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Tangail
টাঙ্গাইল জিলা
—  District  —
Entrance to Tangail
Location of Tangail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°18′N 89°55′E / 24.30°N 89.92°E / 24.30; 89.92Coordinates: 24°18′N 89°55′E / 24.30°N 89.92°E / 24.30; 89.92
Country  Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
Area
 - Total 3,424.39 km2 (1,322.2 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 - Total 3,253,961
 Density 950.2/km2 (2,461.1/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 - Total 29.6%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 - Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Website Banglapedia Article

Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল জিলা) is a district (zilla) in central region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka division. The population of Tangail zilla is about 3.2 million and its surface area is 3,414.39 km². [1]The main town of Tangail District is the district town Tangail. It is surrounded by the several districts, such as Jamalpur district on the north, the Dhaka and Manikganj districts on the south, the Mymensingh and Gazipur districts on the east, and the Sirajganj district on the west. The main rivers that cross the Tangail district are the Jamuna, Dhaleshwari, Jhenai, Bangshi, Lohajang, Langulia, Elongjani, Jugni, Fotikjani and the Turag.

Contents

Subdivisions

The subdivision of Tangail was established in 1870. It was turned into a district on December 1, 1969.[2]The district consists of 5 corporations, 8 municipalities, 72 wards, 211 mahallas, 103 union parishads and 2431 villages. Tangail is subdivided into 12 subdistricts (upazila/thana). The name of the upuzilas are: Tangail Sadar, Sakhipur, Basail, Madhupur, Ghatail, Kalihati, Nagarpur, Mirzapur, Gopalpur, Delduar, Bhuapur and Dhanbari.

History

The famous Kagmari Conference (1957), Sannyasi revolt (1850) and Peasant revolt (1858) were originated from this district. During the Liberation War, Abdul Kader Siddiqui of Tangail independently led military operations against Pakistan army. His group, named Kaderia Bahini, led many successful guerrilla operations in this district,

During the Liberation War, in September 1971 ,"Vobishoth Bahini" founder "LALMIA"(Md.Shah-Nur-E-Aziz) who was just 12(11y8m) years old then, led his group to assist the "Mitra Bahini("Indian Satri Bahini" Indian Airdrop Army)" and "Mukti Bahini(Bangladesh Liberation Army)". His force conducted many successful guerrilla operations from Basail thana of this Tangail district.

In 1996, a devastating tornado caused heavy damage to a few villages of Tangail.

Education

In Tangail, the average literacy is 29.6%; male 36.1%, female 22.4%. Before the Liberation War,There are a Technical University name MAWLANA BHASHANI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY .some educational institutions were established by notable persons in Tangail. In 1926, the Government Saadat College was established by Wazed Ali Khan Panni, a zamindar and educationalist of Tangail. He named it after the name of his grandfather Saadat Ali Khan Panni. Govt. M.M.Ali College established by Mr. Vasani at Kagmari (1 km away from main city) is one of the topest college in Bangladesh. Kumudini College established in 1943 by Ranada Prasad Saha (R.P.Saha), philanthropist of Tangail. He named it after the name of his mother Kumudini. Later the college was converted into Kumudini Government Women's College. He also established Bharateswari Homes in 1945 at Mirzapur. He named it after his grandmother Bharateswari Devi. Mirzapur Cadet College, the third cadet college of Bangladesh established in 1963. The then president of Pakistan Field Marshall Ayub Khan took initiatives to establish this cadet college.

Currently, there are 5 Government high schools in the city. Among these schools, Bindubashini Government Boys' High School (1880) and Bindubashini Government Girls' High School (1882) were established by a zamindar of Santosh the famous Roy Chowdhury family who also are co-founder of East Bengal club of Calcutta, the Shibnath High School, the Ramkrishna Mission School are old schools and M.A.Karim High School established by Mr. Karim (Silimpur). Tangail has 341 non-government high schools, 86 satellite schools, 4 government colleges, 48 non-government colleges, 3 university colleges, 1 law college, 1 homeopathy college, 1 polytechnic institution, 1 medical assistant training school, 2 nursing institutes, 1 police academy, 202 madrasas, 40 junior schools, 937 government primary schools, 395 non-government primary schools, 1 teachers' training school, 146 community primary schools and 1304 NGO operated schools. There is also a science and technology university named Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University located at Santosh, Tangail. Tangail can boast of two of its sons, the Legendary Magician JaduSamrat P.C.Sarkar & First President of Swadhin (independent) Bangladesh Late Abu Syed Chowdhury son of Abdul Hamid Chowdhury.

Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation of the Tangail district. About 49.53% people are involved with agricultural activities. Its main agricultural products are paddy, potato, jute, sugarcane, sesame, linseed, wheat, mustard seed and pulse. About 3,386.53 km² cultivable lands are available in Tangail. The main fruit products are mangos, jackfruit, bananas, litchis, and pineapples. Other sectors, such as fisheries (446), diaries (189), industries, weaving and poultry farms (538) are also developing in the Tangail district. Tangail is the home of the weavers of world famous "Tangail Saree" a handloom saree made of both cotton and silk thread having handworked butti design or all over flowery design or contemporary art motiff appreciated, bought, and used by women's & girls of Bangladesh and Indian origin living all over the world. Tangail Saree is the most popular among all sarees. Some of the Weavers have migrated to India after partition in 1947. Haridas Basak a leading Saree merchant in Tangail who helped the weavers to settledown at Fulia, Samudragarh and Dhatrigram in west Bengal his Saree shop is still in Tangail.

Transport

Tangail has a station on a new broad gauge line of Bangladesh Railways which connects the western and eastern systems.And by road via Tangail with north bengal.Ricksha and van is popular Vehicle in Tangail city.

Heritage of Tangail

  • Porabari Cham-Cham
  • Tangail Tanter Saree
  • Household utensils made of bell metal
  • Madhupur Pineapple
  • Seetal Pati (Hinganagar Village)
  • Bananas (Modhupur gor)
  • Jackfruit(Modhupur,Ghatail)
  • An old tree named Tomal at Gupta Brindaban,Ghatail.

See also

  • One of the most important union is Warshi paik para in Mirzapur,tangail.there are many schools and colleges.But there is no well prepared road(Mirzapur to warshi).So as a member of warshi union,we want to help from our Govt.
  • Districts of Bangladesh.
  • Dhaka Division.
  • Tangail Airdrop.
  • Rowha, a small village of Ghatail.
  • Ghatail(Shahid Salauddin)Cantonment, Tangail.
  • Kumudini Hospital,Founder: Ranoda Proshad Shaha, Mirzapur, Tangail.
  • Mirzapur cadet collage, Tangail.
  • Mohera police training center, Mirzapur, Tangail.

Footnotes

Books: 1. 2.History of Rowha, a small village of Ghatail: Kamruzzaman Mihir. 3.What you should know to be healthy: Kamruzzaman Mihir. 4.Collection of poems: Kamruzzaman Mihir. 5.Jhinai Parer Kotha: Kamruzzaman Mihir. 6.Kajol Beeler Kabbo: Kamruzzaman Mihir.

References

  1. ^ Banglapedia
  2. ^ D. Shamsul Haque Mia (March 1999). Education in Tangail. Tangail Forum. pp. 26–27. 

External links

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