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Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazhagam (Tamil Nadu Muslim Progress Conference) is a Muslim non-governmental organization established in the state of Tamil Nadu in India in 1995. Also called the TMMK, it has described itself in news releases as "a mass based" organization.[1]

Contents

Activities

In February 2005, the TMMK urged the then-Chief Minister Jayalalithaa Jayaram to direct the Wakf Board to send all its communications only in the Tamil language to the administrators of mosques.[2]

A March 2007 rally organized by the TMMK in New Delhi drew support from the Association of Indian Muslims (AIM) of America.[3]

The TMMK has campaigned for the reservation of seats in educational institutions and the ear-marking of entrepreneurship schemes for Muslims in Tamil Nadu as per the recommendations of the Sachar Committee.[4]

A TMMK spokesman, in March 2007, expressed support of the practice of Rajm (death by stoning).[5]

The Tamil Nadu Thawheedh Jamaath (TNTJ) has been termed "a breakaway group" of the organization.[6]

Manidhaneya Makkal Katchi

In Feb 2009, a new Political Party MMK, was launched by TMMK in Chennai.

Criticism

The TMMK is believed to be controlled by former Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) cadres, who have been implicated in many terrorist acts.[7] The TMMK urged the Union government (the government of India) to lift the ban on SIMI in 2005.[8] Haifa University political scientist David Bukay lists the TMMK as a "fundamentalist and subversive group."[9]

Activists of the TMMK and the Islamist al-Umma have been known to express communalist sentiments against Hindus in riots and protests. They are regarded as part of a covert network of Islamic Fundamentalist political outfits established in the region.[10][11]

After the 1998 Coimbatore bombings and the communal violence that ensued from it, members of the TMMK were arrested following the banning of the related Jihadist group al-Umma (listed in Extremist Groups) who were directly behind the blasts. Leaders of the Jihad Committee and the TMMK were arrested in a State-wide crackdown. Among those arrested were the TMMK president M.H. Jawahirulla and treasurer S.M. Bakkar. Over the next few days, many activists of the TMMK were arrested at Keezhakkarai, Devakottai, Dindigul, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur, Nagercoil, Melapalayam and Udumalpet as a precautionary measure.[7][12]

On December 6, 2003, 450 activists of the TMMK were arrested for attempting to instigate a communal riot.[13] Similar arrests were made earlier in 2000 where TMMK members were implicated.[14]

References

  1. ^ TMMK news release (5 December 2004). "2004: Indian Muslim Statements". The Milli Gazette. http://www.milligazette.com/IndMusStat/2004a/016-TMMK-5dec04.htm.  
  2. ^ Staff reporter (20 February 2005). "TMMK demand". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2005/02/20/stories/2005022007200400.htm.  
  3. ^ Association of Indian Muslims of America news release (7 March 2007). "American Muslims Support Muslim Welfare Rally at the Indian Parliament". Indian Muslims website based in Jupiter, Florida. http://www.indianmuslims.info/news/2007/march/07/indian_muslim/american_muslims_support_muslim_welfare_rally_at_the_indian_parliament.html. "Kaleem Kawaja, president of Association of Indian Muslims (AIM) gave his organization's support to the rally organized by Tamilnadu Muslim Munnetra Khazgam (TMMK) which seek to uplift the Muslim community in India… AIM demanded that the central and state governments implement specific and properly funded programs to alleviate the extraordinary educational and socioeconomic backwardness of the Muslims of India."  
  4. ^ United News of India (16 June 2007). "TMMK appeals to Centre, state to stick to reservation". Webindia123.com. http://news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20070616/689639.html.  
  5. ^ Jaya Menon (25 March 2007). "In Tamil Nadu town, fundamentalists play moral cops, even kill to have way". The Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/story/26668.html. "Many in the town believe that Mumtaz deserved it,” said Abdul Subahan (18), the district secretary of the student wing of Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazham, a political outfit which police think is linked to Al Umma… Said Dr Bhagat Singh, the TMMK’s district secretary: “…To prevent such incidents, the Government should introduce the practice of stoning immoral women to death. Many Middle-East countries follow this practice and keep women under check. That’s the only way to handle such issues."  
  6. ^ Staff reporter (30 August 2006). "Wakf Board takes possession of mosque; tension at Melapalayam". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/08/30/stories/2006083010940300.htm.  
  7. ^ a b Tamil Nadu: The Rise of Islamist Fundamentalism, by P.G. Rajamohan, South Asia Terrorism Portal
  8. ^ Staff reporters (25 September 2007). "Lift ban on SIMI: TMMK". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2005/09/25/stories/2005092504610400.htm.  
  9. ^ Bukay, David (2004). Muhammad's Monsters: A Comprehensive Guide to Radical Islam for Western Audiences P177-178. New Leaf Press. ISBN 0892215763. "Evidence of these processes [preparation for large-scale acts of terror] is mounting throughout India, and is reflected in the number of fundamentalist and subversive groups that exist, and the geographical spread of their activities. The most prominent of these include the Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, the All India Milli Council, All India Jihad Committee, The People's Democratic Party, Muslim United Front, Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazagham, National Development Front, Students Islamic Movement of India, among others"  
  10. ^ Indicting the police Frontline Magazine - June 10 - 23, 2000
  11. ^ Beyond Territorial Disputes by Kuldeep Kumar, Deutsche Welle 2007
  12. ^ Behind the Coimbatore tragedy, by T. Subramaniyam, Frontline 15 (05) 1998
  13. ^ Anniversary ends peacefully The Hindu - December 07, 2003
  14. ^ Bandh against attack on mosque The Tribune, Chandigarh - December 12, 2000

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