Technion: Wikis


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Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
Established 1924
Type Public
President Peretz Lavie
Vice-Presidents Paul Feigin, Moshe Sidi, Moshe Eizenberg, Zvi Kochavi
Students ∼12,500
Location Haifa, Israel
Campus Urban

The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (Hebrew: הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל‎) is an institute of technology in Haifa, Israel. Originally called the Technicum, it was founded in 1912.[1] The emphasis was on natural sciences, engineering and architecture, with a school of medicine added later. Two Nobel laureates teach there [2][3], Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover who won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering the biological system responsible for disassembling protein in the cell. The Technion's Faculty of Electrical Engineering has been ranked among the top fifteen electrical engineering departments in the world.[4] Its engineering/technology and computer sciences faculties have been ranked among the top forty in the world.[5]



The historical Technicum building in Hadar (now the Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space)

The Technion was conceived in the early 1900s by the German-Jewish fund Ezrah, as a school of engineering and sciences, and the only higher learning institution, in then Ottoman Palestine — other than the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem (founded 1907). The cornerstone was laid in 1912, but studies only began 12 years later, following an intense debate over the language of instruction. Ezrah deemed Modern Hebrew inappropriate for scientific instruction, and demanded that German be used instead. However, in the aftermath of World War I and the decline of Germany's influence as a European superpower, Hebrew was adopted.

The Technion opened in 1924, although the official opening ceremony took place in 1925. The first class had 16 students, majoring in civil engineering and architecture. In the 1930s, the Technion absorbed many Jewish scientists fleeing Nazi Germany and neighboring countries. In 1953, it awarded its first PhD in electrical engineering. Until the establishment of a school of engineering at Ben Gurion University in the early 1970s, the Technion was the only institution in the country offering engineering degrees.



Rappaport Faculty of Medicine

Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Bat Galim, Haifa

The Bruce and Ruth Rappaport Faculty of Medicine is one of four state sponsored medical schools in Israel. It was founded in 1969 and is active in basic science research and preclinical medical training in anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, immunology, microbiology, physiology, and pharmacology. Other facilities on the Faculty of Medicine campus include teaching laboratories, a medical library, lecture halls, and seminar rooms. Academic programs are offered at the Rappaport Faculty of Medicine leading to the Master of Science (M.S.), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), and Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degrees. The medical campus is located in the neighborhood of Bat Galim, adjacent to Rambam Hospital, the largest medical center in Northern Israel.

They have developed collaborative research and medical education programs with various institutions in medicine and bio-medical engineering including Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University and Mayo Medical School.

Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management

The Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management at the Technion is the oldest such department in Israel. IE&M (Industrial engineering & Management) was launched as a Technion academic Department in 1958. The Department grew under the leadership of Pinchas Naor, who served as its founding Dean. Naor's vision was to combine Industrial engineering with Management by creating a large, inherently multidisciplinary unit covering a wide spectrum of activities, from applied engineering to mathematical modeling; from economics and behavioral sciences to operations research and statistics.

Notable academic achievements

  • In 1982 prof. Dan Shechtman discovered a Quasicrystal structure. This is a structure with a Symmetry in the order of 5 - A phenomenon considered impossible until then by the currently prevailing theories of Crystallography.
  • In 2004 two Technion professors won the Nobel prize - Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover for the discovery of the biological system responsible for disassembling protein in the cell.
  • Dr. Shulamit Labenberg at the age of 37, has been chosen by the Scientific American magazine as one of the leading scientists for the year 2006, for the discovery of a method to transplant skin in a way the body does not reject.
  • More than 70% of the founders and managers in the Israeli high tech industry are Technion graduates. [6]
  • A group of Technion graduates created PHP (versions 3 through 5), a web programming language that is installed on more than 80% of the web servers worldwide.

Youth programs

The Technion offers many after-school and summer enrichment courses for young people on subjects ranging from introductory electronics and computer programming to aerospace, architecture, biology, chemistry and physics.

Programs of study

The Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management Building

The Technion offers undergraduate and graduate studies in:

Notable faculty

Technion Former President Yitzhak Apeloig
Architecture and Town Planning Faculty building
Computer Science Faculty Building

Notable graduates

See also


External links

Coordinates: 32°46′39″N 35°01′18″E / 32.7775°N 35.02167°E / 32.7775; 35.02167


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