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Tasmannia
Tasmannia lanceolata cutting
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Winteraceae
Genus: Tasmannia
R.Br.

Tasmannia is a genus of woody, evergreen flowering plants of the family Winteraceae. There are 40 species of Tasmannia native to Australia, New Guinea, Celebes, Borneo, and Philippines. The Winteraceae are magnoliids, and are associated with the humid Antarctic flora of the southern hemisphere. The members of the family generally have aromatic bark and leaves, and some are used to extract essential oils. The peppery-flavored fruits and leaves (esp. dried) of this genus are increasingly used as a condiment in Australia. The peppery flavour can be attributed to a molecule named polygodial.

Contents

Taxonomy

The first description of the genus was published by Robert Brown.[1] The species of Tasmannia were formerly classified in genus Drimys, a related group of Winteraceae native to the Neotropics. Recent studies have led to an increasing consensus among botanists to split the genus into two, with the Neotropical species remaining in genus Drimys, and the Australasian species classified in genus Tasmannia.[2]

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List of Tasmannia species

  • Tasmannia acutifolia
  • Tasmannia arfakensis
  • Tasmannia beccariana
  • Tasmannia brassii
  • Tasmannia buxifolia
  • Tasmannia coriacea
  • Tasmannia cyclopum
  • Tasmannia densifolia
  • Tasmannia dictyophlebia
  • Tasmannia dipetala
  • Tasmannia elongata
  • Tasmannia fistulosa
  • Tasmannia glaucifolia - Fragrant Pepperbush
  • Tasmannia grandiflora
  • Tasmannia hatamensis
  • Tasmannia insipida - Brush Pepperbush
  • Tasmannia lamii
  • Tasmannia lanceolata - Mountain Pepperbush (Aus) or Cornish Pepperleaf (UK)
  • Tasmannia macrantha
  • Tasmannia membranea – Pepper Tree
  • Tasmannia microphylla
  • Tasmannia monticola
  • Tasmannia montis-wilhelmii
  • Tasmannia myrtoides
  • Tasmannia obovata
  • Tasmannia oligandra
  • Tasmannia pachyphylla
  • Tasmannia parviflora
  • Tasmannia piperita
  • Tasmannia pittosporoides
  • Tasmannia purpurascens - Broad Leaf Pepperbush
  • Tasmannia reticulata
  • Tasmannia rosea
  • Tasmannia rubiginosa
  • Tasmannia stipitata - Dorrigo Pepper
  • Tasmannia vaccinioides
  • Tasmannia verticillata
  • Tasmannia vickeriana - Baw Baw Pepper
  • Tasmannia xerophila - Alpine Pepperbush

Distribution and habitat

In Australia, the Tasmannia genus ranges from Tasmania and eastern Victoria and New South Wales to southeastern Queensland, and in the mountains of northeastern Queensland, where it grows in moist mountain forests and in wet areas in the drier forest and along watercourses to an elevation of 1500 metres (5000 ft).

Culinary use

'Tasmanian pepper' or 'mountain pepper' (T. lanceolata, often referred to as Drimys lanceolata or T. aromatica) was the original pepperbush used by colonial Australians. Introduced into cultivation in Cornwall, U.K., to become the 'Cornish pepperleaf' associated with Cornish cuisine. It has large peppery berries which are also high in antioxidants. Safrole is the biggest limitation with using wild strains of mountain pepper, and safrole free strains of mountain pepper have been selected for the spice trade.

Tasmannia stipitata, Dorrigo Pepper is also sold as a spice, and was the original pepperbush used in specialty native food restaurants in the 1980s. Dorrigo pepper is safrole free and has a strong peppery flavour.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Tasmannia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apni?taxon_id=26925.  
  2. ^ Doust, A.N., Drinnan, A.N., Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae), American Journal of Botany,Vol. 91, pp321-331., 2004

Bibliography

  • Doust, Andrew N. and Drinnan, Andrew N., 2004. Floral development and molecular phylogeny support the generic status of Tasmannia (Winteraceae). American Journal of Botany 91: 321–331.
  • Sampson, F.B., Williams, J.B. and Woodland, Poh S., The Morphology and Taxonomic Position of Tasmannia glaucifolia (Winteraceae), 1988. A New Australian Species. Australian Journal of Botany 36 (4): 395–414.
  • Smith, Keith and Irene. 1999. Grow your own bushfoods. New Holland Publishers, Sydney, Australia.
  • Robins, Juleigh. 1996. Wild Lime: Cooking from the bushfood garden. Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd, Sydney, Australia.
  • Bryant, Geoff. 2005. The Random House Encyclopedia of Australian Native Plants. Random House, Sydney, Australia.
  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Flora's native plants. ABC Books, Sydney, Australia.
  • Low, Tim. 1991. Wild food plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, Australia.

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Tasmannia lanceolata

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus:Magnoliids
Ordo: Canellales
Familia: Winteraceae
Genus: Tasmannia
Species: T. lanceolata - not complete

Name

Tasmannia R.Br. ex DC., Syst. Nat. (de Candolle) 1: 445. 1817.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
  • Austrodrimys Doweld, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 38. 2000.
  • Pseudodrimys Doweld, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 38. 2000.

References

  • Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2009 Oct 01 [1].

Vernacular names


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