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Target Field
812x70 min targetfield hdr.gif
Location 1 Twins Way (3rd Ave. N, between 5th St. N and 7th St. N), Minneapolis, Minnesota
Coordinates 44°58′54″N 93°16′42″W / 44.98167°N 93.27833°W / 44.98167; -93.27833Coordinates: 44°58′54″N 93°16′42″W / 44.98167°N 93.27833°W / 44.98167; -93.27833
Broke ground August 30, 2007
Opened January 4,2010 (first day of operations)
March 27, 2010 (college baseball game)
April 2, 2010 (scheduled Twins' exhibition)
April 12, 2010 (scheduled Twins' official)
Owner Hennepin County
Operator Minnesota Twins
Surface Grass
Construction cost USD $ 390 million
Architect Populous
Capacity 39,504[1]
Field dimensions Left Field - 339 feet (103 m)
Left-Center - 377 feet (115 m)
Center Field - 404 feet (123 m)
Right-Center - 367 feet (112 m)
Right Field - 328 feet (100 m)
Minnesota Twins (MLB) 2010-present

Target Field is the home baseball park for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It will open on April 12, 2010. It will be the franchise's sixth ballpark since its start as the Washington Senators, and the Twins' third in Minnesota after 28 seasons at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome. It is the first facility built specifically for the Twins, as Metropolitan Stadium was originally a minor league baseball park, while the Metrodome was built as a multipurpose stadium for the Twins and the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League.

The Twins received the certificate of occupancy from Mortensen Construction, the ballpark's general contractor on December 22, 2009. Their first day of operations at the new facility was January 4, 2010.[2]



The stadium is a 39,504-seat open-air ballpark in the Warehouse District north of Downtown Minneapolis between 5th and 7th Streets, across Interstate 394 from the Target Center. The architect is Populous (known until January 2009 as HOK Sport) with Bruce Miller as principal lead. The firm is responsible for other stadiums such as Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore, PNC Park in Pittsburgh, and AT&T Park in San Francisco. Target Field will bear resemblance to these projects.[3][4] The Twins have opted for a "neutral" park which favors neither hitters nor pitchers; the Metrodome was often said to be a "hitter's park", favoring the offense. Fan amenities are anticipated to be designed after those of the Xcel Energy Center in nearby St. Paul, the second most recent major sports venue built in the area (after TCF Bank Stadium, which opened in September 2009), with Xcel Energy Center opening in 2000. Although earlier proposals called for the park to be built with a retractable roof, the current version of the park has neither a roof nor provisions to install one.

Current estimates put the stadium cost at $390 million, while infrastructure and financing costs would bring the total to $522 million. Work on the site began on May 21, 2007, with the official groundbreaking for the stadium taking place August 30, 2007,[5] delayed from the original date of August 2 due to the I-35W bridge collapse.[6] The first concrete slab was poured on December 17, 2007.[7] The Twins have targeted 2014 as a year to host the Major League Baseball All-Star Game.[8]

The Minnesota Twins have announced that the stadium will host a pair of exhibition games against the St. Louis Cardinals on April 2 and 3, 2010[9] The team's inaugural home opener is scheduled for Monday, April 12, against the Boston Red Sox, according to a schedule for the season sent to MLB teams in July and released on September 15, 2009.[10] The first game ever to take place in the stadium will be a March 27 college baseball game between the Minnesota Golden Gophers and Louisiana Tech Bulldogs [11].

The gates at the stadium are numbers after the retired numbers worn by Twins players save for the #42, retired throughout Major League Baseball for Jackie Robinson. The center field gate is Gate #3, named for Harmon Killebrew, the left field gate is Gate #6 honoring Tony Oliva, the home plate gate is Gate #14 for Kent Hrbek, the right field gate serves as Gate #29 in tribute to Rod Carew and the plaza gate is known as Gate #34, honoring Kirby Puckett.


As of November 2008, crews had completed concrete work two months ahead of schedule, wrapping up the concrete portion of construction with a roof deck pour for the Twins administration building, according to the Minnesota Ballpark Authority.[12] In late August, 2009, the playing field was installed.[13]


Early plans

The site of the under-construction Target Field, two days before work commenced on May 21, 2007. The location is bordered by 7th St. N (overpass on left), the Hennepin Energy Recovery Center, 5th St. N (overpass on the right side), and the 394 exits and downtown parking ramp (foreground). The tall red building is the Ford Centre.[14]
The same site as above, approximately one year later (357 days)
The same site as above, 378 days after the previous photo and approximately two years (733 days) since construction commenced
Looking "into" the under-construction Target Field, almost a year (355 days) after construction commenced. Home plate is marked.
Panoramic view into the under-construction Target Field, a little over a year (378 days) after the above photo (733 days into construction)

Plans for moving the Twins out of the Metrodome began to take serious shape in the mid-1990s. By 1995, the Twins had found a new site just north of the Metrodome, on a large piece of land next to the Mississippi River.[15] Located in the old Mills District, the stadium would have sat next to the current Guthrie Theater; the cleared land for the stadium eventually became Gold Medal Park, a public park, in 2007.[16] During the 1995 Minnesota legislative session, the proposed Mississippi River-sited stadium would have cost $300 million less than the proposed ballpark which eventually passed the legislature eleven years later.[15]

The Twins underwent turbulent times in the late-1990s and into the new century: in 1997, owner Carl Pohlad almost sold the Twins to North Carolina businessman Don Beaver, who would have moved the team to the Piedmont Triad (GreensboroWinston-SalemHigh Point) area. The defeat of a referendum for a stadium in North Carolina and a lack of interest in building a stadium for the Twins in Charlotte killed the deal.

Saint Paul, under the leadership of Mayor Norm Coleman, made several attempts to woo the Twins across the Mississippi River. The closest any of these attempts came to success was in 1999, when Saint Paul voters rejected a referendum which would have raised the city sales tax by 0.5 percentage point in order to fund a stadium in downtown Saint Paul.[17]

In 2001, the Twins, along with the Montreal Expos (who eventually became the Washington Nationals), were identified as a target for MLB "contraction" (elimination) by Commissioner Bud Selig after a vote by MLB owners.[18] The contraction plans were shelved after the Minnesota Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling requiring the Twins to play baseball in the Metrodome in 2002; however the pressure did spur the Minnesota House to vote in favor of some stadium legislation as well as garner support from then-Governor Jesse Ventura.[19][20]

Legislation and funding

A state law passed in 1997 requires that anytime a county seeks to raise its sales tax, the question needs to be put before the voters. The law also allows a county to seek permission from the state to enact the tax without a voters' referendum. The Minnesota Legislature did not act on the bill during the 2005 session.

On April 26, 2005, the Twins and Hennepin County announced that a deal had been reached, in which the Twins would pay roughly 1/3 of the stadium's cost ($125 million), with the rest being paid for by a 0.15% Hennepin County sales tax. The deal would need to be approved by the Hennepin County Board. After delaying the vote one week, on May 3 the Board voted 4–3 in favor of the stadium deal. Minneapolis mayor R. T. Rybak (DFL) had already weighed in favor of the stadium. The plan passed its second hurdle on May 9, 2005, when a House committee of the Minnesota Legislature approved a bill to get around the referendum to be sent to the floor on a 17–5 vote. This legislation languished before the full legislature, during a particularly gridlocked session, and was placed on the back burner, pending resolution of "more pressing" legislation. Naming rights belong to the Minnesota Twins.

In the 2006 session, the Minnesota House of Representatives passed the bill that would allow the team and county to go around the referendum. The Minnesota Senate also passed a version of the bill, but their version would also build a stadium for the Minnesota Vikings and fund transit projects. The two bills spent most of the legislative session in conference committee. The bill was passed by a 71–61 vote in the House[21] and a 34–32 vote in the Senate[22]. A ballot referendum, called for by many Hennepin County residents, was deemed infeasible due to the time-critical nature of the bill (a referendum would have to wait until the November general election, while dates for the Twins to play in the Metrodome in 2007 needed to be applied for by July 1). Under the legislation, $392 million in public subsidy is provided through the Hennepin County sales tax increase for the $522 million project. The ballpark is scheduled to be open for the 2010 baseball season, the Twins' 50th season in Minnesota. The final bill was approved on May 21, and was signed into law by governor Tim Pawlenty, as part of a pre-game ceremony before the Twins' May 26 home game against the Seattle Mariners. The final version is substantially identical to the House version, with language relating to both the transit tax and the Vikings stadium stripped.

The County Board approved the ballpark plan 5–2 on June 20, 2006 (Commissioner Gail Dorfman, previously an opponent of the park, switched sides, stating that the park was a done deal and the focus now was on implementing it in the most responsible way possible).

In mid-February 2007, funding and acquisition ran into a snag because the purchase price had not been previously negotiated when the State bill was passed and the current owners of the land were asking for a higher price than was expected. On April 4, 2007, Dave St. Peter, Twins president and the head of the team's ballpark committee, announced that an agreement had been reached that would have the Twins paying a portion of the difference between Land Partners II's asking price and the county's budget for the land. As a result, after a four-month impasse, the Hennepin County board voted on April 10, 2007 to use eminent domain to acquire the land with the Twins helping to cover acquisition costs beyond the county's previous $13.5 million offer.[23] Before construction could begin, the Twins also reached a related agreement with the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, which owns property adjacent to the site.[24][25] With the issue over land moving forward, the Twins presented the official design of the new stadium on April 12; it had been delayed due to the land dispute.[26]

On May 1, 2007, Hennepin County officially took control of the land after placing $13.75 million into a court escrow account; although the court would still need to officially determine the price of the land in the condemnation process, the Twins agreed to pay any costs beyond the amount deposited.[25] The action assured that the construction of the stadium would begin on June 1, 2007.[27] In late August, a three-member condemnation panel ruled that the parcel was worth $23.8 million; developers had claimed that the fair market value was $65 million.[28] On October 15, 2007, the two sides reached a negotiated settlement of just under $29 million, ending the dispute; as a result the County noted it would have to cut back on some improvements to the surrounding streetscapes, though it also revealed that the Pohlad family had committed another $15 million for infrastructure.[29]

On September 15, 2008, the Twins and Minneapolis-based Target Corporation announced that the Twins' new ballpark would be named Target Field. Financial terms of the naming rights agreement were not disclosed.[30] The company's investment will also build a pedestrian bridge from the ballpark to downtown, Target Plaza, more seating, new canopies and public art.[31]


Exterior of Target Field, including a view of the commuter platform at Target Field station.

Populous, the lead architectural design firm, tried to avoid creating a replica of the old-style brick Camden Yards or modern urban design of the new Nationals Park (both also designed by Populous).[32] Instead, the design for the new Twins stadium employs local limestone, Minnesota fir trees outside the outfield, heated viewing areas and a heated field.[32][33] The stadium does not have a roof, rather a canopy.[33] The stadium is integrated with the intermodal Target Field station which connects the Hiawatha light rail line with the Minneapolis terminus of the Northstar commuter rail line leading from the northwest. Walter P Moore is the structural engineer for the stadium and canopy.

The approved design does not include a retractable roof, nor provisions for one in the future, though it was considered initially. A retractable roof was cited to add $100 million to the total budget and none of the parties (Twins, Hennepin County or Minnesota Legislature) were willing to pay for that cost. Much like other northern cities with outdoor professional baseball (i.e. Chicago, Detroit, Boston, Cleveland, New York), the weather in Minneapolis during a 162-game baseball season and playoffs can vary from early-spring snow to rain and hot, humid weather. The Metrodome is climate-controlled, and thus, protected the baseball schedule during the entire time that it had been the venue for the Minnesota Twins. However, many Twins fans and baseball purists argue that this same sterile, climate-controlled environment creates a less-than-desirable atmosphere for watching baseball. The financial impact of adding a retractable roof is the other main reason that a roof will not be included in the new ballpark, and probably the decisive factor. The architect is also testing the feasibility of heated seats.[34]

The small size of the ballpark (about one million square feet) has been criticized. The site is about the same size as that of Fenway Park, and have roughly the same number of seats. The stadium is well-connected to the city's transit network, being immediately adjacent to the "A" and "B" parking ramps of the large ABC Ramps complex at the end of Interstate 394, which include two major transit bus terminals and link to the rest of downtown Minneapolis via skyway. However, there is still logistical concern for the estimated 5,000 people that will arrive every game via the Hiawatha light-rail line, because rather than unloading onto a broad plaza like that at the Metrodome, passengers will arrive on narrow island platform. There's also a small plaza on the south side which could be used as a side platform for departing passengers, but it's not clear whether the station will be set up that way when the park opens. An 8-foot (2.4 m) high wall along the light-rail line will restrict pedestrians from crossing North 5th Street near the ballpark. Additional traffic concerns come from the intermodal station with the Northstar line and the re-routing of the bicycle-pedestrian Cedar Lake Trail.

The Minnesota Ballpark Authority and the Twins plan to apply for LEED certification of Target Field as a "green" building. If certified, the ballpark would be only the second LEED-certified professional sports stadium in the United States, after Nationals Park.[35]


Mortenson Construction of Minneapolis is the construction firm that built the stadium. Metropolitan Mechanical Contractors completed the mechanical contracting. Subcontractors involved in the concrete work include CECO Concrete Construction, E&J Rebar, Ambassador Steel Corporation, Amsysco Inc., and Nordic Construction/Cemstone.[36]


On February 12, 2008, the Twins announced $22.4 million in upgrades to the original design.[37] The upgrades increased the Twins ownership stake in the new ballpark to $167.4 million, bringing the total ballpark cost to $412 million.[38] The upgrades were mainly based around increasing fan experience and comfort. The upgrades included a full roof canopy soffit (the largest in baseball). This will protect the fans further from the elements despite the stadium not having a roof. The Twins also upgraded the scoreboard from standard definition to a high definition screen measuring 101 feet (31 m) long and 57 feet (17 m) high.[39] When installed, the scoreboard will be the fourth-largest in Major League Baseball.[39] Other upgrades included warming shelters, changing 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of the exterior surface to "Mankato Limestone", and increasing the number of restrooms and concessions areas. Additional features includes a modernized version of the original "Minnie and Paul Shaking Hands" logo used from the teams' arrival from 1961 until 1986, and worn on the home uniforms from 2001 through 2009 that will have mechanical features when a Twins player hits a home run and light up akin to the Liberty Bell used at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, and the original flagpole from Metropolitan Stadium - completely restored - will be located in the right field plaza.

Comparison to Metrodome

Target Field H.H. Humphrey
Seats 39,504 46,564*
Lower Deck Seats 20,000 21,621
Private Suites 53 115**
Group Party Suites 12 1
Club Level Seats 3,000 not applicable
Upper Deck Seats 13,468 28,779
Disabled Seating 820 190
Lower/Club Seats
between 1st and 3rd Base
about 12,037 6,679
Outfield Seats about 6,748 18,594
Seats with Obstructed Views < 200 1,392
Main Concourse 40 feet (12 m),
open to field
22 feet (6.7 m),
closed to field
Total Restrooms 34 16
*6,000 seats were covered by a curtain; these and others made the stadium expandable to 55,883 during baseball playoffs and certain games in the last homestand and one-game playoff in October 2009.
**Controlled by the Minnesota Vikings football team.


  1. ^ "Target Field". 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  2. ^ Twins handed keys to Target Field
  3. ^ Judd Spicer (2008-06-12). "Interview with Bruce Miller, principal architect for the new Twins Ballpark". City Pages. 
  4. ^ Dave Wright (2007-04-12). "Twins ballpark plans unveiled". Ballpark Digest. 
  5. ^ "Twins ballpark groundbreaking rescheduled for Thursday, Aug. 30". MLB Advanced Media. 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  6. ^ Chros McDougall (2007-05-21). "Construction under way at ballpark site". Downtown Journal. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  7. ^ Dave St. Peter (2007-12-17). "Another Ballpark Milestone: First Concrete Slab Pour". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  8. ^ Thor Nystrom (2008-09-10). "Twins vying to host 2014 All-Star Game". Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  9. ^ "Twins to open Target Field April 2-3 with exhibition series against the St. Louis Cardinals.". 
  10. ^ Ronald Blum. "Target Field to open April 12". 
  11. ^
  12. ^ Brian Johnson, Twins stadium project ahead of schedule, Finance and Commerce, November 22, 2008.
  13. ^ Challenges remain to get field ready
  14. ^ United Properties takes over Ford Centre
  15. ^ a b Paul Levy, No Vikings stadium bill now, but next year, maybe?, Star Tribune, May 19, 2007.
  16. ^ Linda Mack, New park gets a gold star from its first visitors, Star Tribune, May 16, 2007.
  17. ^ St. Paul, Houston lose, Scottsdale, San Antonio say yes to arenas, by Associated Press,by Ashley H. Grant, 1999-11-03.
  18. ^ Michael Khoo, [Court rules against Twins in Metrodome lease case], Minnesota Public Radio, January 22, 2002.
  19. ^ Bob Collins, Selig says Twins' contraction still 'a possibility', Minnesota Public Radio, March 26, 2002.
  20. ^ Brian Bakst, Ventura signs $330 million Twins stadium bill, Associated Press, May 22, 2002.
  21. ^ Journal of the House - 111th Day Part 1 Minnesota House of Representatives
  22. ^ Call of the Senate Minnesota Senate
  23. ^ John Vomhof Jr., County will seize land for Twins site; Twins will chip in, Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal, April 10, 2007.
  24. ^ Mike Kaszuba, Twins step up to plate for ballpark land, Star Tribune, April 10, 2007.
  25. ^ a b John Vomhof Jr., County moves ahead with stadium site plan,Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal, May 1, 2007
  26. ^ What's Next?, Star Tribune, April 10, 2007.
  27. ^ Mike Kaszuba, County takes title of land for Twins ballpark, Star Tribune, May 1, 2007.
  28. ^ "Twins ballpark land price ruling leans toward county offer". Minnesota Public Radio. 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  29. ^ Rochelle Olson, Stadium land feud ends with cost stretching to $29 million, Star Tribune, October 15, 2007.
  30. ^ Business Wire via MLB Advanced Media ( (September 15, 2008). "Minnesota Twins and Target announce new partnership". Press release. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  31. ^ Bruch, Michelle (September 15, 2008). "New ballpark will be named 'Target Field'". Downtown Journal (Minnesota Premier Publications). Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  32. ^ a b Mike Kaszuba, Twins ballpark: Above us ... only sky, Star Tribune, April 12, 2007.
  33. ^ a b John Gilbert, Renderings for new Twins park shown,, April 12, 2007.
  34. ^ "Twins Stadium Model Reveals Design Tweaks". Associated Press by way of Oct 30, 2007. 
  35. ^ "Ballpark's grass isn't the only thing that'll be "green"". Minnesota Ballpark Authority. May 17, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Another Twins ballpark milestone reached on Wednesday". Minnesota Twins. January 23, 2008. 
  37. ^ Jim Molony, Twins kick in extra funds for ballpark, Minnesota Twins, February 14, 2008.
  38. ^ Ballpark Enhancements Help Ensure Superior Fan Experience, MLBlogs, February 14, 2008.
  39. ^ a b "New Twins scoreboard: Larger than life, and twice as gizmo-y". Star Tribune. 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 

Target Field: Charm comes with obstructed views

External links

Preceded by
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Home of the
Minnesota Twins

in 2010
Succeeded by


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