Brothers Grimm (fairy tale)
Glenn Slater (lyrics)
|Editing by||Tim Mertens|
|Studio||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Pictures|
|Release date(s)||November 24, 2010|
Tangled (previously known as Rapunzel) is an upcoming American 3D animated film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and starring the voices of Mandy Moore and Zachary Levi. It will be the 50th animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, planned for release on November 24, 2010. The story is largely based on the classic German fairy tale Rapunzel by the Brothers Grimm.
The Princess Rapunzel was born with magical hair that can restores a person's youth. When Rapunzel was a baby, a woman named Mother Gothel steals her away to keep the youth-restoring magic for herself. Rapunzel grows up locked in a tower, being taught by Mother Gothel that the world outside is a horrible place, and not realizing that she is a princess. But every year on her birthday, the kingdom has a festival of lights to remember the lost princess. Rapunzel can see this from her window and longs to visit the kingdom. When a wanted thief named Flynn Rider breaks into her tower to hide from guards, Rapunzel takes his satchel containing the crown jewels he stole. She promises to return his satchel if he will take her out of the tower and to the light festival, which he agrees.
The prince's original name "Bastion" has been replaced by "Flynn" in a revised script. Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi and Donna Murphy have replaced the originally announced Tony award winners Kristin Chenoweth, Dan Fogler and Grey DeLisle, respectively.
The movie's visual style will be based on the painting "The Swing", by the French Rococo artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard. Because (former) director Glen Keane wanted this to be an animated movie that looked and felt like a traditional hand-drawn Disney Classic in 3D, he first had a seminar called "The Best of Both Worlds", where he, with 50 Disney animators (CGI artists and traditional artists), focused on the pros and cons of each style. Because of advancements in computer technology, many basic principles of animation used in traditional animated movies but which have been absent in CGI films due to technical limitations are now becoming possible also in this field of animation, where they will be used together with the potential offered by CGI. Keane has stated numerous times that he is trying to make the computer "bend its knee to the artist" instead of having the computer dictate the artistic style and look of the film. By making the computer become as "pliable as the pencil," Keane's vision of a "three dimensional drawing" seems within reach, with the artist controlling the technology. Because many of the techniques and tools that were required to give the film the quality Keane demanded of it didn't exist when the project was started, WDFA had to make them on their own.
To create the impression of a drawing, non-photorealistic rendering is going to be used, making the surface look like it is painted but still containing depth and dimensions.
[[File:|thumb|200 px|A concept rendering of Rapunzel, demonstrating the "luscious hair" Keane wanted.]]
The film was made in CGI although Tangled was modeled on the traditional look of oil paintings on canvas. The Rococo paintings of French artist Jean-Honore Fragonard, particularly The Swing, were used as references for the film's artistic style, a style described by Keane as "romantic and lush." Keane said, "There’s no photoreal hair. I want luscious hair, and we are inventing new ways of doing that. I want to bring the warmth and intuitive feel of hand-drawn to CGI."
One of the main goals of the animators was to create movement that mimicked the soft fluidity of the hand-drawn art found in older Disney animated classics. Keane credited Disney 3D animator Kyle Strawitz with helping to combine CGI with the traditional hand-drawn style. "He took the house from Snow White and built it and painted it so that it looked like a flat painting that suddenly started to move, and it had dimension and kept all of the soft, round curves of the brushstrokes of watercolor. Kyle helped us get that Fragonard look of that girl on the swing… We are using subsurface scattering and global illumination and all of the latest techniques to pull off convincing human characters and rich environments."
On October 9, 2008, however, it was reported that Keane and Wellins had stepped down as directors, and were replaced by the team of Byron Howard and Nathan Greno, director and storyboard director, respectively, of Disney's 2008 animated feature Bolt. Keane stayed on as executive producer, while Wellins has moved onto developing other short films and feature films.
The Complete Song List :
When first put into production, the film was promoted as having the title Rapunzel Unbraided 
Disney's previous animated feature The Princess and the Frog in 2009, while being highly critically acclaimed and taking in nearly $270 million worldwide, was not as successful as Disney had hoped. Disney expressed the belief that the film's emphasis on princesses may have deterred young boys from seeing the film. In order to market the film to both boys and girls, Disney changed the film's name from Rapunzel to Tangled, while also emphasizing Flynn Rider, the film's prominent male character. Disney was criticized for altering the classic title and story as a marketing strategy. Floyd Norman, a former Disney and Pixar animator, said, "The idea of changing the title of a classic like 'Rapunzel' to 'Tangled' is beyond stupid. I'm convinced they'll gain nothing from this except the public seeing Disney as desperately trying to find an audience."