-0.1
(32)
0.0
(32)
-4.6
(24)
-5.3
(22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.9
(0.19)
3.6
(0.14)
5.1
(0.2)
2.2
(0.09)
0.7
(0.03)
2.9
(0.11)
11.6
(0.46)
14.4
(0.57)
9.0
(0.35)
4.0
(0.16)
0.9
(0.04)
3.5
(0.14)
62.8
(2.47)
Source:

External links

Coordinates: 22°47′06″N 5°31′22″E / 22.785°N 5.522778°E / 22.785; 5.522778








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