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World leaders wearing tangzhuang at the 2001 APEC summit

Tangzhuang (Chinese: 唐装pinyin: tángzhuāng; literally "Chinese suit" [1][2]) refers to the Chinese jacket that originated at the end of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). Tangzhuang evolved from Magua (马褂), a Manchurian clothing, which was in turn adopted by the Han Chinese during Qing Dynasty. At that time, only noblemen, aristocracy and government officials were wearing it, however, in modern times it was eventually adopted by common people. This kind of clothing is often seen as a national costume for men, although women wear it as well. [3]

At the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Shanghai, China in November 2001, the host presented its silk-embroided tangzhuang jackets as the Chinese traditional national costume.

Now in Chinese communities, the Mao suit, the western suit, and the Tang suit are main formal dressing for men in many occasions. Tangzhuang is made in different colors, most commonly red, dark blue, gold and black. One common design is the usage of Chinese characters (Hanzi, 汉字) as monogram such as Fu (福,'happiness' in Chinese) , Shou (寿, 'longevity' in Chinese) to spread good luck and wishes.

See also


  1. ^ This article uses modern PRC simplified script. In Hong Kong and Taiwan the original old form of the second character is slightly different 唐裝
  2. ^ Although the first Chinese character (唐 Táng) literally refers to the Tang Dynasty, in this case, Tang is a synonym for Chinese similar to the usage of Tángrénjiē (唐人街) meaning Chinatown. ("Traditional Dresses Welcome Spring Festival" at Accessed 10 February 2008.)
  3. ^ Manchus and Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861-1928 by Edward Rhoads, pg. 61


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