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Tamzara, Tamsara, Tənzərə or Tanzara is an Armenian, Assyrian and Greek folk dance native to Anatolia. This dance was especially popular in the regions of Erzincan, Erzurum, Kiğı, Arabkir, Elazığ, and Malatya. There are many versions of Tamzara, with slightly different music and steps, coming from the various regions and old villages in Anatolia. However, all Tamzara's have the unique 9/8 Evfer rhythm, with the two accented beats at the end of each measure. In addition, the melody to most Tamzara's is very similar, though there are exceptions. Like most Anatolian folk dances, Tamzara is done as a "line dance" or "circle dance", with a large group of people with interlocked pinkies. However one version of the Tamzara is done by a man with one or two women standing shoulder to shoulder facing the same direction with their arms around each others waists.

Legend has it that the dance was brought to Anatolia by the Ancient Assyrians during there conquest of the region in the Assyrian empire[1][2] in commemeration to the god of food and vegetation Tammuz.

An Armenian-American variation of the Tamzara, invented in Fresno, California, involves two lines of people facing each other, partners being the people opposite each other. Tamzara is one of the most popular Armenian folk dances to have been preserved in the United States by the Armenian-American community.

The meaning of this dancing, which is famous in the villages of Charchibogan, Chomakhtur and other villages of Sharur region, is “Gizili tanbatan” (Half golden) in word by word translation and today Tanzara is included to the repertoir of the folklore dancing collectives respectively. The women dancing used to put on all kinds of golden things, dressed luxurouly–including rings, ear-rings, bracells, chains etc. and those women resembled beauty and sparkling. The name of Tanzara one of the ancient dancings of the Azerbaijan people, is connected with this. Tanzara means- half gilt, half decoration. This dancing is played by the folklore dancing collective of the Vaykhir village cultural house joining their little fingers. Firstly they step three steps ahead and strike their left feet on the ground and then they put their left feet ahead and for a while stand on it, then they make three little steps back and enspeed their actions a bit more in the second part with the actions of the first part.

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