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Tea with Mussolini

Tea with Mussolini film poster
Directed by Franco Zeffirelli
Produced by Clive Parsons
Riccardo Tozzi
Giovannella Zannoni
Frederick Muller (uncredited)
Executive Producer
Marco Chimenz
Associate Producer
Pippo Pisciotto
Written by John Mortimer
Franco Zeffirelli (autobiography)
Starring Cher
Joan Plowright
Judi Dench
Maggie Smith
Lily Tomlin
Music by Stefano Arnaldi
Alessio Vlad
Cinematography David Watkin
Editing by Tariq Anwar
Distributed by USA
G2 Films (theatrical)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (DVD)
Universal Studios
Release date(s) Italy
26 March 1999
2 April 1999
14 May 1999
Running time 117 min.
Language English / Italian
Budget $12,000,000 (estimated)

Tea with Mussolini (1999) is a semi-autobiographical film directed by Franco Zeffirelli, telling the story of young Italian boy Luca's upbringing by a kind British woman and her circle of friends.



The film begins in Florence, Italy, where a group of cultured expatriate British women — called by the Italians the Scorpioni — meet for tea every afternoon. Young Luca (Charlie Lucas) is the illegitimate son of an Italian businessman. When Luca's mother dies, his father shows no interest in his son's upbringing and Mary Wallace (Joan Plowright) steps in as his guardian. Finding the task of bringing up a young boy alone daunting, she turns to the Scorpioni women for support. Together, they teach Luca many lessons about life. Mary acquaints him with the works of Shakespeare and he is introduced to modern art by a rich, young, attractive American widow, Elsa Morganthal Strauss-Almerson (Cher). Elsa sets up a financial trust for Luca's future because his late mother was Elsa's dressmaker and to whom Elsa said she still owed money for her services. Meanwhile, Lady Hester Random (Maggie Smith), who is forever reminding everyone that her late husband was Britain's Ambassador to Italy, fails to keep her disdain for Elsa a secret.

One day, when the ladies are in a restaurant for afternoon tea, it is vandalized by Fascists. The environment then begins to become troubled for the expatriate community due to the rising tide of Italian Fascism. In spite of this, Lady Hester Random retains an admiring faith in Benito Mussolini. She takes it upon herself to visit him, along with an English journalist, to obtain his assurance that the community will be safe. She is placated however, because of her public ties to Britain, as she satisfactorily goes on to receive "Tea with Mussolini." The next day the front page of the local paper features a photo of Lady Hester and Mussolini, which she frames and proudly displays to local officials at every opportunity.

Despite this, the political situation continues to deteriorate. The Scorpioni can no longer have their afternoon teas at the Uffizi Gallery. Luca's father decides that Italy's future is with Germany rather than the United Kingdom. He removes Luca from Mary's care and sends him away for several years to an Austrian boarding school so that he can learn the language and be assured of a safe and prosperous future.

Mussolini signs the documents declaring war on Great Britain and France which results in the rounding-up of the English women onto a transport truck by police, just as a more grown-up Luca (Baird Wallace) returns to Florence to reunite with his former guardian Mary. For his protection, Lady Hester forces her grandson Wilfred to disguise himself as a woman, calling him "Miss Lucy", as he is loaded onto the transport with the others. Arabella becomes upset when the guards won't let her take her beloved dog so Mary shouts from the transport for Luca to take care of him. As the women are driven off Luca follows with a friend and finds they are being taken to the nearby city of 100 towers, San Gimignano. The women are appalled by their new quarters, which are well below their accustomed standard. Although snubbed by the ladies in the past, Elsa, who along with her American compatriot, Georgie, remains free, takes pity on the ladies. Trusting young Luca, who's becoming enamored with her, she asks him to deliver fake passports to a Jewish family to help them escape. Elsa then charges him with the task of giving money and fake documents to the guards instructing that the women be moved to an upper-class hotel. Believing that Mussolini himself issued the orders, Lady Hester is delighted and quickly asserts her authority over the hotel staff, eagerly brandishing the newspaper photo. The eccentric, would-be artist Arabella (Judi Dench) and archaeologist Georgie (Lily Tomlin) decide to restore the famous St. Fina Ghirlandaio frescos at a nearby chapel, which had started to fade and flake from the walls.

Luca, who fools local police on his night-time errands for Elsa, becomes jealous when she forms a romantic alliance with a shrewd young Italian lawyer. On December 7th, 1941 Pearl Harbor is attacked and it is announced that the United States has entered the war. The police soon inter the Americans Elsa and Georgie in the hotel along with the English women. But, as a Jew, Elsa is in far greater danger than the other women. In return for her boyfriend's promise to help her flee to Switzerland where they would be safe together, she signs over her valuable collection of modern art as well as all of her money and other possessions to him. However, as Mary now discovers, Elsa's boyfriend had no such intention and was plotting all along to betray her to the Gestapo. Mary scolds the jealous Luca and tells him to grow up, as he already knew about the plot but didn't enlighten Elsa. Elsa refuses to believe the betrayal and therefore still plans to meet her boyfriend in Switzerland -- although she'll most likely be caught at the border using her "death warrant" passport provided by him. Desperate, Mary goes to the women for help. At first Lady Hester scorns the idea of helping Elsa, believing she owes her nothing. Mary is then forced to reveal that it was not Mussolini but Elsa who arranged and financed their stay at the luxurious hotel. Shamed, Lady Hester agrees to convince Elsa of the truth. She goes to Elsa, who has isolated herself in her room, thanks her for her generosity, and assures her that her boyfriend will not be keeping his promise; moreover that he will conversely be waiting for the Gestapo to seize her. Surprised by Lady Hester's change of heart, Elsa believes her and fears for her life. She consents to an escape plan hatched by Mary, Luca, and Wilfred, who have already fled the hotel to join the Italian resistance movement. Funded by the money Elsa earlier put into trust for Luca's future, he, Wilfred and his friends in the underground arrange for Elsa to flee during the night. Just before she boards a tiny rowboat taking her out to sea to rendezvous with a fishing boat, Elsa tells Luca how she once helped his young mother decide to go through with her pregnancy, thus saving his life and allowing him to be there to now save hers.

Against the threat of bombs going off in the outskirts of San Gimignano, Georgie and Arabella anxiously protect the precious St. Fina frescoes using piles of sandbags. Florence is invaded by Nazi forces, who begin seizing Jews, including Luca's art teacher, who was revealed to the Germans by Elsa's boyfriend. The Germans lay explosives to blow-up some of the towers in San Gimignano and Arabella becomes frantic. Following her lead, the English women immediately take action and all tie themselves to one of the buildings, bravely standing up to the pistol aimed at them by a frustrated Nazi officer. Within seconds, however, the officer receives orders to abandon the city and he and his men quickly retreat, leaving the women behind and the towers untouched. The city rejoices as Scottish Allied troops arrive, with a grown-up Luca riding in the commander's jeep as his Italian interpreter. Luca gently informs his superior that the British women, whom they are there to liberate, will not be easily ordered about. True to form, Lady Hester refuses to cooperate with the evacuation plans, and the other women join her, resolving to resume their former lives in Italy. Mary is thrilled to see that her beloved Luca has become the "English gentleman" of his father's dreams after all. Arabella and Georgie rush into the chapel, past the rubble, and are relieved to find the frescoes safe and sound.

Closing texts inform us, among other things, that the Scorpioni later resumed their afternoon teas (although, as Lady Hester reminds them, "Things are not the same as they were"), and that Luca went on to become an artist and help in the making of the film — i.e., as director Franco Zeffirelli.


Lady Hester

Lady Hester Random is based upon a real resident of Florence whom Zeffirelli knew in his childhood. Zeffirelli mentions her and a couple of other ladies of the Scorpioni in his autobiography. He said: "I don't remember if she was called Hester, but I remember this terrible, fantastic woman. She was the dowager of the community. I remember the many outrageous things she did because she could afford to be arrogant and bossy."


  • Lady Hester Random - "Americans simply don't understand picnics!"
  • Lady Hester Random - "The Germans and the Italians couldn't get rid of us. There is absolutely no reason why we should surrender to the Scots"
  • Scottish Soldier - "No! We are not bloody English, laddie! We're bloody Scots!"

Awards and nominations


Awards won

  • 2000 - BAFTA Awards - Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role; Maggie Smith.
  • 2000 - Hollywood Makeup Artist and Hair Stylist Guild Awards - Best Period Hair Styling Feature; Vivian McAteer.
  • 2000 - Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists - Best Costume Design (Migliori Costumi); Anna Anni, Alberto Spiazzi.

Awards nominated

  • 1999 - Golden Trailer Awards - Best Drama.
  • 2000 - BAFTA Awards - Best Costume Design; Jenny Beavan, Anna Anni, Alberto Spiazzi. [1]


See also

External links


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