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Tapti River

The Tapti River (Gujarati: તાપ્તી, Hindi ताप्ती ) , ancient original name Tapi River (Sanskrit: तापी), is a river in central India, in Gujarat passing from Surat and Songadh . It is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 724 km. It is one of only three rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west - the others being the Narmada River and the Mahi River.

The river rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh state, and flows westward, draining Madhya Pradesh's Nimar region, Maharashtra's Kandesh and east Vidarbha regions in the northwest corner of the Deccan Plateau and south Gujarat, before emptying into the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian Sea, in the Surat District of Gujarat. The river, along with the northern parallel Narmada river, form the boundaries between North and South India. The Western Ghats or Sahyadri range starts south of the Tapti River near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The Tapti (Tapi) River empties into the Gulf of Khambhat near the city of Surat in Gujarat.

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Name

The Tapti River originates in the Betul district from a place called Multai. The Sanskrit name of Multai is Mulatapi, meaning origin of Tāpī Mātā or the Tapti River.

Tāptī is the daughter of Surya, the Sun God.

The Tapi River in Thailand, was named after India's Tapti River in August 1915.

River basin and tributaries

The Tapti River basin encompasses an area of 65,145 km², which is nearly two percent of the total area of India. The basin lies in the states of Maharashtra (51,504 km²), Madhya Pradesh (9,804 km²) and Gujarat (3,837 km²).

The basin lies mostly in the northern and eastern districts Maharashtra state, including Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Washim, Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, and Nashik districts, but also includes the Betul and Burhanpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and the Surat district of Gujarat.

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List of tributaries

The principal tributaries of the Tapti River are the Purna River, Girna River, Panzara River, Waghur River, Bori River and Aner River. Other tributaries include:

Places of interest

Major towns along the river include Multai, Betul and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Bhusawal in Maharashtra and Surat in Gujarat.

Major crossings of the river include the road bridge Sawalde in Dhule for National Highway 3 and the railway bridge at Bhusawal for the Bhusawal - Khandwa section of the Central Railway. The river is dammed by Hatnur Dam in Jalgaon, Maharashtra and Ukai Dam in Songadh, Gujarat.

Other important sites along the river include the Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, part of Project Tiger, on the southeast bank along the Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra boundary. Historical landmarks include the Asirgarh fortress near Burhanpur, also known as the "key to the Deccan", and the ancient Temple of Changdeo Maharaj at Changdev in Jalgaon.

External links

Coordinates: 21°06′N 72°41′E / 21.1°N 72.683°E / 21.1; 72.683


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TAPTI, a river of western India. It rises in Betul district of the Central Provinces, flows between two spurs of the Satpura Hills, across the plateau of Khandesh, and thence through the plain of Surat to the sea. It has a total length of 450 m. and drains an area of 30,000 sq. m. For the last 32 m. of its course it is a tidal river, but is only navigable by vessels of small tonnage; and the port of Swally at its mouth, famous in AngloPortuguese history, is now deserted, owing to silting at the outflow of the river. The waters of the Tapti are nowhere used for irrigation.


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