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Tasmania
Flag of Tasmania Coat of arms of Tasmania
Flag Coat of arms
Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle; Tassie
Motto(s): "Ubertas et Fidelitas" (Fertility and Faithfulness)
Map of Australia with Tasmania highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Hobart
Demonym Tasmanian
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Peter Underwood
Premier David Bartlett (ALP)
Area  
 - Total  90,758 km2 (7th)
35,042 sq mi
 - Land 68,401 km2
26,410 sq mi
 - Water 22,357 km2 (24.63%)
8,632 sq mi
Population (June 2009)
 - Population  502,600[1] (6th)
 - Density  7.35/km2 (4th)
19 /sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mount Ossa
+1,614 m AHD[2] (5,295 ft)
Gross State Product (2008–09)
 - Product ($m)  $22,564[3] (7th)
 - Product per capita  $44,895 (8th)
Time zone UTC+10 (+11 DST)
Federal representation
 - House seats 5
 - Senate seats 12
Abbreviations  
 - Postal TAS
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-TAS
Emblems  
 - Floral Tasmanian Blue Gum[4]
(Eucalyptus globulus)
 - Animal Tasmanian Devil (unofficial)[5]
(Sarcophilus harrisii)
 - Colours Dark green, red & gold
 - Mineral Crocoite[6]
(PbCrO4)
Web site www.tas.gov.au
.Tasmania is an Australian island and state.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ Tasmania, the island state of Australia, a land of dramatic coastlines, rugged mountains, spectacular wilderness and sparkling highland lakes.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ The island of Tasmania, an Australian state, is located 200 km south of the eastern portion of the continent, being separated from it by Bass Strait.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

.It is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) south of the eastern side of the continent, from which it is separated by Bass Strait.^ It is centrally located in a garden setting with views across Bass Strait.

.The state includes the island of Tasmania – the 26th largest island in the world – and the surrounding islands.^ Tasmania, the island state of Australia, a land of dramatic coastlines, rugged mountains, spectacular wilderness and sparkling highland lakes.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ Discover Australia's World Heritage Island - Tasmania.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ Discover Tasmania - Australia's Island State.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

The state has a population of 500,000 (as of December 2008), of whom almost half reside in the greater Hobart precinct. .Tasmania’s area is 68,401 square kilometres (26,410 sq mi), of which the main island covers 62,409 square kilometres (24,096 sq mi).^ Tasmania has a population of 484,700 (March 2005, ABS) and an area of 68 332 km (26,383 square miles).
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

[7]
.Tasmania is promoted as the natural state and the "island of inspiration"[8] owing to its large and relatively unspoiled natural environment.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ Tasmania, the island state of Australia, a land of dramatic coastlines, rugged mountains, spectacular wilderness and sparkling highland lakes.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ Take the Tour through the various regions and discover the diverse scenic delight that is Australia's island state of TASMANIA .

.Almost 37% of Tasmania lies in reserves, national parks and World Heritage Sites.^ Tasmania is formally in reserves and world heritage zones.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

^ Travel to a World Heritage Area, listed along side Mt Everest, the Grand Canyon, Kakadu National Park and the Great.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ Port Arthur Historic Site, a beautiful Tasmanian world class primary iconic asset of unique cultural heritage..
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA and HOW IT ASSISTS GLOBAL WARMING 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC discover-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

[9] The island is 364 kilometres (226 mi) long from northernmost to southernmost points, and 306 kilometres (190 mi) from west to east.
.The state capital and largest city is Hobart, which encompasses the local government areas of City of Hobart, City of Glenorchy, and City of Clarence, while the satellite town of Kingston (part of the Municipality of Kingborough) is generally included in the Greater Hobart area.^ The capital and largest city is Hobart, which includes the communities of Hobart, Glenorchy, and Clarence.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

^ Set on 7 hectares of waterfront land overlooking the D'Entrecasteaux Channel and Bruny Island and only 25 minutes by car from the State Capital City of Hobart, .

^ Banks in Greater Hobart Area .
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

.Other major population centres include Launceston in the north and Devonport and Burnie in the northwest.^ Other major population centres include Launceston in the north, and Devonport and Burnie in the northwest.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

^ Centrally located in the state's northwest, it is in close proximity to transport centres and the region's major attractions.

The subantarctic Macquarie Island is also under the administration of the state, as part of the Huon Valley Council local government area.

Contents

Etymology

The state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642. He named the island Anthony van Diemen's Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. The name was later shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British. .It was officially renamed in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 January 1856.[10] "Tassie" is a colloquial expression for the state, used for example in advertising for the Bass Strait ferry, Spirit of Tasmania.^ The island of Tasmania, an Australian state, is located 200 km south of the eastern portion of the continent, being separated from it by Bass Strait.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

[11]

History

Physical history

Tessellated pavement, a rare rock formation on the Tasman Peninsula.
It is believed that the island was joined to the mainland of Australia until the end of the last glacial period approximately 10,000 years ago.
Much of the island is composed of Jurassic dolerite intrusions (upwellings of magma) through other rock types, sometimes forming large columnar joints. .Tasmania has the world's largest areas of dolerite, with many distinctive mountains and cliffs formed from this rock type.^ Largely uninhabited, with deserted beaches, mountains, 17 national parks and rugged coastlines, Tasmania has become a favorite for hikers from the world over.

The central plateau and the southeast portions of the island are mostly dolerite. Mount Wellington above Hobart is a good example, showing distinct columns known as the Organ Pipes. In the southwest, Precambrian quartzites are formed from very ancient sea sediments and form strikingly sharp ridges and ranges, such as Federation Peak or Frenchman's Cap. In the northeast and east, continental granites can be seen, such as at Freycinet, similar to coastal granites on mainland Australia. In the northwest and west, mineral-rich volcanic rock can be seen at Mount Read near Rosebery, or at Mount Lyell near Queenstown. Also present in the south and northwest is limestone with magnificent caves.
The quartzite and dolerite areas in the higher mountains show evidence of glaciation, and much of Australia's glaciated landscape is found on the Central Plateau and the Southwest. Cradle Mountain, another dolerite peak, for example, was a Nunatak. .The combination of these different rock types offers incredible scenery, much of it distinct from any other region of the world.^ Each magazine features world-renowned editors, writers and photographers—an incredible stable of talent unmatched by any other publishing company.

Indigenous people

A picture of the last four full-blood Tasmanian Aborigines c.1860s. Truganini, the last to survive, is seated at far right.
Tasmania was first inhabited by the Tasmanian Aborigines. Evidence indicates their presence in the region, later to become an island, at least 35,000 years ago. Rising sea levels cut Tasmania off from mainland Australia about 10,000 years ago.
By the time of European contact, the Aboriginal people in Tasmania had nine major ethnic groups. At the time of British settlement in 1803, the indigenous population was estimated at between 5,000 and 10,000 people. Through the introduction of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity, war, and persecution, the population dwindled to 300 by 1833. Almost all of the indigenous population was relocated to Flinders Island by George Augustus Robinson.
A woman named Truganini (1812–76) is generally recognised as the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aborigine. Strong evidence suggests that the last survivor was another woman, Fanny Cochrane Smith, who was born at Wybalena and died in 1905.[12]

European arrival

Tasmania in the late 19th century
The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642, by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. Tasman landed at today's Blackman's Bay. .In 1773 Fobias Furneaux was the first Englishman to land in Tasmania at Adventure Bay.^ Adventure Bay BRUNY ISLAND Blackwood Cottage Adventure Bay Bruny Island Tasmania.

A French expedition led by Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne also landed at Blackman's Bay in 1772. Captain James Cook landed at Adventure Bay in 1777 - with young William Bligh aboard. William Bligh returned in 1788 (H.M.S. Bounty) and again in 1792 (H.M.S Providence, with young Matthew Flinders aboard. Numerous other Europeans made landfalls, adding a colourful array to the names of topographical features. Matthew Flinders and George Bass first proved Tasmania to be an island in 1798-99.[13]
The first settling of Tasmania was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803, by a small party sent from Sydney, under Lt. John Bowen for the purpose of preventing the French from claiming the island. An alternative settlement was established by Captain David Collins 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the south in 1804 in Sullivan's Cove on the western side of the Derwent, where fresh water was more plentiful. The latter settlement became known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, later shortened to Hobart, after the British Colonial Secretary of the time, Lord Hobart. The settlement at Risdon was later abandoned.
The early settlers were mostly convicts and their military guards, with the task of developing agriculture and other industries. .Numerous other convict-based settlements were made in Van Diemen's Land, including secondary prisons, such as the particularly harsh penal colonies at Port Arthur in the southeast and Macquarie Harbour on the West Coast.^ As we are placed half way between Port Arthur and Freycinet National Park, use us as a relaxing base to come home to.

^ Imagine yourself walking barefoot at dawn along the beautiful beaches of Boat Harbour on Tasmania’s North West Coast.

^ ARTHUR RIVER North West Tasmania Affordable luxury waterfront accommodation on the wild north-west coast of Tasmania.

In the fifty years from 1803 to 1853 around 75,000 convicts were transported to Tasmania.[14]
Van Diemen's Land was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales, with its own judicial establishment and Legislative Council, on 3 December 1825.

Colony of Tasmania

.The Colony of Tasmania (more commonly referred to simply as "Tasmania") was a British colony that existed on the island of Tasmania from 1856 until 1901, when it federated together with the five other Australian colonies to form the Commonwealth of Australia.^ The island of Tasmania, an Australian state, is located 200 km south of the eastern portion of the continent, being separated from it by Bass Strait.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

The possibility of the colony was established when the Westminster Parliament passed the Australian Constitutions Act in 1850, granting the right of legislative power to each of the six Australian colonies. .The Legislative Council of Van Diemen's Land drafted a new constitution which they passed in 1854, and it was given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria in 1855. Later in that year the Privy Council approved the colony changing its name from "Van Diemen's Land" to "Tasmania", and in 1856, the newly elected bicameral parliament sat for the first time, establishing Tasmania as a self-governing colony of the British Empire.^ SWANSEA Quality Self Contained Colonial Style Cottage Accommodation in Swansea Tasmania, overlooking beautiful Oyster Bay and Freycinet Peninsula.

The Colony suffered from economic fluctuations, but for the most part was prosperous, experiencing steady growth. .With few external threats and strong trade links with the Empire, the Colony of Tasmania enjoyed many fruitful periods in the late nineteenth century, becoming a world-centre of shipbuilding.^ CAMPBELL TOWN - Midlands - B&B Convict built and listed by the National Trust as the finest & most substantial hotel building of the late colonial period in Australia.

^ Largely uninhabited, with deserted beaches, mountains, 17 national parks and rugged coastlines, Tasmania has become a favorite for hikers from the world over.

It raised a local defence force which eventually played a significant role in the Second Boer War in South Africa, and Tasmanian soldiers in that conflict won the first two Victoria Crosses won by Australians. .Tasmanians voted in favour of federation with the largest majority of all the Australian colonies, and on 1 January 1901, the Colony of Tasmania, became the Australian state of Tasmania.^ In Tasmania the crisis is made considerably worse by duplicitous Tasmanian and Australian governments together with corporate greed in an endless quest to gain power and wealth.

Recent history

The state was badly affected by the 1967 Tasmanian fires, in which there was major loss of life and property. In the 1970s, the state government announced plans to flood environmentally significant Lake Pedder. The collapse of the Tasman Bridge when struck by the bulk ore carrier MV Lake Illawarra in 1975 made crossing the Derwent River at Hobart almost impossible. National and international attention surrounded the campaign against the Franklin Dam in the early 1980s. This contributed to the start of the Green movement. On 28 April 1996 in the incident now known as the Port Arthur massacre, lone gunman Martin Bryant shot and killed 35 people (including tourists and residents) and injured 21 others. The use of firearms was immediately reviewed, and new gun ownership laws were adopted nationwide, with Tasmania's law one of the strictest in Australia. In April 2006, the Beaconsfield Mine collapse was triggered by a small earthquake. One person was killed and two others were trapped underground for 14 days. The Tasmanian community has for some time been divided over the issue of the proposed Bell Bay Pulp Mill to be built in the Tamar Valley. Proponents argue that jobs will be created while opponents argue that pollution will damage both the Bass strait fishing industry and local tourism.
Port Arthur.

Geography

Dove Lake and Cradle Mountain, Central Tasmanian Highlands
Tasmania’s landmass of 68,401 square kilometres (26,410 sq mi) is located at 42°S 147°E / 42°S 147°E / -42; 147Coordinates: 42°S 147°E / 42°S 147°E / -42; 147, right in the pathway of the notorious "Roaring Forties" wind that encircles the globe. The island is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans and separated from mainland Australia by Bass Strait.
.As the island has been volcanically inactive in recent geological times, Tasmania has many rounded smooth mountain ranges, making it the most mountainous state in Australia.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ Take the Tour through the various regions and discover the diverse scenic delight that is Australia's island state of TASMANIA .

.The most mountainous region is the Central Highlands area, which covers most of the central western parts of the state.^ Centrally located in the state's northwest, it is in close proximity to transport centres and the region's major attractions.

.The Midlands located in the central east, is fairly flat, and is predominantly used for agriculture, although farming activity is scattered throughout the state.^ Centrally located in the state's northwest, it is in close proximity to transport centres and the region's major attractions.

Tasmania's tallest mountain is Mount Ossa at 1,617 metres. .The mountain lies in the heart of the world famous Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park.^ Cradle Mountain Lodge is a unique wilderness retreat on the edge of the World Heritage Listed Cradle Mountain/Lake St. Clair National Park.

^ DOUGLAS-APSLEY NATIONAL PARK The Douglas-Apsley, an inland National Park lies between Bicheno and St Marys, on the sunny east coast of Tasmania, Australia.

^ We offer friendly hospitality at affordable rates and we are located central to the famous Cradle Mountain / Lake St. Clair area and are situated on Tasmania's Great Nature Trail.

[2][15] Much of Tasmania is still densely forested, with the Southwest National Park and neighbouring areas holding some of the last temperate rain forests in the Southern Hemisphere
Wineglass Bay, East Coast
.The Tarkine, located in island's far North West, is the largest temperate rainforest area in Australia and one of the largest in the world covering approximately 3,800 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi).^ The view of The River House looks eastward along the Arthur River into the mighty Tarkine Wilderness - the largest remaining tract of pristine cool temperate rainforest.

[16] With its rugged topography, Tasmania has a great number of rivers, with almost all dammed at some point to provide enough hydroelectricity for the entire state's needs. Most of the rivers begin in the Central Highlands and flow out to the coast. .Tasmania's estuaries (although in many cases named rivers) are mainly situated around major population centres.^ Other major population centres include Launceston in the north, and Devonport and Burnie in the northwest.
  • Australia-tasmania verzamelgids, tasmania,tasmanie,tas,australia tasmania,hobart,tasmani�,tasmania startpage,australia tasmania startpage,startpage tasmania,tasmanie startpagina,hobart startpage,hobart startpagina,australie tasmanie startpagina, 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC australia-tasmania.verzamelgids.nl [Source type: News]

The Derwent River flows south and reaches the coast at Hobart, the Tamar River flows North from Launceston, the Mersey River also flows North to the North West coast at Devonport and the Franklin and Gordon Rivers flow west and meet the cost at Strahan. The South Esk River is the longest river in Tasmania. It starts in the mountains at Fingal and flows through Avoca, Evandale, Longford, Hadspen and finally Launceston. The river is dammed at Launceston's Trevallyn Dam and used for the city's hydroelectricity. .Although most of the water is dammed at Lake Trevallyn, some flows on into the Cataract Gorge where it becomes a tributary to the Tamar River, and the outflow from the power station also joins the Tamar River downstream of Launceston.^ Explore the tourist attractions on offer in the historic city of Launceston including the magnificent Cataract Gorge, Boags Brewery and the Queen Victoria Museum & Art Galleries.

[17]

Climate

Tasmania has a cool temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Summer lasts from December to February when the average maximum sea temperature is 21 °C (70 °F) and inland areas around Launceston reach 24 °C (75 °F). .Other inland areas are much cooler with Liawenee, located on the Central Plateau, one of the coldest places in Australia with temperatures in February ranging between 4 °C (39 °F) to 17 °C (63 °F).^ Centrally located in the rural tranquility of Campbell Town Tasmania Australia.

^ PERTH Tasmania The Stone House is centrally located in Perth, a small township on the Heritage Highway between Launceston and Hobart.

Autumn lasts between March and May and experiences changeable weather, where summer weather patterns gradually take on the shape of winter patterns.[18]
The winter months are between June and July and are generally the wettest and coolest months in the state, with most high lying areas receiving considerable snowfall. Winter maximums are 12 °C (54 °F) on average along coastal areas and 3 °C (37 °F) on the central plateau, thanks to a series of cold fronts from the Southern Ocean.[19] Spring is a season of transition, where winter weather patterns begin to take the shape of summer patterns. Although snowfall is still common up until October. Spring is generally the windiest time of the year with afternoon sea breezes starting to take effect on the coast.
Rainfall in Tasmania follows a complicated pattern rather analogous to that found on large continents at the same latitude in the northern hemisphere. .On the western side rainfall increases from around 1,458 millimetres (57.4 in) at Strahan on the coast up to 2,690 millimetres (106 in) at Cradle Valley in the highlands.^ Cradle Mountain, Freycinet Peninsula , World Heritage, Port Arthur, Tasman Peninsula, Huon, Tasmanian East Coast, Strahan, Bicheno, Hobart, Salamanca, Launceston, West Coast, Tarkine, Styx and Weld Valley Forests.

[20]
Tasmanian yearly rainfall
There is a strong winter maximum in rainfall: January and February typically averages between 30-40% the rainfall of July and August, though even in the driest months rain usually falls on every second day and the number of rainy days per year is much greater than on any part of the Australian mainland. Further east in the Lake Country, annual rainfall declines to around 900 millimetres (35 in), whilst in the Midlands, annual rainfall is as low as 450 millimetres (18 in) at Ross and generally below 600 millimetres (24 in). The eastern part of Tasmania has more evenly distributed rainfall than in the west, and most months receive very similar averages.
.The densely populated northern coast is much drier than the western side, with annual rainfall ranging from 666 millimetres (26.2 in) in Launceston to 955 millimetres (37.6 in) in Burnie in the north west and 993 millimetres (39.1 in) in Scottsdale located further to the east.^ STANLEY Fully self-contained, relaxing affordable accommodation, ideally situated in the beautiful, picturesque North West Coast seaside village of Stanley, Tasmania.

^ NORTH WEST COAST Relaxing country retreat or for the more active, join in the farm activities, bushwalking, trout fishing.

^ STANLEY - North West Coast Four Star self contained spa cottages, over looking Stanley on Tasmania's beautiful North West Coast.

[21][22] Most rain falls in winter, and in summer the average can be as low as 31 millimetres (1.2 in) per month in Launceston. The east coast is wetter than the Midlands, with an average annual rainfall ranging from 775 millimetres (30.5 in) in St. Helens to around 640 millimetres (25 in) in Swansea.[23][24]
Here the rainfall is evenly distributed over the year but can be very erratic as heavy rainfalls from the warm Tasman Sea are quite frequent. .Whereas a three-day fall of 125 millimetres (4.9 in) occurs only once every fifty years on the north coast, it occurs on average once every four or five years around Swansea and Bicheno, and on 7–8 June 1954, there were many falls as large as 230 millimetres (9.1 in) in two days in that area.^ STANLEY - North West Coast Four Star self contained spa cottages, over looking Stanley on Tasmania's beautiful North West Coast.

.The east coast is sometimes called the "sun coast" because of its sunny climate.^ DOUGLAS-APSLEY NATIONAL PARK The Douglas-Apsley, an inland National Park lies between Bicheno and St Marys, on the sunny east coast of Tasmania, Australia.

^ FREYCINET NATIONAL PARK The Freycinet National Park abuts Coles Bay, on the sunny east coast of Tasmania, Australia.

[25]
Several sections of inland Tasmania, together with Flinders Island, were declared drought-affected areas by the state government in 2007.[26]
The highest recorded maximum temperature in Tasmania was 42.2 °C (108.0 °F) at Scamander on 30 January 2009, during the 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave. Tasmania's lowest recorded minimum temperature was −13 °C (8.6 °F) on 30 June 1983, at Butlers Gorge, Shannon, and Tarraleah.[27]
City Mean Min. Temp oC Mean Max. Temp oC No. Clear days Rainfall (mm)
Hobart 8.3 16.9 41 616[28]
Launceston 7.2 18.4 50 666[29]
Devonport 8.1 16.8 61 778[30]
Strahan 7.9 16.5 41 1,458[31]

Soils

Great Oyster Bay on the Freycinet Peninsula
.Despite the presence of some quaternary glaciation, Tasmania's soils are not more fertile than those of mainland Australia, largely because most are severely leached and the areas with driest climate (thus least leaching) were unaffected by glaciation or alluvia derived therefrom.^ With a choice of views from calm lagoon inlets or spectacular vistas of some of Australia's 'southern most' untouched wilderness coastline and magnificent beaches.

^ SHEFFIELD Quality accommodation on the doorstep to some of Tasmania and Australia's premiere natural attractions.

.Most soils on the Bass Strait Islands, the east coast and western Tasmania are very infertile spodosols or psamments, with some even less fertile "lateritic podzolic soils" in the latter region.^ We have sensational views of the east coast from Falmouth to Flinders Island.

^ EAST COAST near ST.MARYS Wilderness Eco Retreat situated at St Patricks Head on the north east coast of Tasmania just out of St Marys.

^ DOUGLAS-APSLEY NATIONAL PARK The Douglas-Apsley, an inland National Park lies between Bicheno and St Marys, on the sunny east coast of Tasmania, Australia.

Most of these lands are thus not used for agriculture, but there is much productive forestry - which remains one of the state's major industries.
On the north coast, apart from some relatively fertile alluvial soils used for fruit growing, there are also deep red, easily workable soils known as "krasnozems" ("red land"). These soils are highly acidic and fix phosphate very effectively, but their extremely favourable physical properties make them extensively used for dairying, beef cattle and fodder crops.
The Midlands and the Lower Derwent present a different story from the rest of the state. Owing to a relatively dry climate and alkaline (mostly dolerite) parent material, these soils are relatively unleached and contain lime in the deeper subsoil. They are mostly classified as "prairie soils" or "brown earths" and bear some resemblance to the chernozems of Russia and North America, although they are much lower in available phosphorus and somewhat acidic in the surface levels. Their higher nutrient levels, however, allow them to support productive pasture, and large numbers of sheep are grazed in these regions. Some grain crops are also grown in the driest areas. In the alluvial areas of southeastern Tasmania, rich alluvial soils permit apples to be grown.

Ecology

Flora

Alpine Heathland at High Shelf Camp near Mount Anne. 60% of Tasmanian alpine flora is endemic to the state.[32]
.Tasmania has extremely diverse vegetation, from the heavily grazed grassland of the dry Midlands to the tall evergreen eucalypt forest, alpine heathlands and large areas of cool temperate rainforests and moorlands in the rest of the state.^ The view of The River House looks eastward along the Arthur River into the mighty Tarkine Wilderness - the largest remaining tract of pristine cool temperate rainforest.

^ Take the Tour through the various regions and discover the diverse scenic delight that is Australia's island state of TASMANIA .

Many flora species are unique to Tasmania, and some are related to species in South America and New Zealand through ancestors which grew on the super continent of Gondwana, 50 million years ago.
Tasmania is also home to some of the tallest and oldest trees of the world. While individual Huon pines are believed to be more than 2,000 years old, which is impressive by itself, a stand of male Huon pines at Mount Read has maintained itself by vegetative reproduction and is estimated to be more than 10,000 years old.[33] The tallest trees in Australia, more than 90 metres (300 ft) tall, are Eucalyptus regnans found in the Styx Valley . .As these are still growing, there is hope they will surpass the tallest tree ever measured in the country, a mountain ash growing at Thorpdale, Victoria measuring more than 112 metres (367 ft) before it was felled in 1884.[34] Tasmania hosts the occurrence of certain endemic plant genera as well as plant genera of restricted distribution; an example of such a genus is Archeria.^ LILYDALE / North East Tasmania Mountain views in a quiet country setting.

Fauna

Thylacine/Tasmanian Tiger

Captive Tasmanian Tigers (now extinct) in a zoo.
The island of Tasmania was home to the Thylacine, a marsupial which resembled a wild dog. Known colloquially as the Tasmanian Tiger for the distinctive striping across its back, it became extinct in mainland Australia much earlier because of competition by the dingo, introduced in prehistoric times. Owing to persecution by farmers, government-funded bounty hunters and, in the final years, collectors for overseas museums, it appears to have been exterminated in Tasmania.
The Thylacine was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. The Thylacine was one of only two marsupials to have a pouch in both sexes (the other is the Water Opossum). The male Thylacine had a pouch that acted as a protective sheath, protecting the male's external reproductive organs while running through thick brush. The last known animal died in captivity in 1936. Many alleged sightings have since been recorded, none of them confirmed. The mature Thylacine ranged from 100 to 130 cm (39 to 51 in) long, plus a tail of around 50 to 65 cm (20 to 26 in).[35] The largest measured specimen was 290 cm (9.5 ft) from nose to tail. Adults stood about 60 cm (24 in) at the shoulder and weighed 20 to 30 kg (40 to 70 lb).[35] There was slight sexual dimorphism with the males being larger than females on average.[36]

Tasmanian Devil

Tasmanian Devil
The Tasmanian Devil is a carnivorous marsupial found exclusively on the island of Tasmania. The size of a small dog but stocky and muscular, the Tasmanian Devil is characterised by black fur with white patches. It has a loud and disturbing screech-like growl, possesses a vicious temperament and is predominantly a scavenger. The Devil survived European settlement and was considered widespread and common throughout Tasmania until recently. As with a lot of wildlife, fast vehicles on roads are a problem for Tasmanian Devils, which are often killed while feeding on other road-killed animals such as wallabies. They eat everything to the bone.
As of 2005, the Tasmanian Devil population has been reduced by up to 80% in parts of Tasmania by the devil facial tumour disease, which is gradually spreading throughout the island. It is believed the majority starved when the tumours spread to their mouths, and that the tumours are spread by fighting between devils over carcasses they feed on – typically, fighting devils will bite one another's faces. There is no known cure for the disease, and intensive research is underway to determine its cause. .There is also a captive breeding program being undertaken by the Tasmanian government to establish a disease-free, genetically-diverse population of Tasmanian Devils outside Tasmania.^ Discover-Tasmania.com.au This website is published by Discover Tasmania • A.B.N. 64 517 410 881 This website has NO affiliation with the Tasmanian Government or its Department of Tourism known as Tourism Tasmania .

^ In Tasmania the crisis is made considerably worse by duplicitous Tasmanian and Australian governments together with corporate greed in an endless quest to gain power and wealth.

This has been relatively successful so far.

Birds

.Many birds of the Australian mainland and surrounding oceans are also found in Tasmania.^ The national park is home to many native animals and birds and these can be seen in their natural surroundings close to the cabins.

Tasmania has 12 endemic bird species:
The endemic Tasmanian Emu was exterminated in the mid-19th century. The Tasmanian Wedge-tailed Eagle is a threatened endemic subspecies.

Frogs

The Brown Tree Frog is found in Tasmania
Tasmania is home to 11 species of frog. .Three of these are found only in Tasmania, the Tasmanian Tree Frog (Litoria burrowsae), the Tasmanian Froglet (Crinia tasmaniensis) and the recently discovered Moss Froglet (Bryobatrachus nimbus).^ Discover-Tasmania.com.au This website is published by Discover Tasmania • A.B.N. 64 517 410 881 This website has NO affiliation with the Tasmanian Government or its Department of Tourism known as Tourism Tasmania .

Of the 11 species that inhabit Tasmania all are native to Australia. Tasmania is home to the largest breeding population of Growling Grass Frogs (Litoria raniformis), a vulnerable species, which has declined over much of its range.

European Red Fox

On 20 June 2001, Tasmania formed a fox task force, now the Fox Eradication Branch, to eliminate the European red fox. Officials planned to spend up to AU$50 million on an eradication campaign, which has since been reduced. No foxes have been captured, poisoned or photographed with certainty in the Island state, although four carcasses have been recovered. Of these, one was claimed to be shot, and the other 3 presumed road-kills. The lack of an abundance of foxes, through low population densities, and fox-poisoning campaigns, has resulted in an abundance of denial of fox presence by the Tasmanian community. Established foxes in Tasmania could devastate native mammals, livestock, ground-nesting birds and native rodents. Experts estimate there are >30 million foxes on mainland Australia, having been introduced by European settlers.[37].
Since white settlement in mainland Australia, ~50% of native animals have become extinct, the worst continent-extinction in the world. Red Foxes are known to be significantly responsible for this. Mainland extinctions include Eastern Barred Bandicoots, Eastern Quolls, and Pademelon (Rufus billardiaeri); all still common in Tasmania. The member of the upper house, the Legislative Council member for Windermere Ivan Dean MLC has been publicly critical of the fox evidence used to obtain funding for a taxpayer funded Fox Eradication Branch of the Tasmanian D.P.I.P.W.E., former Tasmanian Police Commander, Mr Dean, led a Police investigation into the alleged importation and release of foxes into Tasmania. The investigation did not uncover any evidence of illegal importation. He then raised the Tasmanian Fox issue in the Tasmanian Parliament on 17 April 2007.[38] In addition to the 4 carcasses, over 40 independently tested fox-DNA-confirmed scats have been located across Tasmania. Through Government review, Foxes are now confirmed to be in Tasmania[39]. Certain prominent Tasmanians including Dr David Obendorf have been calling for a Federal Police investigation into allegations that evidence has been planted and this is all part of an elaborate hoax to receive funding from the Commonwealth.[40]

Government

The form of the government of Tasmania is prescribed in its constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. .Since 1901, Tasmania has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Australian Constitution regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth and prescribes which powers each level of government enjoys.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ In Tasmania the crisis is made considerably worse by duplicitous Tasmanian and Australian governments together with corporate greed in an endless quest to gain power and wealth.

^ Take the Tour through the various regions and discover the diverse scenic delight that is Australia's island state of TASMANIA .

Politics

Tasmania is a State in the Australian federation. Its relationship with the Federal Government and Parliament are regulated by the Australian Constitution. Tasmania is represented in the Senate by 12 senators, on an equal basis with all other states. In the House of Representatives Tasmania is entitled to five seats, which is the minimum guaranteed by the Constitution. The number of House of Representatives seats for each state is otherwise decided on the basis of their relative populations, and Tasmania has never qualified for five seats on that basis alone. Tasmania's House of Assembly and local government elections use a system of multi-seat proportional representation known as Hare-Clark.
Composition of the Parliament of Tasmania
Political
Party
House of
Assembly
Legislative
Council
ALP 14 3
Liberal 7 1
Greens 4 0
Independent 0 11
Source: Tasmanian Electoral Commission
At the 2002 state election, the Labor Party won 14 of the 25 House seats. The Liberal Party saw their percentage of the vote decrease dramatically, and their representation in the Parliament fell to seven seats. The Greens won four seats, with over 18% of the popular vote, the highest proportion of any Green party in any parliament in the world.
On 23 February 2004, the Premier Jim Bacon announced his retirement, after being diagnosed with lung cancer. In his last months he opened a vigorous anti-smoking campaign which included many restrictions of where individuals could smoke, such as pubs. He died four months later. Bacon was succeeded by Paul Lennon, who, after leading the state for two years, went on to win the 2006 state election in his own right. Lennon resigned in 2008 and was succeeded by David Bartlett.
Tasmania has numerous relatively unspoiled, ecologically valuable regions. Proposals for local economic development have therefore been faced with strong requirements for environmental sensitivity, or outright opposition. In particular, proposals for hydroelectric power generation proved controversial in the late 20th century. In the 1970s, opposition to the construction of the Lake Pedder impoundment led to the formation of the world's first green party, the United Tasmania Group.[41]
In the early 1980s the state was again plunged into often bitter debate over the proposed Franklin River Dam. .The anti-dam sentiment was shared by many Australians outside Tasmania and proved a factor in the election of the Hawke Labor government in 1983, which halted construction of the dam.^ In Tasmania the crisis is made considerably worse by duplicitous Tasmanian and Australian governments together with corporate greed in an endless quest to gain power and wealth.

Since the 1980s the environmental focus has shifted to old growth logging, which has proved a highly divisive issue. The Tasmania Together process recommended an end to clear felling in high conservation old growth forests by January 2003.

Demographics

The majority of the residents are of British descent.[42] .As of 2008, Tasmania is the only state in Australia which has an above-replacement Total Fertility Rate.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ Take the Tour through the various regions and discover the diverse scenic delight that is Australia's island state of TASMANIA .

Tasmanian women are having an average of 2.24 children each.[43]. This is also the highest TFR recorded in Tasmania after 1975.[44][45]

Economy

Western Tasmania with natural resources on 1865 map
Tasmania's erratic economy was first experienced by colonists in the early 1800s.[citation needed] The reasons have been many and varied over the years. More recently the reasons have been attributed to: lack of federal infrastructure highway, lack of a gold rush, lack of open immigration initiatives, lack of population, decline in the wool and mineral economies, lack of early colonial initiatives, or lack of foreign investment. For the length of the history of Tasmania there has been a continuing exodus of youth to mainland Australia in order to seek employment opportunities.
Traditionally Tasmania's main industries have been: mining, including copper, zinc, tin, and iron; agriculture; forestry; and tourism. Significantly in the 1940s and 1950s there had been a Hydro-Industrialisation initiative embodied in the state by Hydro Tasmania. These all have had varying fortunes over the last century and more, involved in ebbs and flows of population moving in and away dependent upon the specific requirements of the dominant industries of the time.
There had been a decline in manufacturing during the 1990s, leading to a drain of some of the island's trained and experienced working population to mainland Australia. The major urban centres such as Melbourne and Sydney are popular destinations.
The state has a large number of food exporting sectors, including but not limited to seafood (for example, Atlantic salmon, abalone and crayfish).
Since 2001, Tasmania has experienced a positive turnaround. Favourable economic conditions throughout Australia, cheaper air fares and two new Spirit of Tasmania ferries have all contributed to what is now a booming tourism industry.
Today, a significant number of employed Tasmanians work for the government. Other major employers include the Federal Group, owner of several hotels and Tasmania's two casinos, and Gunns Limited, the state's biggest forestry company. In the late 1990s, many national companies based their call centres in the state after obtaining cheap access to broad-band fibre-optic connections.[citation needed]
Apparently the state's housing market was undervalued in the early part of 2000, and a large boom in the national housing market finally made Tasmanian housing prices rise dramatically. This has in part been attributed to increased levels of interstate[46] and overseas migration. A shortage of rental accommodation has caused problems for many of Tasmania's low income earners.
Small business is a large part of the community life and it is believed by many that the business environment in Tasmania is not an easy one to survive in. However there have been many success stories, such as International Catamarans, Moorilla Estate and Tassal.

Transport

View of Hobart Airport
.Tasmania's main air carriers are Qantas and its subsidiary Jetstar, and Virgin Blue, which fly direct routes to Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, and Adelaide.^ Adelaide - Brisbane - Gold Coast - Melbourne - Perth - Sydney .
  • Tasmania's essential entertainment, what’s on, restaurant, bar, movie and dining guides, now with reviews | my247.com.au/tasmania 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.my247.com.au [Source type: General]

Low cost airline Tiger Airways commenced services between Melbourne and Launceston in November 2007 and Hobart in January 2008. Major airports include Hobart International Airport (which, has not actually had a regular scheduled international passenger service since the 1990s) and Launceston Airport; the smaller airports, Burnie (Wynyard), serviced by Regional Express and Devonport, serviced by QantasLink have services to Melbourne.
The domestic sea route is serviced by Bass Strait passenger/vehicle ferries operated by the Tasmanian Government-owned TT-Line (Tasmania). From 1986 the Abel Tasman made six weekly overnight crossings between Devonport and Melbourne. It was replaced by the Spirit of Tasmania in 1993, which performed the same route and schedule. The most recent change was the 2002 replacement of the Spirit by two Superfast ferries - Spirit of Tasmania I and Spirit of Tasmania II — which brought the number of weekly overnight crossings up to fourteen, plus additional daylight crossings in peak times. In January 2004 a third ship, the slightly smaller Spirit of Tasmania III, started the Devonport to Sydney route. This service was axed by the Tasmanian Government in June 2006 quoting low passenger numbers. There is also a ferry service from Bridport, Tasmania to Flinders Island and Port Welshpool, Victoria[47]. Two container ships owned by Toll Shipping make daily crossings between Burnie and Melbourne. The port of Hobart also serves as a host to visiting cruise ships.
The Spirit of Tasmania links the island with mainland Australia
The state is also home to International Catamarans, a manufacturer of very high-speed aluminium vessels (commonly known as SeaCat) that regularly broke records when they were first launched. The state government tried using them on the Bass Strait run but eventually decided to discontinue the run because of concerns over viability and the suitability of the vessels for the extreme weather conditions sometimes experienced in the strait.
Tasmania, Hobart in particular, serves as Australia's chief sea link to Antarctica, with the Australian Antarctic Division located in Kingston. Hobart is also the home port of the French ship l'Astrolabe, which makes regular supply runs to the French Southern Territories near and in Antarctica. Hobart has the second deepest natural port in the world, second to only Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
Within the state, the primary form of transport is by road. Since the 1980s, many of the state's highways have undergone regular upgrades. These include the Hobart Southern Outlet, Launceston Southern Outlet, Bass Highway reconstruction, and the Huon Highway. Public transport is provided by Metro Tasmania bus services.
Rail transport in Tasmania consists of narrow-gauge lines to all four major population centres and to mining and forestry operations on the west coast and in the northwest. Services are operated by TasRail, a Pacific National subsidiary. Regular passenger train services in the state ceased in 1977; the only trains are for freight, and there are tourist trains in specific areas, for example the West Coast Wilderness Railway. In 2005 there were concerns that the rail service was in so much trouble that it might stop for everything but cement haulage.

Culture

Cuisine

During colonial times typical English cuisine would have been standard in most areas of Tasmania. The arrival of immigrants and changing cultural patterns has meant Tasmania now has a wide range of restaurants. Scattered across Tasmania are many vineyards, and Tasmanian beer brands such as Boags and Cascade are known and sold on the mainland. King Island off the northwestern coast of Tasmania has a reputation for boutique cheeses and dairy products. Tasmanians are also consumers of seafood, such as Crayfish, Orange roughy and Salmon, both farmed and wild.

Events

In order to foster tourism, the state government encourages or supports several different annual events in and around the island. The best known of these would be the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, starting on Boxing Day in Sydney and usually arriving at Constitution Dock in Hobart around three to four days later, during the Taste of Tasmania, an annual food and wine festival.
Other events include the road rally Targa Tasmania which attracts world-class rally drivers and is staged all over the state, over five days. Rural or regional events include Agfest, a three-day agricultural show held at Carrick (just west of Launceston) in early May; and the Royal Hobart Show and Royal Launceston Show, both held in October annually. Music events held in Tasmania include the Falls Festival at Marion Bay (a Victoria event now held in both Victoria and Tasmania on New Year's Eve), and the Southern Roots Festival held in Hobart each Easter. A recent addition to the state has been the 10 Days on the Island arts festival.

Literature

Tasmania has a relatively small but growing literary culture. Notable titles include For the Term of His Natural Life by Marcus Clarke, The Sound of One Hand Clapping, Gould's Book of Fish by Richard Flanagan and The Year of Living Dangerously by Christopher Koch. The ‘Tasmanian genre’ of fiction includes children's books such as Tiger Tale by Marion and Steve Isham.

Music and performing arts

Tasmania has a varied musical scene, ranging from the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra whose home is the Federation Concert Hall, to a substantial number of small bands, orchestras, string quintets, saxophone ensembles and individual artists who perform at a variety of venues around the state. Tasmania is also home to a vibrant community of composers including Constantine Koukias, Maria Grenfell and Don Kay, who is the patron of the Tasmanian Composers Collective,[48] the representative body for composers in Tasmania. Tasmania is also home to one of Australia's leading new music institutions, IHOS Music Theatre and Opera and gospel choirs, the Southern Gospel Choir. Death Metal band Psycroptic hails from Tasmania and are one of the most prominent Australian metal bands.[49] Respected noir-rock band The Paradise Motel[50] and eighties power-pop combo The Innocents[51] are also citizens. Apart from the Classical musical season and regular gigs across the state by a number of local and interstate groups two of the highlights of the musical year would be the Falls Festival held during the summer holidays and the Carols by Candlelight held in the weeks prior to Christmas.

Tasmanian cinema

Films set in Tasmania include The Tale of Ruby Rose, The Last Confession of Alexander Pearce and the recent feature; Van Diemen's Land. In all three, the Tasmanian landscape is an important element. The Last Confession of Alexander Pearce and Van Diemen's Land are both set during an episode of Tasmania's convict history.

Visual arts

The biennial Tasmanian Living Artists' Week is a ten-day state-wide festival for Tasmania's visual artists. The fourth festival in 2007 involved more than 1000 artists. Tasmania is home to two winners of the prestigious Archibald PrizeJack Carrington Smith in 1963 for a portrait of Professor James McAuleyand and Geoffrey Dyer in 2003 for his portrait of Richard Flanagan. Photographers Olegas Truchanas and Peter Dombrovskis are known for works that became iconic in the Lake Pedder and Franklin Dam conservation movements. English-born painter John Glover (1767–1849) is known for his paintings of Tasmanian landscapes.

Media

Television

Tasmania has had five broadcast television stations:
  • ABC Tasmania. Produces nightly local news at 7pm. (digital & analogue) (callsign: ABT)
  • SBS One (digital & analogue) (callsign: SBS)
  • Southern Cross Television Tasmania (digital & analogue). Affiliate of Seven Network. (callsign: TNT).
  • WIN Television Tasmania. (digital & analogue). Affiliate of Nine Network (callsign: TVT)
  • Tasmania Digital Television. Receives Ten News At Five from ATV-10 in Melbourne. (digital only). Affiliate of Ten Network (callsign: TDT)
In addition, broadcasters operate digital multichannels:
  • ABC2 (carried by ABT)
  • ABC3 (carried by ABT)
  • ABC HD (carried by ABT)
  • SBS Two (carried by SBS)
  • SBS HD (carried by SBS)
  • One HD (carried by TDT)
  • GO! (carried by TVT)
  • WIN HD (carried by TVT)
  • Southern Cross HD (carried by TNT)
  • 7TWO (carried by TNT)

Sport

Crowd at Bellerive Oval
Sport is not only an important pastime in Tasmania, the state has produced several famous sportsmen and women and also hosted several major sporting events. The Tasmanian Tigers cricket team represents the state successfully (for example the Sheffield Shield in 2007) and plays its home games at the Bellerive Oval, Hobart; also the site of international cricket matches. Famous Tasmanian cricketers include David Boon and current Australian captain Ricky Ponting. AFL is also popularly followed , with occasional discussion of a proposed Tasmanian team in the AFL. Several AFL games have been played at the Aurora Stadium, York Park Launceston, including the Hawthorn Football Club. The stadium was the site of an infamous match between St Kilda and Fremantle which was controversially drawn after the umpires failed to hear the final siren.
While some of the other sports played and barracked for have grown in popularity, others have declined. For example in basketball Tasmania has not been represented in the National Basketball League since the demise of the Hobart Devils in 1996. Soccer is played throughout the state, with discussion of a Tasmanian A-league team building on the existing Southern Premier League and the Northern Premier League. Tasmania hosts the Moorilla International tennis tournament as part of the lead up to the Australian Open and is played at the Hobart International Tennis Centre, Hobart. The Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race run every year between Boxing Day and New Year since 1945, finishes in Hobart.

Places in Tasmania

A small island just off the shore of Bruny Island, South East of Tasmania
Cataract Gorge, Launceston
Islands:
Lakes:
Significant bridges:
Beaches:
Main highways:
Rivers:
Mountains:
Regions:
See also: List of Australian islands, lakes, bridges, highways, rivers, mountains and regions.

Prominent Tasmanians

Notable people from Tasmania include:

See also

References

  1. ^ 3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Jun 2009, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 3 December 2009.
  2. ^ a b "LISTmap (Mount Ossa)". Tasmanian Government Department of Primary Industries and Water. http://www.thelist.tas.gov.au/listmap/listmap.jsp?llx=419200&lly=5363700&urx=420100&ury=5364300&layers=17. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
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  47. ^ 'Main' Southern Shipping Company, http://www.southernshipping.com.au/ Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  48. ^ 'Don Kay' Tasmanian Composers Collective http://www.tasmanianmusic.com/composer.php?composerid=donkay Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  49. ^ "PSYCROPTIC: Rise Above". www.themetalforge.com. http://www.themetalforge.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=329. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  50. ^ 'The Paradise Motel' last.fm http://www.last.fm/music/The+Paradise+Motel Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  51. ^ http://www.theinnocents.com.au/

Further reading

  • Alexander, Alison (editor) (2005)The Companion to Tasmanian History Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart. ISBN 1-86295-223-X.
  • Robson, L.L. (1983) A History of Tasmania. Volume I. Van Diemen's Land From the Earliest Times to 1855 Melbourne, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-554364-5.
  • Robson, L.L. (1991) A History of Tasmania. Volume II. Colony and State From 1856 to the 1980s Melbourne, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-553031-4.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Oceania : Australia : Tasmania
.Tasmania [1] is Australia's smallest and only island state with a population of roughly 500,000 people.^ The population of Tasmania is 485,000.

^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ Tasmania is the smallest of the Australian states.
  • Tasmania Travel Guide, Accommodation, Articles, Photos, Maps, Reviews 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.planbooktravel.com.au [Source type: General]

It enjoys a unique lifestyle and beautiful landscapes. .It is separated by a body of water called the Bass Strait that has isolated it from the rest of Australia for thousands of years.^ Tasmania Island state of Australia, separated from Victoria by the Bass Strait.
  • Tasmania Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Tasmania 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The island is separated from mainland Australia by 240 km (150 miles) of water called Bass Strait.

^ Separated from Australia by the Bass Strait , the island has several coastal islands, the largest of which are Bruny Island , off the southeastern coast; and King Island , Cape Barren Island and Flinders Island to the north.
  • Tasmania@Everything2.com 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Ruins of a convict prison at Port Arthur
Ruins of a convict prison at Port Arthur

Understand

.Tasmania was settled by the British as a penal colony and convicts were first transported to what was then called Van Diemen's Land, in 1804. Penal settlements were established at Sullivans Cove (Hobart), Maria Island, Sarah Island, and Port Arthur.^ The island continued to be called Van Diemen's Land until 1855.
  • The Destruction Of The Tasmanian Aborigines 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.africawithin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Church built by convicts, Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia.
  • Tasmania (island and state, Australia) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ East of Hobart, don't miss the convict history of Port Arthur.

.The ruins of the convict jails can still be seen in these places, particularly at Port Arthur, which has been carefully preserved and has many convict related activities for tourists.^ Old Port Arthur jail .
  • Tasmania the Beautiful Photo Gallery by Sheila Smart at pbase.com 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Port Arthur has been well preserved.

^ TOPICS: Tasmania Port Arthur Eaglehawk Neck Tasman Peninsula Australia The convict ruins at Port Arthur are only part of the Tasman Peninsula story — also here are astonishing 300m-high sea cliffs, empty surf beaches,...

.For its size, Tasmania has plenty attractions and you could spend a month there and still not see everything.^ I look forward to seeing you there .

^ Hope to see a few of you there!
  • Tasmania : LOL: The Life of Leo 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC leoville.com [Source type: General]

^ I look forward to seeing you there.

.Tasmania promotes itself internationally as "Australia's Natural State" and within Australia as the "Island of Inspiration". About 40% of the island is protected as national parks, World Heritage Areas, and forest and marine reserves.^ CLICK FOR AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA Tasmania is a state of Australia even though it is an island.

^ It is the gateway to the World Heritage area Franklin - Gordon National park.

^ Tasmania motorhomes hire and rental in the Island state of Australia .
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

.Tasmania is famous for its merino wool which is used by Japanese companies to manufacture high quality men's suits.^ North West Tasmania High quality self contained accommodating relying on the attractiveness of Tasmania's natural assets.

^ The temperate growing conditions make many areas of Tasmania ideal for wine grapes and the wines made are of high quality.
  • A vacation to Tasmania includes a self drive holiday and visiting world class Tasmanian wineries 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmania.com [Source type: General]

^ We operate high quality walking, cycling rafting and climbing tours throughout Tasmania TASMANIAN EXPEDITIONS .
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - SEE THE TASMANIAN TOURISM DIRECTORY 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.discovertasmania.au.com [Source type: General]

.It is also known world-wide for the Tasmanian tiger, a now extinct striped marsupial dog-like animal, and the nocturnal Tasmanian devil, a small black and white marsupial whose sharp teeth and frightening screams belie the fact that it is shy of humans.^ Once home to the now-extinct Tasmanian...

^ The poorly-behaved Tasmanian Devil is one famous example, and the lesser-known eastern quoll, pademelon and bettong are also native to the island.

^ The colonial government itself was not even inclined to consider the aboriginal Tasmanians as full human beings, and scholars began to discuss civilization as a unilinear process with White people at the top and Black people at the bottom.
  • The Destruction Of The Tasmanian Aborigines 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.africawithin.com [Source type: Original source]

Tasmanian devils [2] are currently under threat of extinction due to a widespread facial tumour. .The state government is endeavouring to detect the cause of the tumours and preserve disease-free colonies.^ The Midlands region of Tasmania showcases the State’s best-preserved colonial towns and villages.
  • Tasmania Travel Guide, Accommodation, Articles, Photos, Maps, Reviews 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.planbooktravel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The political history of the colony after the inauguration of responsible government, until it became in 1 9 01 one of the states of Federated Australasia, was not important.

.On the whole, expect a good mix of nice natural scenery, fresh food and wines, and heritage.^ Bruny Wildlife Adventure features Tasmania's natural beauty, wildlife, and superb food and wine on an incredible voyage to Bruny Island and the Southern Ocean.
  • Tasmania Travel & Holiday Accommodation | Pure Tasmania | Tour & Discover Unique Tourism Experiences 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.puretasmania.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Tasmania is an island separated from mainland Australia by the 240 km stretch of Bass Strait with spectacular scenery, a rich heritage and superb food and wine.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ The area is a blend of history, beautiful scenery, adventure, creativity, entertainment, and the wonderful flavour of food and wine.

Time Zone

.Tasmania is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and 18 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time (PST).^ Tasmania operates under Australian Eastern Standard time.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

Daylight Saving is observed from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April the following year.
AEST - Australian Eastern Standard Time UTC+10
AEDT - Australian Eastern Daylight Saving Time UTC+11
Cradle Mountain in Tasmania, a World Heritage site
Cradle Mountain in Tasmania, a World Heritage site

Get in

By plane

.Tasmania is served by several national and regional airlines, primarily flying into Hobart and Launceston.^ The Northern Region includes Launceston the state's second largest city and two National Parks.
  • Tasmania gay and lesbian accommodation, events and tours - The spirit of gay and lesbian travel - Rainbow Tourism 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.rainbowtourism.com [Source type: General]

^ Known as one of the most spectacular regions of Tasmania, and undoubtedly in Australia, it is worth the drive from Hobart or Launceston.

^ Coles Bay in Tasmania sits at the foot of the pink granite mountains known as the 'Hazards' and on the edge of the world-renowned Freycinet National Park about a two and 1/2 hours scenic drive from Hobart and Launceston on the east coast of Tasmania .
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

.Some flights are also available to Burnie and Devonport from Melbourne.^ Spirit of Tasmania operates between Melbourne and Devonport, sailing from both locations most nights and some days during peak periods.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Domestic Flights to Cairns from Devonport Flights to Canberra from Hobart Flights to Melbourne from Hobart Flights to Darwin from Hobart Flights to Perth from Launceston Flights to Canberra from Launceston Flights to Cairns from Launceston Flights to Perth from Devonport Flights to Brisbane from Hobart Flights to Melbourne from Devonport .
  • Tasmania, travel guide, tours, attractions, accommodation 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.totaltravel.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Spirit of Tasmainia Departing from Melbourne Devonport Spirit of Tasmainia Date Check availability .

By ferry

.Tasmania is served by two Spirit of Tasmania Ferries [3] from mainland Australia.^ Unlike mainland Australia , which is ruled by Empress Liz and managed by CEO Kevin McQueensland , Tasmania is a territory of the Danish monarchy.
  • Tasmania - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Devonport's seafaring connection with the mainland continues now today through the Spirit of Tasmania, the only passenger ferry operating across Bass Strait.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Tasmania's isolation from mainland Australia has ensured the survival of many plants and animals that are rare or extinct in other states.
  • Tasmania - tours, adventures and safaris across Tasmania 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.australia4tours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They depart daily from Melbourne arrive at Devonport taking the full night (or the full day during peak summer periods) for the crossing.^ Every year, starting from late December, the Hobart Summer Festival is held over eight days and nights, at Sullivan’s Cove.

^ You could even take a 15-hour ferry from Melbourne on mainland Australia to Devonport in northern Tasmania.

^ Spirit of Tasmania operates between Melbourne and Devonport, sailing from both locations most nights and some days during peak periods.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

.The crossing can be a little rocky at times, but provides beautiful views.^ High cliffs, beautiful ocean views and stunning geological formations contrast with the dark convict history, providing a depth to the appeal of the region that intrigues visitors.

.You have the option of booking one of a range of a cabins or a reclining chair for the journey.^ With its rich history and its wealth of real natural attractions, any journey you make through the west of Tassy is going to be an inspiring and interesting one.

^ Well, there are a whole range of options available, and 5 of the easiest are right here for you: 1.

.The large ferries take vehicles, bikes, foot passengers and pets.^ If you are bringing your vehicle over on the car ferry from Port Melbourne you can choose from night or day crossings, which takes roughly 9-10 hours.

See the Devonport article for the details of the ferry.
.Rental car companies usually have restrictions on taking vehicles into or out of Tasmania on the ferry.^ Spirit of Tasmania web site by the TT-Line Company's passenger, vehicle and freight ferry service between Tasmania and Victoria, Sydney and Devonport with bookings and holiday information .
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - SEE THE TASMANIAN TOURISM DIRECTORY 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.discovertasmania.au.com [Source type: General]

^ You could even take a 15-hour ferry from Melbourne on mainland Australia to Devonport in northern Tasmania.

^ Bargain Car Rentals 173 Harrington Street Hobart Tasmania 7000 Phone: +61 (0)3 6234 6959 Bargain Car Rentals is a Tasmanian owned and operated Rental Car Company specialising in International and Interstate travellers.

Get around

By car

.Getting around Tasmania by car is by far the most convenient way to see what the state has to offer.^ Hobart is choice commencing point for vacation around the island state of Tasmania.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Unlike most of Australia, Tasmania enjoys 4 distinct seasons, which are a perfect complement to the other attractions of the state.
  • Tasmania Travel Guide, Accommodation, Articles, Photos, Maps, Reviews 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.planbooktravel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Experience the most relaxing, versatile and enjoyable way to discover Tasmania.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

.Cars can be brought into Tasmania from the mainland on the Spirit of Tasmania ferry (see above), or hired upon arrival.^ You could even take a 15-hour ferry from Melbourne on mainland Australia to Devonport in northern Tasmania.

^ Devonport's seafaring connection with the mainland continues now today through the Spirit of Tasmania, the only passenger ferry operating across Bass Strait.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Contact Europcar today to arrange your car hire and start exploring Tasmania!
  • Car rental Tasmania & Tasmania car hire TAS - Europcar Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.europcar.com.au [Source type: General]

.With the exception of Highway 1 between Devonport, Launceston and Hobart, travel times by car will be much longer than you think.^ At Ross which is located between Hobart and Launceston.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ These books cost more time, effort, and money than the run-of-the-mill computer book, but the result is better than anything else you’ll see in the computer book section.
  • Tasmania : LOL: The Life of Leo 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC leoville.com [Source type: General]

^ Brain op woes (Mercury 2004) Tasmanians with serious neurological conditions are waiting up to 5 times longer for treatment than patients in other States.
  • COME SEE TASMANIA WITH FORESTRY TASMANIA & THE WOODCHIP COUNTER 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC forestrytasmania.com [Source type: News]

Averaging anything near the state limit of 100km/h is generally just not possible. .Even A and B roads wind their way through mountain passes and along coastlines, with few overtaking lanes, and on some roads averaging 60km/h is only just achievable.^ You can drive down the beautiful country roads along the farmland, or ride a horse through the villages.

^ It stretches along some pristine wildness 80 kilometres over Tasmanias highland country through the Cradle Mountain - Lake St. National Park starting from Cradle Mountain.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Or else you could just continue your way through Tasmania… theres lots more to see!

Seek local advice if timing is critical, or just allow more time. What appears the most direct road can add hours to your journey time. Again, seek local advice on the quickest route if timing is critical.
.Tasmania uses an alphanumeric system for road references, and all roads are generally well marked with references and destinations.^ Launceston is Tasmanias second major city as well as the oldest city in all of Australia.

^ The construction of Port Arthur in 1830 made Tasmania a premiere destination for English convicts, as well as the occasional political prisoner.
  • Tasmania Culture | Tasmania History 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.world66.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Silurian system, however, is well developed in north-western Tasmania, and is.

.Attractions are generally well signposted from the nearest main road.^ The roads are good and you will find that most of the well-known National Parks and attractions are easily accessible in a 2WD vehicle.

.As a result, it is quite possible to navigate most of Tasmania using only a rudimentary map.^ The research model used in the poppy industry is quite different to others in Tasmania and Australia.
  • The Regional Institute » The Tasmanian Poppy Industry: A Case Study of the Application of Science and Technology 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.regional.org.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Although they are solitary animals, with only one wombat inhabiting any one burrow, the overlap of home ranges does occasionally result in a number of wombats using the same burrow.
  • PBS: The Living Edens: Tasmania: Featured Creatures 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FTT wants Tasmania’s railways to remain in public hands because only under State Government ownership is it possible for the railways to have a certain future.

Exploring the forests can often lead to a maze of forest roads. .A GPS can come in handy for finding your way out, but beware GPS maps are not always up to date and following them blindly can add unnecessary time to travel.^ More and more, over the the course of time, I have come to find that travel is a wonderful educational experience indeed, and that during the process you often come across information not commonly found in books.
  • The Destruction Of The Tasmanian Aborigines 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.africawithin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Find and book all of your travel needs on-line.

^ Simply select your travel dates in the box above then click the OR Select a region or city in the box above then click 'Find on Map'.

By bus

.If you have plenty of time in Tasmania, buses can be an option, but you would be advised to study timetable carefully and to do an extra bit of planning, as services can be infrequent.^ IT'S AN ISLAND Online accommodation service. Whether you're a family planning a  holiday months in advance or you're down on business looking for a room at the last minute.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - SEE THE TASMANIAN TOURISM DIRECTORY 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.discovertasmania.au.com [Source type: General]

^ Never travel with photographers if you’re in a hurry to get somewhere, and expect to take extra time if you’re with Winston and there are cows anywhere to be seen.
  • Tasmania : LOL: The Life of Leo 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC leoville.com [Source type: General]

^ If you plan to hike, you may want to stay a night or two at the lodge to give you enough time to fully enjoy this beautiful region of Tasmania.

Two major companies which service most of Tasmania:
  • Tassielink [4]
  • Redline Tasmania [5]
.Metro Tasmania [6] provides intra-city bus services for Burnie, Hobart and Launceston.^ Downtown city of Hobart Tasmania ...
  • Tasmania Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Tasmania 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of Tasmania's major cities is Hobart .

^ The major cities of Hobart and Launceston offer glimpses of Australian history, with several famous settler and convict sites including Port Arthur.
  • Car rental Tasmania & Tasmania car hire TAS - Europcar Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.europcar.com.au [Source type: General]

Merseylink [7] provides services to Devonport and Latrobe

By train

.There is a passenger tourist train operated as the West Coast Wilderness Railway between Strahan and Queenstown on the west coast of Tasmania.^ A must see and do is the West Coast Wilderness Railway.

^ Strahan on the west coast has also a considerable trade.

^ One of the world's great rail trips, cross high bridges and climb steep grades through a narrow gorge, ride a steam train into history on the West Coast Wilderness Railway.
  • Tasmania Travel & Holiday Accommodation | Pure Tasmania | Tour & Discover Unique Tourism Experiences 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.puretasmania.com.au [Source type: General]

.The trip takes about 3 hours with lunch included.^ If you want to take the longer hike, it will probably take you about 2 or 2 and half hours to complete.

^ It takes about 6-1/2 strenous hours to climb the Mountain from the parking lot and return if you day hike it.

By plane

.Tasair [8] offers daily flights from Hobart to Burnie, Devonport, King Island.^ Hobart typifies Tasmania's laidback island lifestyle - steeped in history, close to wilderness and offering the indulgence of fine food and wine.
  • Tasmania Vacations and Luxury Travel Packages 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.travelwizard.com [Source type: News]

^ Alanvale, Australia Burnie, Australia Devonport, Australia Georgetown, Australia Hobart, Australia Kingston, Australia Launceston, Australia New Norfolk, Australia Newstead, Australia Queenstown, Australia Royal Park, Australia Ulverstone, Australia Warrane, Australia Wynyard, Australia .
  • Tasmania, Australia News - Topix 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ Domestic Flights to Cairns from Devonport Flights to Canberra from Hobart Flights to Melbourne from Hobart Flights to Darwin from Hobart Flights to Perth from Launceston Flights to Canberra from Launceston Flights to Cairns from Launceston Flights to Perth from Devonport Flights to Brisbane from Hobart Flights to Melbourne from Devonport .
  • Tasmania, travel guide, tours, attractions, accommodation 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.totaltravel.com.au [Source type: News]

They are based in Hobart, with a smaller base in Devonport.

By bicycle

.Bicycle touring is a popular way to see Tasmania.^ Or else you could just continue your way through Tasmania… theres lots more to see!

^ It's an island made for touring - and the best way to explore is in a comfortable, spacious, self-contained motorhome or campervan from Tasmania Motorhomes.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ The Tour de Femme, Half Century Ride, and Century Ride are free to Bicycle Tasmania members .
  • Welcome - Bicycle Tasmania - Advocacy, Advice and Adventure for ALL cyclists 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.biketas.org.au [Source type: General]

  • Trout Fishing, [9]. .Trout Guides and Lodges Tasmania Incorporated (TGALT) is the industry body, that was voluntarily formed in 1981, initially called the, Tasmanian Professional Trout Fishing Guides Association.^ ROSS The Tasmanian Wool Centre was opened in Ross in 1988 to acknowledge both the importance of the wool industry in Tasmania and the historical significance of Ross as one of the State's earliest rural settlements.
    • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - Tasmanian Tourist Attractions 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.directorytasmania.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is an interesting venue to learn about the salmon and trout industry in Tasmania.

    ^ Boasting immaculately well-tended gardens, you can pass your time here in the Museum of Trout Fishing, or the Tasmanian Angling Hall of Fame.

    .Its primary purpose was to provide anglers with a source of guides that they could be assured, would provide a safe, appropriate and professional service.^ This resource is provided to help guide, encourage and resource the preachers in our diocese, be they new or experienced.

    ^ Consumer, Family and Carer Support Guide Mental Health Services has developed a guide to provide consumers of acute mental health, their families and carers with information on illness and services.

    During 1995 the Association was expanded to specifically include trout fishing lodges as full members.
  • The Overland Track, [10]. .The iconic bushwalk from Cradle Mountain to Lake St Clair - bookings essential during the main walking season (November to April).
  • The Great Tasmanian Bike Ride, [11] - held in early February.
  • Bicycle Touring and Mountain Biking, There are some Great places to ride your bicycle in Tasmania.^ More information and a visitors guide on Cradle Mountain Lake St Clair National Park Tasmania.....
    • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Cradle Mountain and Dove Lake with hut .
    • Tasmania the Beautiful Photo Gallery by Sheila Smart at pbase.com 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Cradle Mountain, Lake St. Clair transfers.
    • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - Tasmanian Tourist Attractions 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.directorytasmania.com [Source type: General]

    .Australia By Bike [12] offer fully supported tours of Tasmania include all accommodation and meals throughout the year.
  • Dive the Giant Kelp Forests, Giant Kelp forests can be found around the coasts and provide a unique temperate diving experience.^ ALL TASMANIA Affordable cabin accommodation located around Tasmania.

    ^ Tasmania hotels and accommodation, hotel reservations in Australia, by all-hotels.com .
    • Tasmania hotels and accommodation, hotel reservations in Australia, by all-hotels.com 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.all-hotels.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We are based in the Hunter Valley (on the east coast of New South Wales, 2 hours from Sydney International Airport) though are able to arrange extended tours that take in the many unique birding areas around Australia, including the Top End, South-west WA, Queensland Wet Tropics, the arid interior and Tasmania.
    • Birdwatching Australia - A directory of Tasmanian birding information. 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.ausbird.com [Source type: General]

    [13]

Eat

.There are a wide variety of culinary offerings in Tasmania, from the best chips and gravy at the local milk bar, to world renowned chefs in amazing upper class restaurants.^ This list gives you some of our favourite websites, providing you with a wide variety of information on Tasmania.

^ Tasmania is renowned as having the purest air in the world .

^ Hobart offers a sophisticated night life with the Wrest Point Casino cabaret and revolving restaurant and a wide range of restaurants.
  • Tasmania Vacations and Luxury Travel Packages 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.travelwizard.com [Source type: News]

Drink

.Tasmania has superb wine regions including along the Tamar River and Down in the Huon Valley.^ DEVIOT Tamar Valley Norfolk Reach Bed and Breakfast Accommodation is a heritage pine home, nestling in 72 acres of tranquil bushland, fronted by the Supply River, near Exeter in The Tamar Valley, Tasmania.

^ Tasmania is an island separated from mainland Australia by the 240 km stretch of Bass Strait with spectacular scenery, a rich heritage and superb food and wine.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ Tasmanias past of convicts and chains are 100 years reserved as close by are the vineyards and wineries of the Coal River Valley, the home very superb cool climate wines.

.In addition, Tasmania has the Cascade and Boags breweries in Hobart and Launceston respectively, which offer tours.^ Tasmania Motorhome hire with locations from our different selfdrive rental suppliers such as Hobart, Launceston and Davenport.
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ We have an itinerary from Hobart to Hobart though you can vary from Launceston or Davenport - check here for the Island of Tasmania's distances and general information Tasmania .
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

^ TOURING TASMANIA It's difficult to believe such a small island can have so much to offer.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - SEE THE TASMANIAN TOURISM DIRECTORY 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.discovertasmania.au.com [Source type: General]
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - Tasmanian Tourist Attractions 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.directorytasmania.com [Source type: General]

A number of boutique beer makers and distillers also exist.
.There is also a large spring water industry in Tasmania, which means that some bars and restaurants do not to offer free tap water (they are not legally obliged to do so).^ Tainted water from our taps (Mercury 2005) Thousands of Tasmanians risk sickness if they drink their local water supply drect from the taps.
  • COME SEE TASMANIA WITH FORESTRY TASMANIA & THE WOODCHIP COUNTER 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC forestrytasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ There is 0.175 tonnes (or 175 kilograms) of wood chipped per second in Tasmania, a glorious environment of blowing our future that is created by the Tasmanian Government, Forestry Tasmania & Gunns Ltd and which is ENDORSED by some of the Government's cronies in the tourism industry.
  • COME SEE TASMANIA WITH FORESTRY TASMANIA & THE WOODCHIP COUNTER 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC forestrytasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ The area is very popular amongst scuba divers because of the waters clarity and the large underwater caves they explore.

Sleep

.There is a variety of accommodation available across the state, from camping through to 5-star luxury.^ There are guided walks available through the Peninsula as well as rock climbing, but most tourists head for Coles or Wineglass Bay.

.Individual cities and regions pages have more information.^ For more information on any of these regions or attractions, visit Discover Tasmania .

.Tasmania is particularly renowned for its hosted bed and breakfast accommodation, where you can experience a different way of life in a whole range of different properties, including heritage listed and more modern properties in stunning locations.^ The property was built in 1894 and is heritage listed.

^ Many come by air, but the vehicle and passenger ferry is becoming increasingly popular -with a good highway system and many reasonably priced hotels or bed and breakfast establishments, motoring is probably the best way to experience this small island.

^ Contemporary, bright and comfortable accommodation with all the modern facilities you would expect from a top class Hostel.

Stay safe

When driving observe the speed limits. The rules are simple. 50km/h on all Tasmanian streets, and 100km/h on highways and freeways unless otherwise signposted.
.Be aware that there are many wild animals in Tasmania, and be prepared to see a lot of roadkill.^ And why not check out our pick for the best things to see and do in Tasmania while you're there.
  • Hostels in Tasmania - Tasmania Hostels 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.hosteltasmania.com [Source type: General]

^ Or else you could just continue your way through Tasmania… theres lots more to see!

^ There are so many things to do in Tasmania from fishing, farms, wineries, parks, activities and adventures .
  • Tasmania motorhomes hire and campervan rentals from Hobart in Tasmania Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.tasmaniamotorhomes.com [Source type: General]

Be especially careful at dusk and dawn. .Although wallabies and wombats are not large, they can make a mess of your vehicle and drivers swerving to avoid them have caused many accidents.^ Although they are solitary animals, with only one wombat inhabiting any one burrow, the overlap of home ranges does occasionally result in a number of wombats using the same burrow.
  • PBS: The Living Edens: Tasmania: Featured Creatures 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diet The diet of echidnas is largely made up of ants and termites, although, they will eat other invertebrates especially grubs, larvae and worms.
  • PBS: The Living Edens: Tasmania: Featured Creatures 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When driving on highways and freeways, do be careful of large trucks. Speeding large trucks are common and dangerous. .If one is heading your way slow down and move towards the side of the road, letting it pass.^ Mr Albanese said history was "headed one way on these conservation issues".
  • NEWS TASMANIA TASMANIAN TOURISM FORESTRY 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC news-tasmania.com [Source type: News]

^ This is where the ferry from Melbourne docks, so you could drop off your camper and head to the mainland that way.

^ The forepaws are used for digging, and after pushing the dirt to one side, the wombat will back out, moving the loose dirt with both the front and back paws.
  • PBS: The Living Edens: Tasmania: Featured Creatures 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Always slow down at school zones and crossings when in operation or you may be surprised by a waiting police car and receive a fine.^ You will receive an email detailing your travel choices, this must be confirmed with the property operator(s).

^ If you are bringing your vehicle over on the car ferry from Port Melbourne you can choose from night or day crossings, which takes roughly 9-10 hours.

^ A slow, careful hunter that may stand its ground if surprised, the tiger snake relies on its impressive threat display for defense.
  • PBS: The Living Edens: Tasmania: Featured Creatures 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bushwalking can be a truly breathtaking experience in Tasmania, but be sure to obtain the right gear and local advice and maps.^ Apple Isle Wine Tours The 'ultimate wine tour' Great sights Great Experiences Great Food & Wine Whether your a local or visitor to Tasmania be sure to expand your vinous horizons.
  • DISCOVER TASMANIA AUSTRALIA - Tasmanian Tourist Attractions 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.directorytasmania.com [Source type: General]

Always sign the book at the beginning and end of each walk. Be aware that mobile coverage is very limited (although reception can often be had on Mt Ossa, Tasmania's highest mountain). The main dangers are getting lost and/or suffering hypothermia. .If you include thermals, a good sleeping bag and a map and compass in your shopping list, these scenarios are unlikely.^ If youre lucky you may even see the whales which are migrate through these waters.

^ When you have built your trip the system will email you a detailed itinerary, maps and driving directions.

^ Huon Pine is still in high demand because it is extremely durable, and there are a number of shops in Strahan where you can buy goods manufactured from it.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Pronunciation

Etymology

After the Dutch naval explorer w:Abel Tasman, who discovered the island and New Zealand in 1642

Proper noun

Tasmania
  1. One of the six federal states of Australia, consisting of one large, eponymous and several much smaller islands, off the eastern part of Australia's south coast, having its capital at Hobart.
  2. The large island comprising the majority of the state of Tasmania's land area and on which most of its inhabitants live.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams


Finnish

Proper noun

Tasmania
  1. Tasmania

Italian

Proper noun

la Tasmania
  1. Tasmania

Anagrams


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Wikipedia has a page called:
.Tasmania is a state of Australia.^ Tasmania is Australia’s island state.
  • Tasmania Accommodation - Luxury Hotel & Resort Accommodation in Tasmania, Australia | AUNZTRAVEL 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.aunztravel.com.au [Source type: News]
  • Tasmania - Bed & Breakfast Farmstay and Accommodation Australia 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.australianbedandbreakfast.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tasmania is Australia’s only island State.
  • http://www.budget.com.au/locations/tasmania/default.aspx 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.budget.com.au [Source type: General]
  • http://www.budgettrucks.com.au/locations/tasmania/default.aspx 14 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.budgettrucks.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Tasmania is Australia's only island state.


This page is a "stub" and could be improved by additions and other edits.

This article uses material from the "Tasmania" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

File:Tasmania in Australia
Tasmania in Australia

Tasmania is a large island off the southern coast of mainland Australia. It is a state of Australia. Its capital and the largest city is Hobart. The island was joined to the mainland until the end of the most recent ice age approximately 10 000 years ago.

It is the home of rare animals like thylacines and tasmanian devils.

Contents

History

Tasmania is a state of Australia. Unlike the other states it is an island. The Bass Strait separates it from the Australian mainland. The first people to come to Tasmania were the Australian aboriginals. Aboriginals are the native people of Tasmania and have lived there for a very long time. Abel Janszoon Tasman was the first European to discover the island in 1642. He called it Van Diemen's Land. It was later called Tasmania. Much later people came from Europe, mostly from the British Empire to live on the island.

Cities and towns

Tasmania has four cities: capital city Hobart, Launceston, Devonport and Burnie.

Population

Tasmania is the smallest state in Australia because it has such small land area. It also has the smallest population. The total population of Tasmania is just over 500, 000 (May 2008).

Places to visit

Tasmania has some of the most popular tourist attractions in the world. They range from old country towns to up to date cities. Some popular tourist places are:

Famous Tasmanians

  • Errol Flynn - actor, best known for his role in the 1930's as Robin Hood.
  • Ricky Ponting - Current Australian Cricket Captain
  • Peter Crumpton - Prolific Filmmaker based in Sydney
  • Tasmanian Devil - cartoon character and a real species of marsupial it is based on.
  • David Boon - Cricket Player
  • Madison Courto - Musician
  • Princess Mary Donaldson of Denmark
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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Tasmania, which are similar to those in the above article.








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