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Tan Son Nhat International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất
Tan Son Nhat International Airport.jpg
IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Vietnamese government
Operator Southern Airports Corporation
Serves Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Location Tan Binh District
Hub for Indochina Airlines
Jetstar Pacific Airlines
Vietnam Airlines
Air Vietnam (Defunct)
Elevation AMSL 10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates 10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194
Website tsnairport.hochiminhcity.gov.vn
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,048 10,000 Concrete
07R/25L 3,800 12,468 Concrete
Statistics (2008)
Passenger movements 12.427.808 [1]
Airfreight movements in tonnes 444.223 [2]
Aircraft movements 98.002 [3]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport (IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS) (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất) is Vietnam's largest international airport in terms of area (800 ha/1,977 acres compared with 650 ha/1,606 acres of Hanoi's Noi Bai International Airport and Da Nang's Da Nang International Airport[4][5]). It has a handling capacity of 15-17 million passengers per year, compared with the capacity of Hanoi - Noi Bai airport of 8 million passengers and Da Nang's 2 million passengers[5]. It is also the largest airport of Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with an estimated number of over 12.5 million passengers per year in 2009, accounting for more than half of Vietnam's air passenger traffic[6][7]), serving Ho Chi Minh City as well as Dong Nam Bo in southern Vietnam. Its IATA code SGN was derived from the city's former name of Saigon.

Contents

History

Tan Son Nhat International Airport has its origins in the early 1930s, when the French colonial government constructed a small airport with unpaved runways, known as Tân Sơn Nhất Airfield near the village of Tan Son Nhat. By mid-1956, with U.S. aid, a 7,200-foot (2,190 m) runway had been built and the airfield near Saigon became known as South Vietnam's principal international gateway. During the Vietnam War (or Second Indochina War), Tan Son Nhut Air Base (then using the alternative spelling Tân Sơn Nhứt) was an important facility for both the U.S. Air Force and the (VNAF). Between 1968 and 1974, Tan Son Nhut Airport was one of the busiest military airbases in the world. During the last days of South Vietnam, Pan Am schedules from 1973 showed Boeing 747 service was being operated four times a week to San Francisco via Guam and Manila [8]. Continental Airlines operated up to 30 Boeing 707 military charters per week to and from Tan Son Nhut Airport during the 1968-74 period.[9]

On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975. UA 869 (operated by a Boeing 747-400) landed at Ho Chi Minh City, the terminus of the flight that ran from San Francisco via Hong Kong. On 29 October 2006, this service was switched from San Francisco to Los Angeles with a stop in Hong Kong, operating as UA 867 (also using a Boeing 747-400). In 2009, the service UA 869 has resumed once again from San Francisco via Hong Kong International.[10] In 2006, this airport at Ho Chi Minh (HCM) City served approximately 8.5 million passengers (compared with 7 million in 2005) with 64.000 aircraft movements [11]. HCM - Tan Son Nhat Airport has recently accounted for nearly two thirds of the arrivals and departures at Vietnam's international gateway airports. [7].[12]

Due to increasing demand (about 15%-20% per annum), this airport has been continuously expanded by the Southern Airports Corporation.[12] Tan Son Nhat International Airport served 13 million passengers in 2008 compared to 11 million in 2007. According to the new expansion plan announced by the Vietnamese government, the airport will be enlarged to provide facilities and space for around 70 aircraft to land by 2015, and to handle 23.5 million passengers and 600,000 tonnes of cargo per annum. [13] [14]

New international terminal

A new international terminal funded by Japanese ODA and constructed by a consortium of four Japanese contractors (KTOM, abbreviation of 4 contractors's names: Kajima - Taisei - Obayashi - Maeda), opened in September 2007 with a capacity for 8-10 million passengers a year, thus giving the airport a total annual capacity of 15-17 million passengers. The old terminal is now used for domestic flights only.[4] After 2015, when Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will serve domestic passengers only.

The international terminal is open 24 hours a day.

Facilities

Following the opening of its new international terminal in September 2007, HCM - Tan Son Nhat has two major terminal buildings with separate sections for international and domestic flights. Four jetways were added in the late 1990s prior to which aircraft had to use remote parking and passengers were transferred to/from the terminal by shuttle buses. The capacity of the new terminal, once fully completed, will be 8 million passengers per annum. After 2015, when Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will serve domestic passengers only.

The Prime Minister of Vietnam by Decision 1646/TTg-NN has approved the addition of 30 hectares (74 acres) of adjacent area to extend the apron and to build a cargo terminal due to the rapid increase of passenger (which will reach to 11 million in 2007 and is expected to reach 17 million in 2010, compared to 7 million and 8.5 million in 2005 and 2006 respectively) and cargo volume at this airport [7][15]

Arrivals and Departures are split across two floors.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Domestic flights operate from Terminal 1, whilst international flights use Terminal 2.

Front view of the international terminal
Terminal 2
Passport Check in the new terminal, 13 August 2007
Check-in counters at the International Terminal
Air Traffic Control Tower
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air China Beijing-Capital, Nanning 2
Air France Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur 2
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap 2
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2
Cebu Pacific Manila 2
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 2
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 2
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou 2
Delta Air Lines Los Angeles [ends 27 March][16] 2
EVA Air Taipei-Taiwan-Taoyuan 2
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Singapore 2
Indochina Airlines Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hue, Nha Trang, Vinh (all service currently suspended) 1
Indonesia AirAsia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 2
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
Jetstar Airways Darwin, Sydney 2
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore 2
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hue, Hanoi, Vinh 1
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta , Singapore 2
Lufthansa Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
Mandarin Airlines Taichung 2
Philippine Airlines Manila 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 2
Royal Khmer Airlines Siem Reap 2
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 2
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
Tiger Airways Singapore 2
Uni Air Kaohsiung 2
United Airlines Hong Kong, San Francisco 2
Vietnam Air Service Company (VASCO) Ca Mau, Chu Lai, Con Dao, Tuy Hoa 1
Vietnam Airlines Buon Ma Thuot, Can Tho [begins 28 March], Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi[17], Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hue, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Qui Nhon, Rach Gia, Vinh 1
Vietnam Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Busan, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur, Melbourne, Moscow-Domodedovo, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong [begins 29 March][18], Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vientiane 2
Viva Macau Macau 2
Cities with direct non-stop international passenger airlinks with Tan Son Nhat International Airport

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Cargoitalia Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong
JAL Cargo
K-Mile Transmile Air Services
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
NWA Cargo
Qantas Freight Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney
Shanghai Airlines Cargo Shanghai-Pudong
Trai Thien Air Cargo Bangkok, Hanoi, Phnom Penh, Singapore
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Bangkok, Phnom Penh

The airport's future

The current Tan Son Nhat airport is located inside the crowded city of Ho Chi Minh City, and a limited area for expansion and safety concerns would make it hard to upgrade in order to meet increasing demand. Following a recent decision by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, a new airport—Long Thanh International Airport—will replace Tan Son Nhat airport for international-departure use. The master plan for this new airport was approved in April 2006. The new airport will be built in Long Thanh county, Dong Nai province, about 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City and 70 km (43 mi) northwest of the petroleum-focused city of Vung Tau, near Highway 51A. The pre-feasibility study for this project is under way. The Long Thanh International Airport will be constructed on an area of 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi), and it will have four runways (4,000 m x 60 m or 13,100 ft x 200 ft) and be capable of receiving the Airbus A380 jumbo jet. The project will be divided in two stages. Stage one includes the construction of two parallel runways and a terminal with a capacity of 20 million passengers per year, due to be completed in 2011. The second stage is scheduled for completion in 2015, leaving the airport with three passenger terminals and a cargo terminal designed to received 5 million metric tons of cargo per year. The total invested capital of this project is an estimated US$8 billion. Upon completion of Long Thanh International Airport, Tan Son Nhat Airport will serve domestic passengers only. Long Thanh International Airport is expected to be the leading airport on the Indochinese peninsula, and one of the busiest air transportation hubs in the southeast Asian region.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.tsnairport.hochiminhcity.gov.vn/vn/default.aspx?cat_id=717&news_id=708&cl1=674#content
  2. ^ http://www.tsnairport.hochiminhcity.gov.vn/vn/default.aspx?cat_id=717&news_id=708&cl1=674#content
  3. ^ http://www.tsnairport.hochiminhcity.gov.vn/vn/default.aspx?cat_id=717&news_id=708&cl1=674#content
  4. ^ a b Official website of Tan Son Nhat International Airport
  5. ^ a b Vietnam Aviation Magazine (Tạp chí Hàng không), October 2007 issue (a magazine published by the Vietnam Aviation Authority), in article Is that possible for a new international airport in Hai Duong Province ?
  6. ^ Expansion of Saigon - Tan Son Nhat International Airport on Sài Gòn Giải Phóng Newspaper on 13 October 2007 [1]
  7. ^ a b c Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (Vietnamese) [2]
  8. ^ Pan Am System Timetable, April 29, 1973
  9. ^ Christian, J. Scott, former Continental employee and manager, Bring Songs to the Sky: Recollections of Continental Airlines, 1970-1986, Quadran Press, 1998.
  10. ^ http://www.united.com/page/article/0,6722,1891,00.html?navSource=Dropdown07&linkTitle=timetables
  11. ^ Official number from Tan Son Nhat Airport Authority at its official website [3]
  12. ^ a b News about Tan Son Nhat International Airport on Official Website of Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 12 November 2007, Vietnamese
  13. ^ "Tránh quá tải: Mở rộng 2 cảng hàng không lớn nhất" (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Transport of Vietnam. 20 tháng 8 năm 2008. http://www.giaothongvantai.com.vn/Desktop.aspx/News/kinh-te-xa-hoi/Tranh_qua_tai_Mo_rong_2_cang_hang_khong_lon_nhat/. 
  14. ^ "Vietnam aviation sector targets airport expansion". Vietnam News. 26 September 2008. http://www.vnagency.com.vn/Home/EN/tabid/119/itemid/269472/Default.aspx. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  15. ^ Two more Hanoi-Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (English)[4]
  16. ^ http://www.vietnewsonline.vn/News/Business/Companies-Finance/10693/Delta-Air-Lines-to-suspend-HCMC-Tokyo-route.htm
  17. ^ "Open Ho Chi Minh City-Dong Hoi Air Route" (in Vietnamese). Tuoi Tre. 15 June 2009. http://www.tuoitre.com.vn/Tianyon/Index.aspx?ArticleID=321554&ChannelID=11. 
  18. ^ http://www.vietnamairlines.com/wps/wcm/connect/en/site/news/moduongbaysha_en

External links








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