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The Duchess of Edinburgh (the future Queen Elizabeth II) is greeted by Kennedy at Maple Leaf Gardens, with Conn Smythe behind, 1951.
Born December 12, 1925(1925-12-12),
Port Colborne, ON, CAN
Died August 14, 2009
(aged 83),
Port Colborne, ON, CAN
5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
170 lb (77 kg; 12 st 2 lb)
Position Centre
Shoots Right
Pro clubs Toronto Maple Leafs
Playing career 1942 – 1957
Hall of Fame, 1966

Theodore Samuel "Teeder" Kennedy (December 12, 1925 – August 14, 2009) was a professional ice hockey centre who played his entire career with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1942 to 1957 and was captain of the team for eight seasons. He's been called by sports writers the quintessential Maple Leaf and perhaps the greatest Maple Leaf. He was a major contributor to the NHL's first dynasty as the Leafs won the Stanley Cup five times within a seven year period. He was known for his leadership, work ethic, competitiveness, playmaking, forechecking, faceoff skills and for scoring important goals. He was an exceptional playoff performer and was the first player in NHL history to win five Stanley Cups. He is the last Maple Leaf to win the Hart Trophy for most valuable player. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966.



Ted "Teeder" Kennedy was born December 12, 1925, in the small village of Humberstone,[1][2] Ontario,[3][4] which in 1970 was amalgamated into the city of Port Colborne.[5][6] Ted's father, Gordon Kennedy, was killed in a hunting accident eleven days before he was born and his mother, Margaret, was left to raise a family of four children.[7] To supplement her income she took a job selling confectionaries at a local hockey arena which became young Ted's second home.[1][8] When Ted was seven years old a family friend took him to Toronto to see the first two games of the 1932 Stanley Cup finals and from watching those games Maple Leaf rightwinger Charlie Conacher became his childhood hero. He wore Conacher's No.9 throughout his minor hockey career.[9]

Kennedy played with the Port Colborne Lions in the Ontario Minor Hockey Association as a bantam, midget and juvenile.[10] His nickname "Teeder" is a shortform of his real name which was used by other neighbourhood boys because they could not pronounce "Theodore" and was overheard by a local reporter with the Welland Tribune.[9][11] In Kennedy's early years with the Leafs, newspapers often used the spelling "Teeter".[12] The midget Port Colborne Lions[13] were O.M.H.A. Champions in 1941. On May 7, 1941, at a banquet in Port Colborne honouring the players, one of the speakers was Hap Day, coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs. He spoke to the championship midget team, advising them that "keen desire" and "hard work" was required to get to the top in hockey as in any job in life and that hockey salaries were "equal to other leading professions". Day then presented members of the team with jackets bearing the championship crest. Among those in attendance was "T. Kennedy, captain". In only two years Ted Kennedy would be playing for Hap Day's Toronto Maple Leafs.[14]

The next season Kennedy's juvenile team made it to the finals.[10] The first professional team to approach Kennedy was the Montreal Canadiens, although for Kennedy "It was a boyhood dream to play for Toronto."[11] It was a Toronto referee, Bert Hedge, who brought Kennedy to the attention Montreal General Manager Tommy Gorman and Kennedy was put on their negotiation list.[15] In the fall of 1942, Montreal contacted the sixteen-year-old about joining the Canadiens. Kennedy's mother placed greater importance on his education than a career in hockey, as he was also headed to study business at the University of Western Ontario,[8][16] but Montreal scout Dinty Moore[17] assured her he would receive a good education at Montreal's prestigious Lower Canada College which they would cover the cost. Upon arriving in Montreal, as a foreshadow of future troubles, he discovered there was no one from the Canadiens to greet him at the train. The teenage Kennedy was left to his own devices to check into a hotel and make his way around the new city. Later, as he tried to combine hockey and school, he found his grades suffering and asked Canadien management if they could find him accommodation closer to the school. He felt they were unresponsive[16] and he soon became disillusioned with the experience in Montreal, along with feeling homesick.[18] Upon completing spring training with the Montreal Royals, he returned to Port Colborne in mid-November.[19][20]

Back home, Kennedy played with the Port Colborne Sailors of the OHA Sr. league for the 1942–43 hockey season.[3][10] The Port Colborne coach was former NHL star and Hall of Fame inductee Nels Stewart who became a mentor to Kennedy, working on his playmaking skills.[16] Kennedy credits Stewart with teaching him how to "operate in front of the net".[21] Kennedy finished the season second in the league only one point off of first.[22] At the end of the season, in spite of his having abandoned the Royals, Montreal scout Gus Ogilvie was sent to induce Kennedy to sign a contract, with the promise that if he signed he would finish the season with the Canadiens in the NHL.[18] Concerned about his treatment in Montreal, he declined, despite being advised by Ogilvie "Well, you know, Ted, if you turn pro, it will have to be with the Canadiens."[18] Kennedy now thought his dreams of playing in the NHL were over.[16] However, Nels Stewart believed in Kennedy, considering him "a coming great," and recommended him to the Toronto Maple Leafs.[23] Shortly thereafter, Kennedy was called out of his grade 11 Latin class to the Principal's office.[24] At first concerned about what he may have done wrong, it was instead a phone call from Nels Stewart. Stewart had arranged a meeting with General Manager of the Leafs Frank Selke and Kennedy would have to travel to Toronto.[18] Unlike Montreal, the Maple Leafs were there to meet him when he got off the train.[16] Kennedy signed a contract that evening.[9]

Playing career


Making the team

On March 3, 1943 Kennedy signed a professional contract with the Toronto Maple Leafs,[25] but they still desired to see Kennedy playing in an NHL game. Late in the 1942–43 season, they received permission from Kennedy's mother to take him out of school so he could accompany them on a road trip. He played in two of the final the three games of the regular season.[9] but did not continue with them into the playoffs. Making his NHL debut March 7, 1943 against the New York Rangers in Madison Square Gardens,[26][27] he was put on the Leafs' third line on rightwing, instead of his customary centre position, on a line with Bud Poile and Gaye Stewart. He was told by coach Hap Day to simply "stay with your check and keep him from scoring." Kennedy's line scored three goals and he picked up one assist in a 5–5 tie.[28] He then picked another assist in the next game in Boston. Kennedy had impressed the Leaf coaches,[29] but his rights were still "officially" owned by the Montreal Canadiens.[30] After first trying to buy his rights from Montreal,[31] a trade was arranged exchanging Kennedy for Frank Eddolls.[29][32] Toronto newspapers of the day in reporting the trade described the 17-year-old Kennedy as "a rangy youngster whose record in the O.H.A. is exceptionally good", that he was "highly recommended by other hockey men" and was a "high-scoring right-winger".[23][33] Over the years, some have regarded the trade as the best the Toronto Maple Leafs have ever made.[29] Nevertheless, interim manager Frank Selke had made the trade while Conn Smythe, owner of the Leafs, was away in service in World War II and Eddolls was one of his prized prospects. Smythe was furious when he discovered the trade, creating a rift between the two which eventually led Selke to leave Toronto and manage the Canadiens.[34] Ironically, Kennedy would eventually prove to be Smythe's favourite player and he would come to call Kennedy "the greatest competitor in hockey".[11] In 2001, Sports Illustrated writer and Montreal native, Michael Farber, included the Kennedy trade for Eddolls as one of "the five darkest days" in Montreal Canadiens' history.[35]

Style of play

Although Kennedy was not a gifted skater, he compensated with determination and tireless hard work.[36] Among modern era players his style of play has been compared to Bobby Clarke[37] and Jarome Iginla.[38] He brought to the Leafs a classy, humble leadership[32] and the knack for scoring goals when they were most needed.[34] He would fight for every inch of ice[39] and was difficult to separate from the puck.[32] He was also known for his agility,[28] stick-handling,[40] playmaking,[41] passing skills and physical toughness.[42] Line-mate Howie Meeker said that while he was a much better skater than Kennedy, "He went from A to B just as fast I could because he went through people".[42] Dick Irvin in a discussion of a centre's use of their line-mates, said "Apps used to hit the defence at top speed and Gordie Drillon would come along and pick up the garbage.", whereas Kennedy would "go into the corners and get the puck out to their wings."[43] Hap Day had said he could see Nels Stewart's influence on Kennedy. Like Stewart, Kennedy had a more upright lie on his hockey stick which kept the puck closer to his feet.[44] Kennedy was also widely believed to be the best faceoff man in hockey[34][45] and would seldom lose an important faceoff.[46][47] Kennedy would prove a perfect fit into coach Hap Day's coaching style of emphasizing defense, positional hockey and physical play.[48]

Kennedy played full-time with the Leafs for the first time with the 1943–44 season. During training camp Kennedy read in a newspaper interview Coach Hap Day speak about the best new prospects among the Leafs. He had failed to mention Kennedy. This fired up Kennedy to give an even greater effort throughout the pre-season.[49] Toronto's first pre-season exhibition game was against the St. Catharine Saints, a senior team, which was now coached by Kennedy's junior coach Nels Stewart. After the game, Kennedy approached Stewart for advice as he told him he was disappointed he hadn't scored. Stewart, the NHL leader in career goals until Maurice Richard overtook him in the 1952–53 season,[50] advised Kennedy when facing the goaltender to "either draw him out, or pick the corner."[49][51] At the end of the season Kennedy would finish as the team's second best goal-scorer with 26 and was fourth in points. He was just 18 years old.[52] In the playoffs, although winning the first game 3–1 in Montreal, the Leafs were then swept by the Canadiens in the next four and elminated from the playoffs.[53] The Toronto Daily Star said of Kennedy's rookie season, "For our money the best rookie of the year though playing with one of the weakest lines in N.H.L. history."[54] Kennedy was ineligible for the rookie-of-the-year award because of the two games he played with the Leafs at the end of the 1942–43 season.

The first Stanley Cup and the great upset

In only his second NHL season, Kennedy finished 1944–45 regular season leading the team in goals and points.[34] The Maple Leafs finished in third and would face the Montreal Canadiens in the opening round. The Montreal Canadiens of 1944–45 were a powerhouse hockey team. The Montreal club had the top three point leaders in the league, placed 5 of the 6 positions on the First All-Star team,[55] Maurice Richard had scored his famous 50 goals in 50 games and Montreal had finished 28 points ahead of the Toronto[56] and scored almost a goal-per-game more.[40] As of 2009, their regular season winning percentage for 1944–45 is the fifth highest in NHL history and the year previously they had achieved the second highest in history and won the Stanley Cup.[57] Going into the playoffs the coach of Montreal, Dick Irvin, declared them as the greatest team to have ever played in the NHL.[58][59]

As with all NHL playoff series of the era, the winner would be the first team to win four games of a best-of-seven. Going into the series, Hap Day made a critical decision to predominantly play only two lines of his best players to compensate for the Canadiens' depth in talent.[60] The first game was in Montreal and no goals were scored for the first two periods. In the third period, with just twenty-two seconds remaining, Ted Kennedy banked a backhand shot off the goalpost which then rebounded off goaltender Bill Durnan's pads and into the net to win the game 1–0.[61] In the second game, also in Montreal, Kennedy struck again only four minutes into the first period scoring the all-important first goal to put the Toronto ahead by 1–0.[40] Toronto went on to win the game 3–2 and were able to leave Montreal with an unexpected 2–0 series lead.[62][63] Montreal won the next game in Toronto 4–1. In the fourth game in Toronto, Montreal got off to a quick start and led 2–0 on goals by Elmer Lach and Richard, his first of the series,[64][65] before the game was three minutes old. In the second period, Kennedy set up Mel Hill[66] to get Toronto back in the game and the Leafs went on to win in overtime.[67] As Toronto needed only one more victory to win the series, Montreal was facing elimination in game five in Montreal. Maurice Richard finally overcame Leaf checking and scored four goals in an 11–3 victory.[68] Toronto won the sixth game in Maple Leaf Gardens 3–2 to win the series. Toronto's Elwyn Morris, a defensman who had scored only one goal all season, had dramatically openned the scoring by stealing the puck off of defenseman Frank Eddolls.[69] Eddolls was the player traded to Montreal to bring Kennedy to Toronto. This series is considered one of the greatest upsets in NHL history.[70]

On completion of the Montreal series, the Globe and Mail said of the 19-year-old Kennedy, "Ted Kennedy's all-round display was the best individual performance of the six-game set."[71] The Toronto Star was even more laudatory "There are a few great hockey players in the N.H.L. today. Kennedy is assuredly and emphatically one."[72] Kennedy said that the 1945 upset of the Canadiens was the peak event of his career.[58][73]

Toronto faced Detroit in the Stanley Cup final. Toronto won the first three games of the series without giving up a goal, as rookie goaltender Frank McCool recorded consecutive shutouts. Toronto then had to ward off a determined Detroit comeback bid, before winning the Stanley Cup in the seventh game.[74] Kennedy continued with a strong performance against Detroit also, scoring the game-winning goal in game 2, was chosen as the first star in game 3 and scored all three goals in a 5–3 loss in game 5.[40]

Conn Smythe was quick to recognize the importance of finding the right line-mates for Kennedy, telling coach Hap Day in September 1945, "we must get something really rapid to team up with this guy and we'll be set for a decade with a first rate front line." Smythe's first attempt was to acquire future NHL Hall of Famer Edgar Laprade, at the time a star in senior hockey[75] whose rights were owned by the New York Rangers, but a deal was never made as New York General Manager Lester Patrick asked for several players in return.[76]

Kennedy was ill early in the 1945–46 season season and got off to a slow start with only 5 points in 21 games. Then in January, Kennedy was lost for the season due to an injury to his foot, when a Boston Bruin player's skate dug into his boot.[77] With the Leafs also losing Captain Syl Apps to injury Toronto missed the playoffs.[78][79]

In the off-season, in June 1946, Kennedy married Doreen Dent of Toronto.[80]

Fame comes to Teeder

In the 1940s the Leafs were a team depleted by their best players participating in the war effort. Many of the players on the Leafs during this period failed to stick with the team once the war ended and the stars returned. However, Kennedy was the exception[41] and he would quickly become one of the team's greatest stars[81] and a favorite of the fans.[82] "Come on, Teeder!" was to become a familiar rallying cry in Maple Leaf Gardens. The cheer, a howl that could be heard throughout the building, was performed by, the otherwise quiet, season ticket-holder John Arnott whenever the Leafs needed a goal.[11][83][84] As it was not be until the 1952–53 season that Saturday night hockey games were broadcast on television in Canada,[85] it was the radio broadcasts of Foster Hewitt that made Kennedy famous across Canada.[86]

The NHL's first dynasty

On September 19, 1946, an informal ceremony was held in which former Leaf great Charlie Conacher presented Ted Kennedy with his No. 9 sweater he had worn during his career. Conacher had been Kennedy's boyhood hero, but when Kennedy arrived Lorne Carr already wore No.9. Kennedy was initially given No.12, then switched to No. 10. His Leaf team-mates had always teased Kennedy about his compulsion to have Conacher's number, so when Carr retired the previous season, they contacted Conacher and arranged for the ceremony. Conacher, now working as a broker, explaining why he was willing to take time off work said "He's a good kid and a great player. You just can't disappoint a guy like that."[87]

Conn Smythe instituted a major rebuilding campaign for the 1946–47. Gone from the team was Sweeney Schriner, Lorne Carr, Bob Davidson, Mel Hill, Elwin Morris, Babe Pratt, Billy Taylor and new additions were Harry Watson, Jimmy Thomson, Gus Mortson, Garth Boesch, Joe Klukay, Don Metz, Vic Lynn and Howie Meeker.[88] The team was very young, with six rookies in the lineup, and was felt to be two years away from challenging for the championship.[89] However, some of those rookies, such as Boesch and Meeker, had just returned from the war and were more mature than most. As Hap Day observed, "They'd been through real battles." Kennedy said that during this period, with all the changes on the team and with players returning from the war he had to "re-establish myself as an NHLer."[90][91] Due to Kennedy's poor start to the previous season, there was some talk around this time whether Kennedy was going to turn out to be just a "wartime flash" in the pan.[92]

Kennedy now centered a line between Howie Meeker and Vic Lynn and they clicked immediately. Kennedy was the playmaker between the fast skating and goal scoring of Meeker and Lynn.[41] Meeker had just returned from the war and Lynn had come up from the American league and were hungry to stay in the NHL. "We were very eager people", Kennedy recalled.[90] The line acquired the nickname the KLM line.[47] At the end of the season Kennedy led the Leafs in points and they finished in second place to Montreal. In the first round of the playoffs Toronto faced Detroit. Except for a one-sided 9–1 loss[93] in the second game in Detroit, Toronto dominated the series and won in five games. Toronto now faced Montreal for the Stanley Cup. The matchup was between the very young Maple Leafs and the veteran Montreal Canadiens who had dominated the NHL for the past four years. After Toronto lost the opening game by a one-sided 6–0, Canadien goaltender Bill Durnan was quoted in a Montreal newspaper as saying, "How did the Maple Leafs manage to get into the playoffs?"[94] Hap Day used the quote to inspire his team.[95][96][97] In the second game Kennedy opened the scoring at 1:12 of the game then assisted on line-mate Lynn's goal on the next face-off putting the Leafs up 2–0 at less than 2 minutes into the game.[98] Toronto went on to win the game 4–0. In game 3 Toronto had built a 3–0 lead by halfway through the second, but Montreal battled back to close the gap to 3–2. In the dying seconds of the game, Kennedy dug the puck out of a desperate scramble in front of the Toronto goalmouth, carried the puck up ice, then forcing goaltender Durnan to go down he put the puck behind him to clinch the game.[99][100] Toronto won an exciting game 4 in overtime 2–1[101] and Montreal won game 5 in Montreal 3–1.[96] Kennedy's line came up with their best game of the series in game 6. Montreal had taken an early lead and appeared to be heading for a seventh game in Montreal. In the second period, Lynn tied the game with assists from Kennedy and Meeker. Then in the third with less than six minutes to go in the game Kennedy scored and Toronto held on to win the Stanley Cup.[91] Kennedy finished the playoffs leading the Leafs in points and was second overall.[40] He was the star in two of Toronto's wins in Montreal, scoring the winning goal in both, and was described as the most determined player in the playoffs.[40] Despite winning the Stanley Cup the Toronto Maple Leafs did not place a single player on either the first or second All-Star teams.[94][102]

The 1947–48 season brought Max Bentley to Toronto from Chicago in what has been called the biggest trade in NHL history as the Leafs gave up five regular players for the league's scoring leader.[103] Evincing the depth of the team at centre, Bentley played on the team's third line, behind Apps and Kennedy. Thirty years later, Globe and Mail reporter Dick Beddoes stirred up controversy by saying Wayne Gretzky would have been relegated to the fourth line on this Leaf team.[104] The Leafs finished in first place at the end of the regular season.[105] Kennedy had finished the regular season third in points on the team behind the other two star centers Apps and Bentley, but it was Kennedy who was to dominate the playoffs. In the first round Toronto played Boston and eliminated the Bruins in five games. Kennedy set up the tying goal which led to an overtime win in game 1 and then scored four times in the second game.[40][106] Contributing to his reputation for clutch goals, he also scored the series winning goal. The fifth and deciding game was tied 2–2 in the third period when Kennedy was carrying the puck into the Boston end. He passed to Meeker, who returned the pass, faked once, moved in front of the net, waited until goaltender Brimseck went down, then lifted the puck over him.[107] Toronto then swept Montreal in four straight games to win the Stanley Cup. Kennedy scored twice in the Cup-winning game[103] and finished leading all players in the playoffs in points with eight goals and five assists,[108] but his checking and work in the corners was also critical to the victory.[40]

After a practice in the fall of 1948, at age 23[109], Kennedy was elected captain of the Leafs in a dressing room vote among the players. Captain Syl Apps had retired the previous year.[11] Without Apps and Nick Metz, who had also retired, the Leafs struggled throughout the 1948–49 season. Despite finishing the regular season with a losing record of 23 wins 25 losses and 12 ties, they were able to place fourth, which was the last position qualifying for the playoffs. However, in the first round of the playoffs they defeated Boston in five games. Kennedy had scored the game-winning goal which put Toronto up 3–0 in games.[110] Then, in the finals they swept first-place Detroit in four straight games to win their third consecutive Stanley Cup.[111] Kennedy finished the playoffs with two goals and six assists to lead the Leafs in points and was second only to Detroit's Gordie Howe overall.[112]

This was the first time a National Hockey League team had won three Cups in a row[113][114] and hadn't been accomplished since the Ottawa Silver Seven in the pre-NHL era 44 years before.[115] The Leafs had also won 9 consequetive Stanley Cup final games dating back to April 19, 1947.[115] This Toronto Maple Leafs team is distinguished as the first dynasty in the history of the NHL.[116]

The Gordie Howe incident

The playoffs of the 1949–50 season are remembered for an on-ice mishap in the opening game between Toronto and Detroit in which the Red Wing's young star player Gordie Howe was seriously injured. Late in the game with Toronto leading 4–0,[117] Kennedy had just stolen the puck from Detroit defenseman Jack Stewart and was carrying the puck down the left wing about six feet from the boards into the Detroit end of the rink.[118][119] He was being pursued from behind by Stewart[120] and by Howe from the side, who was coming in fast to try to cut him off. Kennedy sees Howe coming at the last moment,[121] is able to dodge the check while passing the puck to Sid Smith,[122] but Howe cannot stop and crashes head-first into the boards and Stewart falls onto Howe.[122][123][124][125] Howe sustains a concussion, facial fractures and a lacerated right eyeball. At the hospital doctors have to perform emergency procedures to save his life. Detroit coach Tommy Ivan and General Manager Jack Adams accused Kennedy of deliberately butt-ending Howe.[126] Kennedy had not been assessed a penalty on the play. After the game Kennedy said, "I don't know how he got it. I avoided his check along the boards and didn't feel anything hit me, although he may have struck my stick."[117] NHL Commissioner Clarence Campbell was at the game and also seated near where the incident occurred.[127] After receiving a report from the game's officials Campbell called a news conference and said the injury was not Kennedy's fault.[124][128][129][130] Campbell also publicly rebuked Ivan for the accusation saying, "That is a pretty serious business and a very viscious charge."[119] It was also argued that since Kennedy was a right-handed shot the butt-end of his stick would have been towards the boards and away from Howe. Sportswriter Ted Reeve of the Toronto Telegram quipped "How would a right handed stickhandler going down the left boards give anyone a butt end? Unless he wanted to lift the snappers out of someone in the rail seats."[131] Howe was lost from the playoffs, but the incident influenced the momentum of the series. Detroit won the second game of the series 3–1, a violent and fight-filled affair which included a stick-swinging incident between Leafs' Jimmy Thomson and Detroit's Leo Reise and a fight between Kennedy and Ted Lindsay.[132] After the game Clarence Campbell threatened the players with fines if the violent play continued and both teams got back to hockey for the remainder of the series.[129] However, Detroit was now determined to "win the series for Gordie".[133] Detroit defeated the Leafs in seven strongly contested games to eliminate them from the playoffs and went on to win the Stanley Cup.[11][127]

In recovery from his hospital bed, Howe said, "Ted is too good a player to deliberately injure another player."[133][134] and then years later, while still believing that he had been hit by Kennedy's stick, said that there was no intent to injure and considered his injuries self-inflicted.[135][136][137] However, the incident still continues at times to be described as a deliberate act by Kennedy. In 2001, the Sporting News ran an article on the 30 toughest players in the NHL. In referring to Howe's injury, the incident was described "he was knocked heavily into the boards by Toronto's Teeder Kennedy".[138]

The Final Cup

Except for being left with a life-long facial tick,[139][140] Howe made a full recovery and for the 1950–51 season as he finished the season leading the league in points. The Maple Leafs finished in second place behind Detroit.[141] Kennedy finished second on the team in points behind Bentley[142] and tied with Howe for the league lead in assists with 43.[143][144] In the first round of the playoffs Montreal upset Detroit and Toronto defeated Boston. The Stanley Cup final between Montreal and Toronto went five games, but is remarkable as each game required overtime to be decided.[145] In the third game, with the series tied at one game a piece, Kennedy was twice the hero in the overtime. First, he prevented a goal by clearing a puck that was heading into the Toronto net, then, just fifty seconds later at the other end of the rink, he intercepted a clear-out pass from Montreal's Calum MacKay and scored to win the game.[146] The fourth game was won by Toronto to lead the series 3–1. It was in the next game of the series which Leaf's Bill Barilko scored one of the most famous goals in NHL history by scoring in overtime to win the Stanley Cup.[147] However, prior to that dramatic moment, Montreal had been leading late in the game 2–1 and it appeared that the teams would have to play a sixth game in Montreal. However, with just 39 seconds remaining in the game, Toronto was able to get a faceoff in the Montreal end. Toronto coach Joe Primeau had pulled the goaltender so they could have six skaters. Primeau had the option of changing his players, but decided to leave Kennedy out to take the faceoff against Canadien Billy Reay. Then Montreal coach Dick Irvin decided to switch and have his best forwards, the Punch Line, out for this critical faceoff. Kennedy would be facing Lach instead. Kennedy recalled later he was relieved at the switch as he had trouble with Reay on faceoffs, but when Lach came out he felt "I had a chance,"[45] Kennedy won the faceoff from Lach, got the puck to Bentley and from a scramble around the net Tod Sloan tied the game. The goal dispirited the Montreal team and led to Barilko's famed overtime goal which won another Stanley Cup for the Leafs.[148]

Kennedy had said that without the Howe incident of the previous season "we probably would have been the first team to win 5 in a row."[11]

Latter years

The 1950–51 season would be Kennedy's last Stanley Cup. In the years following until Kennedy's retirement in 1957 the Leafs would either finish out of the playoffs or lose in the first round. However, Kennedy continued to play productive hockey.[82] The Leafs never missed the playoffs in the years Kennedy played a full season.

On October 13, 1951, the Leafs and the Chicago Black Hawks played an afternoon exhibition of hockey, prior to their regularly scheduled evening game, for Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen Elizabeth II, during her visit to Canada. It was captain Teeder Kennedy, representing the players, who greeted the Princess at the game.[149][150] Kennedy said it was a thrilling moment and recalled thinking at the time, "Here's a kid from the little village of Humberstone, Ontario being presented to the Queen."[8][151] The 1951–52 season was dominated Gordie Howe and the Red Wings as they finished the regular season in first and then swept third place Toronto in the first round of the playoffs and Montreal in second round without losing a single game.[152]

In a game in Boston in January of the 1952–53 season Kennedy suffered a separated shoulder in a scuffle with Milt Schmidt of the Bruins and underwent surgery.[153] Although originally thought lost for the season, Kennedy returned to the Leafs mid-March, but the team finished out of a playoff position.[154] Despite missing more than two months of the schedule Kennedy still finished second in points on the team.[155] For his efforts Kennedy received the J. P. Bickell Memorial Trophy which is awarded by the Maple Leaf Gardens board of directors as the player most valuable to the Leafs.[156]

For the 1953–54 season, Kennedy finished tied for second on the team in points and was elected to the NHL's 2nd Team All-Star team. The Leafs finished in 3rd place and were eliminated in the first round of the playoffs by Detroit in five games.[157] At the end of the season, Kennedy announced his intentions to retire. Conn Smythe told reporters he had tendered Kennedy "the highest offer ever made a hockey player". This was a raise above his $25,000 yearly salary (approximately $200,000 in today's dollars[158]) according to a contemporary newspaper report.[109] However, Smythe said that Kennedy had told him that lately he felt "he hadn't produced in proportion to what he's been paid." Smythe insisted the Leafs needed Kennedy as Toronto was a young team.[159]

Smythe was able to talk Kennedy into playing the 1954–55 season. At the conclusion of the season, he would win the Hart Memorial Trophy[109], for most valuable player, and is the last Toronto Maple Leaf to have won the trophy.[32] To this point Kennedy had had an impressive career. He had played on five Stanley Cup teams, something no other NHL player had achieved at the time. Toronto had only missed the playoffs twice during his eleven years, one of which Kennedy was injured. By age 22 he had won three Stanley Cups and was the youngest player to have scored 100 goals. Yet, Kennedy had never won an award, nor been elected to a first All-Star team.[159] Although he did finish third in the league in assists, awarding Kennedy the Hart was considered as much as an acknowledgement of his career as his performance in the season.[81] Kennedy along with first ever Hart recipient Frank Nighbor, are the only forwards to have won the award without finishing in the top ten in league scoring.[160][161] After the Leafs were swept in four straight games in the playoffs by the Detroit Red Wings, Kennedy announced his retirement.[83] For the second time, Kennedy was awarded with the J. P. Bickell Memorial Trophy as most valuable Toronto Maple Leaf.[162]

Although missing the entire 1955–56 season, he came out of retirement to play half of the 1956–57 season to help the Leafs who were short on players due to injuries and were struggling to make the playoffs. He scored 22 points in 30 games, but the Leafs finished out of the playoffs.[34][163] He shared the captaincy with Jim Thomson.[164] A highlight of the season was March 16, 1957 when the Maple Leafs scored 14 goals against the New York Rangers[165] and Kennedy got four assists in what is still the Leafs' all-time record for goals in a single game.[166][167] When it became clear the team would miss the playoffs he sat out the last two games so the management could have a look at a young Frank Mahovlich. Kennedy was quoted as saying, "It was time for a new generation to lead the team."[83][168]

During Detroit Red Wing Ted Lindsay's attempts to form a player's union in the 1950s, he was approaching selected leaders among the other five NHL teams. Although Kennedy was the lone holdout, Lindsay respected Kennedy because he never informed Conn Smythe about being approached. "I won't squeal.", Kennedy told him.[169] According to Glenn Hall's autobiography, when Smythe discovered Kennedy hadn't told him about Lindsay's attempts, Smythe "ostracized" his captain.[170] There was speculation that this led to Kennedy failing to land a job with the Leafs after retirement.[171]


He continued for a short time after retirement as a salesman with Canadian Building Materials, with whom he had worked for during his hockey career in the off-season, but soon left the company.[172][173] In 1957–58, he was the second coach of the Peterborough Petes OHA "Junior A" team before being succeeded by Scotty Bowman. He returned to Port Colborne to raise thoroughbred horses which was an occupation he had been involved during his hockey career. He was also a steward or judge with the Ontario Racing Commission and head of security at Fort Erie Racetrack.[11][174]

In 1966 Ted Kennedy was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. An arena in Port Colborne, the Teeder Kennedy Youth Arena,[175][176] is named in his honour.[109][177]

In 1993, Kennedy, along with Syl Apps, were honoured in a pre-game ceremony by having banners raised at Maple Leaf Gardens.[4]

We are looking up at the ceiling of an arena where there are nine banners hanging. On each banner is the picture of a hockey player in a Toronto Maple Leaf uniform. Above each player's photo is a number and the player's name
Banners honouring Leafs of the past including Ted Kennedy, #9 fourth from the right, hanging at the Air Canada Centre in Toronto

Kennedy died on August 14, 2009, in a nursing home[109][178] in his hometown of Port Colborne, Ontario, of congestive heart failure. Kennedy is survived by his wife Doreen, son Mark, two grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.[83]


The quintessential Leaf

Ted Kennedy never played for another team, never wanted to, and captained the Toronto Maple Leafs during it's greatest era. He has been called the quintessential Maple Leaf.[42][168] Some sportswriters consider Kennedy as possibly the greatest player to have played for the Toronto Maple Leafs.[16][174][179][180][181] In the book The Maple Leafs Top 100 Kennedy is ranked second only to Dave Keon as the best Toronto Maple Leaf of all time.[1][32] While The Hockey News ranked Kennedy #57 on their list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players,[182] in 2009 The Edmonton Journal published a list of top 50 NHL players of All-Time and Ted Kennedy finished at #10, ahead of all other Maple Leafs and such players as Howie Morenz and Patrick Roy. The Edmonton Journal list was compiled using voting for the Hart and Smythe, trophies for most valuable player during the regular season and playoffs respectively. When the list was adjusted to account for the fact that goalies and defensemen are traditionally overlooked for the Hart, Kennedy's ranking improved to #8.[183][184]

Playoff performer

Kennedy had the reputation for excelling in the playoffs.[29][60] By just age 22 he had won three Stanley Cups and he was the first player in NHL history to have played on five Stanley Cup teams.[159] He is fourth all-time in playoff goals and sixth all-time in points for the Maple Leafs, but in Stanley Cup finals he holds the Toronto Maple Leafs' record for career points with 23.[185][186] As of 2005, he is the youngest player in the history of the NHL to have scored a Stanley Cup winning goal when he scored the winning goal of game 6 in 1947 at 21.4 years of age.[187] Until the Pittsburgh Penguins won the Stanley Cup in 2009, with 22-year-old Sidney Crosby as captain, Kennedy shared the honours with Wayne Gretzky as the youngest captains to have won the Cup.[188] In 2001 The Hockey News assembled a panel of five hockey experts to choose the winners of a "would-be" Conn Smythe Trophy, for best playoff performance, had the trophy been awarded prior to the 1964–65 season. Using microfilms of newspapers of the day and studying statistics and quotes from writers and coaches they chose winners from 1917–18 to 1963–64. Of the players chosen more than once, only Kennedy was chosen as many as three times for his playoff performances in 1945, 1947 and 1948.[40]

Face-off skills

His face-off skills were highly regarded and since during Kennedy's era there were many more face offs than there are today, it was an invaluable skill. The April 27, 1998, issue of Sport Illustrated published "The Best Ever on the Draw", a poll of NHL experts of the top ten players of all time for skills on the faceoff, and Kennedy was ranked at #1.[189] Lloyd Percival once called Kennedy the "Billy the Kid" of hockey.[190] Derek Sanderson, considered the best at faceoffs in the late 60s and 70s, related how his father had him watch Kennedy on the TV to learn the skill.[189] In a 1987 interview Kennedy told a reporter, "I went all-out at face-offs. Your centre is your quarterback and our other guys knew exactly what I was trying to do."[47]


In order to retain a consistent shape of the Stanley Cup, as there is only sufficient space for thirteen teams on each of the five lower bands, team names can only remain on the cup for 64 years. In 2005 the band for teams from 1941 to 1953 were removed and placed on display, thus Teeder Kennedy's name no longer appears on the Stanley Cup.[191]

Career statistics

GP = Games played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; PIM = Penalty minutes; SC = Won Stanley Cup

    Regular season   Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1942–43 Port Colborne Sailors OHA Sr. 23 23 29 52 15
1942–43 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 2 0 1 1 0
1943–44 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 49 26 23 49 2 5 1 1 2 4
1944–45 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 49 29 25 54 14 13 7 2 9 2 SC
1945–46 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 21 3 2 5 4
1946–47 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 60 28 32 60 27 11 4 5 9 4 SC
1947–48 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 60 25 21 46 32 9 8 6 14 0 SC
1948–49 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 59 18 21 39 25 9 2 6 8 2 SC
1949–50 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 53 20 24 44 34 7 1 2 3 8
1950–51 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 63 18 43 61 32 11 4 5 9 6 SC
1951–52 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 70 19 33 52 33 4 0 0 0 4
1952–53 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 43 14 23 37 42
1953–54 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 67 15 23 38 78 5 1 1 2 2
1954–55 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 70 10 42 52 74 4 1 3 4 0
1956–57 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 30 6 16 22 35
NHL totals 696 231 329 560 432 78 29 31 60 32

Sources: Total Hockey[192][193]


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  2. ^ "Niagara Falls: Port Colborne". Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Diamond (1998) p. 736.
  4. ^ a b "Maple Leafs legend Ted 'Teeder' Kennedy dies at 83". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  5. ^ "A Brief History of Port Colborne". Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  6. ^ "City of Port Colborne: history". City of Port Colborne. Retrieved Sept. 23, 2009.  note: published birth-dates for Kennedy prior to 1970 usually give his place of birth as Humberstone.
  7. ^ Ulmer p. 62.
  8. ^ a b c Kennedy, Teeder. Interview. Legends Spotlight. Legends of Hockey. Retrieved on Oct. 9, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d Coleman p. 86.
  10. ^ a b c "Leafs Acquire Port Colborne Right-Winger". Globe and Mail: p. 17. March 3, 1943. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "One on One with Teeder Kennedy". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved Sept.22, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Caption to photo:where he is keeping Teeter Kennedy at bay with an embryo cross-check". Toronto Daily Star: p. 14. March 23, 1945. 
  13. ^ "Port Colborne Lions Defeat Lindsay Team". Toronto Daily Star: p. 15. April 7, 1941. 
  14. ^ "Port Colborne Lions Honor Midget Team". Toronto Daily Star: p. 17. May 7, 1941. 
  15. ^ Goyens (1994) p. 65.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Stubbs, Dave (Aug. 17, 2009). National Post: p. S6. 
  17. ^ Stubbs, David (Aug. 17, 2009). "Habs let young Teeder slip through fingers". Canwest. Retrieved Jan. 1, 2009. 
  18. ^ a b c d Fitkin (1950) p. 11.
  19. ^ "Tars Finally Move on Ice". Globe and Mail: p. 16. Nov. 11, 1942. 
  20. ^ "Teeder Kennedy’s grandfather clock donated to hometown museum". The Canadian Press. February 2, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Former Toronto Maple Leafs captain Ted (Teeder) Kennedy dies at 83". The Hockey News/Canadian Press. August 14, 2009. Retrieved Oct. 3, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Heron and Conick Top Scoring Races". Toronto Daily Star: p. 13. February 10, 1943. 
  23. ^ a b "Ted Kennedy Comes for Eddolls". Toronto Daily Star: p. 16. May 1, 1943. 
  24. ^ Ulmer p. 65.
  25. ^ C.P. (March 4, 1943). "Joins Leafs". The Evening Citizen (The Ottawa Citizen): p. 19. 
  26. ^ "Four-Goal Ranger Surge Almost Decapitates Leafs!". Toronto Daily Star: p. 11. March 8, 1943. 
  27. ^ "1942-43 NHL Schedule and Results". Sports Reference. Retrieved Nov. 2, 2009. 
  28. ^ a b Diamond (1994) p. 49.
  29. ^ a b c d Leonetti (2002) p. 82.
  30. ^ Diamond (2003) Hockey's Glory Days.
  31. ^ Lytle, Andy (March 3, 1943). "Around Our Town". Toronto Daily Star: p. 13.  note: this article also claims the Leafs offered Kennedy a scholarship prior to Montreal putting him on their negotiation list but "Somehow ended up in Montreal with the Royals".
  32. ^ a b c d e Hornby, Lance (15th August 2009). "Teeder the epitome of class". Sun Media. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Latest Leaf". Globe and Mail: p. 17. March 4, 1943. 
  34. ^ a b c d e "Ted Kennedy Bio". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved Sept.20, 2009. 
  35. ^ Farber, Michael. "Say It Ain't So...". Retrieved Oct. 29, 2009. 
  36. ^ Batten (1994) p. 42.
  37. ^ Fischler, Stan (Aug. 11, 2009). "Remembering Ted Kennedy: A Role Model". MaxHockey, LLC. Retrieved Oct. 26, 2009. 
  38. ^ Chau, Eddie (Aug. 21, 2009). Niagara This Week. 
  39. ^ Leonettie (2002) p. 82.
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  41. ^ a b c Obodiac p. 109.
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  45. ^ a b Shea p. 129.
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  53. ^ "1943-44 NHL Playoff Results". Retrieved Sept.30, 2009. 
  54. ^ "Victory Smiles and Defeat Blues!". Toronto Daily Star: p. 10. March 29, 1944. 
  55. ^ Diamond (1998) p. 106.
  56. ^ Diamond (1998) p. 267.
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  60. ^ a b Ulmer p. 70.
  61. ^ DeGeer, vern (March 21, 1945). "Frankie McCool Blanks Canadiens As Kennedy Nets Last-Minute Goal". The Globe and Mail: p. 15. 
  62. ^ DeGeer, Vern (March 23, 1945). "Leafs Humble Habitants Again; Kennedy, McCool, Carr Sink'em". The Globe and Mail: p. 17. 
  63. ^ "Stanley Cup Summaries". Toronto Daily Star: p. 15. March 23, 1945. 
  64. ^ "Stanley Cup". Toronto Daily Star: p. 9. March 26, 1945. 
  65. ^ Lytle, Andy (March 26, 1945). "Dick's Champion Gets Up Off Floor In Rebellion". Toronto Daily Star: p. 8. 
  66. ^ "Three Up and One to Go Canadiens 'Sont La, Non!'". Toronto Daily Star: p. 14. March 28, 1945. 
  67. ^ "Stanley Cup". Toronto Daily Star: p. 15. March 28, 1945. 
  68. ^ "Stanley Cup". Toronto Daily Star: p. 10. March 31, 1945. 
  69. ^ Lytle, Andy (April 2, 1945). "Morris' Goal Breaks Jinx and Old Champion's Heart". Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. 
  70. ^ Schlenker p. 5.
  71. ^ DeGeer, Vern (April 2, 1945). "Leafs Conquer Canucks Before 14,400 Limp Fans". Globe and Mail: p. 15. 
  72. ^ Lytle, Andy (April 2, 1945). "Speaking on Sports". Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. 
  73. ^ Coleman p. 91.
  74. ^ "1944-45 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2009. 
  75. ^ "Edgar Laprade bio at Legends of Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
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  77. ^ Fitkin (1950) p. 92.
  78. ^ "Kennedy and Apps lost in 'Double Operation'". Toronto Daily Star: p. 8. January 15, 1946. 
  79. ^ "1945-46 National Hockey League [NHL"]. Sports Reference. Retrieved Sept.25, 2009. 
  80. ^ Fitkin (1950) p. 116.
  81. ^ a b Weekes p. 475.
  82. ^ a b Frostino p. 49.
  83. ^ a b c d Orr, Frank (Aug 15, 2009). "Ted 'Teeder' Kennedy, 83: Legendary Leaf". Toronto Star. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  84. ^ "Former Maple Leafs captain Ted (Teeder) Kennedy dies at 83". CTV/Canadian Press. Aug. 14, 2009. Retrieved Oct. 4, 2009. 
  85. ^ Dryden (2000) p. 58.
  86. ^ Smith p. 6.
  87. ^ Nickleson, Allan (Sept.11, 1946). "Ted Kennedy 'Inherits' Chuck Conacher's No.9". Globe and Mail: p. 17. 
  88. ^ "For few 'Sents' Leafs will reap Statnley Cup $$$". Toronto Daily Star (Toronto Star): p. 13. Dec. 31, 1946. 
  89. ^ Vipond, Jim (April 21, 1947). "Leafs Win Stanley Cup, World Title". The Globe and Mail: p. 18. 
  90. ^ a b Batten (1994) p. 51.
  91. ^ a b Hornby (1998) p. 42.
  92. ^ Fitkin (1950) p. 100.
  93. ^ Perlove, Joe (March 31, 1947). "Leafs fell apart when Detroit started swinging". Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. 
  94. ^ a b Coleman, Jim (April 21, 1947). "By Jim Coleman". The Globe and Mail: p. 18. 
  95. ^ Batten (1994) p. 54.
  96. ^ a b "1946-47 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2009. 
  97. ^ Diamond (1998) p. 268.
  98. ^ Vipond, Jim (Apr. 11, 1947). "Richard Is Banned Indefinitely As Leafs Take Wild Game, 4–0". Globe and Mail: p. 17. 
  99. ^ Vipond, Jim (April 14, 1947). "Maple Leafs Beat Canadiens;Take Series Lead". Globe and Mail: p. 19. 
  100. ^ Perlove, Joe (April 14, 1947). "Leafs Go One Up Over Their So Sombre Rivals". Toronto Daily Star: p. 16. 
  101. ^ Perlove, Joe (April 16, 1947). "Boesch's Blocking Factor in Dramatic Leaf Win". Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. 
  102. ^ "1946-47 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 16, 2009. 
  103. ^ a b Dryden (2000) p. 50.
  104. ^ Batten (1994) p. 60.
  105. ^ "1947-48 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2009. 
  106. ^ "1947-48 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2009. 
  107. ^ Burnett, Red (April 5, 1948). "Third-period Rescue by Kennedy Purges Bruins". Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. 
  108. ^ "Stanley Cup Point-getters". Toronto Daily Star: p. 24. April 15, 1948. 
  109. ^ a b c d e "Leafs legend Teeder Kennedy dies". CBC. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  110. ^ "Drooping Wings". Toronto Daily Star: p. 19. April 14, 1949. 
  111. ^ "1949 NHL Playoff Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2009. 
  112. ^ "Stanley Cup Statistics". Toronto Daily Star: p. 14. April 18, 1949. 
  113. ^ Dryden (2000) p. 51.
  114. ^ Diamond (2003) Ultimate Prize p. 161.
  115. ^ a b "Year-By-Year Highlights, Scores and Rosters". National Hockey League. Retrieved Jan. 20, 2010. }
  116. ^ Diamond (1998) p. 92.
  117. ^ a b Nickleson, Al (March 29, 1950). "Howe Out, Severely Injured In Mishap Near Game's End". The Globe and Mail: p. 19. 
  118. ^ Fischler (2002) p. 205.
  119. ^ a b "No Blame For Injury To Howe". The Evening Citizen (The Ottawa Citizen): p. 24. May 30, 1950. 
  120. ^ Kincaide (2003) p. 51 note: Kelly in recounting the incident decades later describes a stick being broken in the collision. However, this is the only reference which could be found to a stick being broken in contemporary or current records.
  121. ^ Fischler (2002) p. 206.
  122. ^ a b Burnett, Red (March 29, 1950). "Butt-end Injured Howe Detroit Coach Claims but Teeder Denies". Toronto Daily Star: p. 19. 
  123. ^ McDonell p. 66.
  124. ^ a b Fitkin (1950) p. 134.
  125. ^ Fischler, Stan (Nov. 27, 1967). "The Greatly Exaggerated Death Of Mr. Howe". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved Nov. 17, 2009. 
  126. ^ Diamond (1998) p. 615 Butt end: "the taped knob at the top of the stick, dangerous when used to hit a player".
  127. ^ a b Batten (1994) p. 69.
  128. ^ Dryden (2000) p. 52.
  129. ^ a b Fischler, Stan (Nov. 27, 1967). Sports Illustrated (Sports Illustrated) 27 (22): M3. 
  130. ^ note: Campbell received written reports from referee George Gravel, linesman Sammy Babcock and stand-by official Melville Keeling which were largely in agreement. Linesman Bernie Lemaitre did not witness the play. According to the Evening Citizen (Ottawa Citizen) Mar. 30, 1950, the reports described the incident: "Jack Stewart, of the Detroit club, started up the ice with the puck, but was checked by Kennedy, who took it away from him and started towards the Detroit goal. Stewart tried to backcheck, but failed to halt him. Just as Kennedy crossed the blue line (I saw) Howe cut across the ice towards him, skating very fast. Just before Howe got to Kennedy, Kennedy passed the puck back hand. Howe just brushed Kennedy slightly, crashed heavily into the fence and fell to the ice. Stewart fell to the ice. Stweart fell over on top of him and play continued for a few seconds as Toronto still had the puck."
  131. ^ "Writer's View on the Howe Case". The Evening Citizen (The Ottawa Citizen): p. 24. March 30, 1950. 
  132. ^ The Canadian Press (March 31, 1950). "Wings Beat Leafs To Square Playoff Series". The Evening citizen (Ottawa Citizen): p. 22. 
  133. ^ a b Fitkin (1950) p. 136.
  134. ^ UP (Apr. 5, 1950). "Howe Refused to Blame Kennedy". Pittsburgh Press: p. 34. 
  135. ^ MacSkimming p. 80.
  136. ^ Orr, Frank (Aug. 14, 2009). "Ted 'Teeder' Kennedy, 83: Captain of the Maple Leafs". "Toronto Star". 
  137. ^ Note: McSkimming's Gordie: A Hockey Legend (2005) claims Howe believed he was struck by the butt-end of Kennedy's stick, but in Ulmer's Captains (1995) Howe say it wasn't the butt-end and describes being hit by the blade as Kennedy followed through on the pass.
  138. ^ Wigge, Larry (04/02/2001). "The tough club". Sporting News 225 (14): p. 50. 
  139. ^ Bidini p. 65.
  140. ^ Baulch, Vivian M. (Feb. 6, 1999). "The glorious Wings of old". The Detroit News. Retrieved Jan. 1, 2009.  note: web version of Detroit News article.
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  143. ^ "1950-51 NHL Skater Statistics". Sports Reference. Retrieved Nov. 4, 2009. 
  144. ^ "Names and Numbers: NHL Yearly Leaders". Hockey Digest. April 2003. p. 84.
  145. ^ "1950-51 NHL Playoff Results". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 3, 2009. 
  146. ^ Burnett, Red (April 18, 1951). "Leafs Need Breaks to Overpower Stubborn Habs". Toronto Daily Star: p. 16. 
  147. ^ "Maple Leafs History: 1950s". National Hockey League. Retrieved Nov. 9, 2009. 
  148. ^ Burnett, Red (April 23, 1951). "One Last Tip to the New Champs--Save Your Press Clippings". Toronto Daily Star: p. 14. 
  149. ^ How, Douglas (Oct. 15, 1951). "Royal Couple Saw "Leafs" Play Chicago". The Evening Citizen (The Ottawa Citizen)/Canadian Press: p. 30. 
  150. ^ "1,500,000 Make Visit of Princess to City Memorable Occasion". Toronto Star: p. 15. Oct. 15, 1951. 
  151. ^ note: in the article "Lord Stanley and Son" By Phil Drackett [1] gives the incorrect date of the game as Nov. 7, 1951. Contemporary newspaper accounts confirm the Oct. 13 date.
  152. ^ "1951-52 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved Feb. 1, 2010. 
  153. ^ Perlove (Jan. 5,1953). "Operate On Kennedy for Shoulder Injury; Bentley Still On Limp". Toronto Star: p. 9. 
  154. ^ Dunnell, Milt (March 9, 1953). "Leafs Anxiously Await Saturday Night and Kennedy". Toronto Daily Star: p. 16. 
  155. ^ "1952-53 Toronto Maple Leafs Statistics". Sports Reference. Retrieved Feb. 1, 2010. 
  156. ^ Burnett (June 10, 1954). Toronto Daily Star: p. 29.  Notes: Wikipedia uses the name the J. P. Bickell Memorial Award, however contemporary newspapers refer to it as a "Trophy" and the Leafs page on refer to it as a "Cup".
  157. ^ "953-54 Toronto Maple Leafs Statistics". Sports Reference. Retrieved Feb. 12, 2010. 
  158. ^ "Historical Currency Conversions". Frink. Retrieved Oct. 24, 2009. 
  159. ^ a b c Nickleson, Al (April 5, 1954). ""Leaf's Ted Kennedy Announces Retirement". Globe and Mail: p. 23. 
  160. ^ Dryden (2000) p. 26.
  161. ^ "1954-55 NHL League Leaders". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 4, 2009. 
  162. ^ Burnett, Red (June 14, 1955). "Vote Kennedy Bickell Trophy as Leafs Best". Toronto Daily Star: p. 23. 
  163. ^ Dryden (2000) p. 59.
  164. ^ "Leaf Leadership". The Toronto Star: p. S2. Aug. 16, 2009. 
  165. ^ Filey (2006) p. 39.
  166. ^ Toronto Daily Star: p. 12. March 18, 1957. 
  167. ^ "Leafs Record Book 1927-2006" (pdf). National Hockey League. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2009. 
  168. ^ a b Senator Frank Mahovlich (Nov. 3, 2009). "STATEMENTS & HANSARD:The Late Mr. Ted Kennedy". The Liberal caucus in the Senate. Retrieved Jan. 9, 2010. 
  169. ^ Kincaide p. 108.
  170. ^ Adrahtas p. 61.
  171. ^ Deacon, James (Feb. 14, 2000). "People: Back at centre ice: Players from the first All-Star Game reunite and reminisce about the old days". Maclean's. 
  172. ^ Coleman p. 92.
  173. ^ MacLeod, Rex (May 6, 1955). "Maple Leafs' Teeder Kennedy Is Voted Hart Trophy". The Globe and Mail: p. 23. 
  174. ^ a b Proudfoot, Jim (March 26, 1992). "The Sutter boys could become NHL coaches". Toronto Star: p. c3.  Proudfoot refers to Kennedy as 'arguably the greatest Leaf'.
  175. ^ "Teeder Kennedy Youth Arena Ice Skating Rink". RinkTime. Retrieved Sept.19, 2009. 
  176. ^ "Arenas in Erie-Lincoln". Government of Ontario. Retrieved Sept.23, 2009. 
  177. ^ "Arena Perfect Fit as Kennedy's Namesake". Niagara This Week: p. 1. Aug. 20, 2009. 
  178. ^ "Hall of Famer 'Teeeder' Kennedy passes away". National Hockey League. Retrieved Sept.30, 2009. 
  179. ^ Ormsby, Mary (Sept.25, 2001). "Harris: A skilled player, a gentleman". Toronto Star. 
  180. ^ "Harris: A skilled player, a gentleman". Toronto Star. Retrieved Oct. 18, 2009. 
  181. ^ Leonetti Maple Leafs Top 100 p. 16 John Iaboni writing the essay for Kennedy, 'He deserves to be considered the greatest Maple Leaf of all time.'
  182. ^ Dryden (1998).
  183. ^ Staples, David (Feb. 19, 2008). The Edmonton Journal: p. C1.  The premise behind the Edmonton Journal method was by using contemporary voting the subjectivity of opinion used in most similar lists would be elimated. However, some opinion was used. While the Hart has been in existence since 1924, the Smythe was first awarded in 1965. The top 5 vote-getters for the Hart were available from the NHL. For the missing Smythe data, the voting done by experts for the Hockey News in 2001 was used.
  184. ^ Staple, David (Feb. 18, 2008). "Gretzky, Howe, Lemieux Rank as NHL'S All-Time MVPs". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved Oct. 5, 2009. 
  185. ^ Podnieks p. 498.
  186. ^ "Hall of Fame 'Teeder' Kennedy passes away". National Hockey League. Aug. 14, 2009. Retrieved Jan. 10, 2010. 
  187. ^ Weekes (2005) p. 526.
  188. ^ Star Phoenix (Saskatoon) (May 31, 2008). "Crosby doing what comes naturally". Retrieved Jan. 9, 2010. 
  189. ^ a b Farber, Michael (April 27, 1998). "Playoff Previews/Hockey: Face Off!". Sports Illustrated. 
  190. ^ Percival, Lloyd (Jan. 31, 1961). "Hockey Hints". The Montreal Gazette: p. 23. 
  191. ^ Diamond (2003) Ultimate Prize p. 3.
  192. ^ Diamond, Dan (1998), Total Hockey p. 736.
  193. ^ "Ted Kennedy". Sports Reference. Retrieved Oct. 9, 2009. 


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  • MacSkimming, Roy (2003), Gordie A Hockey Legend, Greystone, ISBN 978-1-55054-719-1 
  • McDonell, Chris (1999), Hockey's Greatest Stars, Firefly Books Ltd., ISBN 1-55209-332-8 
  • Obodiac, Stan (1977), The Leafs: the First 50 Years, McClelland and Stewart Limited, ISBN 0-7710-9064-1 
  • Podnieks, Andrew (1996), The Blue and White Book, ECW Press, ISBN 1-55022-285-6 
  • Schlenker, Phil (2009), Let's Talk Hockey: 50 Wonderful Debates, iUniverse, ISBN 978-1-4401-2703-8 
  • Shea, Kevin (2004), Barilko Without a Trace, Fenn Publishing Company Limited, ISBN 1-55168-265-6 
  • Smith, Ed (1988), Take it--it's good for you, Jesperson Press Ltd., ISBN 0-920502-99-7 
  • Ulmer, Michael (1995), Captains, Macmillan Canada, ISBN 0-7715-7366-9 
  • Weekes, Don (2005), The Big Book of Hockey Trivia, Greystone Books, ISBN 978-1-55365-119-2 

External links

Preceded by
Al Rollins
Winner of the Hart Trophy
Succeeded by
Jean Béliveau
Preceded by
Syl Apps
Toronto Maple Leafs captain
Succeeded by
Sid Smith
Preceded by
Jimmy Thomson
Toronto Maple Leafs captain
Succeeded by
George Armstrong


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