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Tekken franchise
Tekken-logo.png
Genre(s) Fighting
Developer(s) Namco
Publisher(s) Namco (Namco Bandai)
Platform(s) Arcade, PlayStation, WonderSwan, PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Network, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
First release Tekken
December 9, 1994
Latest release Tekken 6
December 18, 2009
Official website http://www.tekken.com/

Tekken (鉄拳?, lit. Iron Fist) is a series of fighting games developed and published by Namco. Originally an arcade game, versions exist for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, WonderSwan, and Game Boy Advance. The story in each game in the series (with the exception of the non-canon game Tekken Tag Tournament) documents the events of the fictional martial arts tournament, The King of Iron Fist Tournament, with the game's chronological number corresponding with the current iteration of the tournament. The tournament is always hosted by a financial corporation called the "Mishima Zaibatsu", with the tournament prize generally being control of the company offered to the victor (who then is free to host the next King of Iron Fist tournament). The arcade versions are known to traditionally use PlayStation based hardware for each installment, and subsequently each arcade version was eventually made for its respective PlayStation.

Contents

History

The Tekken series is one of the earliest 3D fighting game franchises. The first game was released in 1994, less than two years after Virtua Fighter. There are six Tekken sequel games: Tekken 2, Tekken 3, Tekken Tag Tournament, Tekken 4, Tekken 5 and Tekken 6. Updates of Tekken 5 and Tekken 6, titled Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection and Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion, respectively, have also been released.

The Tekken series also includes Tekken Advance, (a GBA version of Tekken 3) which was released for the Game Boy Advance in 2001. However, Namco did not release any other Game Boy Tekken titles subsequently, due to the franchise's exclusive deal on the PlayStation platform. A PSP version of Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection retitled Tekken: Dark Resurrection, was released in Japan and the U.S. in summer 2006. The European version was released in September 15, 2006. Tekken Card Challenge was also released on the Japan-only handheld WonderSwan.

Gameplay

As with many fighting games, players choose a character from a lineup, and engage in hand-to-hand combat with an opponent. It is primarily a competitive two player series, but a human player can fight an AI-controlled character for practice or amusement.

In the original Tekken game, the characters would fight on arenas. The name of the location was displayed in the bottom right corner of the screen. The locations included Angkor Wat, Szechwan, Monument Valley, Chicago, Kyoto, Fiji, Windermere, Venezia, Acropolis, King George Island, and Chiba Marine Stadium. Subsequent Tekken games do not have the names of real locations displayed in-game during fights.

Tekken differs from other hand-to-hand fighting games in some ways. Traditional fighting games are usually played with buttons which correspond to the strength of the attack, such as strong punch or weak kick. Tekken, however, dedicates a button to each limb of the fighter, making learning special attacks more of an intuitive process. The player could watch the animation on screen and figure out the appropriate command (if the character kicks low with their right leg, the move is likely to be executed by pressing down and right kick, or a similar variation).

Elements

The Tekken series uses separate buttons for right and left limbs, resulting in four buttons. Other trademarks include throw escapes, and starting from Tekken 2, autoblock. Each iteration was improved upon both graphically and technically. Tekken 3 introduced the ability to move into the foreground or away from the background, commonly referred to as "sidestepping." Also, Tekken 3 reduced recovery time after being knocked down then previous games and each game afterwards include rolls to recover instantly after hitting the ground; allowing the player to get back into the fight instead of pounding buttons. Tekken 4 gave characters even greater mobility by adding true 3D movement while simultaneously including geometrically complex arenas with unleveled ground, obstacles, and walls. This differed from previous Tekken games, where all of the arenas were level and contained no boundaries, meaning the player could walk forward or backward without limit. Tekken 5 saw the return of both walled and infinite arenas, with the fluid mobility of Tekken 4 being toned down to appease many players who felt it made the game more focused on evasion. Tekken Tag Tournament, released between Tekken 3 and Tekken 4, is not a part of the Tekken storyline. The game allowed each player to control one of the two selected fighters, who could be tagged in and out of the fight by the additional fifth button, which can be used for tag team attacks and juggles, amongst other tactics. Otherwise, Tag Tournament used much of the Tekken 3 gameplay engine and reintroduced characters who weren't available since Tekken 2.

Rounds

By default, there are two rounds of combat. However, the players have a choice from one to five rounds, as well as options for the time limit of each round. If the winning character retains all his or her health without the time limit expiring, the announcer will call, "Perfect!" If the winning character is near knock out, the announcer will call, "Great!" It is possible that both characters can be knocked out simultaneously, and the announcer will call "Double K.O." If the time limit for the round expires, the character with more health will be declared the winner. If both players have equal health remaining, the round will be a draw. In other cases, the announcer will call "K.O." when one character is triumphant or "Double K.O." when both opponents have been knocked out simultaneously. In Arcade Mode, if a double K.O. occurs in the final round, the CPU automatically wins and the game will end unless desired to continue.

Influence

The Tekken games are popular within the martial arts community thanks primarily to the fact that most of the characters' fighting techniques can be found in real life martial arts. However, there are questions as to the accuracy of the style labels ascribed to certain characters. For example, in previous releases of the game, the character Paul Phoenix is listed accurately as fighting using integrated martial arts based on judo, despite judo not generally allowing punching and kicking, especially in competition. Similarly, the character Marshall Law is listed as being a practitioner of "martial arts", which is not a specific discipline. Similarities exist between Marshall Law and Bruce Lee, including their fighting style, Jeet Kune Do as well as appearance. The misunderstanding concerning Marshall Law's "martial arts" is commonly attributed to the fact that in the manual for the American PlayStation release of Tekken 2, the translator for the manual missed a small pun where Marshall Law practiced 'Marshall arts', a reference to his own name. Other Tekken characters also draw heavily from real life action heroes, such as Lei Wulong and Craig Marduk, video game analogues of Jackie Chan, and large wrestlers/mixed martial artists, such as Bill Goldberg, Nathan Jones, and Bob Sapp. Namco themselves have stated that the styles in Tekken are not supposed to accurately represent real styles, but merely give the impression of them. Paul Phoenix, King (albeit through two different identities), Nina Williams, Yoshimitsu and Heihachi Mishima have been playable characters in all Tekken games, while Lei Wulong first appeared as a playable character in Tekken 2 and has since shown up in all subsequent games. Kazuya Mishima is a playable character in all Tekken games with the exception of Tekken 3, which he only appears or is mentioned in various cinematics.

Apart from Yoshimitsu and Heihachi Mishima, there are many crossovers between Tekken and the Soul series, such as King's mask available for custom characters in Soulcalibur III, and Ivy's hairstyle for Anna in Tekken 5. Yoshimitsu and Heihachi, being originally Tekken characters, obtained many new moves when brought to the Soul series. In later Tekken games, some of these attacks were added to their moves lists.

Characters

Tekken is notable and praised for depicting its characters with visual flair and style. Players can choose from a diverse cast that hails from a variety of ethnic backgrounds and fighting styles. A few characters have supernatural origin, such as Devil and Ogre, while others like Roger Jr. and Kuma provide comic relief. In the story mode of the game, each character generally has their own personal reasons for entering the tournament and competing for the prize. When a player selects a character, completion of the game would assume that particular character won the tournament and their ending is shown, hence there are multiple endings depending on which character is chosen by the player. The plot of subsequent games in the series, however, assumes only one of the endings to be correct. The overarching plot of the series revolves around the Mishima family (Heihachi, Kazuya, Jin, Jinpachi, and most recently Lars), who together are the only characters to host and win the tournaments canonically in the series so far. Paul Phoenix, Nina Williams, Yoshimitsu and Heihachi Mishima are the only characters to have been playable in every Tekken game so far.

Notes
1 ^ Unlockable character.
2 ^ Appears as alternate costume for another character.
3 ^ Mentioned briefly in-game.
4 ^ Makes a cameo in-game.
5 ^ Appears as a customization for another character.
6 ^ Unplayable boss character.
7 ^ Available only in a specific version of the game.
Character Tekken Tekken 2 Tekken 3 Tekken Tag Tournament Tekken 4 Tekken 5 Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection Tekken 6 Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion
Europe Alex NoN YesY12 NoN YesY12 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Russia Alisa Bosconovitch NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY
Angel NoN YesY12 NoN YesY12 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Republic of Ireland Anna Williams YesY1 YesY1 YesY1 YesY NoN3 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Mexico Armor King (1) YesY1 YesY1 NoN4 YesY NoN4 NoN5 NoN NoN NoN
Mexico Armor King (2) NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY
Japan Asuka Kazama NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY
Egypt Azazel NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY6 YesY6
South Korea Baek Doo San NoN YesY1 NoN YesY NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
United States Bob NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY
United States Bruce Irvin NoN YesY1 NoN YesY1 NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
United States Bryan Fury NoN NoN YesY1 YesY YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Brazil Christie Monteiro NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Combot NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY1 NoN NoN NoN NoN
Australia Craig Marduk NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Devil YesY12 YesY1 NoN4 YesY1 NoN4 NoN4 NoN4 NoN NoN
Japan Devil Jin NoN NoN NoN4 NoN4 NoN4 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Russia Dr. Boskonovitch NoN NoN4 YesY7 NoN4 NoN4 NoN4 NoN4 NoN3 NoN3
Brazil Eddy Gordo NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY12 YesY12 YesY YesY YesY
People's Republic of China Feng Wei NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY
United States Forest Law NoN4 NoN YesY YesY NoN NoN3 NoN4 NoN4 NoN4
Japan Ganryu YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Gon NoN NoN YesY17 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Russia Gun Jack NoN NoN YesY1 YesY NoN NoN4 NoN4 NoN NoN
Japan Heihachi Mishima YesY1 YesY YesY1 YesY YesY1 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
South Korea Hwoarang NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Jack YesY NoN3 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Russia Jack-2 NoN4 YesY NoN2 YesY1 NoN NoN4 NoN4 NoN NoN
Russia Jack-5 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY NoN3 NoN3
Russia Jack-6 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY
Japan Jin Kazama NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Jinpachi Mishima NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY6 YesY7 NoN NoN
United States Julia Chang NoN NoN YesY1 YesY YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Jun Kazama NoN YesY NoN4 YesY NoN4 NoN3 NoN NoN NoN3,4
Japan Kazuya Mishima YesY YesY1 NoN4 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Mexico King (1) YesY YesY NoN3 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Mexico King (2) NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Kuma (1) YesY1 YesY1 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Japan Kuma (2) NoN NoN YesY1 YesY1 YesY1 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Cambodia Kunimitsu YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY1 NoN NoN NoN5 NoN NoN
Sweden Lars Alexandersson NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY
Japan Lee Chaolan YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY1 YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Hong Kong Lei Wulong NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Germany Leo NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY
Monaco Lili NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY
People's Republic of China Ling Xiaoyu NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
United States Marshall Law YesY YesY NoN4 NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
United States Michelle Chang YesY YesY NoN4 YesY NoN NoN3 NoN3 NoN NoN
Spain Miguel Caballero Rojo NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY
Japan Miharu Hirano NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY12 NoN NoN NoN NoN
Philippines Mokujin NoN NoN YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Nancy-MI847J NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY6 YesY6
Republic of Ireland Nina Williams YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY1 YesY YesY YesY YesY
Mexico Ogre NoN NoN YesY1 YesY1 NoN4 NoN47 NoN NoN NoN
People's Republic of China Panda NoN NoN YesY12 YesY12 YesY12 YesY12 YesY YesY YesY
United States Paul Phoenix YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Russia Prototype Jack YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY1 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
Canada Raven NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY
Australia Roger NoN YesY1 NoN YesY1 NoN NoN4 NoN4 NoN NoN
Australia Roger Jr. NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Russia Sergei Dragunov NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY
United Kingdom Steve Fox NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Japan Tetsujin NoN NoN NoN YesY12 NoN NoN NoN5 NoN NoN
Brazil Tiger Jackson NoN NoN YesY12 YesY2 NoN NoN NoN45 NoN NoN
Mexico True Ogre NoN NoN YesY1 YesY1 NoN NoN67 NoN NoN NoN
Unknown NoN NoN NoN YesY1 NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN
The Bahamas Violet NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY12 NoN NoN NoN NoN
People's Republic of China Wang Jinrei YesY1 YesY1 NoN YesY1 NoN YesY1 YesY YesY YesY
Japan Yoshimitsu YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Egypt Zafina NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN NoN YesY YesY

Appearances in other games

  • Yoshimitsu, Eddy and Heihachi appear as guest players in Anna Kournikova's Smash Court Tennis. Heihachi also appears in Smash Court Tennis Pro Tournament 2, as well as Ling Xiaoyu.
  • Jin Kazama, Devil Kazuya, King(2), Armor King, Ogre, Mokujin and Heihachi feature in the crossover RPG title, Namco X Capcom.
  • Yoshimitsu's ancestor is also a prominent character in the Soulcalibur series. Whilst his appearance is different from the Tekken games, he retains a lot of his moves. Heihachi also appears in the PlayStation 2 version of Soulcalibur II.
  • Anna and Nina Williams star in the spin-off title, Death by Degrees, which features appearances from other Tekken characters.
  • Heihachi Mishima and Tiger Jackson appear in a Namco party game, Pac-Man Fever.
  • Mokujin makes a cameo appearance in the game, Point Blank 3.
  • Marshall Law and Paul Phoenix appear a Namco game, Urban Reign

Appearances in other media

  • Tekken: The Motion Picture, a two-part OVA series, was released in 1998.
  • The film Kuen sun (a.k.a. The Avenging Fist) is loosely based on the Tekken storyline.
  • Charles Stone III is directing a live-action movie tentatively titled Tekken, which is said to only be loosely based on the Tekken series.
  • Tekken Forever, a comic book published by Image Comics in December 2001 features a story that focused on the Kazama family and also the Unknown character from Tekken Tag Tournament. The comic only has one issue, and the reason for the comic's cancellation is unknown.
  • Characters and settings from the series appear in the collectible card game Universal Fighting System by Fantasy Flight Games (specifically characters from Tekken 6) and in Epic Battles by Score Entertainment.
  • A live-action Tekken film is in the works, due for release for 2010. Production is expected to start in February.[1] According to lafilms.org, it will be filmed in Louisiana. Luke Goss has been officially cast as Steve Fox. For this article, see Tekken (film).
  • Mokujin (or a whole lot of them) made a cameo appearance in the manga Mahou Sensei Negima. In one of the ending songs of the Negima! anime, one of the characters made a reference to Tekken.
  • In the game Death By Degrees, Nina Willams is featured as the main character.

Developers' opinions

Developers of non-Tekken games have commented on the series.

  • Ed Boon, the co-creator of Mortal Kombat, revealed in one of his interviews with GamePro that his favorite fighting game out of his competitors is Tekken [2]
  • In contrast, Tomonobu Itagaki, creator of the Dead or Alive series, has repeatedly criticized the series, calling it an annoyance and, in particular, stating that "Tekken 4 is a piece of shit".[3] He also stated at a later time "Tekken sucks. I don't know what you're talking about" when asked about an upcoming Tekken 6 game.[4][5]
  • Both Sega and Namco have shown interest in a possible crossover between Virtua Fighter and Tekken.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Tekken (2009)
  2. ^ Shuman, Sid (2008-11-17). "Ed Boon talks Mortal Kombat secrets, MK vs. DC, and the future of M-rated fighters". GamePro. http://www.gamepro.com/article/features/207907/ed-boon-talks-mortal-kombat-secrets-mk-vs-dc-universe/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  3. ^ Preview: Dead or Alive 3. GameSpy. Retrieved on 2008-09-04
  4. ^ Fahey, Mike (2007-08-02). From The Mouth of Babes: Itagaki - Tekken Sucks. Kotaku. Retrieved on 2008-09-04
  5. ^ CVG staff (2007-08-02). "Tekken sucks" says Itagaki. Computer and Video Games. Retrieved on 2008-09-04
  6. ^ Dunham, Jeremy (2007-02-21). Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection Interview. IGN. Retrieved on 2008-09-04

External links


Simple English

Tekken is a fighting video game series made by a gaming company called Namco.

Tekken games (in order)


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

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