The telecommunications in Moldova were an obsolete state monopoly during the Moldovan SSR. In the 1990s, it slowly began to develop new services and in the 2000s telecommunications are seeing increased market value through unexpected sales.
After the break of the Soviet Union, Moldova's telecommunications facilities were very poor and remained like that till 1995 when they were being updated. In 1990 Moldova had an average of 11 telephones per 100 inhabitants, and there were more than 200,000 unfilled orders for telephone installation. In 1994 Moldova installed 23,800 telephone lines, which included public phones with direct international dialing capabilities.
When in 1998 Moldtelecom became a JSC the company began a procces of upgrading all telephone and communication lines in the country. In 2000 approx. 435,930 new lines were installed. Overall power of telephone stations increased up to 645,000 numbers. The average number of telephones increased up to 16 telephones per 100 inhabitants. Number of digital telephone stations increased up to 34.6% (4% in 1993).
In 2005 number of telephone lines reached 929,400. Overall power of telephone stations increased up to 950,700 numbers. The average number of telephones increased up to 23 telephones per 100 inhabitants.
The mobile telephone market of Moldova is divided between three GSM (Orange Moldova, Moldcell and Eventis) and two CDMA (Unité and Interdnestrcom) mobile operators. Orange Moldova has launched its network in October 1998, Moldcell in April 2000, Moldtelecom (under the trademark Unité) in March 2007 and Eventis in December 2007.
At the beginning of this year, the number of mobile telephone users was of 1 mln 882.8 thousand. The penetration rate of such services per one hundred inhabitants increased by 19.7 percentage points and approached 61%.
The first million of mobile telephone users was registered in September 2005. A year and a half later the figure amounted to 1.5 mln users. During the first quarter of 2008, mobile telephony service suppliers connected to their network over 205.8 thousand new users, by more than thrice more against first quarter of 2007.
Moldcell connected the most users to its network 103.9 thousand. Overall, as of 1 April 2008, Moldcell had 660.1 thousand users, Orange Moldova had 1 mln 349.5 thousand users, Unite had 66.5 thousand users and Eventis had 12.5 thousand users.
The overall mobile network penetration in the country is 72% (2009).
Orange Moldova In September 2009, Moldova was the first country in the world to launch high-definition voice services (HD voice) for mobile phones, and the first country in Europe to launch 14,4 Mbps mobile broadband at a national scale, with over 40% population coverage.
At the end of 2008 there were 1,151,000 Internet users in Moldova with overall Internet
penetration of 30,1%. In 2004 there were 183 Internet Cafes
registered in Chişinău, that number decreased in later
On 2008 there are 6 main Internet Service Providers in the country - Moldtelecom, StarNet, Arax, SunCommunications, Telemedia Group and InterDnestrCom (Transnistria)
The most spread Internet connection type is ADSL, also fiber-optic access is growing rapidly in the capital of Chisinau. With average download speed of 2Mbit/s throughout the country. As for capital, Chisinau - the numbers are much higher - with average download speed of 4Mbit/s external and 100Mbit/s within Moldova throughout the country.
In 2007 there are dozens of broadcast companies in Chisinau providing analogue tv - major ones include SunTV (about 70,000 subscribers) and Satellit (about 20,000 subscribers). Smaller ones include Delta and Alfa TV.
Starting the mid-2007 - Zebra TV (provided by Arax) introduced first digital cable network in Chisinau. SunTV also launched digital TV.
The main daily newspaper in the republic, Moldova Suverana, is published by the government. Sfatul Ţarii is published by Parliament, which also publishes the daily Nezavisimaya Moldova in Russian. Other principal newspapers include Rabochiy Tiraspol' (in Russian, the main newspaper of the Slavs in Transnistria), Ţara, Tineretul Moldovei/Molodëzh Moldovy (in Romanian and Russian), and Viaţa satului (published by the government).
The main cultural publication in Moldova is the weekly journal Literatura şi arts, published by the Union of Writers of Moldova. Other principal periodicals include Basarabia (also published by the Writers' Union), Chiparus, Alunelul, Femeie Moldovei, Lanterna Magica, Moldova, Noi, and SudEst .
Kishinëvskiye novosti, Kodry, and Russkoye Slovo are Russian-language periodicals. Other minority-language periodicals include Prosvita and Homin in Ukrainian, Ana sözu and Cîrlangaci in Gagauz, Rodno slovo in Bulgarian, and Undzer kol/Nash golos in Yiddish and Russian. In all, 240 newspapers (ninety-seven in Romanian) and sixty-eight magazines (thirty-five in Romanian) were being published in the republic in 1990. Basa Press, an independent news service, was established in November 1992.
Telephones - main lines in use: 150,000 land lines (est., 2006) (Two operators: JSC Interdnestrcom, Trans-Tele-Com)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2005)