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Tati (Iran): Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spoken in Iran
Region Northwest of Iran
Total speakers ca. ?
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ?
ISO 639-2 none
ISO 639-3 tks

Tati (Persian: تاتی) is a group of northwestern Iranian dialects which are closely related to the Talysh language.

Some sources use the term old Azari/Azeri to refer to the Tati language which was spoken in the region before the spread of Turkic languages (see Ancient Azari language), and is now only spoken by different rural communities in Iranian Azerbaijan (such as villages in Harzanabad area, villages around Khalkhal and Ardabil), and also in Zanjan and Qazvin provinces[1][2][3][4]. .

In the field of phonetics tati similar to the rest of the north-western Iranian languages: it is distinguished by the persistence of Iranian * z, * s, * y-, * v-against the south-western d, h, j-, b-; development /ʒ/<* j, */t͡ʃ/ against the south-west z, and the preservation of intervocalic and postvocalic * r and even, for a number of dialects, development Rhotacism.

In the field of morphology, tati is less analytical in structure than the south-western Iranian languages. Having lost the ancient foundations of classes and verb, tati preserved case (two case: direct, or subjective, and oblique). It is a gender neutral language except in some name and verb formations.

Tati is an ergative language, i.e. with transitive verbs the subject/agent of the verb is expressed by the direct case in the present tenses, but by the oblique in the past tenses, whereas the direct object/patient in the present tenses is expressed by the oblique, but by the direct in the past[5].



Tati Dialects

  1. Chāli, Tākestāni, Eshtehardi, Khiāraji, Ebrāhim-ābādi, Sagz-ābādi, Dānesfāni, Esfarvarini, Khoznini
  2. Kho'ini, Balbavini, Sefid-kamari, Halabi, Sa'd-ābādi
  3. Khalkhāli, Tāromi
  4. Harzandi, Dizmāri
  5. Kuhpaya'i, Rudbari, Alamuti

See also


  1. ^ like Gholamhossein Mosahab's The Persian Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Paul, Ludwig (1998a). The position of Zazaki among West Iranian languages. In Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference of Iranian Studies, 11-15.09.1995, Cambridge, Nicholas Sims-Williams (ed.), 163-176. Wiesbaden: Reichert.
  3. ^ Andrew Dalby, Dictionary of Languages: the definitive reference to more than 400 languages, Columbia University Press, 2004, pg 496.
  4. ^ "Azari, the Old Iranian Language of Azerbaijan," Encyclopaedia Iranica, op. cit., Vol. III/2, 1987 by E. Yarshater. External link: [1]
  5. ^ Iranica entry on Eshtehārdi, one of Tati dialects

External links



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